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Electrostatics

1.

The plates of a parallel plate capacitor are charged upto 200 volts. A dielectric slab of thickness 4mm is inserted between the plates. Then to

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m

maintain the same potential difference between the plates of the capacitor, the
distance between the plates is increased by 3.2mm. The di-electric constant of

1) 1

3) 5

4) 6

Two unit negative charges are placed on a straight line. A positive charge q is

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2.

2) 4

n.

di-electric slab is

placed exactly at the midpoint between these unit charges. If the system of
these three charges is in equilibrium, the value of q (in C) is

3.

2) 0.75

3) 0.5

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1) 1.0

4) 0.25

A body of mass 1 gm and carrying a charge 10 8 C passes from the point P to


Q which one at electric potentials 600 V and 0V respectively. The velocity of

1.

2.

0.056

3. 0.56

4. 5.6

A charge of 1 C is divided into two parts such that their charges are in the

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4.

0.028

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the body at Q is 20 cm/sec. Its velocity in m/sec at 'P' is...

ratio of 2: 3. These two charges are kept at a distance 1m apart in vaccum.

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Then, the electric force between them (in newton) is

1) 0.216

Along the x-axis three charges

5.

2) 0.00216

3) 0.0216

4) 2.16

q
q
, q and are placed at x = 0, x =a and x
2
2

=2a respectively. The resultant electric potential at a point P located at a


distance r from the charge -q ( a << r ) is

( 0 is the permittivity of free space)

qa
1)
4 0 r 2

qa 2
2)
4 0 r 3

a2
q
4
3) 3
4 0 r

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4)

q
4 0 r

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6.

Two point charges q and +q are located at points (0, 0-1) and (0, 0, a)
respectively. The electric potential at a point (0, 0, z), where z >a is

1)

2)

q
4 0 a

3)

2qa
4 0 ( z 2 a 2 )

4)

2qa
4 0 ( z 2 + a 2 )

The bob of a simple pendulum is hanging vertically down from a fixed

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m

7.

qa
4 0 z 2

identical bob by means of a string of length l. If both bobs are charged with a

8.

2) 2

l
q2
g 2
l m

3) 2

l
g

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l
q2
g + _ 2
l m

4) 2

l
q2
g 2
l m

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1) 2

n.

charge q each, time period of the pendulum is (ignore the radii of the bobs)

A 20F capacitor is charged to 5V and isolated. It is then connected in parallel


with an uncharged 30F capacitor. The decrease in the energy of the system
will be

2. 100J

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1. 25J
3. 125J

An infinite no.of electric charges each equal to 5 nano coulombs are placed

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9.

4. 150J

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.s

along X-axis at x = 1 cm, x = 2cm, x = 4cm, x=8cm and so on. In this setup,
if the consecutive charges have opposite sign, then the electric field in
newton/coulomb at x = 0 is

1) 12 104

3) 36 104

4) 48 104

An infinitely long thin straight wire has uniform linear charge density of 1/3

10.

2) 24 104

coul.m2. Then the magnitude of the electric intensity at a point 18 cm away

is: (given 0 = 8.0 1012 C 2 / N m 2 )


1) 0.33 1011 NC 1

2) 3 1011 NC 1

3) 0.66 1011 NC 1

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4) 1.32 1011 NC 1

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11.

Three point charges 1C, 2C, -2C are placed at the vertices of an equilateral
triangle of side one metre. The work done by an external force to increase the
separation of the charges 2 metres in joules is
1)

2)

1
8 o

3)

4) 0

16 o

In a parallel plate capacitor, the capacitance

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12.

1
4 o

1. Increases with increase in the distance between the plates

2. Decreases if a dielectric material is put between the plates

13.

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4. Increases with decrease in the area of the plates

n.

3. Increases with decrease in the distance between the plates

A parallel plate capacitor of capacity Co is charged to a potential Vo.


A) The energy stored in the capacitor when the battery is disconnected and

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the plate separation is doubled is E1

B) The energy stored in the capacitor when the charging battery is kept
connected and the separation between the capacitor plates is doubled is E2 .
E1
value is
E2

14.

2)

3
2

3) 2

4)

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1) 4

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i

Then

1
2

The time in seconds required to produce a P.D at 20V across a capacitor at

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.s

1000 F when it is charged at the steady rate of 200 C / sec is......

2. 100

3. 150

4. 200

1. 50

Two charges q and -q are kept apart. Then at any point on the perpendicular

15.

bisector of line joining the two charges

1) The electric field strength is zero


2) The electric potential is zero
3) Both electric potential and electric field strength are zero
4) Both electric potential and electric field strength are non-zero

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16.

There is a uniform electric field of strength


mass 1 g and charge

106 C

103 V / m

along y-axis. A body of

is projected into the field from origin along the

positive x-axis with a velocity 10 m/s. Its speed in m/s after 10s is (neglect
gravitation)
1. 10

3.

5 2

4. 20

10 2

If the charge on a body is increased by 2C, the energy stored in it increases by

2. 20

3. 30

4. 40

Two charges 2C and 6C are separated by finite distance. If a charge of -4C is

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18.

1. 10

n.

21%. The original charge on the body in coulombs is

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17.

2.

added to each of them. The initial force of 12 103N will change to


2) 4 102N repulsion

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1) 4 103N repulsion
3) 6 103N attraction
19.

4) 4 103N attraction

Two electric charges of 9C and

3 C

are placed 0.16m apart in air. There

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will be a point P at which electric potential is zero on the line joining the two
charges and in between them. The distance of P from 9C charge is

3. 0.08m

4.0.06m

A 4 F capacitor is charged by a 200V battery. It is then disconnected from

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.s

20..

2.0.12m

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1. 0.14m

the supply and is connected to another uncharged 2 F capacitor. During

this process, Loss of energy (in J) is:

1) Zero

21.

2) 5.3310-2

A charged particle of mass

5 106 kg

an electric field of strength

3)410-2

4) 2.6710-2

is held stationary in space by placing it in

106 N / C

directed vertically downwards. The

charge on the particle is


1.

20 10 5 C

2.

5 105 C

3.

5 105 C

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4.

20 105 C

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22.

Electric charges of 1C, 1C and 2 C are placed in air at the corners A, B


and C respectively of an equilateral triangle ABC having length of each side

23.

1. 0.9N

2. 1.8N

3. 2.7N

4. 3.6N

= 9 109 N m 2 / c 2

4 0

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m

10 cm. The resultant force on the charge at C is

Two parallel plane sheet 1 and 2 carry uniform charge densities 1 and 2 , as
shown in the figure. The magnitude of the resultant electric field in the region

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n.

marked I is ( 1 > 2 )

Sheet 1
2 0

2)

2 0

3)

1 + 2
2 0

4)

1 2
2 0

Two unit negative charges are placed on a straight line. A positive charge q

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24.

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i

1)

Sheet 2

is placed exactly at the mid-point between these unit charges. If the system of

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.s

three charges is in equilibrium the value of q (in C) is

1) 1.0

3) 0.5

4) 0.25

A charge q is placed at the mid-point of the line joining two equal charges

25.

2) 0.75

each of Q. If the whole system is in equilibrium, then the value of q is

1)

Q
2

2) +

Q
2

3)

Q
4

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4) +

Q
4

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26.

A charge Q is placed at each corner of a cube of side a. The potential at the


centre of the cube is
1)

27.

4Q
3 0 a

2)

4Q
3 0 a

3)

4Q
3 0 a

The equivalent capacity between the points X and Y in the circuit with

2) 3 F

3) 1 F

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1) 2 F

n.

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m

C = 1 F

28.

4) 0

4) 0.5 F

Three charges 1 C ,1 C , and 2 C are kept at the vertices A, B and C of an

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equilateral triangle ABC of 10cm side, respectively. The resultant force on the
charge at C is
1) 0.9 N
29.

2) 1.8 N

3) 2.72 N

4) 3.12 N

The electrical potential on the surface of a sphere of radius r due to a charge

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3 10 6 C is 500V. The intensity of electric field on the surface of the sphere is

1) <10

2) >20

3) Between 10 and 20

4) <5

A parallel plate capacitor with air as dielectric is charged to a potential V

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.s

30.

ak

= 9 109 Nm 2C 2 ( in NC 1 )

4 0

using a battery. Removing the battery, the charged capacitor is then

connected across an identical uncharged parallel plate capacitor filled with

wax of dielectric constant k. The common potential of both the capacitor is

1) V volts

2) kV volts

3) (k+1) V volts

4)

V
k +1

volts

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31.

Three identical charges of magnitude 2 C are placed at the corners of a right


angled triangle ABC whose base BC and height BA are respectively 4cm and
3cm. Forces on the charge at the right angled corner B due to the charges at
A and C are respectively F1 and F2. The angle between their resultant

1) Tan 1
16

16
2) Tan 1
9

16
4) Cos 1
9

Energy E is stored in a parallel plate capacitor C1. An identical uncharged

n.

32..

16
3) Sin 1
9

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force and F2 is

capacitor C2 is connected to it, kept in contact with it for a while and then

33.

E
2

2)

E
3

Capacitance of a capacitor becomes


2
3

3)

E
4

4) Zero

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uc

1)

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disconnected, the energy stored in C2 is

7
times its original value if a dielectric
6

slab of thickness, t= d is introduced in between the plates. d is the

2)

11
14

3)

7
11

4)

11
7

A parallel plate capacitor filled with a material of dielectric constant K is

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.s

34.

14
11

ak

1)

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i

separation between the plates. The dielectric constant of the di-electric slab is

charged to a certain voltage. The dielectric material is removed. Then

a) The capacitance decreases by a factor K.

b) The electric field reduces by a factor K.


c) The voltage across the capacitor increases by a factor K.
d) The charge stored in the capacitor increases by a factor K.
1) a and b are true

2) a and c are true

3) b and c are true

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4) b and d are true

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35.

Between the plates of a parallel plate capacitor of capacity C, two parallel


plates of the same material and area same as the plate of original capacitor,
are placed. If the thickness of these plates is equal to

1
th of the distance
5

between the plates of the original capacitor, then the capacity of the new

1)

2)

Two charges of

3
C
5

4C

3)

10
4) C

3
C
10

each are placed at the corners of A and B of an

n.

36.

5
C
3

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m

capacitor is

= 9 109

4 0

1.

9 104 V

2.

18 104 V

3.

36 104 V

4.

72 104 V

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37.

is

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equilateral triangle ABC of side length 0.2m in air. The electric potential at C

The capacities of three capacities are in the ratio 1: 2: 3. Their equivalent


capacity when connected in parallel is

60
F more than that when connected
11

1. 4, 6, 7

38.

2. 1, 2, 3
4. 1, 3, 6

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3. 2, 3, 4

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i

in series. The individual capacities are..... In F

A capacitor of capacity 10F is charged to 40 V and a second capacitor of

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.s

capacity 15F is charged to 30 V if the capacitors are connected in parallel,

the amount of charge that flows from the smaller capacitor to higher

capacitor in C is........

1. 30

3. 200

2. 60
4. 250

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39.

A parallel plate capacitor of capacity

5 F

and plate separation 6cm is

connected to a 1V battery and is charged. A dielectric of dielectric constant 4


and thickness 4 cm is introduced into the capacitor. The additional charge
that flows into the capacitor from the battery is
1. 2C

3. 5C

4.

10C

Two capacitors of capacity 4 F and 6 F are connected in series and a battery

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m

40.

2. 3C

is connected to the combination. The energy stored is E1 . If they are connected

is E2. The ratio

E1 : E2

is
2. 9:14

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1. 4:9
3. 6:25

4. 7:12

A charged sphere of diameter 4cm has a charge density of 10-4C/cm2. The

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41.

n.

in parallel and if the same battery is connected to this combination the energy

work done in joules when a charge of 40nano-coulombs is moved from


infinite to a point, which is at a distance of 2cm from the surface of the
sphere, is [in j]

42.

2) 28.8

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i

1) 14.4

3) 144

4) 288

A thin conducting ring of radius R is given a charge +Q. The electric field at

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the centre O of the ring due to the charge on the part AKB of the ring is E.
The electric field at the centre due to the charge on the part ACDB of the ring

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.s

is

1) E along KO

43.

2) 3E along OK

3) 3K along KO

4) E along OK

The electric potential at a point in free space due to charge Q coulomb is Q x


1011 volts. The electric field at that point is
1) 4 0 Q 10 20 volt / m

2) 12 0 Q 10 22 volt / m

3) 4 0 Q 10 22 volt / m

4) 12 0 Q 10 20 volt / m

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44.

The energy required to charge a parallel plate condenser of plate separation d


and plate area of cross-section A such that the uniform electric field between
the plates E, is
1) 0 E2 Ad

1
0 E 2 Ad
2

3)

1
0 E 2 / Ad
2

4) 0 E 2 / Ad

Three concentric spherical shells have radii a, b and c (a<b<c) and have

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m

45.

2)

surface charge densities , - and respectively. If VA, VB and VC denote


the potentials of the three shells, then, for

46.

2) VC VB VA

3) VC= VB = VA

4) VC = VA VB

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1) VC= VB VA

n.

c = a+b, we have

Three capacitors each of capacitance C and of breakdown voltage V are


joined in series. The capacitance and breakdown voltage of the combination

1) 3C ,
47.

V
3

2)

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will be
C
,3V
3

3) 3C, 3V

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i

3 + j xyz + k z 2
2) E = iz

3) E = i (2 xy z 3 ) + j xy 2 + k 3 z 2 x

4) E = i (2 xy + z 3 ) + j x 2 + k 3 xz 2

ak

1) E = i 2 xy + j ( x 2 + y 2 ) + k (3 xz y 2 )

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.s

A soap bubble is given some charge then its radius


1) Decreases

2) Increases

3) Remains unchanged

4) May increase or decrease

An electric charge in uniform motion produces

49.

C V
,
3 3

The electric potential at a point (x, y, z) is given by V =-x2y-xz3+4. The electric


field E at that point is

48.

4)

1) Only an electric field


2) Only a magnetic field
3) Both electric and magnetic fields
4) Neither an electric nor a magnetic field

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50.

The charge of a body is +1 coulomb means


1) The body gained 6.25 x 1018 electrons
2) The body gained 1 electron
3) The body lost 6.25 x 1018 electrons

51.

When positively charged body is connected to earth


1) Electrons move from body to earth
2) Electrons move from earth to body

n.

3) Protons move from body to earth

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4) The body lost 1 electron

625 million electrons are removed from a body. The charge on it will be
1) 109C

53.

2) +1010C

3) 1010C

4) 109C

Two identical metallic spheres A and B of exactly equal masses are given

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52.

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4) Electrons move from earth to body and protons move from body to earth

equal positive and negative charges respectively. Then


1) Mass of A > Mass of B

>
Mass
<

of B

The electric lines of force about a negative point charge are


1) Circular, Anticlockwise

2) Circular, Clockwise

3) Radial, Inward

4) Radial, Outward

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55.

4) Mass of A

Three positive charges of equal value q are placed at vertices of an equilateral

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54.

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3) Mass of A = Mass of B

2) Mass of A < Mass of B

triangle. The resulting lines of force should be sketched as in


1)

2)

3)

4)

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56.

Figure shows the electric lines of force emerging from a charged body. If the
electric field at A and B are EA and EB respectively and if the displacement
between A and B is r, then

3) EA =
57.

2) EA < EB

EB
r

4) EA =

EB

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m

1) EA > EB

r2

Figure shows lines of force for a system of two point charges. The possible

n.

choice for the charges is


1) q1 = 4 C, q2=1 C

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2) q1=1C, q2 = 4 C

q1

4) q1 = 3 C, q2 = 2 C

Drawings I and II show two samples of electric field lines

II

ak

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58.

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3) q1=2C, q2= +4 C

q2

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1) The electric fields in both I and II are produced by negative charge located
some where on the left and positive charges located some where on the right

2) In both I and II the electric field is the same every where

3) In both cases the field becomes stronger on moving from left to right

4) The electric field in I is the same everywhere, but in II the electric field
becomes stronger on moving from left to right.

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59.

Figure shows some of the electric field lines


corresponding to an electric field. The figure

suggests that

1) EA > EB > EC
2) EA = EB = EC

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3) EA = EC > EB
4) EA = EC < EB
60.

Two charges are placed a certain distance apart. A brass sheet is placed

61.

2) Decrease

3) Remain unchanged

4) Be zero

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io

1) Increase

n.

between them. The force between them will

Two charges are placed a certain distance apart. If a glass slab is placed
between them, the force between them will

62.

2) Increase

4) Remain the same

There are two charges +1 C and 5 C. The ratio of the forces acting on
them will be
2) 1:1

3) 5:1

4) 1:25

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1) 1:5

If a charge is moved against the coulombic force of an electric field

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63.

3) Decrease

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1) Be zero

1) Work is done by the electric field

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.s

2) Energy is used from some outside source


3) The strength of the field is decreased
4) The energy of the system is decreased

A cube of side b charge q at each of its vertices. The electric field at the center

64.

of the cube will be

1) Zero

2)

32 V
b

3)

V
2b

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4)

q
b2

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65.

n charges Q, 4Q, 9Q, 16Q are placed at distances of 1, 2, 3, metre from


a point 0 on the same straight line. The electric intensity at 0 is
1)

66.

Q
40n

2)

Q
40n

3) Infinity

nQ
4 0

Four identical charges each of 1 C are placed at the corner of a square of

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m

side 10 cm.
The resultant field strength at the centre is
1) 36105 v/m

2) 3.6105 v/m

3) 18105 v/m

4) zero

n.

The electric field intensity on the surface of a charged conductor is


1) Zero

2) Directed normally to the surface

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67.

4)

3) Directed tangentially to the surface 4) Directed along 450 to the surface


68.

If an electron has an initial velocity in a direction different from that of an

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electric field, the path of the electron is


1) A straight line 2) A circle
69.

4) A parabola

An electric dipole is kept in a non-uniform electric field. It experiences


1) A force and a torque

2) A force but not a torque

4) Neither a force nor a torque

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3) A torque but not a force


70.

3) An ellipse

The electric potential at a point on the axis of an electric dipole depends on

71.

2) 1/x2

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.s

1) 1/x

ak

the distance x of the point from the dipole and is proportional to


4) 1/x3

3) x

A number of charged liquid drops coalesce. Which one of the following


quantity does not change?

1) Charge

3) Potential

4) Electrostatic Energy

A sphere A of radius 50 cm and potential 10 V is placed inside another sphere

72.

2) Capacitance

B of radius 100 cm and potential 20 V. They are connected by wire. The


charge flows from

1) A to B

2) B to A

3) No charge flows

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4) Cant say

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73.

A metal sphere A of radius a is charged to potential V what will be its


potential if it is enclosed by a spherical conducting shell B of radius b and the
two are connected by a wire?
1)

2)

bV
a

3)

a2 V
b2

1) r12/ r22

2) r22/ r12

3) r1/ r2

a2

4) r2/ r1

n.

Two conducting spheres of radii r1 and r2 are at the same potential. The ratio
1) r12/ r22

2) r22/ r12

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of their charges is

76.

b2 V

Two conducting spheres of radii r1 and r2 are equally charged. The ratio of
their potentials is

75.

4)

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m

74.

aV
b

4) r2/ r1

3) Vn1/3

4) Vn2/3

3) r1/ r2

n small drops of the same size are charged to V volt each. If they coalesce to

1) V/n
77.

2) Vn

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from a single large drop, then its potential will be

The curves of constant potential in a region of electric field of the points A, B

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i

and C where is the electric intensity least?

40

30

B
20

C
10

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.s

1) A

ak

2) B
3) C

4) Same at all points

An electron of mass m and charge e is accelerated from rest through a

78.

potential difference V in vacuum. Its final speed will be

1)
79.

2eV / m

2)

eV / m

3)

eV / 2m

4)

Which of the following is true?


1) Joule = coulomb volt

2) Joule = coulomb / volt

3) Joule = volt ampere

4) Joule = volt / ampere

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em / V

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80.

Following figure shows three points A, B and C in an electric field. If VA, VB


and VC are the potential at these points, then
1) VA = VB> VC

A
B

2) VA < VC< VB

3) VA = VB< VC
81.

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m

4) VA > VC> VB

In the region of an electric field a charge is moved from


point A to B via three different paths as shown in fig. W1,

1) W1 < W2 < W3 2) W1 = W2 > W3


3) W1 < W2 = W3 4) W1 = W2 = W3

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Then

The variation of potential with distance r is represented as shown. At r = 3m,

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82.

n.

W2 and W3 denote the work done along the three paths.

the intensity of electric field is


1) 5

2) 4

83.

ak

4) Zero

A capacitor works in

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.s

1) A.C. circuits only

3) Both the A.C. and D.C. circuits

4) Neither A.C. nor D.C. circuits

1) Area of the plates

2) Medium between the plates

3) Distance between the plates

4) Metal of the plates

w
85.

2) D.C. circuits only

The capacitance of a parallel plate condenser does not depend on the

84.

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i

3) 2.5

The empty space between the plates of a capacitor is filled with a liquid of
dielectric constant K. The capacitance of the capacitor
1) Increases by a factor K

2) Decreases by a factor K

3) Increases by a factor K2

4) Decreases by a factor K2

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86.

In order to increase the capacity of a parallel plate condenser one should


introduce, between the plates, a sheet of
1) Mica

87.

2) Tin

3) Copper

4) Stainless Steel

A dielectric slab is introduced between the plates of an isolated capacitor. The

88.

1) Increase

2) Decrease

3) Remain unchanged

4) Become zero

co
m

force between the plates will

A parallel plate condenser with oil between the plates (dielectric constant of

n.

oil = 2) has a capacitance C. If the oil is removed, the capacitance of the

1)
89.

at
io

capacitor becomes
2) 2C

3) C/

4) C/2

Increasing the charge on the plates of a capacitor means

ed
uc

1) Increasing the capacitance

2) Increasing the potential difference between the plates


3) Decreasing the potential difference between the plates

90.

sh
i

4) No change in the field between the plates

Two plates of a parallel capacitor are at potentials 200V and 200V. If the

ak

distance between plates is 4cm then find electric field at a distance 2cm from
one plate in between plates.

91.

2) 106 V/m

w
.s

1) 102 V/m

3) 103 V/m

4)104 V/m

A parallel plate condenser of area A has charge Q. Then the force on each
plate is

Q2
0 A

2)

Q
02 A

3)

Q2
2 0 A

4)

2Q
0A 2

1)

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92.

Two spherical conductors of radii R1 and R2 (R2 > R1) are placed
concentrically in air. The two are connected by a copper wire as shown in
figure. Then the equivalent capacity of the system is
2) 4 0 R1

3) 4 0 R2

4)

4 0 R1 R2
R2 R1

co
m

93.

1) 4 0 (R1 + R 2 )

On connecting different condensers having different capacitances in parallel

95.

3) Charge

4) Energy

at
io

2) Potential Difference

When different capacitors are connected in series, they will have same
1) Capacity

2) Potential Difference

3) Charge

4) Energy

ed
uc

94.

1) Capacity

n.

they will have the same

Three capacitors of equal capacities are to be connected in different ways to

sh
i

give different capacities. The number of ways in which they can be connected
is
1) Two

3) Four

4) Eight

n identical condensers are joined in parallel and are charged to potential V so

ak

96.

2) Three

w
.s

that energy stored in each condenser is E. If they are separated and joined in
series, then the total energy and total potential difference of the combination

will be

V
n

2) n2E and nV

3)

E
n

and

V
n2

4) nE and nV

1) nE and

97.

A parallel plate capacitor if made by stacking n equally spaced plates


connected alternately. If the capacitance between any two adjacent plates is
C, then the resulting capacitance is
1) C

2) nC

3) (n1) C

4) (n+1) C

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98.

The type of capacitor in which polarity has to be maintained when it is


connected in a circuit is

100.

2) Multiple capacitor

3) Paper capacitor

4) Electrolyte capacitor

In electrolyte capacitor the dielectric between two plates is


1) Ammonium borate

2) Electrolyte

3) Aluminium oxide

4) Aluminium

co
m

99.

1) Variable capacitor

Out of the following statements

n.

[A]: As we move in the direction of the field potential goes on decreasing.

1) A is correct and B is wrong


3) Both A and B are correct
Out of the following statements

2) A is wrong and B is correct

4) Both A and B are wrong

ed
uc

101.

at
io

[B]: If a charged body is moved with in the field work must be done.

[A]: The capacity of a conductor is affected due to the presence of an


uncharged isolated conductor.

sh
i

[B]: A conductor can hold more charge at the same potential if it is


surrounded by dielectric medium.

2) Both A and B are wrong

ak

1) Both A and B are correct

3) A is correct and B is wrong

A free electron and a free proton are placed in a uniform electric field. Then

w
.s

102.

4) A is wrong and B is correct

[A]: Both will experience same force.


[B]: Both will experience same acceleration.
2) A is false, B is true

3) Both A and B are true

4) Both A and B are false

1) A is true, B is false

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Physical Quantity

Unit

1) Intensity of Electric field

e) Coulomb

b) Potential

f) Volt

c) Capacity

g) Volt / m

d) Charge

h) Farad

1) a e , b f , c g , d h

2) a g , b f , c h , d e

3) a e , b g , c f , d h

4) a h , b g , c e , d f

co
m

104.

Match the following.

Match the following: N identical charge droplets combines into a single drop.

n.

103.

at
io

The potential capacity energy and surface charge density of bigger drop are
V, C, U, and each droplet one v, e, u, and respectively.
List II

1) V / v

e) N1/3

b) C / c

f) N5/3

c) U / u

g) N4/3

d) /

h) N2/3

sh
i

ed
uc

List I

ak

1) a h , b e , c f , d g

3) a g , b f , c f , d h

4) a g , b f , c h , d e

Match the following.

w
.s

105.

2) a g , b e , c f , d h

List II

1) Electrostatic pressure

e) 2/ 2 0

List I

b) Surface charge density


c)

1
4 0

d)

f) q/A
g) 9 109 Nm2/c2

h) 3 108 m/s

0 0

1) a e, b f, c g, d h

2) a h, b g, c f, d e

3) a f, b e, c h, d g

4) a g, b h, c e, d f

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106.

Match the following.


List I

List II

1) Coulomb force

e) Conservative force

b) At centre of electric dipole

f) V = 0

c) At centre of charged hollow sphere g) E = 0


1) a e, b f, c g, d h

2) a h, b g, c f, d e

3) a f, b e, c h, d g

4) a g, b h, c e, d f

Match the following.


List I

List II

1) Dielectric strength of air


b) For air, r

n.

co
m

h) Non conservative force

at
io

107.

d) Viscous force

e) 3 106 V/m
f) 1

charged sphere

g)

r
0

h)

cE2 d
2

ed
uc

c) Potential on surface of

sh
i

d) Force between plates of

parallel plate condenser

2) a h, b g, c f, d e

3) a f, b e, c h, d g

4) a g, b h, c e, d f

108.

w
.s

ak

1) a e, b f, c g, d h

Two conducting spheres of radii R1 and R2 carry charges q1 and q2 and have
surface charge density 1 and 2 , the electric field at the surface being E1

and E2 and the potentials V1 and V2. If 1 = 2 ,match the following.


List II

1) q1/q2

d) 1

b) V1/V2

e) R12 / R22

c) E1/E2

f) R2/R1

List I

1) a f, b d , c e 2) a d, b e , c f 3) a e, b f , c d 4) a d, b f , c e

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Assertion & Reason: In each of the following questions, a statement is given


and a corresponding statement or reason is given just below it. In the
statements, marks the correct answer as
1) If both Assertion and Reason are true and reason is correct explanation of

co
m

Assertion.

2) If both Assertion and Reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation
of Assertion.

n.

3) If Assertion is true but reason is false.

109.

at
io

4) If both assertion and reason are false.

[A]: A point charge q is lying at the centre of a cube of each side L. The
electric flux emanation from each surface of the cube is q/60.

110.

ed
uc

[R]: According to Gausss theorem in electrostatics = q / 0.


[A]: The capacity of a conductor, under given circumstance remains constant
irrespective of the charge present on it.

sh
i

[R]: Capacity depends on size and shape of conductor and also on the
surrounding medium.

[A]: Positive charge always moves from a higher potential to lower potential
point.

ak

111.

112.

w
.s

[R]: Electric potential is a vector


[A]: Charge on all the condensers connected in series is the same

[R]: Capacity of capacitor is directly proportional to charge on it.

[A]: A charged particle free to move in an electric field always moves along
an electric line of force.

113.

[R]s: Electric line of force is the path taken by unit positive charge in an
electric field.

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114.

[A]: Two equipotential surfaces can intersect each other where as two electric
lines of force never intersect each other.
[R]: Electric potential is a scalar quantity whereas electric force is a vector
quantity.

115.

[A]: Conductors used for storing charged for a long time must be spherical in

co
m

shape.

Key
2)

3)

4)

11)

12)

13)

14)

21)

22)

23)

24)

31)

32)

33)

34)

41)

42)

43)

51)

52)

53)

61)

62)

63)

5)

7)

8)

9)

10)

15)

16)

17)

18)

19)

20)

25)

26)

27)

28)

29)

30)

35)

36)

37)

38)

39)

40)

44)

45)

46)

47)

48)

49)

50)

54)

55)

56)

57)

58)

59)

60)

64)

65)

66)

67)

68)

69)

70)

ak

72)

73)

74)

75)

76)

77)

78)

79)

80)

82)

83)

84)

85)

86)

87)

88)

89)

90)

92)

93)

94)

95)

96)

97)

98)

99)

100)

106)

107)

108)

109)

110)

81)

6)

w
.s

71)

ed
uc

sh
i

1)

101)

102)

103)

104)

105)

111)

112)

113)

114)

115)

91)

at
io

n.

[R]: In case of spherical conductor charge is uniformely distributed.

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Solutions
C0 =

0 A
After the dielectric slab of thicknesst is introduced
d

C =

0 A
1

d ' t 1
K

co
m

1.

C = C0

at
io

n.

d = d ' t 1
K

K =5

If the system of these three charges is in equilibrium if repulsive force between Q

ed
uc

2.

sh
i

and Q is balanced by attraction forces between q and -Q

= F1 + F2 = 0 F1 = F2

ak

1 ( Q )( Q )
1 q ( Q )
=

2
4 0 ( 2r )
4 0 r 2

w
.s

Q
= 0.25
4

On solving q =

According to the law of conservation of energy

3.

Gain in KE =

u 2 = v2

1 2 1
mv mu 2 = qV
2
2

2qV
m

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4.

q1 =

2
C
5

F=

1 q1q2
4 0 d 2

= 0.00216 N

1
q
1 q
1
q
+
+
4 0 2 ( r + a ) 4 0 r 4 0 2 ( r a )

V=

1 q 1
2
1
+

4 0 2 r + a r r a

ed
uc

sh
i

6.

1 qa 2
as a<<r
4 0 r 3

w
.s

at
io

V=

n.

The potential at P is V which is given by V = V1 + V2 + V3

ak

5.

co
m

3
q2 = C
5

Electric potential at the point P because of the charges q and +q is V p = V1 + V2


1
1
q
+q
q z +a z +a
V p =
.
+
.
=
2
2

4 0 ( z + a ) 4 0 ( z a ) 4 0 z a

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Vp =

2qa
4 0 ( z 2 a 2 )

at
io

n.

co
m

7.

ed
uc

Between the two charged bobs, there is only electrostatic repulsion which does not
affect the motion of pendulum.

W =

1 20 30
2
( 5 0 ) = 150 J
2 ( 20 + 30 )

w
.s

1 C1C2
2
(V1 V2 )
2 C1 + C2

ak

8.

sh
i

Time period T = 2

For an uncharged capacitor potential = 0

E = Resultant electric field = E1 + E2 + E3 + ......

9.

1 Q1 Q2 Q3
2 2 + 2 + .......
4 0 r1 r2 r3

Q
Q
Q
1

+
+
.......

4 0 (1 102 ) 2 ( 2 102 ) 2 ( 4 102 )2

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E =

10.

45 4
-1
= 36 104 NC
4
10
5

Magnitude of electric intensity at a point due to an infinitely long thin straight wire

18 109
18 102

2 0 r

co
m

of uniform linear charge density is E =


1
3

Initially and finally the net force is zero. (i.e.) work done by the external force is
zero
From the relation C =

0 A
1
C
d
d

ed
uc

12.

at
io

11.

n.

= 0.33 1011 NC-1

Capacity increases with decrease in distance


Q2
Q2
Q 2 C 2V 2
=
=
=
= CV 2
2C1
C
C C
2
2

sh
i

A: E1 =

ak

13.

w
.s

Since as battery is disconnected charge remains same

1
1 C 2 CV 2
2
B: E2 = C1V = V =
2
2 2
4

E1 CV 2 4
=
=4
E2
CV 2

14.

q = cV = 1000 10 6 20 = 2 10 2

t=

q
2 102
=
= 100s
q / t 200 106

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15.

Potential at any point on the perpendicular bisector of the line joining the two
charges
V = V1 + V2 =

1 q
1 q
+
=0
4 0 r 4 0 r

co
m

[ r = distance between the charges and any point on perpendicular bisector which
is same for both the charges]

17.

Eq
Eq

t sin ce u y = 0, a y =

m
m

Resultant velocity

V = Vx2 + V y2 = 10 2m / s

Energy stored

1
q2
E = CV 2 =
2
2C

ak

E1 q12
=
E2 q22

E1
q2
=
121E1 ( q + 2 )2
100

w
.s

sh
i

E q2

at
io

Vy = u y + a y t = Vy =

n.

Vx = 10m / s

ed
uc

16.

10
q
=
10q + 20 = 11q q = 20C
11 q + 2

Initial force between the charges

18.

Fini =

1 26
= 12 10+3 repulsive
2
4 0 d

Final force between the charges = FF =

1 ( 2 4 )( 6 4 )
4 0
d2

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FF =

19.

1 ( 2 )( 2 ) + Fi
=
= 4 10+3 N Attraction
4 0 d 2
3

Let P be at distance x from the charge 9C . The distance of P from the charge - 3C
will be 0. 16-x
1 9 106
3 106
.

=0
4 0
x
4 0 ( 0.16 x )

co
m

As V1 + V2 = 0

Loss of energy = initial energy final energy

at
io

20.

n.

x = 0.12m

ed
uc

1 C1C2
V 2 = 2.7 102 J
2 C1 + C2

For uncharged capacitor potential is zero.


21.

As the particle is stationary net force = 0

6
mg ( 5 10 ) (10 )
=
E
106

ak

q=

sh
i

Eq + mg = 0

From the figure, force of repulsion between the charges at A and C

22.

w
.s

= 5 105 C

Frep =

4 0

q1q2
d2

( 9 10 )( 2 10 ) = 1.8N
12

( 0.1)

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co
m

Force of attraction between the charges at B and C also has the same magnitude of
1.8N and the angle between force of attraction and repulsion is 1200.

F12 + F22 + 2 F1 F2 cos

n.

Resultant force =

Applying Gauss law to the region I the Electric field intensity is


E=

1
( 1 + 2 )
2 0

ed
uc

23.

at
io

FR = F = 1.8 N

Where 1 and 2 are the surface charge densities.

If the system of these three charges is in equilibrium if repulsive force between Q

sh
i

24.

w
.s

ak

and Q is balanced by attraction forces between q and -Q

= F1 + F2 = 0 F1 = F2

1 ( Q )( Q )
1 q ( Q )
=

2
4 0 ( 2r )
4 0 r 2

On solving q =

Q
= 0.25
4

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25.

Potential energy of the system is equal to zero when the system is in equilibrium.
1 Qq
1 q (Q )
1 Q2
+
+
=0
4 0 x 4 0 x
4 0 2 x

q=

co
m

2 ( Q )( q ) Q 2
=
x
2x

Q
4

ed
uc

at
io

n.

26.

Length of the diagonal PQ of side a is

2a + a 2 =

2a + a 2 = 3a

sh
i

3a
2

1 Q
1
Q
V = 8
2
4 0 r
4 0 3a

w
.s

As V =

ak

Distance of midpoint from each corner =

4Q
3 0 a

27.

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The capacitor Q is short circuited and P and R in parallel. So the resultant


capacitance is equal to 2C = 2 1 = 2 F

= 9 109

2 10 12
= 1.8 N
10 2

n.

1 106 2 106
4 0 (10 102 )

ed
uc

at
io

F1 = F2 =

co
m

28.

The resultant force FR = F12 + 2 F1 F2 cos + F22

sh
i

FR = F12 + F22 + 2 F1 F2 cos 600

= 1.8 3 = 1.8 1.732 = 3.12N

Potential on the surface of sphere


1 q
= 500
4 0 R

w
.s

V=

ak

29.

1 q

4 0 R

E=
1
q
4 0

25 10 4 250
=
< 10
27 103
27

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30.

If the capacity of first capacitor is c then the capacity of second capacitor is


KC.

V
1+ K

C1V1 + C2V2
CV
=
C1 + C2
C + KC

volt

Angle made by the resultant f resul tan t with f2 is ( i.e ) tan =

b sin
a + b cos

F1
F2

Energy stored in the 1st capacitor

32.

16
9

w
.s

= tan 1

q2
32 16
=
q2
9
2
4

ak

1
F1 4 0
=
1
F2
4 0

sh
i

= tan 1

ed
uc

at
io

n.

31.

Common potential =

co
m

E=

1
CV 2
2

If second similar capacitor is in contact with the 1st one the potential on the second
capacitor is V/2.
Energy stored in second capacitor

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0 A
.(1)
d

C=

7
C0 (2)
6

0 A
0 A / d
=
t
1
1

d t 1 1 1
d K
K

C0
2
1
1 1
3 K

3KC0
(3)
2+ K

Dividing (1) and (3)


C
3K
7
=
=
C0 K + 2 6

i) Electric field increases by a factor K

w
.s

34.

14
11

ak

K=

sh
i

n.

C=

co
m

C0 =

ed
uc

33.

1 V
E
C =
2 2
4

at
io

ii) Charge decreases by a factor K


C=

0 A
d

35.

36.

Electric potential of C V = V1 + V2
V =

1
4 0

q1
1 q2
+
.
r 4 0 r

1 q
4
= 2
. = 36 10 V
4 0 r

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37.

C1 = C0 , C 2 = 2C 0 , C3 = 3C0

In parallel, C = C1 + C2 + C3 = C0 + 2C0 + 3C0 = 6C0


In series, C ' =

6C0 60
=
11 11

C0 = 1 F

Common potential =

C1V1 + C2V2
C1 + C2

10 40 + 15 30
= 34V
10 + 15

sh
i

38.

ed
uc

C1 = 1 F , C2 = 2 F , C3 = 3 F

n.

Given that C C ' = 6C0

co
m

( C0 )( 2C0 )( 3C0 )
6
= C0
( C0 )( 2C0 ) + ( 2C0 )( 3C0 ) + ( 3C0 )( C0 ) 11

at
io

C1C2C3
C1C2 + C2C3 + C3C1

ak

Amount of charge flowing = 10 40 10 34

Cair =

0 A
0 A
, Cmedium =
t
d
d t +
k

39.

w
.s

=60 C

Cmedium
d
6
=
=
=2
t
4
Cair
d t +
64+
k
4

Cm = 2 ( Cair ) = 10 F

Charge q = CV = 10 x 1 = 10 C

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Additional charge

= Final charge Initial charge


= 10 C 5 C
=5 C

As the capacitors are connected in series

co
m

40.

1
( C1 + C2 )V 2
2

E1
C1C2
6 4
=
=
E2 ( C1 + C2 ) ( 6 + 4 )2

E1 : E2 = 6 : 25

q
q = 4 R 2 (1)
2
4 R

sh
i

41.

ed
uc

E parallel = E2 =

at
io

As the capacitors are connected in parallel

n.

1 CC
Eseries = E1 = 1 2 V 2
2 C1 + C2

ak

Work done = potential energy at the given distance r = 2+2 = 4cm from the centre

w
.s

of the sphere.

qq '
4 R 2 q '
=
.(2)
4 0 r
4 0 r

W=

Sub. (1) in (2)

4 ( 2 102 ) 1 ( 40 109 ) ( 9 108 )


2

4 102

= 14.4 J

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42.

The field at O due to AC and BD cancel each other..

co
m

The field due to CD is acting in the direction OK and equal in magnitude to E due
to AKB.

V=

n.

Electric potential at a point in free space due to charge Q is


Q
= Q.1011
4 0 r
.

at
io

43.

E=

potential
= Q.1011 4 0 .1011
r

sh
i

E = 4 0 .Q .10 22 Volt/m

Energy stored in a fully charged capacitor is

1
CV 2
2

ak

44:

ed
uc

1
= 4 0 .1011
r

w
.s

But V = E x d; Capacity of a parallel plate condenser: C =

Potential for a concentric shell =

45:

Surface charge density =


VA =

1
1 A
1
CV 2 = 0 E 2 .d 2 Energy = 0 E 2 Ad
2
2 d
2

Energy stored =

0 A

1 q
.
4 t0 r

q
q
=
A 4 r 2

1 qA qB qC
+ +
4 0 a b
c

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4 a 2 b2 c2
=

4 0 a
b
c
VA =

1 a 2 b2 c2

0 a
b
c

1 a 2 b2 c2

0 c
c
c

at
io

n.

VC =

co
m

1 a 2 b2 c2

+
VB =

0 b
b
c

Substituting c = a+b the above equation we can prove that

46.

ed
uc

VA = VC > VB i.e., VA = VC VB

Three capacitors of capacitance C each are in series.


1
1
1
1
= +
+
CS C1 C2 C3

sh
i

ak

Total capacitance, Ctotal =

C
3

The charge is the same, Q when capacitors are in series.

The electric potential at a point,

47:

Q
Q
=
= 3V
C C/3

w
.s
Vtotal =

V = -x2y - xz3 + 4.
V V V

The field E = V =
i+
j+
k
y
z
x

E = i ( 2 xy + z 3 ) + jx 2 + k ( 3 xz 2 )

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