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Technology

And Applied Arts

Of Trinidad and Tobago

School of LIBERAL ARTS AND HUMAN SERVICES

Developmental Mathematics

Course Outline

E-Mail Address:

Telephone No:

Number of Credits:

Duration: 45 Hours

Lecturers Name:

Campus Location:

Developmental Mathematics: Basic Mathematics and Algebra

2nd Edition

Lial, Hornsby, McGinnis, Salzman, and Hestwood

Purpose of Course:

This course is intended for

students who have either never

been exposed to arithmetic or

who have been away from the

subject for quite some time, as

well as those students seeking

CXC Math equivalence.

The

course is designed to improve

and review skills and concepts,

as

well

as

cultivate

an

appreciation for operations on

numbers.

Pre-Algebra

will

provide

the

mathematical

foundation

for

continued

studies and success in college

math and other areas.

General Objectives:

In this

will:

course,

students

challenging ways of learning.

and

own abilities in mathematics.

3. Increase ones level of comfort with

maths place in the world.

January 5, 2016

ability to represent numbers in a

variety of forms as well as use

numbers in diverse situations.

5. Use a variety of estimation strategies

and will be able to recognize

situations in which estimation is

appropriate.

become self reliant, independent

mathematical thinkers.

7. Be able to link mathematics to other

learning by understanding the

interrelationship of mathematical

ideas and the roles the mathematics

play in ones personal and

professional life.

8. Interpret

and

communicate

mathematical symbols and notation

through oral, symbolic, written and

visual forms of expressions.

9. Develop the ability to pose and solve

problems in mathematics and other

authentic situations.

10. Develop an understanding of

Arithmetic concepts and processes,

and will be able to use them to

variable quantities in order to solve

problems.

11. Determine

how

mathematics

provides a language for the sciences;

plays a role in art, music, and

literature; is applied by economists;

is

used

in

business

and

manufacturing; and has had an

impact on history.

12. Develop ideas on the basis of past

experiences and intuition and test

these ideas by using probabilistic and

statistical reasoning.

January 5, 2016

will be able to:

Number System

Session 1: Whole Numbers

will be able to:

place value system and

expanded notation.

Understand and use the

fundamental properties of

addition of whole

numbers (including use of

number line or another

analogy)

Understand and use the

fundamental properties of

subtraction of whole

numbers (including use of

number line or another

analogy)

Understand and use the

fundamental properties of

multiplication of whole

numbers

Understand the concept

of divisibility

Understand and use the

fundamental properties of

division involving whole

numbers including zero

(use both long division

and short division

methods).

Understand and use the

relationship between

division and

multiplication.

Interpret and perform

arithmetic operations on

whole numbers by

correctly following the

accepted order of

operations in expressions

Homework:

Kuta

Pre-Algebra: Basics

Reading & Writing Whole

Arithmetic Order of Operations

Numbers

Number Theory Divisibility and

Factors

Text: Chapter 1

understand and introduce

number types (natural,

whole, integer, rational,

irrational and real)

Define natural numbers,

whole numbers and zero

Define an integer

Understand and interpret

positive and negative

numbers.

Compare and order integers

using the number line and

less than and greater

than symbols

Define and use the opposite

of a number e.g. 2 is 2 units

away from 0 in the opposite

direction (moving to the left)

on the number line.

Define and use the Double

Negative Rule e.g. (2) =

+2

Use the number line to

perform addition and

subtraction on integers from

10 to 10.

Perform multiplication and

division on integers.

Recall (2) = 1(2) = 1

multiplied by 2 = +2

Apply whole and integer

number concepts to word

problems involving numbers

from

-20 to 20. (Students should

be able to apply the

knowledge of the -10 to 10

number line to these)

Understand the commutative

and associative properties of

real numbers

Homework:

Kuta worksheets

Infinite Algebra 1 Basic Number

SetsSets of Real Numbers

Infinite Pre-Algebra Arithmetic

Adding and Subtracting integers

Dividing integers

Multiplying Integers

Text: Chapter 9

Session 2: Real numbers and

their properties

January 5, 2016

will be able to:

concepts including factors,

multiples, divisors and

primes

Use a factor tree to find the

prime factorization of a given

number

Round off whole numbers

to a specified number of

significant figures

Estimate sums, differences

and products of whole

numbers using rounding

and front end rounding

Define the terms base,

exponent or power

Understand and use natural

number exponents , etc.

(natural number indices

only)

Understand and use the

concept of the square root of

a number

Interpret and perform

arithmetic operations

involving exponents on

whole numbers and square

roots on perfect squares by

correctly following the

accepted order of operations

in expressions

Apply these concepts of

whole numbers to problem

solving for topics in sessions

1 and 2.

Homework:

Kuta

worksheets

Infinite Algebra 1 Basics

Number Sets-Set of Real Numbers

Number Theory Factoring numbers

Exponents - Properties of exponents

(positive exponents only)

Text: Chapter 1, 2 and 9

Division

At the end of this session, the student

will be able to:

and fraction terminology

e.g. numerator,

denominator, proper

fraction, improper

fraction and mixed

number.

Understand fractions,

fraction notation and

January 5, 2016

number line.

Understand and interpret

basic facts about fractions

Express a whole or a

mixed number as an

improper fraction

Express an improper

fraction as a whole or

mixed number

Create equivalent

fractions: convert to

higher terms, reduce to

lowest terms

Compare and order

fractions on a number line

by using equivalent

fractions

Use less than and

greater than symbols to

compare rational

numbers.

Perform multiplication

involving proper fractions

Apply fraction

multiplication to solve

word problems

Understand and interpret

the reciprocal of a

number

Perform division involving

proper fractions

Apply fraction division to

solve word problems

Perform fraction

multiplication and division

involving mixed numbers.

Homework: Kuta Pre-Algebra

Arithmetic Multiplying and

dividing fractions and mixed

numbers (selected questions)

Text: Chapter 2

Session 5:

Assessment 1 (35%) containing

material covered in Sessions 1 to

4.

MODULE 2: Fractions,

Decimals, Ratio & Proportion

and Measurement.

Session 6: Adding and

Subtracting Fractions

At the end of this session, the student

will be able to:

fractions

Perform addition and

subtraction involving like

fractions

Recall factors and

multiples and use these to

calculate the Lowest

Common Multiple and

Greatest Common Factor

of a list of numbers.

Perform addition and

subtraction of unlike

fractions and use these

operations to solve word

problems

Perform addition and

subtraction of mixed

numbers and use these

operations to solve word

problems

Interpret and perform

arithmetic operations on

mixed numbers by

correctly following the

accepted order of

operations in expressions.

Homework: Kuta Pre-Algebra

Number Theory Factoring numbers,

Greatest Common Factor, Least Common

Multiple

Arithmetic Adding and subtracting

fractions and mixed numbers (selected

questions)

Text: Chapter 3

Session 7: Decimals

At the end of this session, the student

will be able to:

Define a decimal fraction

and interpret the decimal

as a fraction using the

number line.

Define and identify types

of decimals including

exact decimals, recurring

decimals and irrationals.

Understand and use the

place value system and

expanded notation for

decimal fractions.

Use less than and

greater than symbols to

compare decimal

fractions.

Convert decimals to

fractions or mixed

numbers.

January 5, 2016

specified number of

decimal places and

significant figures

Perform addition and

subtraction of decimals

Understand and use

multiplication of decimals

by powers of 10 and

perform multiplication of

decimals

Understand and use

division of decimals by

powers of 10 and perform

division of decimals.

Convert fractions and

mixed numbers to

decimals

Compare and order

decimals and fractions on

a number line

Interpret and perform

arithmetic operations on

decimals by correctly

following the accepted

order of operations in

expressions and use these

to solve word problems

Basics Naming decimal places

Arithmetic Converting between fractions and

decimals

Adding and subtracting decimals (selected

questions)

Session

8: Ratio

& Proportion

Multiplying

decimals

(selected questions)

Text: Chapter 4

At the end of this session, the student

will be able to:

Define and understand ratios

Define and understand rates

Understand and find unit rates

Define and understand proportions

Understand the fundamental property

of proportions

Apply ratios, rates and proportions to

problem solving.

Homework:

Kuta Pre-Algebra

Proportions Proportions

Proportion word problems

Text: Chapter 5

Session 9: Measurement

At the end of this session, the student

will be able to:

recognize the differences

between the SI units and

the American system of

units.

Convert one SI unit to

another for linear, mass

and temperature

measurements

Calculate scales using

ratios and create scale

models of buildings and

structures

Apply these concepts to

problem solving.

Homework:

Text Appendix A

Exercises A.1, A.2, A.3,

and A.4

Note: Students will be provided

with appropriate measurement

Session 10:

Assessment 2 (35%) containing

material covered in Sessions 6 to

9

Statistics

Session 11: Percent

At the end of this session, the student

will be able to:

Understand and interpret

the meaning of percent

Convert a percent to a

decimal or fraction

Convert decimals and

fractions to percents

Calculate a requested

percent of a given number

Understand and use the

Percent Proportion

(calculate unknowns)

Solve application

problems using percents

January 5, 2016

commissions, discounts

and mark-ups

Homework:

Kuta Pre-Algebra

Arithmetic Converting between percents,

fractions and decimals

Proportion & Percents Simple percent

problems, Finding percent change (mark-up,

discount & tax)

Text: Chapter 6

Application

At the end of this session, the student

will be able to:

Understand the concept

of interest, hire-purchase,

simple interest and

compound interest.

Apply the concept of hirepurchase to solve

application problems.

Use the simple interest

formula to calculate

amount of interest ( also

any unknown values eg.

principal, rate, time etc.)

Calculate compounded

amounts and interest

using first principles up to

three years

Compare simple interest

and compound interest to

determine the better

option.

Homework:

Kuta

Pre-Algebra

Hire Purchase, Simple and

compound interest

Algebra I Equations Percent Problems

Text: Chapter 6

At the end of this session, the student

will be able to:

Read and interpret tables

pictographs, bar graphs

and line graphs

Read and interpret

information presented in

a circle graph

Effectively use a

protractor

Construct circle graphs

Read and interpret

information presented in

a bar graph and doublebar graph

Construct simple bar

graphs and double bar

graphs

Read and interpret

information presented in

a line graph and a

comparison line graph

Homework:

Text Chapter 8

Page 596: Test Your Word Power

Page 601: Review Exercises

(R.E.)

Prepare a simple

frequency distribution

table for a given set of

data

Construct a grouped

frequency table for a

given set of data

Construct a simple

histogram.

Understand, interpret and

calculate the mean and

weighted mean of a given

set of data

Understand, interpret and

calculate the median of a

given set of data

Understand, interpret and

find the mode of a given

set of data

Determine which measure

of central tendency is

most appropriate in

various situations

Homework:

Text Chapter

8

Page 596: Test Your Word

Power

Session 15:

At the end of this session, the student

will be able to:

Understand and interpret

a frequency distribution

January 5, 2016

material covered in Sessions 11 to

14.

METHOD OF ASSESSMENT

Assessment 1

Assessment 2

Assessment 3

Total

35%

35%

30%

100%

GRADING SYSTEM

Symbol

Range

Definitions

Department

Performance

Criteria

90-100

Exceptional

Exemplary

B+

85-89

Very Good

Competent

80-84

Good

C+

75-79

Satisfactory

70-74

Satisfactory

D+

65-69

Passing

60-64

Passing

Emerging