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RENR7296-03

July 2007

FLUID POWER SYMBOLS


BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS

Component Locations
Part
Number

Machine
Location

Schematic
Location

Accumulator Gp - Hydraulic (Charged)

164-6981

A-6

Cylinder Gp - Boom

NOTE A

F-3

Cylinder Gp - Bucket

NOTE A

F-3

Cylinder Gp - Stick

NOTE A

G-10

Filter & Valve Gp - Pilot (Hydraulic Oil)

158-8987

A-5

Filter Gp - Oil (Hydraulic Return)

188-4140

A-9

Filter Gp - Oil (Hydraulic, Case Drain)

126-2075

A-8

Manifold Gp - Control (Pilot Oil)

215-5037

B-8

Description

Motor Gp - Swing

158-8986

G-8

209-5992

10
11

G-6
G-5

Pump Gp - Piston (Main)

272-6955

12

B-3

Swivel Gp

234-4440

13

E-6

Valve Gp - Check (Oil Cooler Bypass)

201-9329

14

A-10

Valve Gp - Load Control (Boom Drift Red, Line Relief)

255-5683

15

D-3

Valve Gp - Load Control (Stick Drift Red, Line Relief)

255-5680

16

D-7

Valve Gp - Main Control

259-7464

17

D-3

Valve Gp - Pilot (Joystick, LH)

270-5951

18

D-10

Valve Gp - Pilot (Joystick, RH)

270-5952

19

D-9

Valve Gp - Pilot (Travel)

270-5947

20

E-10

Valve Gp - Pressure Reducing (Boom, Swing Priority)

232-4102

21

B-5

Valve Gp - Shuttle

185-0462
259-7732

22
23

C-10
B-5

Valve Gp - Swing Cushion

158-9085

24

F-8

204-2819

25
26

F-6
F-5

Motor Gp - Travel

Left
Right

Valve Gp - Travel Counterbalance

Left
Right

MAIN AUX.

PUMP or MOTOR

TWO POSITION

INFINITE POSITION

CC
VENTED

320D & 320D L Excavator


Hydraulic System

12

320D:
A6F1-UP
MCH1-UP
FAL1-UP
BZP1-UP
CXY1-UP
JFZ1-UP
JGZ1-UP

RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL

PRESSURIZED

Idler Pump Pressure Test Port

B-4

CC

Drive Pump Pressure Test Port

A-4

DD

Power Shift Pressure Test Port

A-2

SOS

Hydraulic Oil Sampling Port

A-5

PILOT
CONTROLLED

RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

MEASUREMENT

PRESSURE

ROTATING SHAFTS

FLOW

TEMPERATURE

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

320D L:
MDE1-UP
A8F1-UP
A9F1-UP
KGF1-UP
MGG1-UP
DHK1-UP
PHX1-UP

SOLENOID
or MANUAL

SOLENOID

SERVO

SOLENOID and
PILOT or MANUAL

SOLENOID
and PILOT

DETENT

THERMAL

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

PUSH-PULL LEVER

MANUAL SHUTOFF

GENERAL MANUAL

PUSH BUTTON

PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS

RELEASED PRESSURE

INTERNAL RETURN

SPRING LOADED

Schematic
Location

BB

SHUTTLE

SPRING
LOADED

BASIC
SYMBOL

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

LINES CROSSING

HYDRAULIC PUMPS

FIXED
DISPLACEMENT

HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS

LINES JOINING

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON-COMPENSATED

UNIDIRECTIONAL

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

INTERNAL
SUPPLY PRESSURE

COMPLETE

SINGLE ACTING

DOUBLE ACTING

INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS

HYDRAULIC MOTORS

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON-COMPENSATED

SPRING

REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

CROSSING AND JOINING LINES

GAS CHARGED

FIXED
DISPLACEMENT

PEDAL

SIMPLIFIED

ACCUMULATORS

A-5

FOUR-WAY

THREE-WAY

CHECK VALVES

P T
SHIFTED POSITION

P T
NORMAL POSITION

Tap Locations
Pressure, Sampling, and Sensor

Pilot Filter Pressure Test Port

TWO-WAY

THREE POSITION

AB

EXTERNAL RETURN

AA

ATTACHMENT

LINE RESTRICTION
VARIABLE and PRESSURE
COMPENSATED

VALVE PORTS

CONTROL VALVES
AB

PUMP GP - PISTON (MAIN)

Description

HYDRAULIC
PNEUMATIC
ENERGY TRIANGLES

BB
ONE POSITION

Note A: Refer to Parts Manual for your specific machine.

Tap
Number

PUMP: VARIABLE and


PRESSURE COMPENSATED

2-SECTION PUMP

VALVES

VALVE ENVELOPES

DD

LINE RESTRICTION
(FIXED)

RESTRICTION

PRESSURE
COMPENSATION

LINE RESTRICTION
(VARIABLE)

SPRING
(ADJUSTABLE)

VARIABILITY

CONTROL VALVES

SPRING

FLUID CONDITIONER

FLOW IN ONE
DIRECTION

TWO
POSITION

THREE
POSITION

INFINITE
POSITIONING

PARALLEL
FLOW

CROSS
FLOW

FLOW ALLOWED IN
EITHER DIRECTION

Printed in U.S.A.

2007 Caterpillar
All Rights Reserved

17

Electrical Symbols Table


Hydraulic Symbols (Electrical)

9
20

13
Transducer
(Fluid)

Transducer
(Gas / Air)

Generator

Electric Motor

24
6

16 21 23

3
15

13

14 15 17

Pressure Switch
(Adjustable)

Pressure Switch

Electrical Wire

Temperature Switch

Electrical Symbols (Electrical)

16

VALVE GP - MAIN CONTROL

MOTOR GP - SWING & SWIVEL

Temperature
Symbol

Pressure
Symbol

25

Hydraulic Schematic Example


Current Standard

Current Standard
Harness identification code
This example indicates
wire 135 in harness "AG".

SOS

Flow
Symbol

Wire Number Identification Codes

Electrical Schematic Example

Level
Symbol

Wire
Circuit Number
Identification

Wire Color

325-AG135 PK-14
325-PK

10 25

12

11 26

9 24

Circuit Identification
Number

10

Wire Color

Wire Gauge

Previous Standard

AA

Wire Color

Wire

325-PK-14
B
Circuit Number
Identification

MACHINE COMPONENT LOCATIONS

MOTOR GP - PISTON (TRAVEL)

FILTER GP

Wire Gauge
(EXAMPLE VALVE)

(Dimensions: 34 inches x 24 inches)

19

16 Page,

18

RENR7296-03

22

10

TRAVEL MOTOR (RIGHT)

Pp3

AG

BL3
B1

VALVE GP
TRAVEL
COUNTERBALANCE
137-3718

Pp3

T1

T1

T2

T2

BG

BG

BUCKET CYLINDER

VALVE GP
SWING CUSHION
158-9085

AG

AG

AR3
TRAVEL BRAKE

VALVE GP
PILOT (TRAVEL)
270-5947

TRAVEL BRAKE

BL2
TRAVEL(L)

BL1

aL1

FWD

bR1

bL1

VALVE GP
LOAD CONTROL
(BOOM)
255-5683

aR1
AL3
BL3

SPi

BP3

SDr

aL2

SEE LOC
A-10
VALVE GP
PILOT
(JOYSTICK, LH)
270-5951
JLT

OUT

aL3
(IN)

STICK DRIFT REDUCTION

(UP)

(L)

aR2 BR2 AR2

Pi4

Di4

aR4

AR3

(REV)

Pi1

BOOM DRIFT REDUCTION

BP1 BT

(DOWN)

(CLOSE)

(REV)

RCV-B

BR5

BUCKET

aR5
AR5

R3

VALVE GP
MAIN CONTROL
259-7464

BOOM

OPEN
JR4

CLOSE
JR2

DOWN
JR3

UP
JR1

RCV: RETURN CHECK VALVE

MAIN
RELIEF

A1

VALVE GP
SHUTTLE
185-0462

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

A8

SWING

STICK(1)
(OUT)

BOOM(2)
HL

Di2

Pi2

Pi3

(R)
Di3

bL3
HL
B1

aR3

B2

aR4

B4

B3

bR3

B5

B6

B7

TRAVEL(L)
(FWD)

bL1

bL2

bL4

DST

TRAVEL(R)
(FWD)
PL

PR

PL

bR2

bR1

PR

ATCH

Di1

bR3

bL3

bL2

bL4

aL2

G2

TRAVEL SPEED

SWING
PRIORITY

NO.1
(TRAVEL)

P-IN

SEE LOC
G-9
FILTER GP
OIL (RETURN)
188-4140

RCV-C
C

RCV-B
B

A
SEE LOC
RCV-A
D-8

A SLOW RETURN

MANIFOLD GP
CONTROL (PILOT OIL)
215-5037

PSA2

DR1

RR

PSA1
T-OUT2

P1

DR3

DR4

Pi2

DR2

B1

DR5

T-OUT1

DR6

A1

B2

ACCUMULATOR GP
164-6981

P2

P1

PAC

OUT

VALVE GP
SHUTTLE
259-7732

A2

A2

RETURN

E
F
D
VALVE GP
CHECK
(OIL COOLER BYPASS)
OIL COOLER
201-9329

FILTER GP
OIL
(CASE DRAIN)
126-2075

FILTER GP
OIL (PILOT)
158-8987

AA

PC

BB

VALVE GP
PRESSURE
REDUCING
(BOOM,
SWING
PRIORITY)
232-4102

PUMP GP
PISTON (MAIN)
272-6955

Pn2
Ps2

Pressure Line

Dr2

Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure

PR
A3 G1

Component Group

DrM
PsM1

PILOT

A1

Drain / Return Lines

Dr1

Ps1

Attachment

HR

DD

Air Line

CALLOUTS
YY

Pn1
Pi

PROPORTIONAL
REDUCING VALVE

Taps (Pressure, Sampling, Sensor) by letter

Components by number

AA

Connections by letter

THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 320D & 320D L EXCAVATOR

M1

CC
4

BOOM CONTROL & BOOM CYLINDER CIRCUIT


BUCKET CONTROL & BUCKET CYLINDER CIRCUIT
STICK CONTROL & STICK CYLINDER CIRCUIT
SHUTTLE VALVE CONTROL CIRCUIT
COMBINED LEFT & RIGHT PUMP SIGNAL PRESSURE
POWER SHIFT CONTROL CIRCUIT
SWING BRAKE CONTROL CIRCUIT

LINE PATTERNS

S1

SOS

ATTACHMENT CONTROL CIRCUIT


RIGHT TRAVEL CONTROL & RIGHT TRAVEL MOTOR CIRCUIT
LEFT TRAVEL CONTROL & LEFT TRAVEL MOTOR CIRCUIT
SWING CONTROL & SWING MOTOR CIRCUIT

HL

S3

IN

PG

DRAIN

TRAVEL SPEED CONTROL CIRCUIT


SUPPLY LINE
DRAIN / RETURN LINE

MEDIA #: RENR7296-03
PART #: 259-7469 HE 01

Pm

Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting,


Specifications and Systems Operations

PRESSURE SENSOR

10

IMPLEMENT & RIGHT TRAVEL PUMP OUTPUT

HR

PsM2

BYPASS

IMPLEMENT & LEFT TRAVEL PUMP OUTPUT


PILOT PUMP OUTPUT

HR

M2

FR

NO.3
(LOCK)

PRESSURE SWITCH

Pi1

NO.2
(SWING)

P2

SEE LOC
D-2

LINES GROUP COLOR DESCRIPTIONS

B8

PL

bR5

bR4

PRESSURE SENSOR

bR4

STICK(2)
(OUT)

BOOM(1)
(UP)

BUCKET
(OPEN)

RIGHT PUMP

16 Page, Color 2,

aL4

BR3

LEFT PUMP

RENR7296-03

ACTIVATION
HYDRAULIC

(Dimensions: 34 inches x 24 inches)

JL1

L
JL4

BL2

AL4

BR1

SEE LOC
A-10

AR4

aR3

aR1

BL1

BR4
BP2

AR1

AL1

BDr BPi

JRT

JRP

R
JL2

IN
JL3

aL1

AL2

RCV-A

VALVE GP
PILOT
(JOYSTICK, RH)
270-5952

SWING

AR1

SWIVEL GP
234-4440

PRESSURE SWITCH

STICK

BR4

VALVE GP
TRAVEL COUNTERBALANCE
137-3718

T3

SP3

JLP

AR4

BACK
T6

T4

PRESSURE SWITCH

BR1

AL1

VALVE GP
LOAD CONTROL
(STICK)
255-5680

T2

BR3

AL2

TRAVEL(R)

FWD

BOOM CYLINDER

A1

DR

T5

MOTOR GP
TRAVEL
209-5992

MU

BG

BACK
T1

DR
SEE LOC
RCV-C
A-10

AL3

TRAVEL MOTOR (LEFT)

MOTOR GP
SWING
158-8986

PG

STICK CYLINDER

MOTOR GP
TRAVEL
209-5992

SWING MOTOR