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ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL PURPOSES

ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL PURPOSES DIZON, DOMINADOR JR. N. ENGLAPP Teacher
DIZON, DOMINADOR JR. N. ENGLAPP Teacher
DIZON, DOMINADOR JR. N.
ENGLAPP Teacher
Introduction to Writing a Research Report Preparing and Implementing Research Instruments Interpreting and Preparing
Introduction to Writing a Research Report Preparing and Implementing Research Instruments Interpreting and Preparing

Introduction to Writing a Research Report

Preparing and Implementing Research Instruments

Interpreting and Preparing Visuals in a Research Paper

Writing of Various Reports

Implementing Research Instruments Interpreting and Preparing Visuals in a Research Paper Writing of Various Reports
Implementing Research Instruments Interpreting and Preparing Visuals in a Research Paper Writing of Various Reports
Scintillate, Scintillate, asteroid minutia.
Scintillate, Scintillate, asteroid minutia.
Scintillate, Scintillate, asteroid minutia.

Scintillate, Scintillate, asteroid minutia.

Scintillate, Scintillate, asteroid minutia.
Scintillate, Scintillate, asteroid minutia.
Scintillate, Scintillate, asteroid minutia.
Freedom from encrustations of gunk is contagious to rectitude.
Freedom from encrustations of gunk is contagious to rectitude.
Freedom from encrustations of gunk is contagious to rectitude.

Freedom from encrustations of gunk is contagious to rectitude.

Freedom from encrustations of gunk is contagious to rectitude.
Freedom from encrustations of gunk is contagious to rectitude.
Freedom from encrustations of gunk is contagious to rectitude.
Rapture subjugate surmount plumb widely.
Rapture subjugate surmount plumb widely.
Rapture subjugate surmount plumb widely.

Rapture subjugate surmount plumb widely.

Rapture subjugate surmount plumb widely.
Rapture subjugate surmount plumb widely.
Rapture subjugate surmount plumb widely.
The person representing the ultimate cachinnation possesses thereby the optimal cachinnation.
The person representing the ultimate
cachinnation possesses thereby the optimal
cachinnation.
Eschew obfuscated phraseology: employ perspicuous verbiage.
Eschew obfuscated phraseology: employ perspicuous verbiage.
Eschew obfuscated phraseology: employ perspicuous verbiage.

Eschew obfuscated phraseology: employ perspicuous verbiage.

Eschew obfuscated phraseology: employ perspicuous verbiage.
Eschew obfuscated phraseology: employ perspicuous verbiage.
Eschew obfuscated phraseology: employ perspicuous verbiage.
Veracity ascertains emancipation.
Veracity ascertains emancipation.
Veracity ascertains emancipation.

Veracity ascertains emancipation.

Veracity ascertains emancipation.
Veracity ascertains emancipation.
Veracity ascertains emancipation.
The person ascertains, the person is obsolete. The person beholds and harken back to. The
The person ascertains, the person is obsolete. The person beholds and harken back to. The
The person ascertains, the person is obsolete. The person beholds and harken back to. The

The person ascertains, the person is obsolete. The person beholds and harken back to. The person fits bill for extrapolate.

The person ascertains, the person is obsolete. The person beholds and harken back to. The person
The person ascertains, the person is obsolete. The person beholds and harken back to. The person
The person ascertains, the person is obsolete. The person beholds and harken back to. The person
In scant cognition there ’ s a precarious condition.
In scant cognition there ’ s a precarious condition.
In scant cognition there ’ s a precarious condition.

In scant cognition theres a precarious condition.

In scant cognition there ’ s a precarious condition.
In scant cognition there ’ s a precarious condition.
In scant cognition there ’ s a precarious condition.
RESEARCH Definition and Purpose
RESEARCH
Definition and Purpose
Research is a systematic and scientific way of investigating and gathering of information to answer
Research is a systematic and scientific way of
investigating and gathering of information to answer a
particular problem, establish facts, and reach
conclusions. Conducting a research can be done in
various fields such as arts, humanities, social
sciences, natural sciences, technology, and health
sciences.
RESEARCH REPORTS
RESEARCH REPORTS
RESEARCH REPORTS
RESEARCH REPORTS
RESEARCH REPORTS
RESEARCH REPORTS
Survey Report Field Report Laboratory or Scientific Technical Report
Survey Report
Field Report
Laboratory or
Scientific Technical Report
Survey Report It presents the results of the author's research.
Survey Report It presents the results of the author's research.
Survey Report It presents the results of the author's research.

Survey Report

It presents the results of the author's research.

Survey Report It presents the results of the author's research.
Survey Report It presents the results of the author's research.
Survey Report It presents the results of the author's research.
Field Report It is usually used in the field of social sciences to link theory
Field Report
It is usually used in the field of social sciences to link
theory and applications. It contained author's observations
when out on the field and an analysis using theoretical
concepts from the discipline. Although research papers are
found in tone and style, field reports can be personal and
simple.
Laboratory or Scientific Technical Report It is written by those in the sciences mainly to
Laboratory or
Scientific Technical Report
It is written by those in the sciences mainly to
persuade others to accept or reject a hypothesis,
record the details for future researches, and
document a current phenomenon for future reference
and comparison.
WRITING RESEARCH REPORTS
WRITING RESEARCH REPORTS
WRITING RESEARCH REPORTS
WRITING RESEARCH
REPORTS
WRITING RESEARCH REPORTS
WRITING RESEARCH REPORTS

presents

results

and

interpretation

of

a

phenomenon

 

series

of

quotations

and

compilation

of

unsubstantiated opinion

 

formal investigation and scientific inquiry

 

Analyze the Task

What is the purpose of the report? (It could be analyzing, persuading or reporting on

What is the purpose of the report? (It could be analyzing, persuading or reporting on an investigation.)

Who is the audience for the report?

Who is the audience for the report?

What is the word limit? (Many times the word limit only includes the body of

What is the word limit? (Many times the word limit only includes the body of

the report.)

What is the topic of the report? (The topic may be specified by the lecturer,

What is the topic of the report? (The topic may be specified by the lecturer, but

other times you will have a choice.)

What is the expected format of the report?

What is the expected format of the report?

CHOOSING A RESEARCH TOPIC
CHOOSING A RESEARCH TOPIC

CHOOSING A RESEARCH

TOPIC
TOPIC
CHOOSING A RESEARCH TOPIC
CHOOSING A RESEARCH TOPIC
CHOOSING A RESEARCH TOPIC
CHOOSING A RESEARCH TOPIC

Sample Topics in Question Form

How does the Mindanao peace and order situation affect the

How does the Mindanao peace and order situation affect the

economy of the Philippines? What are the psychological effects of online games?

economy of the Philippines? What are the psychological effects of online games?
What are the factors influencing the economic recession of 2015?

What are the factors influencing the economic recession of 2015?

What are the ccharacteristics of global female leaders in the 21st

What are the ccharacteristics of global female leaders in the 21st

century?

When choosing a topic, a researcher should consider the following:  First, a research topic
When choosing a topic, a researcher should consider the
following:
First, a research topic should be relevant.
 A relevant topic addresses a particular problem or issue.
 It should also be interesting, especially for the researchers.
Interest and natural curiosity in the topic will encourage greater
commitment to the research.
 Finally, a topic should be manageable.  It should be something you can undertake
 Finally, a topic should be manageable.
 It should be something you can undertake within your ability
and within the time limit given to you.
 It should not be too broad or too narrow, and must be
achievable using available financial, human, and material
resources.
  Are you really Can you get Do you think Have you got Topics interested
  Are you really Can you get Do you think Have you got Topics interested
  Are you really Can you get Do you think Have you got Topics interested
 

Are you really

Can you get

Do you think

Have you got

Topics

interested in

research

the topic is

enough time

the topic?

data?

relevant?

to work on it?

Topics interested in research the topic is enough time the topic? data? relevant? to work on
Topics interested in research the topic is enough time the topic? data? relevant? to work on
Topics interested in research the topic is enough time the topic? data? relevant? to work on
FORMULATING THESIS STATEMENT
FORMULATING THESIS
FORMULATING THESIS
STATEMENT
STATEMENT
FORMULATING THESIS STATEMENT
FORMULATING THESIS STATEMENT
FORMULATING THESIS STATEMENT
FORMULATING THESIS STATEMENT
A thesis statement answers the question you previously asked to narrow down your topic. It
A thesis statement answers the question you
previously asked to narrow down your topic. It guides
and serves as a central point of all the ideas in your
paper.

Possible research questions that are supposed to be

answered through your instrument to support your research

are as follows:

1. How does too much dieting lead to starvation?

2. How does too much dieting lead to loss of strength? 3. How does too much dieting lead to different disease?

Qualities of a Good Research Question

1. A good research question should be clear, especially to a lay

 

person.

2.

A good research question should require the gathering of data

to answer it.

3.

A good research question should address an observed problem

or issue.

4.

A good research question should be manageable in terms of

your skills and resources.

5. A good research question should be ethical. 6. A good research question should have
5. A good research question should be ethical. 6. A good research question should have
5. A good research question should be ethical. 6. A good research question should have

5. A good research question should be ethical.

6. A good research question should have a particular use.

5. A good research question should be ethical. 6. A good research question should have a
5. A good research question should be ethical. 6. A good research question should have a
5. A good research question should be ethical. 6. A good research question should have a
LAS 1 WEEK 16
LAS 1 WEEK 16
LAS 1 WEEK 16
LAS 1 WEEK 16
LAS 1 WEEK 16
LAS 1 WEEK 16
LAS 1 WEEK 16
LAS 1 WEEK 16
PARTS OF RESEARCH PAPER
PARTS OF RESEARCH PAPER
PARTS OF RESEARCH PAPER
PARTS OF RESEARCH
PAPER
PARTS OF RESEARCH PAPER
PARTS OF RESEARCH PAPER
Title of Report/Title Page Make sure this is clear and indicates exactly what you are
Title of Report/Title Page
Make sure this is clear and indicates exactly what you
are researching.
The title page contains an informative title which
describes the content of the paper, name of author/s and
addresses or affiliations, and date when it is submitted.
Approval Sheet
Approval Sheet
Approval Sheet

Approval Sheet

Approval Sheet
Approval Sheet
Approval Sheet
Abstract This gives a very brief overview (context, research questions or objectives, methodology, major findings,
Abstract
This gives a very brief overview (context, research
questions or objectives, methodology, major findings,
conclusions, and sometimes implications, with minimal
number of citations, and statistical data) of the report in a
condensed form.
Introduction The purpose of your report. The thesis statement will be useful here. Background information
Introduction
The purpose of your report. The thesis statement will be
useful here. Background information may include a brief
review of the literature already available on the topic so that
you are able to ‘place’ your research in the field. Some brief
details of your methods and an outline of the structure of the
report. Its length usually ranges from three to five paragraphs.
Literature Review It contains the summary and sythesis of all available sources directly related to
Literature Review
It contains the summary and sythesis of all available
sources directly related to the study.
Related concepts - concepts and theories are defined,
explained, and described to better understand the study
Related studies - studies directly related to the paper
identify a gap in previous research

identify a gap in previous research

outline the main arguments in your field

outline the main arguments in your field

show that you are familiar with the literature on your topic

show that you are familiar with the literature on your topic

indicate who the main writers are in a particular area

indicate who the main writers are in a particular area

evaluate previous studies

evaluate previous studies

position your work in relation to other writers

position your work in relation to other writers

avoid plagiarism and demonstrate your referencing skills provide a clear theoretical framework demonstrate your
avoid plagiarism and demonstrate your referencing skills
provide a clear theoretical framework
demonstrate your understanding of the key ideas and
concepts in your topic
define your terms, drawing on other writers’ definitions
make you more confident that your area of research is
worth studying.
identify areas of controversy

identify areas of controversy

support your own work by citing other authors

support your own work by citing other authors

highlight current literature and use older sources where

highlight current literature and use older sources where

relevant

see what previous methodologies have been used and to avoid making the same mistakes as

see what previous methodologies have been used and to avoid making the same mistakes as previous researchers

demonstrate that you can do research

demonstrate that you can do research

Methodology Here you clearly outline what methodology you used in your research i.e. what you
Methodology
Here you clearly outline what methodology you used in
your research i.e. what you did and how you did it. It must be
clearly written so that it would be easy for another researcher
to duplicate your research if they wished to.
It is usually written in a 'passive' voice (e.g. the participants were asked to fill
It is usually written in a 'passive' voice (e.g. the
participants were asked to fill in the questionnaire attached in
Appendix 1) rather than an 'active' voice (e.g. I asked the
participants to fill in the questionnaire attached in Appendix 1).
Clearly referred any material you have used from other
sources. Clearly label and number any diagrams, charts, and
graphs. Ensure that they are relevant to the research and add
substance to the text rather than just duplicating what you
have said. You do not include or discuss the results here.
Results This is where you factually indicate what you found in your research. You give
Results
This is where you factually indicate what you found in
your research. You give the results of your research, but do
not interpret them.
It usually contains tables and graphs that summarize the
collected data. Along with the tables and graphs are their
respective interpretations.
When interpreting the graphs and tables, remember the following: 1. Your first sentence should contain
When interpreting the graphs and tables, remember the
following:
1. Your first sentence should contain the figure or table
number and the title.
2. The succeeding sentences should focus on the most
important information in the graph or table.
3. The trends or the gaps that you notice may be included
in the body of interpretation.
The interpretation should end with a conclusion based on the given information. The flow of
The interpretation should end with a conclusion based on
the given information.
The flow of the results section should follow the flow of
the research questions/problems/objectives. It is expected that
for each research problem or objective, corresponding results
are presented.
Discussion This is where you discuss the relevance of your results and how your findings
Discussion
This is where you discuss the relevance of your results
and how your findings fit with other research in the area. It will
relate back to your literature review and your introductory
thesis statement.
In this section, you need to restate your research
problems or objectives in the first paragraph as well as the
major findings.
Recommendations This includes suggestions for what needs to be done as a result of your
Recommendations
This includes suggestions for what needs to be done as
a result of your findings. Recommendations are usually listed
in order of priority.
Conclusion This is a summary of the most significant results/findings. You should not include any
Conclusion
This is a summary of the most significant results/findings.
You should not include any new material in this section.
Sometimes you could indicate some areas where your
research has limits or where further research would be useful.
It contains the restatement of major findings, limitations
of the study, recommendations, and implications.
References This contains the different sources used in the study. These may be academic books,
References
This contains the different sources used in the study.
These may be academic books, journals, and other online
sources.
Use APA (American Psychological Association) style
throughout the report.
For more information, please consult the Publication
Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed.,
2nd
printing)
or
visit
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/1/
STEPS IN WRITING A RESEARCH REPORT
STEPS IN WRITING A RESEARCH REPORT
STEPS IN WRITING A RESEARCH REPORT
STEPS IN WRITING
A
RESEARCH REPORT
STEPS IN WRITING A RESEARCH REPORT
STEPS IN WRITING A RESEARCH REPORT
Day 1 1. Select and narrow down the topic. You may use prewriting technique such
Day 1 1. Select and narrow down the topic. You may use prewriting technique such

Day 1

1. Select and narrow down the topic. You may use prewriting technique such as freewriting, clustering, listing, and

brainstorming to focus on a topic.

2. Conduct a preliminary research by gathering the initial

references (at least 10 refutable references).

3. Formulate the thesis statement and research questions.

Deadline: September 26-28, 2016

least 10 refutable references). 3. Formulate the thesis statement and research questions. Deadline: September 26-28, 2016
least 10 refutable references). 3. Formulate the thesis statement and research questions. Deadline: September 26-28, 2016

Day 2

4. Prepare a preliminary outline.

5. Gather additional references. Use the preliminary outline as

a guide for this stage.

6. Prepare the prefinal outline.

7. Prepare the necessary instruments for your research.

Deadline/Consultation: September 29-October 4, 2016

Day 3 8. Pilot the instrument and revise accordingly. 9. Gather the data. 10. Prepare
Day 3
8. Pilot the instrument and revise accordingly.
9. Gather the data.
10. Prepare the tables and graphs and analyze the collected
data.
11. Write the methodology and results section.
12. Write the introduction and literature review.
Deadline/Consultation: October 5-7, 2016
Day 4 13. Write the discussion. Be sure to link the literature review to the
Day 4
13. Write the discussion. Be sure to link the literature review to
the discussion section.
14. Write the conclusion and recommendations.
15. Write the abstract.
16. Prepare the reference list. List all items that are cited in
the body of your paper.
17. Edit and format your paper.
Deadline/Consultation: October 10-12, 2016
Day 5 13. Present final output. Oral Defense: October 13-14, 2016 Day 6 14. Revise
Day 5 13. Present final output. Oral Defense: October 13-14, 2016 Day 6 14. Revise

Day 5

13. Present final output.

Oral Defense: October 13-14, 2016

Day 6

14. Revise for final submission.

15. Submit final output.

13-14, 2016 Day 6 14. Revise for final submission. 15. Submit final output. A roved Written

A

roved Written Out ut: October 20 2016

13-14, 2016 Day 6 14. Revise for final submission. 15. Submit final output. A roved Written
GUIDELINES IN WRITING A RESEARCH REPORT
GUIDELINES IN WRITING A RESEARCH REPORT

GUIDELINES IN WRITING

A RESEARCH REPORT
A RESEARCH REPORT
GUIDELINES IN WRITING A RESEARCH REPORT
GUIDELINES IN WRITING A RESEARCH REPORT
GUIDELINES IN WRITING A RESEARCH REPORT
 50-75 % of the paper should be devoted to results and discussion  Be
 50-75 % of the paper should be devoted to results and discussion  Be

50-75 % of the paper should be devoted to results and discussion

Be sure to cite all your sources whether they are

paraphrased or directly quoted.

Use direct quotations sparingly. Paraphrase as much as possible.

STRICTLY follow documentation style.

Topics should be relevant, interesting , current, and

manageable in terms of resources, skills needed, and time. It should not be too sensitive and controversial as well.

and manageable in terms of resources, skills needed, and time. It should not be too sensitive
and manageable in terms of resources, skills needed, and time. It should not be too sensitive
 Research questions should directly address the given topic or thesis statement.  Use simple
 Research questions should directly address the given topic or thesis statement.  Use simple
 Research questions should directly address the given topic or thesis statement.  Use simple

Research questions should directly address the given topic or thesis statement.

Use simple language and avoid verbose words.

questions should directly address the given topic or thesis statement.  Use simple language and avoid
questions should directly address the given topic or thesis statement.  Use simple language and avoid
questions should directly address the given topic or thesis statement.  Use simple language and avoid