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ADVANCED COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Multiple Choice. Encircle the letter of the correct answer.


Navigational Aids
1. An area directly above a radio range station where practically no signal is
heard.
a. radio range
b. cone of silence
c. coverage area
d. RDF area
2. A shipboard equipment which measures the distance between the ships
bottom and the ocean floor by sending the ultrasonic pulses via a transducer
which are reflected at the sea bottom and received with the same transducer.
a. echosounder
b. SONAR
c. compandor
d. hydrophone
3. The ratio of the pulse width to the time between the beginning of 2 pulses.
a. duty cycle
b. Doppler shift
c. blind speed
d. tracking error
4. A navigation system from which hyperbolic lines of position are determined
by measuring the difference in the times of arrival of pulses from widely
spaced, synchronized transmitting stations.
a. LORAN
b. TACAN
c. DME
d. VOR
5. A measure of the ability of the receiver to detect transmission.
a. selectivity
b. sensitivity
c. detector
d. demodulator
6. Radio range stations in LFR operate on frequencies between
a. 20 kHz & 40 kHz
b. 200 kHz & 400 kHz
c. 30 kHz & 300 kHz
d. 2 MHz & 4 MHz
7. The fifth center tower in an LFR is used for transmitting _____ reports
a. hazard
b. range
c. weather
d. direction
8. The direction of one terrestrial point from another, expressed as angular
distance from a reference direction.
a. heading
b. bearing
c. relative bearing
d. true bearing

ADVANCED COMMUNICATION SYSTEM


9. DME operates in the ________ frequency band.
a. LF
b. HF
c. VHF
d. UHF
10.SONAR equipment feature which enlarges all echoes on the screen.
a. grayline
b. zoom
c. sensitivity
d. ASP
11.A major obstacle in achieving high speed operation in a SONAR manifested
by turbulent water flow.
a. transom
b. cavitation
c. thru-hull
d. shoot thru
12.Considered to be the SONAR units antenna
a. crystal
b. transducer
c. localizer
d. transceiver
13.The speed of sound through water
a. 4800 m/sec
b. 1463 m/sec
c. 4800 miles/sec
d. 5000 ft/sec
14.What is an electronic measuring equipment used in navigation operating in 1
GHz band which provides bearing and distance indication?
a. TACAN
b. VOR
c. ILS
d. DME
15.An instrument used to measure one location in terms of coordinates.
a. global positioning system
b. hydrometer
c. altimeter
d. increductometer
16.The distance in angular degrees in a clockwise direction from magnetic north.
a. phase difference
b. azimuth
c. latitude
d. longitude
17._______ is used with a localizer station to indicate the desired approach path
of an aircraft.
a. glide slope system
b. marker
c. LORAN chart
d. OBI
18._______ is a 30 Hz signal which has a constant phase at all points around the
VOR station.

ADVANCED COMMUNICATION SYSTEM


a. reference signal
b. variable signal
c. ID signal
d. voice modulation
19.If the peak transmitted power in a radar system is increased by a factor of 16,
the maximum range will be increased by a factor of
a. 2
b. 4
c. 8
d. 16
20.After a target has been acquired, the best scanning system for tracking is
a. nodding
b. spiral
c. conical
d. helical
21.The coho in MTI radar operates at the
a. intermediate frequency
b. transmitted frequency
c. received frequency
d. pulse repetition frequency
22.If the target cross section is changing , the best system for accurate tracking
is
a. lobe switching
b. sequential lobing
c. conical scanning
d. monopulse
23.The number of pulses that occur per second in a radar is called
a. PRR
b. pulse train
c. pulse width
d. duty cycle
24.The phenomenon evidenced by the change in the observed frequency of a
sound or a radio wave caused by the time rate of change in the magnitude of
the radial component of relative velocity between the source and the point of
observation.
a. tunnel effect
b. Doppler effect
c. Gunn effect
d. end effect
25._______ are non-directional transmitters that operate in the LF and MF bands.
a. radio beacons
b. DME
c. ILS
d. LORAN
26.When a single antenna is intended to be used for transmitting and receiving ,
it is necessary to use a
a. duplexer
b. diplexer
c. combiner
d. translator

ADVANCED COMMUNICATION SYSTEM


27.The most commonly used component in a RADAR transmitter is the _______
tube.
a. dynatron
b. twystron
c. magnetron
d. cyclotron
28.A radar display that sweeps outward of the center of the screen while rotating
is known as
a. CRT
b. PPI
c. D-scope
d. periscope
29.The time from the transmission of a radar pulse to its reception is 0.12 msec.
The distance to the target is _________ nautical miles.
a. 4.85
b. 11.2
c. 9.7
d. 7.9
30.The pulse duration of a radar signal is 600 nanoseconds. The PRF is 185
pulses per second. The duty cycle is
a. 0.01%
b. 5.5%
c. 31%
d. 97%
31.Doppler effect allows which characteristic of a RADAR target to be measured?
a. distance
b. speed
c. size of target
d. azimuth
32.Most radar antennas use
a. dipoles
b. broadside array
c. horn and parabolic antenna
d. discone
33.The following are the components of an ILS except:
a. localizer
b. glide slope
c. markers
d. goniometer
34.The following are hyperbolic systems except:
a. LORAN
b. DECCA
c. OMEGA
d. TACAN
35.What do you call an electronic measuring equipment used in navigation
which provides runway direction, distance and height guidance to permit
blind landing?
a. DME
b. VOR
c. TACAN

ADVANCED COMMUNICATION SYSTEM


d. ILS
36.A radio aid to navigation that uses a rotatable loop or other highly directional
antenna arrangement to determine the direction of a radio signal.
a. DME
b. RDF
c. TACAN
d. VOR
37.An agency of the United Nations, that formulates standards and
recommended practices for all civil aviation.
a. ICAO
b. CAA
c. IATA
d. ATO
38.LORAN is a navigation system used primarily for
a. obtaining fixes over large distances
b. approach control
c. blind landing
d. IFF surveillance operation
39.TACAN is a navigational aid providing
a. speed and height indication
b. bearing and weather information
c. bearing and distance indication
d. cone of confusion
40.Otherwise known as Coastline refraction or the refraction of waves towards
the coastline.
a. Polarization effect
b. Land effect
c. Skin effect
d. Luxembourg effect
41.Low-power radar uses
a. RIMPATT
b. TRAPATT
c. magnetron
d. IMPATT
42.RADAR means:
a. Radio Detection and Rating
b. Radio Detection and Ranging
c. Radio Distance and Ranging
d. Radio Delay and Ranging
43.A long range navigation system in which two pairs of ground stations transmit
pulsed signal, which are used by aircraft or ships to determine their position.
a. LORAN
b. SHORAN
c. GEE
d. TCAS
44.LORAN stands for
a. low radar navigation
b. low range navigation
c. long range radar navigation
d. long range navigation

ADVANCED COMMUNICATION SYSTEM


45.LORAN was developed in the United States during WWII. What system
equivalent to LORAN, which was developed in England and is used for guiding
high-flying bombers over Germany during WWII?
a. SHORAN
b. DECCA
c. OMEGA
d. GEE
46.What navigational system that uses the principle known as hyperbolic
navigation?
a. GEE
b. LORAN
c. OMEGA
d. All of the above
47.Navigation principle that depends on the measurement of the difference in
distance to two fixed stations whose separation distance is accurately known.
a. triangulation
b. hyperbolic
c. elliptic
d. pilotage
48.In hyperbolic navigation, how many sets of hyperbolas are needed before a
position (fix) is obtained?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 6
d. 8
49.In LORAN system, at least how many ground stations are needed before a
position (fix) is obtained?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 6
d. 8
50.In GEE system, at least how many ground stations are needed before a
position or fix is determined?
a. 2
b. 3
c. 5
d. 7