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Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs)

We are the writing faculty and are here to inform first year students what they will be learning
this year. All of the Student Learning Outcomes are connected and occur at the same time.
Students use critical thinking and rhetorical awareness when writing. This is necessary when
completing highly complex work. We hope that the information we provide will continue to help
students in their lifetime of reading, writing, and speech.
Rhetorical Knowledge
Rhetorical knowledge is the ability to correctly analyze your own writing or anothers. Writers
examine what audience they are composing to or the purpose of the work.
By the end of First Year Writing, students should be able to:
Use rhetorical ideas to examine details.
Compose a different text using resources to reach a specific audience or purpose
of work.
Learn how literature shapes and is shaped by readers and writers by looking at
the form, style, and subject matter.
Develop the flexibility that allows writers to shift voice, tone, formality, design,
medium, and layout intentionally to create real life situations and events.
Critical Reading
Reading critically is the ability to analyze, produce, and understand information and text. Writers
have to separate belief from evidence, evaluate the evidence, and point out patterns in the text.
These skills are the base to support your academic writing.
By the end of First Year Writing, students should be able to
Use reading to ask for information, learn, and discover.
Analyze their own work and work of others. They must be able to clearly express
the value of rhetorical choices in the text.
Find accurate and dependent primary sources (ex. A diary) and secondary sources
(ex. A textbook).
Properly use verbal and nonverbal characteristics for different audiences and
Composing Processes
Composing processes are multiple strategies used to form, develop, and finish projects. These
strategies are rarely straightforward. A writer may research a topic, write the draft, do more
research or seek advice, then start to revise the draft. Composing processes can be easily adjusted
to a specific occasion.
By the end of First Year Writing, students should be able to:
Demonstrate strategies for drafting, reviewing, revising and collaboration that can
be easily changed.
Brainstorm and communicate with other writers on their work.
Use their multiple strategies to better understand their sources, ideas, and ideas of
Learn to make their arguments stronger.

Knowledge of Conventions
Conventions are formal and informal guidelines. These guidelines define literature and shape
readers and writers correctness. Conventions control usage of words, spelling, and citation
rules. They influence the information, style, organization, and document design.
By the end of First Year Writing, students must be able to:
Reach an agreement with conventions, from newspapers and magazines to
different activities.
Understand they must cite information in their work to avoid plagiarism.
Pay attention to their grammar, punctuation, and spelling when composing and
Critical Reflection
Critical reflection is a writers ability to clearly express what s/he is thinking and why (ex.
Explain why s/he made the choices when writing and why they decided to revise certain parts).
Reflection is necessary.
By the end of First Year Writing, students must be able to:
Demonstrate reflection on their writing and use writing as a means of reflection.