Sunteți pe pagina 1din 8

www.banksoalanspm.com

MARKING SCHEME PAPER 2, PHYSICS MID TERM EXAM 2011

PART A:

No

     

Answer

Mark

1

(a)

(i)

State the name of liquid correctly

 

1

-

mercury

   

(ii)

State the correct physical change

 

1

-

Expansion / increase in volume

 

(b)

(i)

State the choice of instrument correctly -thermometer X

 

1

   

(ii)

Give one correct reason.

 

1

The smallest division is smaller // able to detect the smaller /smallest change

-

       

4

2

(a)

(i)

Rate of change of displacement

 

1

   

(ii)

Between D and E

 

1

 

(b)

 

Total displacement = [ (½ x 4 x 10) + (6 x 10) + (½ x 2 x 10)] – [1/2 x 2 x 10]

1

 

= [20 + 60 + 10] – [10]

= 80 cm

1

 

(c)

   
  (c)       1
 

1

       

5

3

(a)

 

Pascal’s Principle

 

1

 

(b)

 

1.When the handle is pressed down, the pressure is exerted on the liquid and transmits uniformly to the large piston 2. The force is produced and pushes the load up

1

1

 

(c)

 

Some of the force is used to compress air bubbles // The pressure cannot

1

be

transmitted uniformly and immediately because the air bubble is

compressed

 
 

(d)

 

F

= 2 00

1

20

100

F

=

40 N

1

       

6

1

www.banksoalanspm.com

4 (a)

   

increases linearly

 

1

 

(b)

 

As the temperature increase, the speed of the molecules increase. The rate of collision between molecules and container wall increase. Therefore, pressure increase

1

1

 

(c)

(i)

-

273 o C

 

1

   

(ii)

    (ii) 1

1

 

(d)

 

P

1

=

P

2

 

T

1

T 2

 

200

=

P 273 + 80

2

1

273 + 27

P

2

=

235.3 kPa

 

1

     

7

5 (a)

   

Force is an action that can change the type of motion of the object which

1

is

in a straight line.

 
 

(b)

(i)

F

e = F d

 

1

   

(ii)

Net force = 0 N

 

1

 

(c)

(i)

T

= W

 

1

   

(ii)

Net force = 0 N

 

1

 

(d)

(i)

When the object moves with constant velocity or the object is stationary, the net force is zero

1

   

(ii)

Forces in equilibrium

1

 

(e)

 

The aeroplane will accelerate.

1

     

8

6 (a)

   

A

hindrance to current flow // halangan kpd pengaliran arus.

1

 

(b)

(i)

The length of wire in Diagram 6.1 is longer

1

   

(ii)

The potential difference in Diagram 6.1 is bigger

1

   

(iii)

The magnitude of current is the same in both diagrams.

1

 

(c)

(i)

The resistance of wire in Diagram 6.1 is bigger

1

   

(ii)

The longer the length the higher the resistance

1

 

(d)

 

1. Current increases

1

2. Because total resistance decreases

1

     

8

2

www.banksoalanspm.com

7 (a)

   

The incidence angle in denser medium which refracted angle

can

produce

a

90 0

1

 

(b)

(i)

 
  (b) (i)    
 
 

1. The ray is reflected twice

 

2

2. Direction of ray is correct

   

(ii)

 

n =

1/

sin 42

 

1

n = 1/0.669

 

n

= 1.49

or 1.50

1

   

(iii)

Total internal Reflection

 

1

 

(c)

(i)

refractive index of the inner core is greater than the outer cladding

 

1

     

total internal reflection can occur

 

1

   

(ii)

An optical fibre is very small in diameter hence a bundle of optical fibres can transmit more information.

 

1

   

(iii)

Optical fibre has high flexibility.

 

1

       

10

8 (a)

   

Microwave

 

1

 

(b)

(i)

v

= fƛ

 

3

X 10 8 = f( 2 X 10 -2 )

 

1

f

= 1.5 X 10 10 Hz

 

1

   

(ii)

v

= s/t

 

3

X 10 8 = 4.8 x 10

7

1

 

t

 

t

=

0.16 s

1

 

(c)

(i)

Concave reflector -converge wave

 

1

1

   

(ii)

At focal point Waves converge at focal point

 

1

1

   

(iii)

Big

 

1

can collect more wave

 

1

 

(d)

 

Type X is most suitable

 

1

       

Total

12

3

www.banksoalanspm.com

NO

 

SCHEMATIC CRITERIA

MARK

9

(a)

Normal force per unit surface area

1

(b)(i)

M1

Mass of load is equal

 

M2

Depth of sinking in D9.2 is less than D9.1 // Vice versa

3

M3

Area in contact with the soft ground in D9.2 is bigger than D9.1

(b)(ii)

M1

When depth of sinking increases, the pressure increases

 

M2

When area in contact increases, pressure decreases

2

(c)

M1

When the piston is pushed in, the air flows out of the nozzle with high speed

 
 

M2

Creating a region of low pressure above the narrow tube

 

M3

The higher pressure of the atmospheric air acts on the surface of the liquid causing it to rise up the narrow tube

4

 

M4

The liquid leaves the top of the narrow tube through the nozzle as a fine spray.

(d)

Structure of the dam

 
 

M1

Build a dam that has thicker wall at the base // Diagram

 

M2

To withstand higher pressure at the bottom

 

The material used for the dam

 

M3

Made of concrete

 

M4

Not easily break

 

The design to ensure safety

 

M5

Equipped with water overflow system // Diagram

10

 

M6

Avoid overflow /flooding

 

M7

Build high wall

 

M8

Store more water / avoid overflow

 

Additional component to produce electricity

 

M9

Build turbine at the bottom of the wall

 

M10

High water pressure will turn the turbine to produce electricity

 

TOTAL MARK

20M

4

www.banksoalanspm.com

NO

 

SCHEMATIC CRITERIA

MARK

10

(a)

Sources that have same amplitude, frequency and phase

 

1

(b)

M1

Distance between sources in Diagram 10.2 is bigger

 

M2

The wavelength for both are equal

 

M3

The separation between 2 consecutive antinodal/nodal lines are bigger in Diagram 10.1

5

M4

The smaller the distance between two sources the bigger the separation between 2 consecutive antinodal/nodal lines.

M5

Interference

 

(c)(i)

M1

Speed of wave is uniform

   
 

M2

Wavelength is uniform

 

(ii)

M1

Distance between wavefronts in shallow region are smaller than in deeper region

   

Correct direction i.e no refraction in shallow region but bend downwards in deep region.

M2

 
M2     4
 

4

(d)

Location of resort

   
 

M1

At the bay

 
 

M2

Calmer water and lower amplitude waves since energy diverge

 

Features to reduce the erosion of shore

 
 

M3

Build barriers with small opening from one cape to another

 

M4

Water waves are reflected and diffracted so less energy wave reach the shore.

 

M5

Build high wall barriers

 

10

 

M6

To protect beach from high waves

 
 

Features to enable children to swim safely.

 
 

M7

Build sandbank to create shallow area

 
 

M8

Speed and wavelength of wave decreases

 
 

Features to protect hotel from strong wind

 
 

M9

Grow tall trees between the beach and hotel

 
 

M10

The trees helps in breaking or spreading out the wind energy

   

TOTAL MARK

20

5

www.banksoalanspm.com

NO

SCHEMATIC CRITERIA

MARK

11 (a)

Springs constant ,k is the ratio of force to the extension // k =

1

F

/ x

(b) (i)

Spring X

 

1

 

(ii)

Spring X is thicker

 

1

 

Spring X is stiffer

1

Spring X extend shorter than spring Y for the same force

1

k = F / x , extension of spring is shorter, the value of k is higher

1

(c)

10

   

Aspect

 

Explanation

 

Small diameter

 

enough space for the spring to be installed // more stiffer

 

High elastic limit

 

can support heavy load

 

higher spring constant

small compression of the spring

 

small natural frequency

reduce bumping

 

S

is chosen

 

small diameter , highest elastic limit ,highest spring constant and small natural frequency

(d)

(i)

k

= F

2

 

x

=

0.3x 10

 
 

0.06

 

= 50 Nm

-1

 

(ii)

0.3

kg

  (ii) 0.3 kg 6 cm 2

6 cm

2

 

0.5

cm

6 x 0.5

6 x 0.5

 
 

0.3

 

=

10 cm

 
 

Length of spring = 20 + 10 = 30 cm

 

TOTAL MARK

20 marks

6

www.banksoalanspm.com

NO

SCHEMATIC CRITERIA

MARK

12(a)(i)

The distance between focal point and optical centre

1

(ii)

(ii) 3

3

(iii)

Virtual, upright and magnified

 

1

(b)

 
 

Aspects

 

Explanation

f o > f

e

Higher magnification of image

2

Eyepiece is thicker than objective lens

Shorter focal length and higher power

2

Diameter of the objective lens is greater than diameter of eyepiece.

To ensure more light can enter the telescope to produce brighter image

2

Distance between 2 lenses

f o + f e is the distance of normal adjustment which will produce a sharp image.

S

=

f o + f e

 

2

Chosen arrangement : K

Because f o > f e , eyepiece is thicker than objective lens, diameter of the objective lens is greater than diameter of eyepiece and distance of two lenses is f o + f e

2

(c)(i)

P = 1/f

   

f = ½ = 0.2 m = 20 cm

 

1

f=15 cm, u = 30 cm

v = ?

 

1=

 

1

+

1

f

u

v

1=

 

1

-

1

1

v

f

u

1=

 

1

-

1

v

20

30

v

= 60 cm

 

1

(ii)

m

= v

   
 

u

 

m

= 60/30

 

1

 

=

2

(iii)

Characteristics of the image:

   

Real, magnified and inverted

1

 

Note – at least 2 characteristics

 

TOTAL MARK

20

7

www.banksoalanspm.com