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PONDICHERRY ENGINEERING COLLEGE, PUDUCHERRY-605 014

B.TECH DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOV/APRIL-2016


(Civil Engineering)
Semester:V
Subject Code-CEG06 & Non Destructive Testing Methods
Q.N
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UNIT NUMBER

UNIT-I
What are the areas in which NDT is used?
What is non-destructive evaluation?
What are the factors which affect the quality of
inspection?
What is visual inspection?
What are the equipments used for visual inspection?
What is penetrant testing?
What is the basic process in Penetration test?
What cannot be inspected via Penetration test?
What are the characteristics of a good penetrant in
penetrant test?
How does magnetic particle inspection work?
Why is magnetic field direction important?
What is eddy current?
What are the applications of eddy currents?
What are the characteristics that affect the strength of the
induced eddy currents?
What is meant by non-destructive evaluation? Explain.
List the advantages of visual inspection
Explain the advantages and disadvantages of eddy current
inspection.
Explain penetrant testing in detail.
How does magnetic particle testing work?
List the advantages of magnetic particle inspection.
Explain the process of generating eddy current.
Explain about behavior of a good penetrant material.
List the disadvantages of penetrant testing.
What are the advantages of penetrant testing? Explain.
What are the limitations of magnetic particle inspection?
What is dwell time?
What are the indirect methods used for visual inspection
and explain each method?
What are the three most common methods of applying
dye penetrant and what are their advantages and
disadvantages?
Describe the dye penetrant method and fluorescent
method in the present industry?

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What are developers in dye penetrant process?


What are the four common methods to remove excess
penetrant and what are their advantages and
disadvantages?
What force causes a liquid to enter a narrow opening? Why
is this force independent of the orientation of the opening?
Describe the two important advances in dye penetrant
technology and why they are useful?
Compare non destructive and destructive testing
methods?
What is dwell time? What factors can effect the dwell
time?
UNIT-II
What is ultrasonic testing
What is the principle ultrasonic testing
Give some applications of ultrasonic testing
How ultrasonic inspections are classified
Explain different ultrasonic test techniques (a)Pulse echo
(b)through transmission (c) Normal angle beam (d)
contact and immersion
What are the different equipments used in ultrasonic
testing
What are ultrasonic transducers
Explain the different types of Transducers
What are the instruments used in Ultrasonic for Ultrasonic
Testing
Explain the calibration standards used in Ultrasonic Testing
Explain the different forms of data presentation in
Ultrasonic Testing
Explain the Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Test
Explain the method of Ultrasonic Testing
Write in detail about the different elements used in
Ultrasonic Testing
Describe the various types of Transducers
What are the characteristics of Transducers
Explain in detail the various Ultrasonic Testing Techniques
What is DAC curve? Explain the steps to construct a DAC
curve
Explain shear waves in UT? What are the Limitations?
Explain various methods of inspection using UT?
Explain the design of Ultrasonic Transducers with Suitable
Sketches?
UNIT-III
What is the principle of Thermography
Explain the factors affecting the thermal radiation
Explain the detection of infrared imaging
Explain the infrared Spectral Band
What are the characteristics of Infrared Waves

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Explain the Non-Contact Thermography


Explain the Thermal imaging camera
Explain the types of thermography
Explain the methods of thermography
What are the advantages and limitations of Thermography
What are the various applications of Thermography
What is emissivity?
What is vibration?
What are the forces acting on the vibrated machines?
What are the causes of vibrations?
Explain the vibration analysis of machine?
Unit-IV
What are the properties of X-rays
Explain briefly about Gamma Radiography
List the equipments required in X-ray radiography and
explain how X-rays are produced
What are the essential requirements of radiography
testing
Explain the imaging methods available in radiography
testing
Write a brief note on radiography film
Explain the Film processing methods used in Radiography
testing
Explain in brief about digital radiography
Explain briefly about the Computed Radiography with
suitable example
Explain the techniques used in radiography testing for
Weld inspection
Explain the various methods of controlling radiation
What are the advantages and disadvantages of
Radiography?
What is the basic principle of radiography testing
Differentiate between photography and radiography
Define geometric sharpness in radiography testing
What are the factors controlling geometric sharpness
What is the principle of radiography
What is computed radio tomography?
Define radiation exposure
Why is radiation safety required
What are the effects of radiation
Compare direct radiography with real-time radiography
What are penetrametres in radiographic testing? Mention uses?
Explain the various ways to control the radiation in radiographic
testing?
What is radiographic sensitivity?
Explain the various types and structure of radiographic films
used in radiographic testing?

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What is double coated radiographic film and its advantages?

UNIT-V
Explain the principle of MRI?
Explain in detail about MRI with neat sketch
Explain the Laser-Ultrasonic with a neat sketch
Explain Holography in detail with neat sketch and also
discuss advantages and disadvantages
With a neat sketch and principle, explain the computed
tomography and its applications
What are the objectives of Holography
What are the industrial applications of Holography
What is computed tomography
What is the principle of behind the computed tomography
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of computed
tomography
What is Magnetic Resonance imaging
What the advantages and disadvantages of Magnetic
Resonance Imaging
Write any three applications of MRI
What are the main objectives of MRI
What are the main functions of MRI
Draw the neat flow diagrams of Vibration monitoring
instrumentation
What are the applications of vibration monitoring in
industrial plants
What are the industrial applications of Laser Ultrasonic
What is Holography
What are the advantages of vibration monitoring