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AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.

LLC
Operational Work Instructions
Scaffolding
All scaffold erected during the project for use by any site personnel will be erected by a
competent Al Hamra Construction scaffolders.
It will be the AHCC Scaffold managers function to ensure that the scaffold department
complies with:a)

Ensuring that their workforce are competent and produce scaffold structures
which comply with Regulations and British Standards.

b)

Supplying materials that are both of sound construction and adequate amounts.

c)

Nominating a scaffold inspector to inspect all erected scaffolding following initial


erection and all subsequent weekly checks, formally recording details in the
Register. Scaffolds will be re-inspected whenever there is any risk of change
such as after adverse weather or after unauthorised interference.

d)

The structure complies with any Temporary Works Design criteria.

Before any work is started which involves the use of scaffold platforms it is the
responsibility of each respective construction supervisor to ensure the scaffold is fit for
purpose.
When each scaffold structure is completed the competent person will duly inspect and
attach a Scafftag in a prominent position in the vicinity of the access ladder. The
Scafftag system will be explained to operatives during induction. Only approved
scaffolders are permitted to alter/dismantle any scaffold structure.
Under no
circumstances will any company, or sub-contractors operatives interfere with scaffold.
Safe Working during Erection, Alteration and Dismantling of Scaffolding
The company will insist that their scaffold department erects, alters and dismantles
scaffolding in accordance with a safe system of work, this is to include:a)

Secured ladders must be used for access up or down scaffolding. No-one is


permitted to climb up or down scaffold framework.

b)

Ledgers, transoms, ladder beams, etc. must be used as access along scaffolds.

c)

Where access is needed along scaffolds or where men have to work, platforms
which are at least 5 boards wide must be used, the boards must be adequately
supported and secured, guard rails must be erected.

d)

Where work cannot be done from or where access cannot be gained using a 5
board wide platform, a full body harnesses must be worn and secured to a
suitable anchor point.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
e)

f)
g)

Harnesses must be worn and secured for any erection, alteration or dismantling
of the following scaffolds where work cannot be done from a secure platform
provided with guard rails, e.g. suspended sling, cantilevered, truss out,
bridging, or similar type of scaffold not of the independent or birdcage type.
Scaffolds which are being erected, dismantled or altered must be barrier off and
clearly signed to show which parts are unsafe for use.
Adequate precautions must be taken to prevent materials falling. People
unconnected with work should be kept away from the area by, for example, the
erection of suitable signs and barriers. Those connected with the work must
always wear safety helmets and all materials should be raised or lowered in a
controlled manner.

Inspection Check List for Construction Supervisors


The Construction Supervisor will verify that the following checks have been conducted
on the erected scaffold:a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)

Foundations firm and level with base under each standard.


Ladder is sound, properly secured and at correct angle (1 in 4 rise).
Good access to working platforms.
Properly tied and braced.
Working platform fully boarded.
Toe boards and hand rails fitted and secure.
No trap ends.
Scafftag signed and dated.

Erection of structures, working at heights


Further information can be found in Section 26 covering harness/lanyard requirements
and consideration on specific assessment of this protective equipment.
Reference Documentation
H&S Construction codes of practice Part-2 section-29 Abu-Dhabi
Health and Safety at Work etc Act (1974)
The Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996
BS 5973 (1993) Code of Practice for Access and Working Scaffolds and Special
Structures in Steel
BS 5974 (1990) Code of Practice Temporarily Installed Suspended Scaffolds and Access
Equipment

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

Lifting Operations
Lifting Equipment and Accessories
The project/construction manager and his respective engineers and discipline
supervisors will ensure that all lifting operations under his control on site are carried out
in a safe manner. All operations shall be in accordance with the Client site instructions
and Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 and H&S Construction
codes of practice part-2 Section -19 & 20 Abu-Dhabi and Al Hamra Construction lifting
procedure AHCC/HSMS/PRO/07/04
Safe use of Cranes Procedure
Operations Assessment
Lifting operations should be risk assessed by a competent person in order to classify the
operation as a:a)
Simple Lifting Operation
b)
Standard Lifting Operation
c)

Complex Lifting Operation

The responsible manager shall ensure, where necessary, all lifting studies and method
statements and lifting risk assessments are produced for such work in good time for
review and approval by the project nominated competent person.
Definitions Lifting Operations
Basic lifting operations
Lifting operations of a routine nature that are low hazard and low risk to operatives
involved with the activity, personnel nearby or process. Where basic lifting activities are
required, they may be undertaken accompanied with a job specific risk assessment that
identifies the Hazards and Risks associated with that specific lifting activity.
Standard Lifting operations
Routine lifting operations that without suitable control methods would impose hazards
and risk to personnel and plant. Where routing lifting activities are required, they may be
undertaken accompanied with a job specific risk assessment and method statement that
identifies the Hazards and Risks associated with that specific lifting activity.
Complex Lifting operations
Individual Lifting operations that is unique, having specific hazards and risks involved.
Where complex lifting activities involving special circumstances, e.g. tandem Lifts, Lifting
over live plant, difficult lifts, lifting personnel or requested by the client, there must be a
Lifting study, Method statement and Risk Assessment undertaken.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
Examples
All Lifting activities using Lifting Appliances for loads greater than >2 Tonne must be
undertaken in conjunction with approved lifting study (Plan), method statement and risk
assessment.
Lifting activities using Lifting Appliances for loads of <2 Tonne or less may be regarded
as routine lifting activities unless special circumstances dictate otherwise.
Equipment Assessment
All equipment hired or purchased for all lifting activities should be assessed for suitability
purpose and operational use. This assessment shall identify that the equipment is
adequate for the intended activity. The assessment shall also be applicable to lifting
accessories, e.g. slings eye bolts, edge protection, timber skids/supports.
Consideration should be given to location and the method of attaching lifting equipment
to permanent structures and any loading imposed by the lifting activity. The location of
equipment attachments should be adequate to safely support any imposed load, advice
may be sought from a Structural Engineer or the client's representative.
Where an assessment identifies working at heights is required, scaffolding should be
provided. However, if there is a requirement for operatives to work from man-riding
baskets they will be issued with full body harnesses in case, for whatever reason, the
basket or platform displaces.
Each employee will receive instruction on:a)
How to wear the full body harness, and
b)

Where to attach the lanyard, (in case of a cradle or basket this would be
the crane hook).
This equipment assessment should be undertaken by rigging supervisors during the
planning phase and prior to any work commencing onsite and reviewed as work
progresses.
Trained Personnel
Where required, lifting plant and equipment may only be operated by certified personnel
and only trained Rigger/Banksmen shall be used to direct crane movements at all times
while operating on site.
Only competent Riggers/Banskmen can direct the crane operator and rig loads for lifting.
Competence must be proven by a training certificate from an approved training provider.
Equipment Certification
Mobile Lifting Equipment and Portable lifting appliances and equipment used on site,
e.g. - Cranes, Hoists, chain blocks, slings etc must have documentation regarding recent
Thorough Examinations and Inspection, from a competent 3rd party approved examiner,
they must also be in good condition before use.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
Details of equipment shall be recorded by the Appointed Person/Nominated Competent
Person (Rigging supervisor) into the Al Hamra Construction site register and Project
Health and Safety file where required.
All certification of lifting equipment and accessories must be checked before use by
either the site safety advisor, the nominated project appointed person, Rigging
Supervisor with copies of certification held on file In the site register.
Note: Equipment that is intended to be used for lifting personnel shall be inspected on a
daily basis and findings recorded.
All portable lifting appliances and equipment must be inspected by the user prior to use,
by the equipment user. Defects of equipment must reported to the supervisor and the
defective item placed into quarantine to prevent further use.
Documentation and review
All lifting study documents, method statements and risk assessments should be
reviewed and approval shall be recorded by the project nominated appointed person on
the front cover with the document presented to the planning supervisor for inclusion into
the project Health and Safety file.
Where there is a requirement for deviation from approved written method statements,
lifting studies, and risk assessments all work must stop. The nominated competent
person for the lifting operation shall undertake further review of the operation and record
any amendments and seek approval from the appointed person prior to re-commencing
work.
Prior to starting work on any lifting activities, the contents of the method statements shall
be fully explained to supervision and the operatives performing 'hands on' tasks. All
operations relating to the lifting operation shall be in accordance with the specific lifting
study and method statement and risk assessments. Any reviews or amendments to the
lifting documentation should be conveyed to the operatives.
Lifting Studies (Plan)
Information to be included in Lifting Operation studies should comprise but not limited to:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)

Description of Lifting Activity


Weight of load
SWL factors for plant and equipment
Loading attachments and relative centre of gravity
Origin/destination of load
Seating/Setting of the load
Local Environment including other process plant/services
Size and suitability of lifting appliance
Local ground loading
Local underground services (If any)
Selection of suitable lifting equipment
Turning moments around C of G

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
m)
n)

Failure Modes
Exclusion Zones

Specific lifting studies and routine lifting studies may require regular review, as dictated
by a change in circumstances, routine or method which may influence the lifting
operation in any manner.
Review of all Lifting studies shall be undertaken by the project appointed person for
lifting operations.
Method Statements
Information to be included in lifting operation method statements should comprise, but
not be limited to:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)

Description of task
Methods of execution
Manpower
Location of placement
Position of crane and plant
Safety protective equipment to be used
Lifts over sensitive areas
Types of slings/chains and SWL to be used.

Contract Lifting
The project/construction manager and his respective engineers and discipline
supervisors will ensure that all Specialist Contract Lifting operations on site are
undertaken in a safe manner in accordance with the site instructions and Lifting
Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 and H&S Construction codes of
practice Part-2 section-29 Abu-Dhabi.
The project/construction manager shall ensure that that the nominated Specialist Lifting
contractor has appointed in writing to Al Hamra Construction the relevant appointed
person and competent personnel for the lifting activity. Training records must be
requested to ensure validation in and competency in their appointments in accordance
with BS 7121.
The project/construction manager shall ensure that in conjunction with all relevant Health
Safety and Environmental obligations, specialist contractors have all contractual and
commercial assurances in place covering the specific lifting operation.
The nominated Al Hamra Construction competent person for the project, together with
the Rigging Superintendent shall review and approve all lifting studies undertaken by the
specialist lifting contractor by the prior to submittal to the client.
All lifting study document reviews and approval shall be recorded by the project
nominated competent person on the front cover, with the document presented to the
planning supervisor for inclusion into the project Health and Safety file.
Each subcontractor undertaking lifting operations must ensure that all their employees
are suitably trained and competent to do the work. This will include adequate risk

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
assessments being produced prior to any lift taking place, with the control aspects
identified and passed on to the employees.
Al Hamra Construction will audit sub-contractors standards of training, lifting methods,
risk assessments, plant and equipment to ensure compliance with legislation, Al Hamra
Construction and Client standards.
Reference Documentation
H&S Construction codes of practice Part-2 section-19/20 Abu-Dhabi
Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998
BS 7121 Parts 1 and 2
Avoidance of Danger from Overhead Electric Lines
Contact with live overhead lines is the cause of fatal or serious injuries every year. In
order to prevent contact with live overhead lines in the vicinity of the workplace, detailed
risks assessments will be undertaken that will implement both the statutory requirement
of Electricity at Work Regulations and GS 6 Avoidance of Danger from Electric Overhead
Lines. Electricity company must be contacted and agree a safe system of work.
Pre-planning of safe working procedures is essential. In all situations, including
construction sites, specific advice will be necessary if vehicles, plant or equipment, etc.
are brought in to the vicinity of overhead lines. In these cases, no part of the vehicle or
plant or equipment etc. should be allowed to approach or be worked in any position
where it is liable to be within 15 metres of overhead lines suspended from steel towers
or 9 metres in the case of wood poles.
The first essential step in complying with the regulations is to ascertain whether danger
exists in the working area. Consequently, an inspection must be made to ascertain
whether or not there is any overhead electric line within or immediately adjoining the
work area, or access to any route to it.
If work beneath the live overhead lines cannot be avoided barriers, goal posts and
warning notices will be provided. However, they will not prevent danger from upward
movements of cranes, excavators or other appliances, nor will they prevent direct
contact by workers where buildings or structures are being erected beneath the lines.
Additional precautions are therefore essential.
Reference Documentation
H&S Construction codes of practice Part-2 section-6 Abu-Dhabi
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
Construction (Health, safety and Welfare) Regulations
HSE Guidance Note GS6 and HS(G)150

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

Erection of Structures, Working at Heights


Many serious accidents and fatalities occur during the erection of structures and the
principal cause is falls from heights. It is therefore essential that management exercise
stringent controls in order that their employees are put to work in a safe and proper
manner.
To ensure that safe systems of work are implemented it is important that safe erection of
pipe work, vessels, machinery, etc. is considered as early as the design stages. Design
must take into account the need for, and the partiality of, safe methods of working.
Supervision/Operatives
Only competent personnel will be allowed to undertake any of the aforementioned tasks.
They in turn will be supervised at all times by the construction supervisor working within
the safe working procedures identified in the works permit to work or method
statement/risk assessment documents.
Fall protection
Fall protection should be looked at from two aspects:a)
Fall arrest looks at limiting the extent of falling after a person has lost their footing
b)

Fall prevention looks at restricting a person from gaining access to an area from
which they could fall prior to using fall protection equipment, which should only
be used when there is no other way of affording proper protection, a job specific
risk assessment must be carried out with due consideration given to the following
points:-

c)

Must be capable of automatically arresting a person who accidentally falls (fall


arrest)
Must prevent a person entering an area from which they could fall (fall restraint or
prevention)

d)
e)

Allow work to proceed through ergonomic, safe and secure means

f)

Ensure that the deceleration forces imposed upon the person falling during the
arresting phase are kept to a minimum

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
g)

Take into account the arrest distance through which the person falls and the risk
of ground or equipment collision

h)

The anchorage point must be suitable and capable of sustaining the forces
generated during the arrest

i)

Take into account subsequent rescue and recovery operations

j)

The person for whom protection is required

k)

The connecting line between anchorage and the harness. Depending on activity
this may require doubling up, e.g. as a lifeline and lanyard or double lanyards
being utilised by such disciplines as scaffolders

l)

Various connection fittings

m)
Horizontal lifelines and special travelling devices connected to them
Safety Harnesses
General purpose harnesses to EN361, which incorporate shoulder and crutch straps and
fitted with double lanyard(s) no longer than 2 m. with a shock absorber incorporated into
lanyard for use on site. Where appropriate the harness may be used in conjunction with
inertia reels.
Task Supervisors must ensure that when using safety harnesses the wearer has a
suitable anchor point to fix to.
Issue/Storage of Safety Harnesses
Before issuing any safety harnesses they will be inspected by a competent person
(discipline foreman) to ensure they are of sound construction and in good condition.
Each piece of equipment will have its unique identification number recorded within
register and all such inspections entered accordingly and shall be colour coded.
After use, each safety harness will then be returned to the stores for proper storage.
System of Work at Heights
The 2 metre rule for working at height no longer exists. Any height from which a person
can fall from one level to another level is considered as working at height.
Where practicable scaffolding will be provided when employees are to undertake work at
heights.
However, if there is a requirement for operatives to work from man-riding baskets they
will be issued with full body harnesses in case, for whatever reason, the basket or
platform displaces.
Each employee will receive instruction on:a) How to wear the full body harness, and
b) Where to attach the lanyard (in case of a cradle or basket this would be the crane
hook).

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
Use of ladders
Working off ladders must be considered as a last resort. If a ladder is required the
person using the ladder must have a 3 point contact at all times, the ladder must have a
1:4 lean ratio and use should be restricted to maximum time of 10 minutes. The ladder
must be tied off at the top and secured or held at the bottom. Tie offs should be attached
to the stiles and not the rungs.
Reference Documentation
The Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996
Working At Height regulations 2005
HSE Guidance Note GS28, Parts 2 & 3 and HS(G)150
HSE Fatal Accidents Construction
Hoists and Towers
Competent persons who are fully aware of the legal requirements and the relevant
British Standards will erect all hoists. Special attention must be given to ground
conditions to ensure adequate support for the hoist. The forces imposed on its structure
by workloads and inclement weather, particularly high winds, must also be taken into
account. Hoist operators must be trained and competent and should be responsible for
ensuring that the hoist is not overloaded or otherwise misused.
Reports, records and certification must all be available for inspection on site at all
reasonable times.
Reference Documentation
H&S Construction codes of practice Abu-Dhabi part-2 saction-19
Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998
The Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996
HSE Guidance Notes HS(G)150, PM 24 and PM 63
BS 3125, BS 4465 and BS 5973

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

Mobile Elevating Work Platforms

MEWPs divide into two categories;

boom-type Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (cherry pickers), and

scissor lifts

All mobile elevating work platforms are to be suitable for the task to be carried out.
a)
All operators/maintenance personnel must be trained and receive adequate
information and instruction on the equipment.
b)

All equipment must be properly serviced/maintained and records kept.

c)

The safe working load must not be exceeded.

d)

The basket must be fitted with adequate guardrails and toe boards which are
properly secured.
The raising and lowering operations should be controlled solely by the person on
the platform.

e)
f)

The controls situated on the platform should be designed and positioned to


prevent inadvertent operation and should be of the dead mans handle type.

g)

No-one should be on the platform in an elevated position while travelling.

h)

The operational area should be cordoned off to prevent persons walking below
the platform who could be struck by falling objects.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
i)

Operatives must not stretch or lean out from the platform. Safety harnesses to be
worn at all times.

j)

Ground conditions must be adequate firm and reasonably level.

k)

Never work near overhead power lines as electricity may arc across and
electrocute personnel.

l)

Under no circumstances must the SWL be exceeded.

m)

If outriggers are fitted they should be extended before use

Reference Documentation
H&S Construction codes of practice Part-2 section-29.21.2 Abu-Dhabi
Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974
HSE Guidance Notes GS6 and HS(G)150
The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998

Manual Handling
When mechanical lifting devices cannot be utilised and manual handling cannot be
avoided then an assessment of the task must be carried out in order to reduce the risk of
injury. When planning, before carrying out the job, the following points must be
considered:a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)

Decide in advance how


Plan the route, free from hazards
Determine the destination, will help be needed
Look over the object, decide where and how to hold it
Remove any grease, oil or projections from object
Consider the distance to the destination. Plan rest stops.
Be sure that there is enough space for handling.
Use mechanical aids where possible.
Ensure that personnel carrying out manual handling activities have been properly
trained.

Reference Documentation
Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

Safe Operation of Construction Plant and Site Hoists


Plant
The company and our sub-contractors shall employ competent trained plant operators to
operate Loadalls, Cotils, etc. Before any employee is allowed to operate any such plant
they must have received adequate instruction from an authorised training provider. This
will either be the Construction Industry Training Board (CITB), Certification of Training
Achievement of Construction Plant Operators (CTA Scheme) or something similar. All
operators of plant will be registered and copies of their competence/authority will be held
by the site HSE adviser.
Loading
Cotil tractors and cranes are not allowed to carry loads on site roads, their respective
loads must be placed on trailers for transportation.
Overhanging loads on trailers will at all times be marked with flags or lights and if
necessary by a banksman. Overhangs shall not exceed 2 metres.
Spillages
Strenuous controls shall be implemented to prevent rubbish or materials being displaced
onto haul roads or public roadways. Loads shall be secured and sheeted before leaving
site.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
Site Hoists
The company will ensure that only trained and competent people operate the equipment
and that all statutory registers are duly completed. Under no circumstances will any
person be permitted to ride in hoists designed for materials. Hoist operators will be in
possession of the valid test certificate for the hoist.

Vehicles and Mobile Plant


Only drivers who hold a current driving licence appropriate to the vehicle or plant will be
allowed to operate company plant or vehicles. All vehicles on site will be properly
maintained in accordance with the manufacturers recommendations and always be in a
safe and road-worthy condition. The site Plant and Transport foreman will keep a
register of competent plant operators/ drivers licences/authority. No fuelling of vehicles
will be done on site all fuelling and maintenance will be completed at the lay down area.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

Compressed Air and Pressurised Services


Suitable arrangements for pressurised systems are established within the company. All
such systems used will be in accordance with the relevant Codes of Practice Abu-Dhabi.
Diesel driven compressors before being allowed on site must have their certification
checked to ensure that a competent person has inspected the equipment in accordance
with the statutory provisions. Static air compressors and air receiver tools and
equipment will be regularly inspected, maintained and records kept. Engine exhausts
must not be permitted to discharge their fumes into any building.
All fittings and associated equipment must be for compressed air service and suitable for
the pressure to which the system operates. Hose connections must be fitted with a
whiplash chain to prevent injury in the event of a failure.
Reference Documentation
Pressure Systems and Transportable Gas Containers Regulations 1989
Approved Code of Practice Lift Trucks

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

Confined Space Entry


A confined space is any enclosed space, above or below ground, where a hazard to
health may exist due to lack of, or enrichment of, oxygen in the atmosphere, or a
potentially toxic or flammable atmosphere.
Places coming within this definition include, but are not limited to, excavations, culverts,
manholes, sumps, drainage systems, unventilated rooms, tanks, boilers/heaters, flues,
chimneys, silos, vessels and process columns.
Entry into a confined space is potentially hazardous and as such will be strictly
controlled through the clients permit to work procedure or Al Futtaim Carillions
AHCC/HSMS/PRO/07/05 Confined Space Entry procedure.
All work undertaken in a confined space will have a risk assessment carried out which
will identify and define any hazard that employees might encounter during the work or to
any other person who might be affected by the operation. It will also review what
hazards may be introduced in to the space by the intended work. Work Method
Statements and Risk Assessments are mandatory for this type of work.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

No work will be permitted without a valid Confined Space entry PTW.


Reference Documentation
H&S Construction codes of practice Part-2 section-21 Abu-Dhabi
HSE Guidance Notes HS (G) 150 and GS5 Entry into Confined Spaces
The Confined Spaces Regulations 1997

Excavations
The project/construction manager will arrange for a competent person to supervise any
excavations that may be necessary after carrying out a site survey and marking out the
location of known underground services. Excavations may contain trapped gases or
fumes caution needs to be exercised, any gas tests conducted in narrow service
trenches.
The construction/supervisor will inspect the excavation(s) daily and undertake a
thorough examination within every 7 days in accordance with the Regulations which will
be recorded in the register.
A risk assessment should be made of ground conditions, material, etc. and where
necessary the excavation must be supported or battered back to prevent materials and
soil falling into the trench. A safe means of access and egress must be available into the
trench and the supervisor will ensure that stop blocks are utilised where vehicles have to
approach the trench edge and that adequate hard barriers are properly placed around all
excavations. All activities will be undertaken under a permit to work.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
Machine Dig exclusion zone
No machine shall operate within a 5 metre radius from the buried service.
There are six main dangers associated with excavation work:a)
striking underground services
b)
collapse of the excavation
c)
people falling into the excavation
d)
plant, etc. falling into the excavation
e)
gas, vapour or lack of oxygen in the excavation
f)
undermining nearby structures
Precautions to be Taken
Underground Services
There are many different types of underground services that may be present when
undertaking excavation work. They include water supplies, drains, sewers,
telecommunication lines, gas lines and electrical cables. Before any work commences
service drawings must be referenced to ensure every effort has been taken to identify
any underground services. Service routes shall be physically marked to identify the
service route to the workers an equipment operators
Surveying for Cables
Cable locating instruments will be used before any excavation is started. The equipment
will be used only by trained and competent persons.
After locating any cables, clear marked wooden pegs/marker tape shall be positioned to
identify the hazard below and where necessary trial holes (which must be done by hand)
will be dug to confirm the position of cables.
Reference Documentation
H&S Construction codes of practice Part-2 section-23 Abu-Dhabi
The Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996
HSE Guidance Note HS(G)47 and HS(G)150
Electricity
Electrical Work
Electrical equipment taken onto the works by the company and sub-contractors will
comply with all appropriate legislation and be 110v rated. Persons engaged in any work
activity concerning electrical installation or maintenance must be competent and
possess the necessary technical knowledge and experience to prevent possible danger
and/or injury.
Portable Electrical Tools
a)
b)

Every such tool will be inspected before being issued to the site by a competent
electrical engineer. Each individual item, e.g. extension cable, grinder,
transformer, etc. will then have a unique number attached to it.
A formal record system is to be operated with comprehensive details
appertaining to each piece of equipment filed.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
c)

d)
e)
f)

Within a period not exceeding 3 months a full inspection is to be conducted,


where every component is visually inspected with functional tests checked on the
PAD 300 system or something similar and colour coding tag will be provided in
accordance with SLWP colour coding system.
This equipment produces an independent print-out which will then be attached to
the inspection records.
All such work is to be carried out by a competent electrician.

Only doubled insulated hand tools of 110v AC will be used on site.


All persons changing grinding or abrasive wheels must have proof of current training and
be familiar with Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998. Hot Work
Permits are required for use of abrasive wheels in restricted areas.
All electrical leads will be fitted with an approved plug/socket in accordance with British
Standards. Taped joints/breaks in cables must never be used on site.
Under no circumstances should guards or handles be removed or interfered with.
Defective equipment must be withdrawn immediately and returned into the stores for
repair.
Site Electrical Power
a)
A client or AHCC electrical engineer will design the site energy requirements and
ensure it is installed, tested and commissioned in accordance with HSE rules and
applicable statutory duties. All fixed wiring circuits will be inspected annually by
an electrical engineer. A competent electrician will check temporary distribution
boards at three-monthly intervals and records kept of the inspections.
b)

Cable routes whenever possible will be run in ducted underground cables.


Should this be impractical then permission will be sought from the client.

Arc Welding
The plant and apparatus used for electric welding shall be in accordance with BS 638
(Parts 1-8) or equivalent standard. HSE Guidance Note PM 64 (Electric Safety in Arc
Welding) must also be observed.
The following precautions are to be adhered to:a)
Ensure cables are correctly connected and adequately earthed.
b)
Keep cables clear of ladders and walkways.
c)
Do not allow them to pass over machinery or any process pipe work where they
may make contact.
d)
Do not allow traffic to pass over cables.
e)
Disconnect from power source when not in use.
f)
Never use damaged cables.
g)
Disconnect from power sources before joining any cables.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

Stray Currents
It is essential to ensure there are no stray electrical currents when welding operations
are being performed. Therefore, in all cases where butt welding of two items, e.g. butt
ends of pipe has to be done and neither item is permanently attached to any structure
both items must be connected to the welding return. This requirement is necessary to
prevent stray electric currents causing sparks at a distance from the welding point.
Welding Cable Inspection
The welding supervisor will conduct a regular formal inspection to ascertain whether all
cables are without defects.

Office Electrical Equipment


a)

b)
c)

Office and kitchen equipment which includes such items as kettles, refrigerators,
microwaves, heaters, PCs, fans, etc. will be inspected once in every 12 months
and formal records will be kept of the inspections conducted by the electrical
engineer.
Private electrical items are not allowed on site unless authorised by the
project/construction manager, who will then ensure the item conforms to the
aforementioned procedure.
Multi adaptor plugs must not overload electrical outputs.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
d)

Under no circumstances is any employee allowed to interfere with or attempt to


repair any electrical item whatsoever, unless he is the nominated electrical
engineer.

Reference Documentation
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 and Approved Code of
Practice
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989

High Pressure Water Jetting


Specialist sub-contractors will be utilised for this type of work. The work will always be
carried out under a safe system of work supported by a method statement specific for
the work to be undertaken.
The method statement will include but not be limited to:a)
The layout of the plant and equipment to be used in relationship to the site.
b)
The operating parameters of the equipment.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
c)
d)
e)
f)

The precautions to be taken and in particular if the work is to be carried out either
in a confined space or local to the work activities being carried out by others.
The PPE requirements.
The type and positioning of barriers and signs.
How waste products are to be handled and disposed of.

For further information on method statements refer to section 18.0


Equipment is to be earth bonded and fail safe devices fitted. Under no circumstances
will unauthorised persons be allowed to enter the work area whilst jetting is in progress.

Fabrication/Pressure Testing of Pipelines


The following represents a brief synopsis of some of the measures required for the
execution of the works to pipelines. They are by no means exhaustive and proper
method statements are a prerequisite of any work being carried out.
All work associated with pipelines including breaking into the pipelines requires a permit
to work.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

The following must be ensured when working on pipelines:a)


b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)
m)

Record the insertion and removal of spades, all spades to be clearly tagged and
identified.
Ensure that gaskets of the correct specification are used and that bolting is to the
correct specification.
Ensure that all flange faces are clean.
Tighten flanges properly and to the correct tension.
Ensure that the correct tools are used.
Ensure that all tools are in good condition and tagged (electrical).
Ensure spool is secure prior to any activities and surrounding area is safe (barrier
worksite if required).
Hearing protection must be worn when grinding and also the correct PPE, i.e.
Fireproof overalls, safety goggles, hard hat, safety boots.
Ensure all lifting of pipe work/valves is carried out by a competent person.
All large bore weld make-ups must be inspected by QC engineer prior to welding
taking place.
Spools/valves should be supported prior to the removal of lifting equipment and
job start.
All mechanical lifting devices and/or temporary supports must remain in situ until
the weld is complete and great care must be taken to ensure that this is adhered
to.
Reference should be made to relevant risk assessments, e.g. MMA welding,
grinding, TIG welding.

Pressure Testing
a)

There may be a requirement for two types of pressure testing:i)

Strength Testing where a pressure is applied greater than the safe


working pressure to prove the mechanical strength or integrity of
equipment, weld or fabrication.

ii)

Leak Testing - normally at or below safe working pressure a system is


pressurised to ascertain the integrity of reinstatement prior to
service/operation.

All work will be carried out under a permit to work using suitable materials and calibrated
equipment under direct supervision of a person competent to carry out such tests. If high
pressure testing in excess of 75 bar is required then this will be carried out under the
supervision of a specialist test engineer (approved contractor) who can evaluate the
stress within pipe work and/or vessels.
The following procedure will be adopted:a)
b)
c)

Verify the test pressure before starting.


Ensure that the pressure gauges have been calibrated.
Ensure that the spades are of the required thickness to withstand the pressure.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
d)
e)
f)
g)

Ensure that the supports are adequate for the weight of the test.
Ensure that the area around the test is cordoned off and warning notices erected.
Dont rush the test. Increase the pressure in safe steps.
The medium used for testing is to be considered carefully to take cognisance of
the pipe system metallurgical properties, pressure and temperature.

Remember to vent the system.


If a positive displacement pump is being used to fit a relief valve, or a kickback system.
The fittings used (especially screwed fittings) must be rated for the pressure employed.
Dont use air or a gas as a testing medium. Use a non-compressible fluid as
agreed with the client.
Pneumatic tests require the authorisation of senior management and will require a full
detailed method statement.
Exercise extreme caution when de-pressurising.
Working overhead ensure the area below the pressure testing area is cordoned
off, warning notices erected and the area cleared of personnel.
Pressure/leak testing of instrumentation impulse pipe work and tubing may be air or gas
tested after agreement with the construction authority.
Reference Documentation
The Pressure Systems and Transportable Gas Containers Regulations 1989
HSE Guidance Note GS4

Painting
Health Hazards Associated With Painting

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
a)
b)
c)
d)

b)

Work involving solvent based paints, thinners, etc. may give rise to atmospheres
which are both flammable and toxic and only approved sub-contractors will be
employed to undertake the work.
To ensure adequate provisions have been taken in controlling painting activities a
safe system of work must be followed identified either on the permit to work or
risk assessment/method statement.
Over-exposure may cause irritation to the eyes and respiratory system.
Excessive concentrations may produce effects on the central nervous system
including drowsiness and in extreme cases loss of consciousness may result.
Splashes entering the eye will cause severe discomfort and possible damage
and prolonged contact with skin may have a de-fatting effect and lead to
dermatitis.
Only specified amounts of paint shall be taken into the work area daily and
returned at the end of a shift. No open paint tins are to left on site.

Safety controls
Where possible AHCC shall pursue a suitable alternative to solvent based paint. If that is
not possible we shall ensure that the conditions of the Material Safety Data Sheet are
stringently complied with and all necessary additional respiratory, eye and Personal
protective equipment is worn at all times.
Cartridge Operated Fixing Tools
Cartridge operated fixing tools are very similar to firearms in both construction and
operation. Operators of these tools must have been trained in their safe use, must be
over 18 years of age and must be authorised (in writing) for their use. As a general
principle AHCC does not allow the use of these tools on their sites, however if the tool is
to be used, the company or Sub Contractor will strictly comply with 03 Safe Use of
Cartridge Operated tools:
Procedures for Use
a)
No cartridge operated tool will be allowed on site without the written permission
of the project/construction manager.
b)
Tools must only be used in strict adherence to the makers instructions and when
not in use both tools and cartridges must be kept in a secure locked storage
place.
c)
A controlled procedure for the issue of cartridges must be established. This will
require a register to be maintained by the contractor ensuring accountability of all
cartridges used and unused on site.
d)
Wherever practicable cartridge operated fixing tools should not be used in the
immediate vicinity of other works and extra care should be taken to ensure that
no person is sited in line with the flight of the pin when the tool is in use.
e)
Where an area cannot be completely isolated warning notices must be displayed.
f)
A trained operators and assistants must wear safety helmets, ear defenders and
goggles/visors and tools should never be left unattended.
g)
No adjustments should ever be made to a loaded tool.
h)
Before any work can proceed a risk assessment has to be prepared and
submitted to Downstream Oil, Gas and Process for approval.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
i)
j)

All work will be strictly controlled under permit conditions.


Cartridges and firing pins for different types/makes of tools are not
interchangeable, even though they may appear to be identical.

Reference Documentation
Provision of Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 and Approved Code of Practice
The Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
Highly Flammable Liquids
Highly flammable liquids (HFLs) means liquids that give off flammable vapours at less
than 32C and includes but is not limited to solvents, oil based paints, white spirit,
thinners, petroleum based adhesives.
For HFLs where storage is less than 50 litres metal lockable bins may be used. The
bins must not be stored in site office or welfare facilities and preferably stored in metal
containers. The metal containers must be sited at least 2 metres away from any building
or perimeter fence. Alternatively, when there is a significant amount of HFL materials to
be stored, consideration is to be given to the erection of a purpose built storage facility.
For all storage requirements the contractor is to submit their proposals to the
construction manager for approval. The work site inventory of HFLs will be kept to a
minimum, the maximum being the amount required for a single work period. This is
particularly important if the HFLs are to be used in a confined space or temporary
encapsulation.
In general the storage of petrol on site will not be permitted. Storage of diesel will be
permitted after a suitable bunded location has been approved.
For all storage areas signs must be erected indicating the type of material stored and the
precautions to be taken in and around the area.
Reference Documentation
Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 1994
Highly Flammable Liquids and Liquefied Petroleum Gases Regulations 1972
HSE Guidance Notes HS(G)34

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

Use and Storage of Gas Cylinders


Propane and Butane (LPG)
a)

LPG cylinders in excess of 50kg total capacity must not be stored within 3 metres
of any compressed gas cylinders including acetylene.
b)
They must be located in a fixed upright position.
c)
Kept away from ignition sources (including static discharges).
d)
They must be stored in a well ventilated area, protected from the elements,
preferably in open air.
e)
The storage area must be identified with Highly Flammable No Smoking
signs.
f)
The storage area must be away from ducts, trenches, excavations (as both
propane and butane are heavier than air), and a minimum of 2 metres away from
any openings.
g)
No cylinder is to be any nearer than 1.5 metres from the fire wall if provided.
h)
Always leak check cylinders when first collected/delivered or used using an
approved leak detecting fluid.
i)
Never roll cylinders. Milk-churning cylinders on their bases is permissible but
must not be moved over long distances. Use approved bottle trolley only.
j)
For hydrogen, propane, acetylene and oxygen use only regulators designed for
the gas. Remember the cylinder pressure and properties are different for each
gas.
k)
Charged and discharged propane and butane cylinders may be stored together,
but positively identified and segregated.
l)
Identification symbols: F+ extremely flammable; T toxic, risk phase R12
m)
Propane cylinders must never be laid on their side as liquid propane could be
released which is extremely hazardous.
Oxygen
a)
b)
c)

d)

Oxygen and inert gases may be stored together but positively segregated.
Charged and discharged cylinders may be stored together but positively
identified.
Cylinders containing oxygen or oxidising gases must be separated from cylinders
containing flammable gases by a minimum of 3 metres or by a fire resistant
partition. Oxygen cylinders are charged at different pressures dependant on
location always check charge pressure against regulator operating pressures,
i.e. North 230 Bar, South 200 Bar.
Hose assemblies must be tested after repair in accordance with BS 1389: 1986
to 15 Bar and a register kept of repairs.

Cylinders General
a)

Oxygen equipment is at most risk from oil and grease so keep greasy hands,
rags and gloves away from any part of the cylinder and fittings.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)

h)

Acetylene cylinders must never be used if they have been laid horizontally unless
a twelve hour period has elapsed since restoring the cylinder to an upright
position.
Acetylene cylinders must be stored separately with a minimum distance of 3
metres from any compressible gas cylinders.
There is no such thing as an empty cylinder.
It is recommended that any regulator with BS 5741 need replacing with BS 7650.
It is recommended to exchange units every 5 years.
Separated storage areas must be clearly labelled as to their contents and with
any cautionary notices.
Use only correct cable and hose connections:Argon
=
Black BS EN 5120
Oxygen
=
Blue
Fuel Gas
=
Orange
Oxygen, acetylene and propane equipment will be fitted with flashback arrestors
and non-return valves in the hose connection.

Storage Facilities
a)
b)
c)

A secure storage area will be erected at a suitable location away from site
buildings. Minimum distance 100 metres.
The base of the store will be level and of a suitable size to permit segregation of
individual gases with a separate area for empty and full cylinders.
The perimeter fence will consist of open wire mesh at least 2m. high. Particular
consideration will be given to access and egress for both the operatives changing
bottles and in the event of an emergency, fire vehicle. Individual notices for the
classification of the gases will be attached to the wire mesh with a 3m. gap
between flammable gases (LPG and acetylene) and other cylinders (oxygen and
argon).

Fire Precautions of Cylinder Stores


Notices
A number of conspicuous notices facing out over will be attached to the mesh fencing
indicating Warning Highly Flammable and No Smoking.
Fire Extinguishers
2 blue (dry powder) extinguishers will be located against the exit doors.
Housekeeping
Under no circumstances will either combustible materials or grass be allowed to
accumulate around the storage area.
Training of Operatives
During the induction programme, and also as a result of the risk assessment, detailed
information will be passed on to each operative on how to deal with gas cylinders.
In addition full cylinders should be stored separately from expended and cylinders of
different gases whether full or expended should be segregated from each other.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions
Never use any jointing compound on any cylinders including PTFE tape.
Use of Gases in Confined Spaces
All heating, cutting and welding torches including TIG must be removed from confined
spaces, trenches or ducts to fresh air at meal times or end of shifts, alternatively
disconnected at source and positively isolated.
At all times whilst using cylinders a bottle key must be in place for emergency isolation!
Cylinder will be kept out of confined space.

Transportation of Gases
Bottled gases delivered to site must be in an approved vehicle as there are road traffic
requirements to be complied with when transporting such substances.
Reference Documentation
The Pressure Systems and Transportable Gas Containers Regulations 1989
HSE Guidance Notes CS4

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

Asbestos
If during the course of construction/maintenance operations on site where asbestos is
found (or suspected) to be present (other than joint material), any operation which may
cause disturbance of the material must STOP. The contaminated area must be cordoned
off and screened with appropriate signs.
The HSE advisor/Department must be informed as soon as possible.
Only Licensed Contractors may undertake controlled removal of asbestos. When a
Subcontractor is employed to remove the asbestos, the Project Manager/Site Agent is
responsible for ensuring that the Subcontractor holds an Asbestos Licence (issued by
Municipality) and is an approved Contractor. A copy of the Licence must be obtained and
displayed on site.
It is the responsibility of the Subcontractor to give notice (14 days) to the HSE before
work commences.
Under no circumstances, should a Subcontractor to be employed to remove asbestos
unless the company is in the possession of a copy of the subcontractors current
Asbestos Licence,
Breaking Joints
When breaking joints and flanges, separation of flanges exposes the CAF gasket to
atmosphere and the joint faces may require cleaning off residual CAF deposits.
The vulcanising agent that binds the asbestos fibres in the gasket is rubber which
deteriorates if exposed to high temperatures as in process operations, thus causing the
formed gasket to disintegrate and release free asbestos fibres at the workface and into
the environment.
Preventative measures to minimise the hazard of releasing fibres would be to saturate
the gasket and any residual deposits with a PVA/water solution, which would bind, and
dust/fibres and [prevent them from becoming airborne. If a PVA solution is unavailable
copious amounts of water will suffice,
Adequate PPE must be worn at the workface, respiratory protection, disposable
coveralls, gloves, all of which must be disposed of in a controlled manner as special
waste after work is completed, together with any gasket and residue produced from the
work activity.
Correct hygiene procedures to be observed at meal/tea breaks and at the end of
workshift. Disposal of gasket, residual waste and contaminated PPE to be placed in
double bags sealed and identified as hazardous waste and placed in controlled waste
slips for disposal by licensed waste disposal contractor.

AL HAMRA CONSTRUCTION CO.LLC


Operational Work Instructions

Ionising Radiation
All ionising radiation work will be conducted bya specialist contractor. Clear instructions
will be provided to the radiographic company performing the work as to when they may
undertake the work. Details of Radiography times will be posted at strategic points on
site and whenever sources are being used a controlled area must be marked off by tape,
barriers and trefoil flags in compliance with the radiography companys local rules.
The area shall be patrolled to ensure that no-one inadvertently encroaches into the area
and an alarm or klaxon shall be sounded to warn personnel that radiography is in
progress.
Personnel shall be informed of the tone to expect prior to testing as:a)

Part of their induction

b)

Tool box talks

Only Classified Persons are allowed in the barrier area and a work permit must cover
the use of sources. Sources must be returned to the shielded container in an
emergency.
A competent approved contractor, undertaking all activities in strict compliance with both
statutory and local site rules will perform this work. Regular audits are to take place to
monitor and ensure that all procedures are being adhered to.