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MARKING SCHEME PAPER 2, PHYSICS MID TERM EXAM 2011

PART A:

 No Answer Mark 1 (a) (i) State the name of liquid correctly 1 - mercury (ii) State the correct physical change 1 - Expansion / increase in volume (b) (i) State the choice of instrument correctly -thermometer X 1 (ii) Give one correct reason. 1 The smallest division is smaller // able to detect the smaller /smallest change - 4 2 (a) (i) Rate of change of displacement 1 (ii) Between D and E 1 (b) Total displacement = [ (½ x 4 x 10) + (6 x 10) + (½ x 2 x 10)] – [1/2 x 2 x 10] 1 = [20 + 60 + 10] – [10] = 80 cm 1 (c) 1 5 3 (a) Pascal’s Principle 1 (b) 1.When the handle is pressed down, the pressure is exerted on the liquid and transmits uniformly to the large piston 2. The force is produced and pushes the load up 1 1 (c) Some of the force is used to compress air bubbles // The pressure cannot 1 be transmitted uniformly and immediately because the air bubble is compressed (d) F = 2 00 1 20 100 F = 40 N 1 6

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 4 (a) increases linearly 1 (b) As the temperature increase, the speed of the molecules increase. The rate of collision between molecules and container wall increase. Therefore, pressure increase 1 1 (c) (i) - 273 o C 1 (ii) 1 (d) P 1 = P 2 T 1 T 2 200 = P 273 + 80 2 1 273 + 27 P 2 = 235.3 kPa 1 7 5 (a) Force is an action that can change the type of motion of the object which 1 is in a straight line. (b) (i) F e = F d 1 (ii) Net force = 0 N 1 (c) (i) T = W 1 (ii) Net force = 0 N 1 (d) (i) When the object moves with constant velocity or the object is stationary, the net force is zero 1 (ii) Forces in equilibrium 1 (e) The aeroplane will accelerate. 1 8 6 (a) A hindrance to current flow // halangan kpd pengaliran arus. 1 (b) (i) The length of wire in Diagram 6.1 is longer 1 (ii) The potential difference in Diagram 6.1 is bigger 1 (iii) The magnitude of current is the same in both diagrams. 1 (c) (i) The resistance of wire in Diagram 6.1 is bigger 1 (ii) The longer the length the higher the resistance 1 (d) 1. Current increases 1 2. Because total resistance decreases 1 8

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 7 (a) The incidence angle in denser medium which refracted angle can produce a 90 0 1 (b) (i) 1. The ray is reflected twice 2 2. Direction of ray is correct (ii) n = 1/ sin 42 1 n = 1/0.669 n = 1.49 or 1.50 1 (iii) Total internal Reflection 1 (c) (i) refractive index of the inner core is greater than the outer cladding 1 total internal reflection can occur 1 (ii) An optical fibre is very small in diameter hence a bundle of optical fibres can transmit more information. 1 (iii) Optical fibre has high flexibility. 1 10 8 (a) Microwave 1 (b) (i) v = fƛ 3 X 10 8 = f( 2 X 10 -2 ) 1 f = 1.5 X 10 10 Hz 1 (ii) v = s/t 3 X 10 8 = 4.8 x 10 7 1 t t = 0.16 s 1 (c) (i) Concave reflector -converge wave 1 1 (ii) At focal point Waves converge at focal point 1 1 (iii) Big 1 can collect more wave 1 (d) Type X is most suitable 1 Total 12

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 NO SCHEMATIC CRITERIA MARK 9 (a) Normal force per unit surface area 1 (b)(i) M1 Mass of load is equal M2 Depth of sinking in D9.2 is less than D9.1 // Vice versa 3 M3 Area in contact with the soft ground in D9.2 is bigger than D9.1 (b)(ii) M1 When depth of sinking increases, the pressure increases M2 When area in contact increases, pressure decreases 2 (c) M1 When the piston is pushed in, the air flows out of the nozzle with high speed M2 Creating a region of low pressure above the narrow tube M3 The higher pressure of the atmospheric air acts on the surface of the liquid causing it to rise up the narrow tube 4 M4 The liquid leaves the top of the narrow tube through the nozzle as a fine spray. (d) Structure of the dam M1 Build a dam that has thicker wall at the base // Diagram M2 To withstand higher pressure at the bottom The material used for the dam M3 Made of concrete M4 Not easily break The design to ensure safety M5 Equipped with water overflow system // Diagram 10 M6 Avoid overflow /flooding M7 Build high wall M8 Store more water / avoid overflow Additional component to produce electricity M9 Build turbine at the bottom of the wall M10 High water pressure will turn the turbine to produce electricity TOTAL MARK 20M

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 NO SCHEMATIC CRITERIA MARK 10 (a) Sources that have same amplitude, frequency and phase 1 (b) M1 Distance between sources in Diagram 10.2 is bigger M2 The wavelength for both are equal M3 The separation between 2 consecutive antinodal/nodal lines are bigger in Diagram 10.1 5 M4 The smaller the distance between two sources the bigger the separation between 2 consecutive antinodal/nodal lines. M5 Interference (c)(i) M1 Speed of wave is uniform M2 Wavelength is uniform (ii) M1 Distance between wavefronts in shallow region are smaller than in deeper region Correct direction i.e no refraction in shallow region but bend downwards in deep region. M2 4 (d) Location of resort M1 At the bay M2 Calmer water and lower amplitude waves since energy diverge Features to reduce the erosion of shore M3 Build barriers with small opening from one cape to another M4 Water waves are reflected and diffracted so less energy wave reach the shore. M5 Build high wall barriers 10 M6 To protect beach from high waves Features to enable children to swim safely. M7 Build sandbank to create shallow area M8 Speed and wavelength of wave decreases Features to protect hotel from strong wind M9 Grow tall trees between the beach and hotel M10 The trees helps in breaking or spreading out the wind energy TOTAL MARK 20

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 NO SCHEMATIC CRITERIA MARK 11 (a) Springs constant ,k is the ratio of force to the extension // k = 1 F / x (b) (i) Spring X 1 (ii) • Spring X is thicker 1 • Spring X is stiffer 1 • Spring X extend shorter than spring Y for the same force 1 • k = F / x , extension of spring is shorter, the value of k is higher 1 (c) 10 Aspect Explanation Small diameter enough space for the spring to be installed // more stiffer High elastic limit can support heavy load higher spring constant small compression of the spring small natural frequency reduce bumping S is chosen small diameter , highest elastic limit ,highest spring constant and small natural frequency (d) (i) k = F 2 x = 0.3x 10 0.06 = 50 Nm -1 (ii) 0.3 kg 6 cm 2 0.5 cm 6 x 0.5 0.3 = 10 cm Length of spring = 20 + 10 = 30 cm TOTAL MARK 20 marks

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 NO SCHEMATIC CRITERIA MARK 12(a)(i) The distance between focal point and optical centre 1 (ii) 3 (iii) Virtual, upright and magnified 1 (b) Aspects Explanation f o > f e Higher magnification of image 2 Eyepiece is thicker than objective lens Shorter focal length and higher power 2 Diameter of the objective lens is greater than diameter of eyepiece. To ensure more light can enter the telescope to produce brighter image 2 Distance between 2 lenses f o + f e is the distance of normal adjustment which will produce a sharp image. S = f o + f e 2 Chosen arrangement : K Because f o > f e , eyepiece is thicker than objective lens, diameter of the objective lens is greater than diameter of eyepiece and distance of two lenses is f o + f e 2 (c)(i) P = 1/f f = ½ = 0.2 m = 20 cm 1 f=15 cm, u = 30 cm v = ? 1= 1 + 1 f u v 1= 1 - 1 1 v f u 1= 1 - 1 v 20 30 v = 60 cm 1 (ii) m = v u m = 60/30 1 = 2 (iii) Characteristics of the image: Real, magnified and inverted 1 • Note – at least 2 characteristics TOTAL MARK 20

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