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Oct 18, 2016

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hypo test

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282 (de) vizualizări

hypo test

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Statistical Inference:

Hypothesis Testing for Single Populations

B

1.

_______.

M

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

2.

E

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

direct proof

indirect proof

margin of error

infinity

a power function

a null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis

an indirect hypothesis

227

B

3. In testing hypotheses, the researcher initially assumes that the

_______.

E

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

Ho: 7

4.

null hypothesis is true

errors cannot be made

the population parameter of interest is known

H a: > 6

These hypotheses _______________.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

5.

are not collectively exhaustive

do not reference a population parameter

are established correctly

Ho: 7

H a: > 7

These hypotheses _______________.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

6.

are not collectively exhaustive

do not reference a population parameter

are established correctly

Ho: 7

H a: < 6

These hypotheses _______________.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

are not collectively exhaustive

do not reference a population parameter

are established correctly

7.

Populations 229

Consider the following null and alternative hypotheses.

Ho: 78

Ha: < 81

These hypotheses _______________.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

8.

E

App

Ho: x 352

Ha: x > 352

These hypotheses _______________.

A.

B.

C.

D.

9.

are not collectively exhaustive

do not reference a population parameter

are established correctly

are not collectively exhaustive

do not reference a population parameter

are established correctly

0.61

Ho: p

> 0.61

H a: p

These hypotheses _______________.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

Ho: P 0.39

Ha: P > 0.39

These hypotheses _______________.

10.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

are not collectively exhaustive

do not reference a population parameter

are established correctly

are not collectively exhaustive

do not reference a population parameter

are established correctly

C 11. Consider the following null and alternative hypotheses.

Ho: S 558

Ha: S < 558

These hypotheses _______________.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

are not collectively exhaustive

do not reference a population parameter

are established correctly

D 12.

Ho: 2 35

Ha: 2< 35

These hypotheses _______________.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

D 13.

null hypothesis is rejected is called the _______.

E

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

called the _______.

14.

are not collectively exhaustive

do not reference a population parameter

are established correctly

null region

alternative region

rejection region

E

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

is called the _______.

15.

E

Term

A

16.

dividing point

critical value

rejection value

not rejectance value

A. tolerable region

B. not rejectance region

C. null region

D. alternative region

The probability of committing a Type I error is called _______.

Populations 231

E

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

17.

beta

the power of the test

reliability

E

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

18.

E

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

a Type II error is _______.

19.

level of significance

power

beta

Type II error probability

0

1-

M

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

a _______.

20.

M

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

made a _______.

21.

M

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

Type II error

Type I error

sampling error

powerful error

Type II error

Type I error

correct decision

powerful error

232

A

Test Bank

22.

error has been committed.

M

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

probability of a Type I error is ________.

23.

Type II error

Type I error

sampling error

powerful error

0

1-

M

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

_______.

24.

1-

/2

M

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

25.

M

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

Ho: 67

26.

if the null hypothesis is false

1- if the null hypothesis is false

if the null hypothesis is true

Ha: > 67

These hypotheses _______________.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

indicate a one-tailed test with a rejection area in the left tail

indicate a two-tailed test

are established incorrectly

27.

Populations 233

Consider the following null and alternative hypotheses.

Ho: 67

Ha: < 67

These hypotheses _______________.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

Ho: = 67

28.

indicate a one-tailed test with a rejection area in the left tail

indicate a two-tailed test

are established incorrectly

Ha: 67

These hypotheses _______________.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

Ho: P 0.16

Ha: P > 0.16

These hypotheses _______________.

29.

indicate a one-tailed test with a rejection area in the left tail

indicate a two-tailed test

are established incorrectly

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

Ho: P 0.16

Ha: P < 0.16

These hypotheses _______________.

30.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

indicate a one-tailed test with a rejection area in the left tail

indicate a two-tailed test

are established incorrectly

indicate a one-tailed test with a rejection area in the left tail

indicate a two-tailed test

are established incorrectly

C 31. Consider the following null and alternative hypotheses.

Ho: P = 0.16

Ha: P 0.16

These hypotheses _______________.

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

hypothesis is ">", then this would be a _______.

32.

indicate a one-tailed test with a rejection area in the left tail

indicate a two-tailed test

are established incorrectly

E

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

hypothesis is "not equal to", then this would be a _______ test.

33.

two-tailed test

one-tailed test

Type II test

Type I test

E

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

the probability of the calculated statistic is compared to alpha to

reach a decision, the researcher is using the _______.

34.

two-tailed

one-tailed

Type II

Type I

E

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

population mean is greater than 65". If the sample size is 50 and

alpha =.05, the critical value of Z is _______.

35.

M

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

probability method

critical value method

Z value method

statistical method

1.645

-1.645

1.96

-1.96

36.

Populations 235

Suppose the alternative hypothesis in a hypothesis test is "the

population mean is less than 60". If the sample size is 50 and

alpha =.05, the critical value of Z is _______.

M

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

population mean is greater than 60". If the sample size is 80 and

alpha = .01, the critical value of Z is _______.

37.

M

Calc

D 38.

1.645

-1.645

1.96

-1.96

A. 2.575

B. -2.575

C. 2.33

D. -2.33

In a two-tailed hypothesis about a population mean with a

sample size of 100 and alpha = 0.10, the rejection region would

be _______.

E

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

sample size of 100 and alpha = 0.05, the rejection region would

be _______.

39.

Z>1.64

Z>1.28

Z<-1.28 and Z>1.28

Z<-1.64 and Z>1.64

E

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

mean is less than or equal to 80, against the alternative

hypothesis that the population mean is greater than 80. If the

sample size is 49 and alpha = .10, the critical value of Z is

_______.

40.

M

Calc

Z>1.64

Z>1.96

Z<-1.96 and Z>1.96

Z<-1.64 and Z>1.64

A. 1.645

B. -1.645

C. 1.28

236

A

Test Bank

D. -1.28

41.

mean is less than or equal to 80, against the alternative

hypothesis that the population mean is greater than 80. If the

sample size is 49 and alpha =.05, the critical value of Z is

_______.

M

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

mean is less than or equal to 80, against the alternative

hypothesis that the population mean is greater than 80. The

sample size is 49 and alpha =.05. If the sample mean is 84 and

the sample standard deviation is 14, the calculated Z value is

_______.

42.

1.645

-1.645

1.96

-1.96

M

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

mean is greater than or equal to 60, against the alternative

hypothesis that the population mean is less than 60. The

sample size is 64 and =.05. If the sample mean is 58 and the

sample standard deviation is 16, the calculated Z value is

_______.

43.

2

-2

14

-14

M

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

random sample of n = 36 is taken resulting in a sample mean of

63 and S=9. The calculated Z value is _______.

44.

M

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

-1

1

-8

8

-0.22

0.22

1.33

8

45.

Populations 237

A researcher is testing a hypothesis of a single mean. The critical

Z value for =.05 and a one-tailed test is 1.645. The calculated

Z value from sample data is 1.13. The decision made by the

researcher based on this information is to ______ the null

hypothesis.

M

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

Z value for =.05 and a two-tailed test is +1.96. The calculated

Z value from sample data is -1.85. The decision made by the

researcher based on this information is to _____ the null

hypothesis.

46.

reject

not reject

redefine

change the alternate hypothesis into

M

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

Z value for =.05 and a two-tailed test is +1.96. The calculated

Z value from sample data is 2.85. The decision made by the

researcher based on this information is to _____ the null

hypothesis.

47.

reject

not reject

redefine

change the alternate hypothesis into

M

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

Z value for =.05 and a two-tailed test is +1.96. The calculated

Z value from sample data is -2.11. The decision made by the

researcher based on this information is to _____ the null

hypothesis.

48.

M

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

reject

not reject

redefine

change the alternate hypothesis into

reject

not reject

redefine

change the alternate hypothesis into

A 49. A researcher is testing a hypothesis of a single mean. The critical

Z value for = .01 and a one-tailed test is -2.33. The calculated

Z value from sample data is -2.45. The decision made by the

researcher based on this information is to _________ the null

hypothesis.

M

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

particular industry is over 35-years-old, and he wishes to prove

this. The null hypothesis to conduct a statistical test on this

theory would be ____________.

50.

reject

not reject

redefine

change the alternate hypothesis into

M

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

the population mean is > 35

the population mean is = 35

the population mean is > 35

D 51.

hole punched in the center. A quality control inspector is

concerned that the machine which punches the hole is

"out-of-control" (hole is too large or too small). In an effort to

test this, the inspector is going to gather a sample punched by

the machine and measure the diameter of the hole. The

alternative hypothesis used to statistical test to determine if the

machine is out-of-control is

M

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

D 52.

Insurance, Inc., monitors the claims processing time of the

claims division. Her standard includes "a mean processing time

of 5 days or less." Each week, her staff checks for compliance

by analyzing a random sample of 60 claims. Jennifer's null

hypothesis is ________.

E

BApp

A. > 5

B. > 5

C. n = 60

the mean diameter is < 6 inches

the mean diameter is = 6 inches

the mean diameter is not equal to 6 inches

Populations 239

D. 5

A

53.

E

BApp

54.

Insurance, Inc., monitors the claims processing time of the

claims division. Her standard includes "a mean processing time

of 5 days or less." Each week, her staff checks for compliance

by analyzing a random sample of 60 claims. Jennifer's

alternative hypothesis is ________.

A. > 5

B. 5

C. n = 60

D. 5

Jennifer Cantu, VP of Customer Services at Tri-State Auto

Insurance, Inc., monitors the claims processing time of the

claims division. Each week, her staff randomly selects a sample

of 60 claims and tests the null hypothesis that the "mean

processing time is 5 days or less." Jennifer chooses a 0.05 level

of significance, the critical Z value is _____.

E

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

Insurance, Inc., monitors the claims processing time of the

claims division. Each week, her staff randomly selects a sample

of 60 claims and tests the null hypothesis that the "mean

processing time is 5 days or less." Jennifer chooses a 0.01 level

of significance, the critical Z value is _____.

55.

E

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

1.96

-1.96

1.645

-1.645

-2.33

2.33

-2.58

2.58

C 56. Jennifer Cantu, VP of Customer Services at Tri-State Auto

Insurance, Inc., monitors the claims processing time of the

claims division. Each week, her staff randomly selects a sample

of 64 claims and tests the null hypothesis that the "mean

processing time is 5 days or less" using a 0.10 level of

significance. Last week the sample mean and standard

deviation were 5.2 days and 0.56 days, respectively. The

calculated Z value is _____.

M

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

D 57.

Insurance, Inc., monitors the claims processing time of the

claims division. Each week, her staff randomly selects a sample

of 64 claims and tests the null hypothesis that the "mean

processing time is 5 days or less" using a 0.05 level of

significance. Last week the sample mean and standard

deviation were 5.2 days and 0.56 days, respectively. The

appropriate decision is _____.

H

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

Insurance, Inc., monitors the claims processing time of the

claims division. Each week, her staff randomly selects a sample

of 64 claims and tests the null hypothesis that the "mean

processing time is 5 days or less" using a 0.05 level of

significance. Last week the sample mean and standard

deviation were 5.2 days and 1.56 days, respectively. The

appropriate decision is _____.

58.

H

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

0.36

1.28

2.86

2.91

increase the sample size

do not reject the null hypothesis

reject the null hypothesis

increase the sample size

do not reject the null hypothesis

reject the null hypothesis

59.

Populations 241

Restaurateur Denny Valentine is evaluating the feasibility of

opening a restaurant in Richmond. The Chamber of Commerce

estimates that "Richmond families, on the average, dine out at

least 3 evenings per week." Denny plans to test this hypothesis

using a random sample of 81 Richmond families. His null

hypothesis is __________.

3

3

n = 81

<3

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

opening a restaurant in Richmond. The Chamber of Commerce

estimates that "Richmond families, on the average, dine out at

least 3 evenings per week." Denny plans to test this hypothesis

using a random sample of 81 Richmond families. His alternative

hypothesis is __________.

60.

3

<3

<3

n = 81

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

opening a restaurant in Richmond. The Chamber of Commerce

estimates that "Richmond families, on the average, dine out at

least 3 evenings per week." Denny plans to test this hypothesis

at the 0.05 level of significance using a random sample of 81

Richmond families. The critical Z value is __________.

61.

E

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

-1.645

1.645

-1.96

1.96

C 62. Restaurateur Denny Valentine is evaluating the feasibility of

opening a restaurant in Richmond. The Chamber of Commerce

estimates that "Richmond families, on the average, dine out at

least 3 evenings per week." Denny plans to test this hypothesis

at the 0.01 level of significance using a random sample of 81

Richmond families. The critical Z value is __________.

E

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

opening a restaurant in Richmond. The Chamber of Commerce

estimates that "Richmond families, on the average, dine out at

least 3 evenings per week." Denny plans to test this hypothesis

at the 0.01 level of significance. His random sample of 81

Richmond families produced a mean and a standard deviation of

2.7 and 0.9 evenings per week, respectively. The calculated Z

value is __________.

63.

-2.58

2.58

-2.33

2.33

M

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

opening a restaurant in Richmond. The Chamber of Commerce

estimates that "Richmond families, on the average, dine out at

least 3 evenings per week." Denny plans to test this hypothesis

at the 0.01 level of significance. His random sample of 81

Richmond families produced a mean and a standard deviation of

2.7 and 0.9 evenings per week, respectively. The appropriate

decision is __________.

64.

H

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

-3.00

3.00

-0.33

0.33

reject the null hypothesis

reduce the sample size

increase the sample size

65.

Populations 243

Restaurateur Denny Valentine is evaluating the feasibility of

opening a restaurant in Richmond. The Chamber of Commerce

estimates that "Richmond families, on the average, dine out at

least 3 evenings per week." Denny plans to test this hypothesis

at the 0.01 level of significance. His random sample of 81

Richmond families produced a mean and a standard deviation of

2.7 and 1.8 evenings per week, respectively. The calculated Z

value is __________.

M

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

opening a restaurant in Richmond. The Chamber of Commerce

estimates that "Richmond families, on the average, dine out at

least 3 evenings per week." Denny plans to test this hypothesis

at the 0.01 level of significance. His random sample of 81

Richmond families produced a mean and a standard deviation of

2.7 and 1.8 evenings per week, respectively. The appropriate

decision is __________.

66.

1.50

-1.50

0.17

-0.17

H

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

opening a restaurant in Richmond. The Chamber of Commerce

estimates that "Richmond families, on the average, dine out at

least 3 evenings per week." Denny plans to test this hypothesis

at the 0.01 level of significance. His random sample of 81

Richmond families produced a mean and a standard deviation of

2.5 and 1.8 evenings per week, respectively. The appropriate

decision is __________.

67.

H

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

reject the null hypothesis

reduce the sample size

increase the sample size

reject the null hypothesis

reduce the sample size

increase the sample size

B 68. When the rod shearing process at Stockton Steel is "in control" it

produces rods with a mean length of 120 inches. Periodically,

quality control inspectors select a random sample of 36 rods. If

the mean length of sampled rods is too long or too short, the

shearing process is shut down. The null hypothesis is _________.

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

produces rods with a mean length of 120 inches. Periodically,

quality control inspectors select a random sample of 36 rods. If

the mean length of sampled rods is too long or too short, the

shearing process is shut down. The alternative hypothesis is

_________.

69.

n = 36

= 120

120

n 36

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

n = 36

= 120

120

n 36

D 70.

produces rods with a mean length of 120 inches. Periodically,

quality control inspectors select a random sample of 36 rods. If

the mean length of sampled rods is too long or too short, the

shearing process is shut down. Sarah Shum, Director of Quality

Programs, chose a 0.05 level of significance for this test. The

critical Z values are _________.

E

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

-1.75 and 1.75

-2.33 and 2.33

-1.96 and 1.96

71.

Populations 245

When the rod shearing process at Stockton Steel is "in control" it

produces rods with a mean length of 120 inches. Periodically,

quality control inspectors select a random sample of 36 rods. If

the mean length of sampled rods is too long or too short, the

shearing process is shut down. Sarah Shum, Director of Quality

Programs, chose a 0.10 level of significance for this test. The

critical Z values are _________.

E

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

produces rods with a mean length of 120 inches. Periodically,

quality control inspectors select a random sample of 36 rods. If

the mean length of sampled rods is too long or too short, the

shearing process is shut down. The last sample showed a mean

and standard deviation of 120.5 and 1.2 inches, respectively.

Using = 0.05, the calculated Z value is _________.

72.

-1.75 and 1.75

-2.33 and 2.33

-1.96 and 1.96

M

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

produces rods with a mean length of 120 inches. Periodically,

quality control inspectors select a random sample of 36 rods. If

the mean length of sampled rods is too long or too short, the

shearing process is shut down. The last sample showed a mean

and standard deviation of 120.5 and 1.2 inches, respectively.

Using = 0.05, the appropriate decision is _________.

73.

H

BCalc

0.42

-0.42

2.50

-2.50

A. do not reject the null hypothesis and shut down the process

B. do not reject the null hypothesis and do not shut down the

process

C. reject the null hypothesis and shut down the process

D. reject the null hypothesis and do not shut down the process

B 74. When the rod shearing process at Stockton Steel is "in control" it

produces rods with a mean length of 120 inches. Periodically,

quality control inspectors select a random sample of 36 rods. If

the mean length of sampled rods is too long or too short, the

shearing process is shut down. The last sample showed a mean

and standard deviation of 120.2 and 1.2 inches, respectively.

Using = 0.05, the appropriate decision is _________.

H

BCalc

A. do not reject the null hypothesis and shut down the process

B. do not reject the null hypothesis and do not shut down the

process

C. reject the null hypothesis and shut down the process

D. reject the null hypothesis and do not shut down the process

the population mean is 23 against the alternative hypothesis

that the population mean is not equal to 23, a random sample of

17 items is selected. The sample mean is 24.6 and the sample

standard deviation is 3.3. It can be assumed that the population

is normally distributed. The degrees of freedom associated with

this are _______.

75.

E

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

the population mean is 4.8 against the alternative hypothesis

that the population mean is not equal to 4.8, a random sample

of 25 items is selected. The sample mean is 4.1 and the sample

standard deviation is 1.4. It can be assumed that the population

is normally distributed. The degrees of freedom associated with

this are _______.

76.

E

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

17

16

15

2

25

24

26

2

77.

Populations 247

In performing a hypothesis test where the null hypothesis is that

the population mean is 4.8 against the alternative hypothesis

that the population mean is not equal to 4.8, a random sample

of 25 items is selected. The sample mean is 4.1 and the sample

standard deviation is 1.4. It can be assumed that the population

is normally distributed. The level of significance is selected to

be 0.10. The table "t" value for this problem is _______.

E

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

the population mean is 4.8 against the alternative hypothesis

that the population mean is not equal to 4.8, a random sample

of 25 items is selected. The sample mean is 4.1 and the sample

standard deviation is 1.4. It can be assumed that the population

is normally distributed. The computed "t" value for this problem

is _______.

78.

1.318

1.711

2.492

2.797

E

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

the population mean is 6.9 against the alternative hypothesis

that the population mean is not equal to 6.9, a random sample

of 16 items is selected. The sample mean is 7.1 and the sample

standard deviation is 2.4. It can be assumed that the population

is normally distributed. The computed "t" value for this problem

is _______.

79.

M

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

-12.5

12.5

-2.5

-0.7

0.05

0.20

0.33

1.33

D 80. In performing a hypothesis test where the null hypothesis is that

the population mean is 6.9 against the alternative hypothesis

that the population mean is not equal to 6.9, a random sample

of 16 items is selected. The sample mean is 7.1 and the sample

standard deviation is 2.4. It can be assumed that the population

is normally distributed. The level of significance is selected as

0.05. The table "t" value for this problem is _______.

E

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

the population mean is 6.9 against the alternative hypothesis

that the population mean is not equal to 6.9, a random sample

of 16 items is selected. The sample mean is 7.1 and the sample

standard deviation is 2.4. It can be assumed that the population

is normally distributed. The level of significance is selected as

0.05. The decision rule for this problem is to reject the null

hypothesis if the computed "t" value is _______.

81.

1.753

2.947

2.120

2.131

M

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

Periodically, quality control inspectors at Dallas Diskettes

randomly select a sample of 16 diskettes. If the mean diameter

of the diskettes is too large or too small the diskette punch is

shut down for adjustment; otherwise, the punching process

continues. The null hypothesis is _______.

82.

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

less than -1.761 or greater than 1.761

less than -1.753 or greater than 1.753

less than -2.120 or greater than 2.120

n 16

n = 16

= 3.5

3.5

83.

Populations 249

The diameter of 3.5 inch diskettes is normally distributed.

Periodically, quality control inspectors at Dallas Diskettes

randomly select a sample of 16 diskettes. If the mean diameter

of the diskettes is too large or too small the diskette punch is

shut down for adjustment; otherwise, the punching process

continues. The last sample showed a mean and standard

deviation of 3.49 and 0.08 inches, respectively. Using = 0.05,

the critical "t" values are _______.

E

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

D 84.

Periodically, quality control inspectors at Dallas Diskettes

randomly select a sample of 16 diskettes. If the mean diameter

of the diskettes is too large or too small the diskette punch is

shut down for adjustment; otherwise, the punching process

continues. The last sample showed a mean and standard

deviation of 3.49 and 0.08 inches, respectively. Using = 0.05,

the appropriate decision is _______.

H

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

Periodically, quality control inspectors at Dallas Diskettes

randomly select a sample of 16 diskettes. If the mean diameter

of the diskettes is too large or too small the diskette punch is

shut down for adjustment; otherwise, the punching process

continues. The last sample showed a mean and standard

deviation of 3.55 and 0.08 inches, respectively. Using = 0.05,

the appropriate decision is _______.

85.

H

BCalc

-2.131 and 2.131

-1.753 and 1.753

-1.746 and 1.746

reject the null hypothesis and do not shut down the punch

do not reject the null hypothesis and shut down the punch

do not reject the null hypothesis and do shut down the punch

B. reject the null hypothesis and do not shut down the punch

C. do not reject the null hypothesis and shut down the punch

D. do not reject the null hypothesis and do not shut down the

punch

C 86. In performing hypothesis test about the population mean, the

population standard deviation should be used if it is known. If it

is not known, for large samples it can be approximated by

_______.

E

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

population standard deviation should be used if it is known. If it

is not known, it can be approximated by the sample standard

deviation if _______.

87.

the sample size

the sample standard deviation

the population variance

M

Term

A.

B.

C.

D.

carrying more than 60% of the vote in the state. She has her

assistants randomly sample 200 eligible voters in the state by

telephone and only 90 declare that they support her candidate.

The calculated Z value for this problem is _______.

88.

the sample is random

the population mean is known

the alpha is less than 0.10

M

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

market share for one of its products. To prove this belief, a

random sample of 144 purchases of this product are contacted.

It is found that 50 of the 144 purchased this company's brand of

the product. If a researcher wants to conduct a statistical test for

this problem, the alternative hypothesis would be _______.

89.

M

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

-4.33

4.33

0.45

-.31

the population proportion is greater than 0.30

the population proportion is not equal to 0.30

the population mean is less than 40

D 90.

Populations 251

A company believes that it controls more than 30% of the total

market share for one of its products. To prove this belief, a

random sample of 144 purchases of this product are contacted.

It is found that 50 of the 144 purchased this company's brand of

the product. If a researcher wants to conduct a statistical test for

this problem, the calculated Z value would be _______.

M

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

market share for one of its products. To prove this belief, a

random sample of 144 purchases of this product are contacted.

It is found that 50 of the 144 purchased this company's brand of

the product. If a researcher wants to conduct a statistical test for

this problem, the test would be _______.

91.

0.05

0.103

0.35

1.24

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

(AFB), monitors the default rate on personal loans at the AFB

member banks. One of her standard's is "no more than 5% of

personal loans should be in default." On each Friday, the default

rate is calculated for a sample of 500 personal loans. Last

Friday's sample contained 30 defaulted loans. Ophelia's null

hypothesis is _______.

92.

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

a one-tailed test

a two-tailed test

an alpha test

a finite population test

P > 0.05

P 0.05

n = 30

n = 500

C 93. Ophelia O'Brien, VP of Consumer Credit of American First Banks

(AFB), monitors the default rate on personal loans at the AFB

member banks. One of her standard's is "no more than 5% of

personal loans should be in default." On each Friday, the default

rate is calculated for a sample of 500 personal loans. Last

Friday's sample contained 30 defaulted loans. Using = 0.10,

the critical Z value is _______.

E

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

(AFB), monitors the default rate on personal loans at the AFB

member banks. One of her standard's is "no more than 5% of

personal loans should be in default." On each Friday, the default

rate is calculated for a sample of 500 personal loans. Last

Friday's sample contained 30 defaulted loans. Using = 0.10,

the calculated Z value is _______.

94.

1.645

-1.645

1.28

-1.28

M

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

1.03

-1.03

0.046

-0.046

D 95.

(AFB), monitors the default rate on personal loans at the AFB

member banks. One of her standard's is "no more than 5% of

personal loans should be in default." On each Friday, the default

rate is calculated for a sample of 500 personal loans. Last

Friday's sample contained 30 defaulted loans. Using = 0.10,

the appropriate decision is _______.

H

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

increase the sample size

reject the null hypothesis

do not reject the null hypothesis

96.

Populations 253

Ophelia O'Brien, VP of Consumer Credit of American First Banks

(AFB), monitors the default rate on personal loans at the AFB

member banks. One of her standard's is "no more than 5% of

personal loans should be in default." On each Friday, the default

rate is calculated for a sample of 500 personal loans. Last

Friday's sample contained 38 defaulted loans. Using = 0.10,

the appropriate decision is _______.

H

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

of our employees perceive a participatory management style at

CareFree." A random sample of 200 CareFree employees is

selected to test this hypothesis at the 0.05 level of significance.

Eighty employees rate the management as participatory. The

null hypothesis is __________.

97.

increase the sample size

reject the null hypothesis

do not reject the null hypothesis

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

of our employees perceive a participatory management style at

CareFree." A random sample of 200 CareFree employees is

selected to test this hypothesis at the 0.05 level of significance.

Eighty employees rate the management as participatory. The

critical Z value is __________.

98.

E

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

n = 30

n = 200

P 0.50

P < 0.50

-1.645

1.645

-1.96

1.96

B 99. The executives of CareFree Insurance, Inc. feel that "a majority

of our employees perceive a participatory management style at

CareFree." A random sample of 200 CareFree employees is

selected to test this hypothesis at the 0.05 level of significance.

Eighty employees rate the management as participatory. The

appropriate decision is __________.

H

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

reject the null hypothesis

reduce the sample size

increase the sample size

A 100.

of our employees perceive a participatory management style at

CareFree." A random sample of 200 CareFree employees is

selected to test this hypothesis at the 0.05 level of significance.

Ninety employees rate the management as participatory. The

appropriate decision is __________.

H

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

D 101.

e-mail messages sent by GFS employees are not business

related. A random sample of 300 e-mail messages was selected

to test this hypothesis at the 0.01 level of significance. Fifty-four

of the messages were not business related. The null hypothesis

is ____.

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

A 102.

e-mail messages sent by GFS employees are not business

related. A random sample of 300 e-mail messages was selected

to test this hypothesis at the 0.01 level of significance. Fifty-four

of the messages were not business related. The critical Z value

is ____.

E

BApp

A.

B. -1.96

reject the null hypothesis

reduce the sample size

increase the sample size

= 30

n = 300

P < 0.25

P 0.25

Populations 255

C. 1.96

D. 2.57

C 103.

e-mail messages sent by GFS employees are not business

related. A random sample of 300 e-mail messages was selected

to test this hypothesis at the 0.01 level of significance. Fifty-four

of the messages were not business related. The appropriate

decision is _______.

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

C 104.

e-mail messages sent by GFS employees are not business

related. A random sample of 300 e-mail messages was selected

to test this hypothesis at the 0.01 level of significance. Sixty of

the messages were not business related. The appropriate

decision is _______.

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

A 105.

calculated Z value is 1.78. If alpha = 0.05, the correct decision

would be _______.

M

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

B 106.

calculated Z value is 1.78. If alpha = 0.10, the correct decision

would be _______.

M

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

gather more data

reject the null hypothesis

do not reject the null hypothesis

gather more data

reject the null hypothesis

do not reject the null hypothesis

reject the null hypothesis

take a larger sample

get a new calculator

reject the null hypothesis

take a larger sample

get a new calculator

256

Test Bank

C 107.

Populations 257

A null hypothesis was rejected at the 0.10 level of significance.

It the level of significance were changed to 0.05 and the same

sample results were obtained, what decision should be made?

M

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

do not reject the null hypothesis

cannot be determined without further information

all of the above

B 108.

significance. It the level of significance were changed to 0.05

and the same sample results were obtained, what decision

should be made?

M

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

B 109.

is changed from 0.10 to 0.05?

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

A 110.

is changed from 0.05 to 0.10?

E

App

A.

B.

C.

D.

D 111.

of 400 is taken and alpha is set at 0.05. If the true proportion is

P = 0.60, what is the probability of a type II error?

H

Calc

A.

B.

C.

D.

do not reject the null hypothesis

cannot be determined without further information

all of the above

it gets larger

it gets smaller

it does not change

all of the above

it gets larger

it gets smaller

it does not change

all of the above

0.17

0.45

0.95

0.67

D 112. Discrete Components, Inc. manufactures a line of electrical

resistors. Presently, the carbon composition line is producing

100 ohm resistors. The population variance of these resistors

"must not exceed 4" to conform to industry standards.

Periodically, the quality control inspectors check for conformity

by randomly select 10 resistors from the line, and calculating the

sample variance. The last sample had a variance of 4.36. Using

= 0.05, the null hypothesis is _________________.

= 100

10

S2 4

2 4

E

BApp

A.

B.

C.

D.

B 113.

resistors. Presently, the carbon composition line is producing

100 ohm resistors. The population variance of these resistors

"must not exceed 4" to conform to industry standards.

Periodically, the quality control inspectors check for conformity

by randomly select 10 resistors from the line, and calculating the

sample variance. The last sample had a variance of 4.36. Using

= 0.05, the critical value of chi-square is _________________.

E

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

D 114.

resistors. Presently, the carbon composition line is producing

100 ohm resistors. The population variance of these resistors

"must not exceed 4" to conform to industry standards.

Periodically, the quality control inspectors check for conformity

by randomly select 10 resistors from the line, and calculating the

sample variance. The last sample had a variance of 4.36. Using

= 0.05, the calculated value of chi-square is _________________.

E

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

18.31

16.92

3.94

3.33

1.74

1.94

10.90

9.81

D 115.

Populations 259

Discrete Components, Inc. manufactures a line of electrical

resistors. Presently, the carbon composition line is producing

100 ohm resistors. The population variance of these resistors

"must not exceed 4" to conform to industry standards.

Periodically, the quality control inspectors check for conformity

by randomly select 10 resistors from the line, and calculating the

sample variance. The last sample had a variance of 4.36. Using

= 0.05, the appropriate decision is _________________.

H

BCalc

A.

B.

C.

D.

reduce the sample size

reject the null hypothesis

do not reject the null hypothesis

B 116.

Banks (AFB), is reviewing the employee training programs of AFB

banks. Based on a recent census of personnel, David knows that

the variance of teller training time in the Southeast region is 8,

and he wonders if the variance in the Southwest region is the

same number. His staff randomly selected personnel files for 15

tellers in the Southwest Region,anddeterminedthattheirmeantraining

timewas25hoursandthatthestandarddeviationwas4hours.Using=0.10,

thenullhypothesisis________.

E

BApp

A. = 25

B.2 = 8

C.2 = 4

D.2 8

B 117.

Banks (AFB), is reviewing the employee training programs of AFB

banks. Based on a recent census of personnel, David knows that

the variance of teller training time in the Southeast region is 8,

and he wonders if the variance in the Southwest region is the

same number. His staff randomly selected personnel files for 15

tellers in the Southwest Region,anddeterminedthattheirmeantraining

timewas25hoursandthatthestandarddeviationwas4hours.Using=0.10,

thecriticalvaluesofchisquareare________.

M

BCalc

A.7.96and26.30

B.6.57and23.68

C.1.96and1.96

D.1.645and1.645

260

Test Bank

A 118.

Banks (AFB), is reviewing the employee training programs of AFB

banks. Based on a recent census of personnel, David knows that

the variance of teller training time in the Southeast region is 8,

and he wonders if the variance in the Southwest region is the

same number. His staff randomly selected personnel files for 15

tellers in the Southwest Region,anddeterminedthattheirmeantraining

timewas25hoursandthatthestandarddeviationwas4hours.Using=0.10,

thecalculatedvalueofchisquareis________.

E

BCalc

A.28.00

B.30.00

C.56.00

D.60.00

D 119.

Banks (AFB), is reviewing the employee training programs of AFB

banks. Based on a recent census of personnel, David knows that

the variance of teller training time in the Southeast region is 8,

and he wonders if the variance in the Southwest region is the

same number. His staff randomly selected personnel files for 15

tellers in the Southwest Region,anddeterminedthattheirmeantraining

timewas25hoursandthatthestandarddeviationwas4hours.Using=0.10,

theappropriatedecisionis________.

H

BCalc

A.increasethesamplesize

B.reducethesamplesize

C.donotrejectthenullhypothesis

D.rejectthenullhypothesis

120.

M

BApp

Populations 261

The last operation on the 'dry line' at Canine Delights is a

semiautomatic bag filling step. The dry line mixes, shapes,

dries, and bags the five dry dog foods (one at a time) in Canine

Delights' product line. Each of the five mixes is offered in 4

different sizes (5, 10, 15, and 25 pounds). When the bag filling

machine is properly adjusted, the mean weight of the filled bags

equals the advertised weight. Even so, the weight varies from

bag to bag.

Discuss statistical procedures for controlling the bag filling

operation. Other than improper adjustment of the machine,

what factors may account for the variability of the bags weights,

or for an upward (downward) drift in the mean bag weight?

What are the consequences of significantly overfilling

(underfilling) the bags?

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

262

Test Bank

121. Carlos Cavazos, Director of Human Resources, is developing

plans for an employee morale 'barometer.' First, he plans to

measure the current morale level to use as a benchmark. Then,

periodic (possibly monthly) measurements will be taken to track

increases (decreases). His primary measuring instrument will be

several 5-point scaled items (1 = totally depressed, 5 = it

doesn't get any better than this). Carlos believes that, after the

bugs are worked out, the system will allow management to

assess the impact of managerial actions on employee morale.

M

BApp

during the design and implementation of the morale barometer.

What are the limitations of this system? What factors affect

employee morale?

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

122.

Populations 263

Alan Lessoff, VP of Marketing at CyberWarehouse, Inc. (CWI),

wants to know what makes a good web site for online shoppers.

What design factors of a web site increase repeat visits by web

shoppers? Color schemes? Graphics? Animations? Audio?

Organization of pages? Ease of navigation? Opinion polls? Email feedback?

Representatives of Web Shoppe Designs (WSD) claim that their

team knows, and offer Alan a test trial of their design. Alan is

inclined to accept the offer since it would be hosted, at no

expense to CWI, on WSD's servers during the trial period.

Alan has accumulated an extensive database of demographic

data, and frequency of visits of repeat visitors to CWI web sites.

The WSD representatives will collect comparable data during the

trial period.

M

BApp

the conclusion of the trial period.

264

Test Bank

123. Online financial brokerages continue go grow with the Internet.

CyberMarkets, Inc. (CMI) advises e-commerce businesses on

their marketing strategies.

Addalie McMinn, VP of Research at CMI, expects increasingly

intense competition between online brokerages for new

customers as the industry matures. She wants to learn more

about the customers of online brokerages; she wants to

understand "what makes them tick," so she can advise CMI

clients how to compete more successfully. What factors do these

investors use to choose one broker over another? Transaction

costs? Basic service characteristics such as fast order execution,

and timely, well-organized statements? Free tie-in services such

as an address book, a calendar service, and links to favorite web

sites for gifts.

Should Addalie segment the customer population? Are all

factors equally important for all market segments? Does age

matter? Does gender matter? Does profession matter?

Addalie has accumulated an extensive database of on traditional

full-service brokerage customers. She plans to use summary

measures from the database as benchmarks for comparisons

with online customers.

M

BApp

during the study.

Populations 265

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