Sunteți pe pagina 1din 5

Diateza pasiva (Passive Voice)

Se formeaza cu timpul corespunzator al verbului auxiliar to be si participiul trecut


al verbului de conjugat (forma a III - a din tabel pentru verbele neregulate sau
-ed pentru verbele regulate).

Poate fi utilizata la toate timpurile modului indicativ - aspectul simplu - in timp ce


aspectul continuu se utilizeaza doar la indicativ prezent si Past Tense..

Aspectul continuu nu se utilizeaza la celelalte timpuri, desi sunt corecte deoarece contin prea multe auxiliare.

Diateza Pasiva - reprezinta mijlocul gramatical prin care:

1) complementului direct al verbului i se confera o importanta mai mare decat


subiectului din diateza activa, complement direct care devine subiect in diateza
pasiva.

A.

Parents always give good advice.

P.

Good advice is always given by parents.

2) Complementul indirect - poate deveni subiect in transformarea pasiva si chiar se recomanda transformarea acestuia in subiect in cazul in care
complementul indirect este exprimat printr-un substantiv care substituie o
persoana (o fiinta) sau un pronume corespunzator.

A.

They promised her a reward.

P.

She was promised a reward.

P.
Transformarea pasiva: A reward was promised to her, desi corecta, este
mai putin recomandata, cu exceptia cazului in care accentul se pune pe
complementul direct din diateza activa - fiind necesara transformarea lui in
subiect, complementul indirect fiind in acest caz precedat de prepozitia to.
3) Complementul indirect prepozitional (din diateza activa) poate fi transformat in
subiect (la diateza pasiva) cu specificarea ca prepozitia care il introduce se
deplaseaza din grupul complementului indirect (activa) in imediata vecinatate a
verbului la diateza pasiva, pentru a realiza trecerea de caz de la Acuzativ la
Nominativ, necesara transformarii sale in subiect.

A.

Everybody laughed at him.

P.

He was laughed at. (by everybody)

A.

They are speaking about this event.

P.

This event is being spoken about.

4) Complementul de loc din diateza activa poate fi la randul sau utilizat in


transformarea pasiva cu functia sintactica de subiect.

A.

Somebody has slept in my bed.

P.

My bed has been slept in.

A.

The burglar broke into this house.

P.

This house was broken into. (by the burglar)

Exemple de verbe care pastreaza prepozitia imediat dupa verb: to account for, to
accuse of, to address to, to agree with, to appeal to to approve of, to ask for, to
blame for, to blow up, to break into, to bring about, to bring up, to call for, to
charge with, to consent to, to deal with, to dream of, to insist on, to let in, to live
on, to listen to, to look at/after/for, to put aside, to refer to, to send for, to speak
about/of/to, to think about/of, to wait for

Complementul de agent (din diateza pasiva) se poate omite cand este exprimat
printr-un pronume personal (they) sau nehotarat (one, somebody) ori prin
substantivul people, folosite generic, adica fara sa aduca lamuriri suplimentare
asupra autorului actiunii din diateza activa.

A.

Somebody left the door open.

P. The door was left open.


A.

People will show the visitors the new buildings.

P. The visitors will be shown the new buildings.


In mod similar, complementul agent (din diateza pasiva) se omite cand este
singurul autor posibil al actiunii realizate, de exemplu:

A.

The teacher has given me a bad mark.

P.

A bad mark has been given to me.

P.

I have been given a bad mark.

A.

Bakers make bread at night.

P.

Bread is made at night.

Exemple de propozitii cu verbul la alte moduri decat indicativul, respectiv:

A.

I would give you a present. (conditional prezent)

P. You would be given a present.

A. They could have requested the stranger to leave the meeting. ( conditional
trecut)
P. The stranger could have been requested to leave the meeting.

A. She can solve the problem. (modal)

P.

The problem can be solved by her.

A.

You must work for success. (modal)

P. Success must be worked for.

Exista fraze in care se pot intalni doua sau chiar trei constructii pasive, ele fiind
rezultatul transformarii independente, pe rand, a fiecarei forme verbale la diateza
activa in constructiile corespunzatoare diatezei pasive.

A.

We haven't moved anything since they sent you away to cure you.

P. Nothing has been moved since you were sent away to be cured.

A.

They can't put you in prison if they haven't tried you.

P. You can't be put in prison if you haven't been tried.

REGULI GENERALE

Diateza activa

1. Subiect (nominativ)

Diateza pasiva

trece la

complement de agent (acuzativ)

(logic si gramatical)

2. Verbul de conjugat

(subiect logic)

trece la

be +

(orice timp de la indicativ,

verb de conjugat

(orice timp)

(III / -ed)

conditional sau verb modal)

3. Complementul direct (Acuzativ)

(complementul de loc sau indirect,

simplu sau prepozitional)

trece la

subiect (Nominativ)

(subiect gramatical)

Teaching is a lot like acting, a highenergy, performance profession that


requires a person to act as a role
model. But when teachers go
through training and professional
development, the performance
aspect of the job is rarely
emphasized or taught.
Acknowledging this aspect could be a
missed opportunity to restructure
ways teachers learn new skills and
tactics.
Actors, musicians or acrobats spend
hours perfecting their craft because
thats how they improve. Teachers on
the other hand, are often asked to
identify teaching tools and tactics
theyd like to try and to reflect on
how those new elements could be
integrated into the classroom.