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Topics I Want to Touch On

Tattoo Discrimination

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https://www.labordish.com/2015/06/tattoo-ism-where-body-art-meets-employmentdiscrimination/
Garrette D. Kennedy
6-22-15
38% of millennials (1981-1992) have tattoos and half have two tattoos or more.
Negative bias against individuals saying they are less intelligent, attractive, and more
rebellious.
60% of human resources professionals said that visible tattoos would have a negative
impact on an applicants chance of being hired.
There is no overt protection for employees with body art.
47% Hispanic and 33% Blacks have body art, both well above the national average.
https://www.workitdaily.com/hiring-discrimination-tattoos-piercings/
Amanda Haddaway
3-11-15
Hiring managers have the rights not to hire someone with a tattoo that they believe is
offensive or inappropriate in the work place.
Employers are prohibited from discriminating on age, gender, disability, national origin,
and pregnancy. However, there are now laws that prohibit discrimination on visible
tattoos, piercings, hair color.

Are Some Tattoos Accepted (Certain Situations)

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https://www.allbusiness.com/tattoos-in-the-workplace-whats-an-employer-to-do4113152-1.html/3
The laws still tend to support employer dress code/appearance policies in general and
employers retain some flexibility in creating rules that require employees to present
themselves in a way that is consistent with the employers image.
It depends on the position you are working (waitress, cook/ front desk, in your office
Will they automatically tell judge and say no or say you have to cover it up.
Overlooked more with men than women
If you had a cross for example: employers are obligated to reasonably accommodate
sincerely held religious beliefs and practices unless doing so poses an undue hardship.

History of Tattoos

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http://www.newuniversity.org/2012/10/features/the-tattoo-then-and-now/
became associated with things savage and unknown
tattooing and social deviance according to author of tattooing Michael Atkinson
in the 1920s servicemen got tattoos and the working class representing patriotic art

4. 1950s the tattoo image was tarnished. During this time, it became common among
prisoners and criminals to use tattoos to make permanent note of their crimes and their
aversion to society
5. Similarly, in the 1970s, bikers and motorcycle gangs developed an affinity for body art as
well, often wearing ink that proclaimed FTW and such. Ladies and gentlemen take
note: in the long-past time that was the 70s, FTW apparently stood for Fuck the
World.
6. However, as the 70s rolled (or tripped) by, women seeking equality and strength found
that tattoos provided an excellent symbol of empowerment and art.
7. The teardrop however still has a negative meaning today.
The Generation that is Entering Careers as Employers

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Keene, Douglas L., and Rita R. Handrich. "Tattoos, Tolerance, Technology, And TMI:
Welcome To The Land Of The Millennials." Jury Expert 22.4 (2010): 33-46. Academic
Search Complete. Web. 24 Oct. 2016.
millennials are those born since the 1980s. more than 77 million
view them as disloyal, lazy, whiners, not professional
are entering college in record numbers. More than 50 percent
but lower level of general knowledge compared to past generations
are turning down simple job offers for jobs that are fulfilling work. 37 percent are
unemployed
http://www.theatlantic.com/sponsored/allstate/attention-employers-millennials-havemade-their-demands/219/
just 71 percent of baby boomers insisted that achieving success in a career is necessary to
living a good life, compared to 91 percent of Millennials (we are millennials).
Study after study show that Millennial workers bring little employer loyalty to their
careers, with 60 percent leaving within three years of being hired.
88 percent of Millennials reported wanting a fun and social workplacea significantly
higher proportion than the 60 percent of baby boomers who reported the same thing.
http://fortune.com/2016/07/12/employers-empathize-millennials/
Jake Schwartz, the CEO of the business education company General Assembly, cited an
Accenture study that said a business could lose $20,000 when a millennial leaves a
company, so it pays to keep those younger employees satisfied with their jobs.
Paul Canetti, the founder and CEO of media technology company MAZ, said employers
must think of their employees as customers who they need to constantly keep happy.

What Employees look for in your Appearance

https://www.labordish.com/2015/06/tattoo-ism-where-body-art-meets-employmentdiscrimination/
Garrette D. Kennedy
6-22-15
1. Want a neat, clean and professional image.
2. Still many traditional places favor a more conservative look.

Tattoo and Piercing removal


http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/laser-tattoo-removal#1
1. as many as 50% want to have laser tattoo removal
2. remove tattoos by breaking up the pigment of colors with a high intensity light beam.
3. Can take 2 to 4 visits, but can take up to 10.
4. Tattoo removal puts you at risk for infection and you may be left with a scar.
5. You may also risk hypopigmentation, where the treated skin is paler than surrounding
skin, or hyperpigmentation, where the treated skin is darker than surrounding skin.
6. Depending on the type of tattoo and the skill of the surgeon it can be $200 to $500 each
session.
https://today.yougov.com/news/2015/07/14/myth-busted-people-do-not-regret-gettingtattoos-l/
1. 78% of people have no regrets of their tattoos
2. with remaining 22% regretting at least one tattoo.
Teens and Young Adult Today

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http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mik-thobocarlsen/how-tattoos-went-fromsub_b_6053588.html
Mik Thobo-Carlsen
10-27-14
Tattoos have burst into pop culture and have taken over the media.
We often come into contact with them. We see people sporting them. We can walk down
the beach strip and see plenty of parlors
36% of Americans (age 18-25) have at least one tattoo. More than 1/3 of Americas
young adults.
147 million tattoo related searches each month on google.
Twenty-five years ago tattoos were more common on sailors, prison inmates, and people
in motorcycle gangs. Bad rep.
TV shows influenced the movement (Miami Ink).
Tattoos took on new meanings like art. You can express who you are and your interest.
Something you cherish.
We look to celebrities who have tattoos.
Pop culture - modern popular culture transmitted via mass media and aimed particularly
at younger people.
http://www.tattooschool-art.com/blog/statistics-on-americans-and-body-piercing

Rules, Court Laws and Actions

https://www.allbusiness.com/tattoos-in-the-workplace-whats-an-employer-to-do4113152-1.html/3
1. the key for employers is to have a written policy that employees are required to read and
sign, and then to enforce that policy consistently.
2. The policites should be based on sound judgements that is best for the business
https://www.eeoc.gov/facts/qanda.html

1. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII), which prohibits employment
discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin;
2. the Equal Pay Act of 1963 (EPA), which protects men and women who perform
substantially equal work in the same establishment from sex-based wage discrimination;
3. the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), which protects individuals
who are 40 years of age or older;
4. Title I and Title V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended (ADA),
which prohibit employment discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities
in the private sector, and in state and local governments;
5. Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which prohibit discrimination
against qualified individuals with disabilities who work in the federal government;
6. Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA), which
prohibits employment discrimination based on genetic information about an applicant,
employee, or former employee; and
7. the Civil Rights Act of 1991, which, among other things, provides monetary damages in
cases of intentional employment discrimination.
http://www.stapaw.com/tattoos-in-the-workplace-statistics
1. Tattoos in America are a form of expression and are protected from criminal law by the
Constitution, but are not federally protected in the workplace.
2. The job industry with highest percentage of tattooed staff is the military.
3. The occupation with the most lenient tattoo and piercing policies is the government.
However, only 8% of government employees have ink or piercings.
4. Only 4% of tattooed or pierced people say they've actually faced discrimination in their
current job.
5. States with the highest percentage of tattoo discrimination statistics are South Carolina,
Oklahoma and Florida.
6. States with the most piercing and tattoo friendly public opinion are Montana, Colorado
and California.
Annotated Bibliography Sources
Scholar/Peer review
1. Academic Search Complete: in email
2. http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=6&sid=69a37a8e-d0ba-4167-8e26f8c8ef7454db
%40sessionmgr107&hid=125&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#
AN=100358656&db=a9h
Popular News Source
1. http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/07/politics/marine-tattoo-policy/index.html
2. http://www.cnn.com/2014/08/06/living/face-tattoos-style-identity/index.html
3. http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/09/11/tattoo-tabooworkplace/15449719/
Well Trusted Website
1. http://www.business.com/careers/the-c-suite-responds-are-piercings-and-tattoos-in-theworkplace-still-taboo/
Opposing opinion

1. http://www.moneycrashers.com/tattoos-piercings-workplace/
2. http://diversitymbamagazine.com/professionals-wearing-ink