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c   

  

   

M  Kuraeyo ± Alright/Indeed/That¶s right


 ± Of course.
c ± Okay/Fine M

 



  

 ± Of course! Sure!
 ± Right/Correct
  ± You are correct/Its correct

! "  

#  ± It¶s not that/It¶s nothing


c ± Absolutely not/Never/No way
c$%  ± I can never do that
# ± I don¶t like

& 
c    c '  

$ ± But
$ ± By the way


  

4) c$ ± Good!

5)  ± Stop it/Enough

6) %()))# ± Piece of cake!/It¶s so easy!

7) (* ± It¶s up to you/Do it yourself M 


  


  !
"


 

Versions: () M#



  ( M$

 

8) )(+ ± Gross! M 


  
# %& 

9) ($ ± It¶s scary M"



' 
  

% (  

Versions: c$ M 
  †))#$ M 
  ,)$ M) 




10) *-o You¶re eating again?

 
) %
*
 
& 
+ 
*
$,$
-$
c .    /
  

1) )00)((. ± It slipped my mind.

2) $ ± Do whatever you want Suit yourself It¶s up to you

 ± Head/Heart
 ± Direction

 ± Do

3) $1((o Okay Fine I got it.

4) $+ ± Hurry!

$# ± Take your time (Don¶t hurry)

5) %) - ± What are you gonna do?

: %)  -
"
%

& : M   2%) -

Ex: ‘ ul mwo hal koya? ± What are you gonna do today?


Naeil mwo hal koya? ± What are you gonna do tomorrow?
Jumareh mwo hal koya? ± What are you gonna do this weekend?
Jumal
'
.  !

/' /


 

  
/ /0

6) c#*3*#(( ± I agreed to meet my friend.

m  : M c.42*#((5
"# ± (as a suffix) I had promised to do so.
c#* ± friend
 o meet

Ex: £o hwa boiru haesso ± I had promised to watch a movie.


£ohae  kairu haesso ± I have agreed to travel/go on a trip.

7) #00  ± You have really high standards! You are too picky!

# ± eyes
 ± too (much)
00  ± high
  ± low

8) 400 ) ± It would be nice if she were pretty.


m  : M 2 )
  ± If
c) ± Would be nice/good M   ( 
  

Ex: Kikumyo chuhketta ± It would be nice if she was tall.


Bujamyo chuhketta ± It would be nice if she was rich.

9) $##(( - ± Where is it?

m  : M †2$##(( -
 3*$##(( - ± Where would you find a girl like that?
 ± That kind
4 ± Girl
3" ± Topic marker when it ends with a vowel

Ex: Kuro saram-i odi issoyo? ± Where would you find that kind of person?
 ± person
3 ± Topic marker when it ends with a batchim

10) 3# 3#,%  ± See you tomorrow

 
) %
*
 
& 
+ 


. / "   

. /6    

„‘ DID £‘ GET „ERE?


QESTI‘N: *%(( - = What mode of transportation did you use to get here? /
How did you get here?

›NSER:   73*%(( 

× c#3*%((  = I came by subway


× [(3*%(( = I came by bus
× *%(( = I came here riding a horse
× )(#*%(( = I came riding a taxi
× %(( = I came walking

„‘ L‘NG DID IT T›KE £‘ T‘ GET „ERE?


QESTI‘N: #*3#) (( - = How long did it take you to get here?

+ ± present tense (How long does it take you usually?)


+ ± past tense (How long did it take you?)

›NSER:M 2) 3 M0() 3(( M0(

×
3(#*) (( = It took me an hour
× (#030)   = It takes me 40 minutes
× *3(#)  = It usually takes me an hour

EXCSES ^^

× 3((  = I was late


× *(( = We might be late
M1
%
 

2
 3
× ##)#$ = The roads were crowded
+ = road/street
4  = crowded

"  

  488888-
QESTI‘N:M. [3 $% - = Can I ___? 4
5

6

7



8970

× (3 $%  = Can I use it?


× ' (( 3 $% - = Is it ok to drink your juice?

›NSER:M. [3 $%  = It¶s not okay to (VERB).


× ( $%  = Its not ok to use it
× (# $%  = Its not ok to drink it

EX› LE:

× ##)+= Let¶s take a picture!


: = photo
1  = To take
× c#*(##* $% = You cant take a photo now..
1  = Now

  
  

›TTERN6M . [  / c 2M †2M . [  " 2


M ' c. 

× c  omu 00$+ = There¶s a (  pretty woman!


× c omu(#$5 = There¶s a (  handsome guy!
× $%- = Why not?
×   - = How much?


"  6. [  

    688859M ERB) + ~oyo/~ayo

*  = I eat.

c† /4 "6 888859M ERB) + ~o issoyo.

0*#(((  = ëë ëë ëëë = I am currently eating rice.


[**3*#((  = ëëëë ëë ëëë = I am currently eating bulgogi.

  688859M ERB) + ossoyo/assoyo.

0*((  = ëë ëëëë= I ate rice.


)3( ( - = ëëë ëëëë? = Did you drink beer?

)) 3)((  = ëëë ëëë = I went to school.


$#)(( - = ëë ëëë? = Where did you go?
3(((( 5 = ëë ëëë ëëë. = Yesterday, I wore a hat.

c† 33
3   6%(888859M ERB) + ~o issossoyo.

03*#((((  = ëë ëë ëëëë= I was eating rice.


[**#3*#((((  = ëëëë ëë ëëëë = I was eating bulgogi.
)3(#*#((((  = I was drinking beer.
%*#((( - = ë ëë ëëëë = What were you doing?

3  [ [/ 6(:888859M ERB) + ~ossul koeyo.

*(() 5 (ëëë ëëë)= They must have eaten.

 [ [/ 3††   6%#0,, 888859M ERB) + ~l/~ul koeyo.

*)  = ë ëë ëëë= I will probably eat.


))  = ë ë ëëë= I will probably go.
$#)) - = ëë ë ëëë? = Where will you probably go?
[#3*3)  = ëë ë ëëë= It will probably rain.
##3*)  = ëëë ëë ëëë = I will probably eat kimchi.

   /3††   6%#*#*8888859M ERB) +


kessoyo/kessayo.

*((  = ëëëë= I will eat/I¶m going to eat.


%*(( - = ë ëëëë? = What will you eat?
[#3*)((  = ëë ëëëë = It will rain (I¶m sure).
33(#)((  = ëëë. ëë ëë ëëëëë = I will drink water.
#3(3)((  = ëë ëëë ëëëë. = Tomorrow, I will buy a hat.

  / "

× c))+ ± ëëë! ± Im going to die!/Im beat!


× '*+- ± ëëë? ± Are you serious?!/Seriously?!
×  0(( ± ëëë!/ëëë! ± Oh my god! Gosh! Oh no! Yikes!
× $$#$+ ± ë ëëë ± Unbelievable! Ridiculous! Nonsense! You must be kidding
me!
× #,%+++ ± ëëë!!! ± Jackpot!! Yesss!
× c((+ ± ëëë! ± Good job!
× ((+ ± ëë! ± Awesome!/Yeah!
× (0 ± ëë ± How touching/how sweet
× #%$+ ± ëëëë! ± Feels great!/Refreshing!/What a relief!
× c(0( ± ëë ëë ± How unlucky! You¶re so lame! You¶re such a loser!
× '*+ ± ëëë! ± Irritating/annoying! What a pain!
× *# ± ëë ëë ± Yeah right. As if.
× ## ± ëë ëë ± Mind your own business. Its my deal.
× * ± ëëëë ± Whatever/Whatever you say/What else can I do?
× %*$ ± ëëë ± Enough already/Talk to the hand
× ;;% ± ëëë ± Im gonna barf!
×  0 ± ëë ëë ± Clueless.

  †/ 

. 4 6 '†.5 †
ëë M  ± More positive
ëë M ± More negative/exaggerated (can also be sarcastic)
& 
Compliments: ëë ëëë ±  00$ ± Very pretty

" †[' c6<†<c

ë M# ± THIS: Object is near the speaker


ë M) ± THAT: Object is far from the speaker
ë M ± THAT OVER THERE: Object is far from both speaker and listener
& 
ë ëëë ë ëëëë M 3*#*   ± THIS girl is my friend.
ë ëëë ë ëëëë M 3*#*   ± THAT girl is my friend.
ë ëëë ë ëëëë Mc 3*#*   ± THAT girl OVER THERE is my friend.

  =6>


 ?
(For own desires only ± I/We want)
 6M[(@@:,2ëM*2ëëM(#0
& 
ëë ëëë M[*(#0  ± I want to see you I miss you
ëë ëëë M*(#0  ± I want to walk
ëëë ëëë M*(#0  ± I want to meet you

 " 

6> "?2>
 ? > ?
 6M2M #@A%#;2ëëM)) ëëM)#

Gith´
There are many particles that can be used to mean ³with´, but to make things simple, I will now
only introduce one particle:
ëë/ë M#** ± with
GToether´
ëë M)) ± Together
ëëM)# ± Together
These two are interchangeable, and really just mean the same thing.

& 
ëëë Mc#*3* ± With friend
ëëë ëë Mc#*3*)) ± Together with friend
ëëë ëë Mc#*3*)# ± Together with friend