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Magnetic Oil Gauge or MOG |

Magnetic Oil Level Indicator of


Transformer
This device is used to indicate the position of transformer insulating oil
level in conservator of transformer. This is a mechanical device.
Magnetic oil level indicator of transformer consists of mainly three
parts1.
One float,
2.
Bevel gear arrangement and
3.
An indicating dial.

Construction of Magnetic Oil Gauge or MOG


Lets explain the construction of magnetic oil gauge or MOG from its
dial parts. The dial of this device has scale from empty to full. It has some
intermediate divisions such as 1/4, 1/1, 3/4. The prescribed oil level at
either 30C or 35C ambient temperature may also be indicated on the
dial. A mercury switch and bevel gear is fixed with pointer. When pointer
rotates, the alignment of mercury switch also changes according to the
angle of rotation of the pointer.
One ball type or drum type float is attached with a sufficiently long float
arm. One unit of bevel gear is fitted on the other side of the float arm.
Other unit of the bevel gear is magnetically coupled with pointer and
mercury switch arrangement. The bevel gear arrangement is positioned
inside the conservator tank of transformer and dial, pointer and mercury
switch are positioned outside the conservator tank.

Working Principle of Magnetic Oil Gauge or


MOG
All oil immersed distribution and electrical power transformers are
provided with expansion vessel which is known as conservator of
transformer. This vessel takes care of oil expansion due to temperature
rise. When transformer insulating oil is expanded, the oil level in the
conservator tank goes up.

Again when oil volume is reduced due to fall in oil temperature, the oil
level in the conservator goes down. But it is essential to maintain a
minimum oil level in the conservator tank of transformer even at lowest
possible temperature. All large electrical power transformers are
therefore provided with a magnetic oil level indicator or magnetic
oil gauge. In conventional conservator tank, a light weight hollow ball or
drum floats on the transformer insulating oil. The float arm is attached
with bevel gear as we already explained during the discussion on the
construction of magnetic oil gauge. Naturally the position of the float
goes up and down depending upon the oil level in the conservator and
consequently the alignment of float arm changes. Consequently, the
bevel gear rotates. This movement of bevel gear is transmitted to the
pointer outside the conservator, as this pointer is magnetically coupled
with the bevel gear. The pointer of magnetic oil level indicator is also
incorporated with a mercury switch. So it is need not say, when oil level
in the conservator goes up and down, the pointer moves on the MOG dial
to indicate the actual level of transformer insulating oil in conservator
tank. As the alignment of mercury switch changes along with the pointer,
this switch closes and actuates an audible alarm when pointer reaches
near empty position on the dial of magnetic oil gauge. This event alerts
us for topping up oil in electrical power transformer. In air cell
conservator, the float arm is attached with air cell and alignment of float
arm changes with the changing size of air cell due to the expansion and
contraction of oil.