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Cost Economics For Solar Rooftops

Anmol Singh Jaggi


solar@gensol.in Ph:+91 93270 16962

Anatomy of Rooftop Solar PV System

3
2

1. Solar Photovoltaic Modules

4. Cables

2. Module Mounting Structures

5. Junction Boxes

3. Inverters

6. Protection & Peripherals

Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

A word of Caution
Inverters

Mounting
Structures

Civil &
Electrical
Works

Cables

Junction
Boxes +
Protection

Services

Margin

Solar
Modules

Q: What did it feel like sitting atop the rocket, ready to launch?

A: I felt about as good as anybody would, sitting in a capsule on top of


a rocket that were both built by the lowest bidders.
- Astronaut & Senator John Glenn

Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Cost of Solar Plant


Solar
Modules

Inverters

Mounting
Structures

Civil &
Electrical
Works

Junction
Boxes +
Protection

Cables

Services

Typical 250 kW Solar Rooftop System costs Rs. 1.55 Cr.


In other words, Rs. 62 per Watt.

Rs. 1.55 Cr / 250 kW =


Rs

62

per W

Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Margin

Exploring Cost Breakup: The Heart


Solar
Modules

Inverters

Mounting
Structures

Civil &
Electrical
Works

Cables

Rs.

Junction
Boxes +
Protection

Services

36

Function

Sunlight falls on Solar Panels. Solar panels convert the suns energy into
DC Electricity using Photovoltaic effect.

Buying Guidelines

We recommend/use ploy-crystalline 60 cell modules with minimum


efficiency of 15.5%

Makes
Recommended
Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Margin

Exploring Cost Breakup: The Brain


Solar
Modules

Inverters

Mounting
Structures

Civil &
Electrical
Works

Junction
Boxes +
Protection

Cables

Rs.

Services

Margin

Function

The Inverter converts the DC Current from the Solar Modules and converts it
into the usable AC Current.

Buying Guidelines

Multiple MPPT inverters are preferred


Can overload the inverter upto 20%
A large voltage range helps in accommodating variation in climatic conditions

Makes
Recommended
Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Exploring Cost Breakup: The Legs


Solar
Modules

Inverters

Mounting
Structures

Civil &
Electrical
Works

Junction
Boxes +
Protection

Cables

Rs.

Services

Margin

Function

Solar Modules are mounted on Structures which should be corrosion free and strong
enough to cater to wind speeds.

Buying Guidelines

Use only hot dip galvanized iron structures with a min galvanisation of thickness of
80 microns.
Structures are designed to withstand wind speeds of 150 km/hr or as per wind zone

Makes
Recommended
Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Exploring Cost Breakup: The Body


Solar
Modules

Inverters

Mounting
Structures

Civil &
Electrical
Works

Junction
Boxes +
Protection

Cables

Rs.

Services

Margin

Function

Civil - Erection of all Structures and Equipment using foundations / pedestals


Electrical Connecting all electrical parts together using time tested practices

Buying Guidelines

M25 grade concrete should be used for pedestals to withstand pressure in long term
All electrical wirings should have proper dressing/saddles for long-term performance

Makes
Recommended
Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Exploring Cost Breakup: The Arteries


Solar
Modules

Inverters

Mounting
Structures

Civil &
Electrical
Works

Junction
Boxes +
Protection

Cables

Rs.

Services

Margin

Function

DC Cables connect the modules to inverters while AC Cables connect inverters to


Junction Boxes and finally give current to power our buildings.

Buying Guidelines

Cable sizes are chosen according to current carrying capacity, expected heat and
losses and long life (UV Protection)

Makes
Recommended
Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Exploring Cost Breakup: The Joints


Solar
Modules

Inverters

Mounting
Structures

Civil &
Electrical
Works

Junction
Boxes +
Protection

Cables

Rs.
Function

Services

Margin

Junction Box aggregates the current from various inverters


Lightening Arrestors & Earthing Equipment is used for protection of plant
MC4 connector are used to connect modules with inverters

Buying Guidelines

Ratings of sub parts fuses / busbar etc are optimized according to design.
Earthing network is designed to keep resistance value less than 1 ohm

Makes

Junction Box: Hensel

Recommended

Earthing Material / Lightning Arrestor: SGI Engineers/Ashlok


MC4: Multi-Contact/Bizlinks
Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Solar
Modules

Inverters

Mounting
Structures

Civil &
Electrical
Works

Junction
Boxes +
Protection

Cables

Rs.

Services

Design is either good or bad. It is not Indian or German.

Function

Design, Engineering & Supervision

Buying Guidelines

Expertise, Experience & Integrity

Makes
Recommended
Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Exploring Cost Breakup: The Health

Margin

Exploring Cost Breakup: The Smile


Inverters

Mounting
Structures

Civil &
Electrical
Works

Junction
Boxes +
Protection

Cables

Rs.

Services

Businesses planned for service are apt to succeed,


while businesses that are planned for profit are apt to fail.

Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Margin

Solar
Modules

Project Economics: Simple Math!

Cost of Setting up a 250 kWp Solar Power Plant

Rs. 155 Lacs

Benefits due to Accelerated Depreciation

22-23%

Generation from 250 kWp Solar Power Plant

4 Lac Units

Tariff

Rs. 6.5 /-

Revenue

Rs. 26 Lacs

Expense

Rs. 2 Lac

Payback

4.65 years
Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Case Study: An Off-Grid Solar PV System


System capacity
Type of system

8.5 kWp
25% fixed tilt
rooftop system
with conventional
structures

Client profile

BSNL, Telecom

Commissioning

December 2014

Location

Bihar

Plagued by excessive diesel usage, like any other telecom BTS site, BSNL has made a significant
step forward in Renewable Energy Production by installing solar system over its various BTS sites
in Bihar. Powered by Gensols robust design and engineering, this is one of the first systems that
has been able to get the BSNL rid of excessive reliance on diesel as source of energy. This 8.5 kWp
system is powering a load of 30 amperes throughout the day, with a very less dependence on
diesel generators.

Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

How is Gensol helping?

Cost of Construction

Increasing Generation

Customer Acquisition

Gensol boasts of being Indias

Gensol has JV with Spains

Indias first solar marketplace

largest Solar Engineering

Solarig with plants managed

where you can order Solar

Advisory firm boasting of 1.3

across 6 countries for offering

Energy Assessment Reports

GW of client base.

truly world class Operation &

and Solar Layouts online. Soon,

Gensol EPC has been able to

Maintenance services for Indian

ezysolare will allow you to

achieve the most competitive

Solar Power Plants.

upload roof data and order

prices in the industry because


of its engineering prowess.
Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

installers and products online.

Engineering, Procurement & Construction

200 kW, IIT Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh

200 kW, VIT Andhra Pradesh

130 kW, NIMS Hospital, Kerala

100 kW, VVIT, Andhra Pradesh

100 kW, NCET Karnataka

5 kW, Raheja Residence, Delhi

1 kW, 70 systems, Kerala

About Gensol
Gensol Consultants, found in 2007 is Indias leading Advisory and System
Integrator for Solar PV Power Projects. Gensol is a channel partner to MNRE and
enjoys empanelment with most major Lending Institutions in India.

1,000+ MW

2,000+ kW

Gensol has an advisory portfolio of


more than 1 GW with every 5th MW in
India developed with our expertise.

Being an MNRE Channel partner,

Gensol is based out of Ahmedabad in

With a 40+ Employee Strength

Gensol has executed more than 2

Gujarat but has operational solar

Gensol prides itself on having the

MW of Solar Rooftop Projects across

projects across 16 Indian States.

best technical talent in industry.

India.

AWARDS

BusinessWorld Indias largest


weekly business magazine awarded
Gensol with Hottest Young
Entrepreneur in 2009.

Gensol was the only non-UK based


Economic Times Indias largest

firm to be nominated for Global

financial daily awarded Gensol in its

Consultancy of the Year at

Power of Ideas series in 2010.

BusinessGreen Leader Awards,


London in 2014.

Contact: solar@gensol.in | Ph:+91 93270 16962

Gensol Engineering Pvt Ltd | Gensol Consultants Pvt Ltd


Corporate Office
108, Pinnacle Business Park
Opp Royal Arcade, Prahladnagar
Ahmedabad, Gujarat
India - 380015

Email:
Website:
Phone:
Mob:
Fax:
Twitter:

solar@gensol.in
www.gensol.in
+91 79 40068235
+91 93270 16962
+91 79 40068239
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Gensol is one of the leading consultants and system integrators for Solar Power Plants. We boast of a portfolio of over
1000 MW of Solar Photovoltaic Plants. Gensol is also a channel partner to Ministry of New & Renewable Energy and
installs kW scale Solar Rooftop systems on a turnkey basis with more than 1 MW of cumulative installations across the
country.
The information contained herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular
individual or entity. Although we endeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such
information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on
such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation.