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Model Based Engineering

Using Commercial Software for Mission Planning & Operations

Agenda

Introductions

Intro to STK

Model Systems
Analyze Performance
Automated Trade Study Tools

Integration Capabilities

Model Based Engineering


Software Demonstrations

Software Demonstration

Product Overview

Model Based Engineering Approach

Company Overview

Connect 3rd Party Tools


Collaborative System Design

Q&A Wrap Up

AGI Global Overview

Analytical Graphics, Inc. (USA): a global aerospace standard


45,000+ global software installs
700+ user organizations worldwide

Provider of COTS software since 1989


Space mission design & engineering
Satellite operations
Space situational awareness

Validated astrodynamics, 16 patents, 75+ developers

AGI Software Building Blocks


Spatial Mechanics Engine
Precision mapping of time and
space

Advanced Vehicle Motion


Advanced platform propagation

Payload and Environment Modeling


Configure sensors, communications, terrain, buildings, atmosphere

Analysis Tools
Analyze the relationships of objects over time
Evaluate quantitative and qualitative measures

Display
Visualize complex system mechanics in dynamic 3D

Systems Tool Kit Summary


COTS software for space,
defense, and intelligence
Model your system
Analyze your mission
Convey your results

AGI Analysis Solutions


Desktop applications
Stand-alone or integrated:

System and mission design


Analysis
Simulation
Operations

Application engine
Mission-specific applications and work flows

Software components
Modular capability libraries:

Enterprise integration
Thin clients
Servers
Web Services

Model Based Design Approach


AGI Software Modeling Basics

Models

Vehicle Motion Models

Sensor Models

Model vehicle position and attitude

Model sensor geometry & pointing

Environment Models

Comms & Radar Models

Model terrain, atmosphere & space

Model RF propagation & interference

Simulate

Simulate mission

Calculate system performance

Analyze system behavior in theater

Measure against mission objectives

Evaluate system relationships

Explore trade space

Measure system impact

Analyze system design

Analyze

2D and 3D visualization

3D object representations

Vehicles, routes, sensors & analysis

Position, orientation & articulation

Mission environment

Analyze results

Terrain & imagery

Graphs, reports, images & videos

Create Systems Models

Aircraft Model

Environment
Model

Communications
Model

Build Representative System Models


Model Payloads
(Sensors/Radars/Comms/Etc.)

Dynamic Depiction of Systems in


Theatre
Expose Unforeseen Problems

Evaluating Mission Success

Aircraft Model

Sensor Model

Environment
Model

Communications
Model

Increase Fidelity With Updated


Models
Flexible Modeling Options

Convey Complex Concepts


Mission Design/Planning/RePlanning and Optimization

Creating a Complete Representation

Aircraft Model

Sensor Model

Environment
Model

Navigation
Model

Communications
Model

Threat Model

Acoustic Model

Radar Model

Line of Sight

Airspace Geometry

Mission Execution

Aircraft Model

Sensor Model

Environment
Model

Threat Model

Communications
Model

Conduct What-If Analysis

Enhance Mission Situational


Awareness

Allow Operators to Focus on Mission

Easily Evaluate Mission Success

Example: Mission Planning

Aircraft Model

Acoustic Model

Environment
Model

Sensor Model

Communications
Model

Automation

Incorporate layers that represent


mission effectiveness

Allow for flexibility in tactical mission


planning

Display results in a format already


familiar

Apply automation to suggest mission


plans

STK Modeling Environment

Navigation Model

Communications
Model

Aircraft Model
Airspace Geometry

Sensor Model

Acoustic Model

Environment Model

Threat Model

Automation

Line of Sight

Radar Model

Aircraft Mission Modeler


Aircraft Model

Performance Driven Models


3D Edit Flight Paths on the Fly
Common Procedure Library
Holding Patterns
Takeoff/Landing & VTOL/Hover
Fuel Management

System Design Sensors


Sensor Model

What can your systems see?


Dynamic environment
Number/type of platforms
Number/type of sensors
Target constraints
Terrain
RCS

Complex detection
Visual
IR (GSD)
RF
Search/Track Radar
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
GMTI (flexible constraints)
Use the right sensor for the mission

Imperfect RF Enviroment Analysis


Environment Model

Terrain blockage
Rain, clouds, fog
Gaseous absorption
Foliage / Urban
Custom loss plug-ins

Vertical Plane
Path

Receiver

Transmitter
2 Slant Plane
Paths

System Design- Communications


Communications Model

What is my Comm Environment?


Modelling Comm Effects
Specify the RF environment model

Number of Nodes

Transmitters / receivers
Multi-hop links
Predicting the link quality

Detailed emitter patterns, modulators, spectral


filters, etc.
Link budget (BER, Eb/No, C/N, etc.)
Interference / jamming
Link performance over large areas

Evaluate Alternate Asset Usage

Radar Modeling
Radar Model

Pulsed & Continuous Wave


SAR
Filters
Gaseous absorption
Polarization
Custom Antennas
Radar Cross Section

Sun Noise

Troposphere Loss and Noise

Polarization

Rain Loss and Noise

Desired Signal

Earth Noise

Model Based Engineering Processes

Application Across Engineering Design and Operations

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Ops
Analysis

Detailed Design

Model fidelity and


complexity

Operations

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline
Low

Ops
Analysis

Detailed Design

Model fidelity and


complexity

High

Operations

Low

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline
Low

Ops
Analysis

Detailed Design

Model fidelity and


complexity

High

Operations

Low

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline
Low

Ops
Analysis

Detailed Design

Specialist

High

Operations

Low

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline
Low

Ops
Analysis

Detailed Design
Other stakeholders

Model fidelity and


complexity

Specialist

High

Operations

Low

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline
Detailed Design

Operations

Other stakeholders
Mission
M&S

Architecture

Operations

System
M&S
Requirements

Oper.
Test

Environment
Model

Specialist
Developmental
Test

Subsystem
M&S

High

Component
M&S

Low

Example of Framework Elements In


Action

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

Operations

System
M&S
Requirements

Oper.
Test

Environment
Model

Developmental
Test

Subsystem
M&S

Component
M&S

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

System
M&S

Environment
Model

Operational
procedures to drive

preliminary system research

Operations

Operations and Ops Analysis Integration

Not detected

Detected

Vignette Summary
Life cycle:
Operational practices captured as activity model
Practices integrated into mission simulation for ops
research

Framework elements:
Synchronization Coordinated timing among tools
Execution management Coordinated tool execution

Process integration:
Operations researchers utilizing actual operational
practices in simulations

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

Operations

System
M&S
Requirements

Oper.
Test

Environment
Model

Developmental
Test

Subsystem
M&S

Component
M&S

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

System
M&S
Requirements
Environment
Model

Mission simulations
generate architecture and

requirements

Mission Simulation for Architecture and


Requirements Generation

Vignette Summary
Life cycle:
Mission definitions and Measures of Effectiveness
(MOEs) captured from Operations Research
Mission architecture and MOE values captured for
systems engineering

Framework elements:
Data Federation Multiple tools share content elements
Orchestration Guided linking of tools

Process integration:
Systems engineers utilize physics based models and
simulations

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

Operations

System
M&S
Requirements

Oper.
Test

Environment
Model

Developmental
Test

Subsystem
M&S

Component
M&S

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

System
M&S
Requirements
Environment
Model

Mission simulation
to validate requirements

Subsystem
M&S

during detailed design


Component
M&S

Requirements Validation Using Simulation

Vignette Summary
Life cycle:
Mission models captured from Operations Research
Requirements captured from Systems Engineering

Framework elements:
Data Federation Models shared among different tool
disciplines

Orchestration Guided linking of multiple tools


Execution Management Coordinated tool execution

Process integration:
Design engineers able to examine impact on system level
requirements through mission model

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

Operations

System
M&S
Requirements

Oper.
Test

Environment
Model

Developmental
Test

Subsystem
M&S

Component
M&S

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

System
M&S

Environment
Model

Software architecture
and detailed designs in

Subsystem
M&S

mission simulations
Component
M&S

Multi-level model integration:


Software design, component model, mission simulation

Vignette Summary
Life cycle:
System engineering models captured from UML definitions
Physics-based models captured from design SME
Integrated performance validated using mission simulation

Framework elements:
Data Federation Models shared among different tool
disciplines
Translation Coordinated geometry
Orchestration Guided linking of multiple tools
Execution Management Coordinated tool execution

Process integration:
Operations researchers utilize hardware and software models
Integrate multiple levels of model fidelity

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

Operations

System
M&S
Requirements

Oper.
Test

Environment
Model

Developmental
Test

Subsystem
M&S

Component
M&S

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

System
M&S

Environment
Model

Platform and subsystem simulations

Developmental
Test

Subsystem
M&S

for hardware-in-the-loop
developmental testing

Component
M&S

Design and Pre-Fly Tests via HWIL Simulation

Vignette Summary
Life cycle:
Performance models captured from Engineering Design
Models utilized in mission simulation with test hardware

Framework elements:
Synchronization Coordinated timing between simulation
and hardware

Process integration
Test engineers utilizing detailed design models and
simulations

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

Operations

System
M&S
Requirements

Oper.
Test

Environment
Model

Developmental
Test

Subsystem
M&S

Component
M&S

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

System
M&S
Requirements
Environment
Model

Operational test
results analyzed using

detailed models and


simulation

Subsystem
M&S

Oper.
Test

Combining Simulation and Post-Test Analysis

Vignette Summary
Life cycle:
Physics-based models captured from design SMEs
Test activities analyzed by comparison with models

Framework elements:
Data Federation Data shared among different tool disciplines
Synchronization Coordinated timing between simulation and
test data

Translation Coordinated geometry

Process integration
Test analysts combine detailed engineering models and mission
simulations with test data

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

Operations

System
M&S
Requirements

Oper.
Test

Environment
Model

Developmental
Test

Subsystem
M&S

Component
M&S

Key Process Integration Elements


Life Cycle Timeline

Mission
M&S

Architecture

System
M&S
Requirements
Environment
Model

Operational planning
and decision making

Subsystem
M&S

using models and simulations

Operations

Simulation-driven Operational Planning

Vignette Summary
Life cycle:
Performance models captured from Engineering Design
Work flows and processes captured from operational
activities

Process integration
Operational activities utilize detailed engineering models
with mission simulations for planning and decision support

Summary
Models, analyses and simulations:
Bring warfighter/operator experience to the engineering process
Bring engineering expertise to operational decision making
Link and coordinate organizations and life cycle phases

Framework for interoperability


Utilize todays tool
Set emerging standards
Already in practice is select areas
Future: Expand framework for enhanced integration

Software Demonstration

Software Demonstration
Mission Design
Operation: Turkey/Syria Border
Surveillance

GlobalHawk UAV Flight

Flight Characteristics
Route Modeling
3D Model
Antenna Designs

Communications Systems

Ground Communications
Satellite Relay Communications
Modulation/Filtering Models

GCS
Antenna

Onboard Payloads

Imaging Sensors
Custom Scripted Imaging Quality
Performance

Propulsion
Characteristics

Comm Systems

E/W
System
Airframe

Satellite
Antenna

Aerodynamics

Sensor Model

Scenario Setup

Defining The Basics

STK Scenario Setup

Time Period
Analysis conducted over this time
interval

RF Environment
Models for atmospheric effects & RF
propagation loss

Imagery/Terrain
Import data sets for terrain
Stream imagery (WMS, Bing Maps, Etc)
Local imagery tiles

Areas of Interest/Places/Targets
Shapefile data (ESRI MXD/Google KMZ)
Browse AGIs database for
facilities/places/targets

Theater of Operations

Airports/Runways
Takeoff/Landing airport runway
locations

Ground Control Station


Location of GCS
Antenna modeling (STK Provided Model)

Satellite Relay
Define satellite location/orbit regime &
propagate for duration of mission
Antenna modeling (External Model File)

Defining Systems & Payloads

Flight Planning

Interactive Flight Path Modeling

3D Airframe Model

Vehicle performance characteristics


Library of procedures
Intuitive 3D interface
Accurate/Realistic model representation
Attach points for subsystems
(Antennas/Sensors/Etc)

Onboard Payloads

GCS Antennas
Satcom Antenna
Optical Sensors/Cameras

Sensor Performance

Optical Sensor Properties

Custom Script (Image Quality)

Field of View
Field of Regard
Script Defined NIIRS Image Quality Scale
Custom Algorithm Plugin Point

Sensor Coverage Results

Gridded Coverage Results (Heat Map)


Statistical Metrics

Antenna Modeling
Antenna Considerations
Which design best supports the current
mission plan

Antenna Data
Manufacturer data

Test chamber data


Software representation of antenna
designs

Communications
Model

Communication Analysis

Ground Communication Link

Satellite Communication Link

Link Budget Calculations


Antenna Considerations
Communication Windows/Timeline
Communication Windows
Decreased Data Rates
Amount of Data Relayed

Jamming Analysis

Theoretical Jammer Location/Capabilities


Jammed Signal Degradation
Mitigate Jamming (Filtering)
Spectrum Analysis

Trade Study Analysis

Trade/Acquisition Studies

Acquisition
Performance versus cost trades

Engineering Design
Performance versus measures of
effectiveness

Test and Evaluation (T&E)


Test design / test point density
optimization

Mission Planning
Maximize effectiveness / minimize risk

Decision Support

Trade Studies

STK Analyzer Product

Automated Trade Study Tool


Many Studies to Choose
Drag/Drop Interface
Directly Ingest STK Properties &
Analysis
Vary One/Many STK Parameters &
Identify Results of Interest
Macro Scripting Interface

Integration With 3rd Party Applications

STK Integration

Integration Layer

Share Data Access To/From STK


COM/TCPIP
Fully Documented Object Model
API
String-Based Syntax Command
Library

Perl

HTML

Java

C++
MATLAB

Visual Basic
Data
Providers

Legacy
Systems

ModelCenter

STK

TruePlanning

Rhapsody

ModelCenter

ModelCenter Interface
Link Editor View
Displays links between
components

Component Tree
Displays variables
Analysis View
Displays wrapped
models as boxes

Server Browser
Displays components
wrapped on Analysis
Servers

ModelCenter Outputs

Wrap-Up

System Modeling

Automation

ISR Mission Planning

Concept of Operations

Interoperability

Resources
AGI Website
White Papers
Case Studies
Software Resources
Blogs
Forum
Events

www.agi.com

Thank You!!
www.agi.com