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# PHYSICS II: MECHANICS, HEAT, AND SOUND

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## Instruction: Solve the following with COMPLETE SOLUTION. STRICTLY NO CHEATING

1. A block of mass m1=18 kg is connected to a block of mass m2=32 kg by a
massless string that passes over a light, frictionless pulley. The 32 kg block is
connected to a spring that has negligible mass and a force constant k=220N/m as
shown. The spring is unstretched when the system is as shown and the incline is
frictionless. The 18 kg is pulled a distance h=24 cm down the incline of angle 40
degrees and released from rest. Find the speed of each block when the spring is
again unstretcehed. 1.48 m/s
2. At a waterpark, sleds with riders are sent along a slippery, horizontal
surface by the release of a large compressed spring. The spring with force
constant k = 40.0 N/cm and negligible mass rests on the frictionless horizontal
surface. One end is in contact with a stationary wall. A sled and rider with total
mass 70.0 kg are pushed against the other end, compressing the spring 0.375 m.
The sled is then released with zero initial velocity. What is the sleds speed when the
spring returns to its uncompressed length? 2.83 m/s
3. Sometimes the curiosity factor at the scene of a car accident is so great that it
actually produces secondary accidents as a result, while people watch to see what
is going on. If an 800 kg sports car slows to 13 m/s to check out an accident scene
and the 1200 kg pick-up truck behind him continues traveling at 25 m/s, with what
velocity will the two move if they lock bumpers after a rear-end
collision? 20.2 m/s

## 4. Two asteroids of equal mass in the asteroid belt between Mars

and Jupiter collide with a glancing blow. Asteroid A, which was initially traveling at
40 m/s, is deflected 30 degrees from its original direction, while asteroid B travels
at 45 degrees to the original direction of A as shown. Find the speed of each
asteroid after the collision? Va = 29.3 m/s , Vb = 20.7 m/s
5. A 2 kg breadbox on a frictionless incline of angle 40 degrees is
connected by a cord that runs over a pulley, to a light spring of
constant k= 120 m/s, as shown. The box is released from rest when the spring
is unstretched. Assume that the pulley is massless and frictionless. How far down
the incline from its point of release does the box slide before momentarily stop.
0.21 m
6. A 15 kg stone slides down a snow covered hill as shown leaving point A with a
speed of 10 m/s. There is no friction on the hill between points A and B, but there is
friction on the level ground at the bottom of the hill, between B and the wall. After
entering the rough horizontal region, the stone travels 100 m and then runs into a
very long, light spring with force constant k =2 N/m. The coefficient of kinetic and

static friction between the stone and the horizontal ground are 0.2 and 0.8
respectively. How far will the stone compress the spring? 16.4
m
7. Derive the formula for the final velocity

V 1 f and

V 2f

for

an elastic