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# Jhan ana, a.k.a.

a Knowledge of
Sub-ana Sephira Intensit Spatial
h y Quality
Clarity Vibratory Quality Vedena Typical Physical
Typical Mental Manifestations Basic Insight(s) Basic Flaw(s)

0 0.4 (The Waterfall) 10

varies tight low scattered varies Pain discontent, surprise, confusion It is time to meditate, my mind is a
Poor concentration, poor
investigation, usually swamped by
the content/stuff

1 1.1 Mind and Body mod. pointed high none nice Increased energy wow, bright, open, unitive,
possible white lights
Thoughts, intentions and mental echo
(consciousness) become objective
Don't see Causality, easily
solidified to first jhana

2 1.2 Cause and Effect mod. straight on mod. crude, slow,

beginnings obvious
neutral Jerky/mechanical
perplexity, confusion, mild
Intentions precede thoughts and
actions, consciousness echoes
Don't see Three Characteristics


3.1 1.3 The Three

solidifying 9
high tight low crude, moderate
painful Tension/pain in neck, back, Frustration with deep physical
shoulders, twisting, heat "stuff", postural obsession
Begin to see Three Characteristics Fight them, don't see them very
clearly, mostly at physical level
impermanence, increasing (feverish)

3.2 1.4 The Three

mod. mod. crude, fast, 3-10Hz irritating Shaking, sniffing, hot, stiff, Disconcerting, manageable,
sweating crying and sadness
See the Three Characteristics more
directly, set up for deep insight into
Mind not fast or precise enough

4.1 2.1 The Arising and

Passing Away
immature 8
high straight mod. fine, fast, cycling,
middle of each
nice Increased energy, longer
sits, early Kundalini
Confidence, precision, fear,
anticipation, jewel tone lights
Shift into direct observation, mind
speeds up, deep insights begin
Like a kid moving from a bicycle
to a car
pulse obvious

4.2 2.2 The Arising and

Passing Away
rapturous 7 very
Netzach high
straight mod. intense, cycling with extremes
Sleep need down, fine Ecstasy, grandiosity, extreme
shaking, very little pain
faith, sensuality, sexual and
Ten Corruptions of Insight arise Ten Corruptions of Insight not
seen as they are, like a 16-year-
spiritual dreams, meditation in old driving a Ferrari
dreams common

4.3 2.3 The Arising and

Passing Away
mature high open high clear, extremely
fast, cycling with
wondrous Sleep much less, fine
shaking, very little pain,
Easy confidence, mastery, Ten Corruptions of Insight seen through, Still holding back, precision not as
visions, powers opening, bright Peak Experience on spiritual path all-encompassing as they think,
breath 2-40Hz energetic phenomena, late white light common, sexual arrogance, unbalanced
Kundalini issues/energy arising evangelism

4.4 2.4 The Arising and

Passing Away
The A & P
6 extrem balanced extreme extreme
Tifaret e
profound Sleep need down, fine
shaking, very little pain
Hints of the Ultimate, mimics The Three Characteristics are hints of
Three Doors, may think they are the Ultimate, Realization can be
They don't know as much or see
as clearly as they think they do
enlightened attained

5.1 3.1 Dissolution,

beginning of Dark
early low mod. decreasing
hung over Hunger, restlessness, Withdrawal symptoms,
irritation, mild pain returns frustration, exhaustion, raw
With highs come lows, with extreme
highs come crashes
Attachment to A&P, long for past
abilities, clarity and balance fade
Night/Dukkha anas steady, drum beat lust, temptation

5.2 3.1 Dissolution late 5

low hard to
very low falling away, vague neutral Kundalini and shaking
stops, intentions less
Rest, vagueness, couch potato Hints of the implications of transience at Effort must be more gentle and
a more mental level. In 3rd vipassana accepting, vagueness must be
h diffuse effective, cool jhana, center of attention vague, understood, insights now coming
periphery open and more clear. around to shake observer

6 3.2 Fear mod. mod. endings obvious,

bad, touch Energy returning, aversion Fear, paranoia, anxiety, rapture Acceptance difficult, Fear can be
of good to staying still, pain of frightening and fun. Insights coming
Fascination with fear, lost in the
sitting obvious around at observer, violating

7 3.2 Misery mod. mod. steady, mod. pace bad, touch Aversion to staying still,
of good restlessness
Misery, sadness, rapture Acceptance is difficult, Misery can be
miserable and fun
Fascination with misery, lost in
the content

8 3.2 Disgust mod mod. edgy, 10-18+Hz,

bad, touch Aversion to staying still,
of good restlessness
Disgust, renunciation, rapture Acceptance is difficult, Disgust can be Fascination with disgust, lost in
disgusting and fun the content

9 3.3 Desire for

high low edgy, 10-18+Hz,
disturbing Aversion to staying still,
restlessness, increased
Desire for deliverance, Realization must be beyond reality, A Effort still made to create this, lost
melodharmas, disenchantment Lack of Enlightenment is Unacceptable in the content
energy with The World

10. 3.3 Re-observation crisis Dath/ extrem very tight low

Abyss e
extremely edgy,
very complex,
The Worst Extreme aversion to
staying still, painful neck
Primal frustration, madness,
cult leader, dark "stuff",
The GREAT KICK in the ASS, You won't Basic acceptance of implications
find the answer in any phenomena or of previous insights low, large
1 irritating rhythms,
and back tension, note
similarity to #3
reactivity, anger, neurosis level reaction to them. Sense of observer
high shaking.
potential for messy bleedthrough
into life

10. 3.4 Re-observation defeat/accept

mod. mod. not obvious,
ok, like
after tears
Release, exhaustion Defeat, surrender You can't do it, and so you completely Exhaustion
give up and accept defeat
11. 4.1 Equanimity Low
mod. open high chunky, increasing, mildly bad Mild pain when sitting
full wave obvious and good
Confidence returning, weight
has lifted, "in the pocket", odd
Realization can be attained, formations Mind still speeding up,
become obvious, begin to include full synchronizing, and recovering
1 mystical ways of looking at
field of experience, name and form as
integrated experience

11. 4.2 Equanimity Early Mastery mod. panoramic very

very Clear,
formations clearer
good Prolonged sitting easy Mild fear of madness and death,
anticipation, joy
Realization is imminent, the true nature Anticipation, over-confidence
of formations becomes obvious
11. 4.3 Equanimity High Mastery 2 low panoramic very broad, harmonics, great Feel great and healthy Great mastery, natural Mastery of seeing the true nature of Still holding back, center still
# Jhan ana, a.k.a.
a Knowledge of
Sub-ana Sephira Intensit Spatial
h y Quality
Clarity Vibratory Quality Vedena Typical Physical
Typical Mental Manifestations Basic Insight(s) Basic Flaw(s)

3 Chokma
high formations naturally confidence, ease and bliss,
"Near Misses", formless realms
formations seems to be that which masters

11. 4.4 Equanimity High

low panoramic near
ariable peaceful,
None obvious Boredom, forgetfulness,
balance, Deep Wisdom seems
Attachment to mastery vanishes, effort Very few
to attain or do vanishes, it all happens
4 very natural and ordinary by itself

12 4.4 Conformity + complete perfect one complete pulse depends

on door
Effortless conformity of perception with None
the Three Characteristics of Full

13 4.4 Change of Lineage + complete perfect one complete pulse depends

on door
This is realization/changes made in
relationship to phenomena

14 4.4 Path 1
+ complete perfect one complete pulse depends
on door
The first/next Path is Attained None

15 N/A Fruition (Nirvana) 0

N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A This is the non-experience of Nirvana
beyond space, time and the universe

16. 0.1 Review First Passes very varies by

high cycles cycles Cycles 4-11, then 15 Cycles 4-11, then 15 The Path has been attained, hints of
limitations shown soon enough
Mind too powerful to really be
stable or balanced, aftershocks of
1 realization

16. 0.2 Review Stabilizing = moderat cycles

cycles Cycles Cycles The stages of the path can be mastered Still working on mastery and
and integrated integration
16. 0.3 Review Mastery = even cycles cycles Cycles Cycles The stages of the Path are Mastered Integration is lifelong, Dualities
May Remain if this not the Last
3 Path

16. 0.4 Review Time to Move

- low hard to map Very hard to map very hard to map Integration lifelong, limits of level of
realization/integration become clear in
May not clearly see what to look
for/do next
4 cycles, time to look more closely
The Samatha Jhanas (Pure Concentration each other, such as the 3rd and 10th, and the 4th The Three Doors somethingness, perspective, space, anything
States) and 11th. It is easy to confuse these. anas 12-14 and subsequent entrances into you could remember or describe in even the
Basics: These states are temporary, enjoyable, Fruition involve the complete understanding of vaguest terms, it definitely was not a
conducive to developing strong concentration The Ten Corruptions of Insight of the 4th two of the Three Characteristics at the level of Fruition/emptiness.
and emotional balance. They are also ana Formations for three quick pulses. Formations
potentially addictive and can fool people into Illumination, knowledge, rapture, tranquility, are complete, momentary panoramic Have I Attained Stream Entry?
thinking they are ultimate insights. bliss, resolute confidence, exertion, assurance, experiences of the whole, undivided sensate Stream enterers cycle through anas 4-11 and
1st: applied and sustained attention (aiming equanimity and attachment. Perceiving the field simultaneously, including space and then 15 (see above) in all the hours of their
and rubbing), rapture, happiness, and Three Characteristics of these sensations everything in it. When we have gotten into the waking life. These are inescapable. Mere
concentration. moves things along. 11th ana with sufficient acceptance and intention to investigate causes the immediate
2nd: aiming and rubbing dropped, so rapture, precision, one of The Three Doors arises arising of the 4th ana. Be very careful about
happiness and concentration predominate. The Dark Night, anas 5-10 naturally. Thus, work to understand the Three what you say to people soon after attaining a
3rd: rapture dropped, so mindfulness and These are often difficult stages, but need not Characteristics in each of the vipassana jhanas path or what you think was a path. It is
equanimity predominate with bodily bliss be, so do not be scripted into having problems in a way that tries to be very inclusive. embarrassing to be wrong. Give things time, at
present. here. Make time for practice. Keep a firm hand least weeks or months, and see what holds up
4th: equanimity predominates, with neither on negativity. Keep difficult emotional side- The Four Paths of Enlightenment and what fades.
pleasant nor unpleasant feeling effects from bleeding out onto your life. 1st/Stream Enterer/Sotapanna: changes
predominating, basis for jhanas 5-8. Investigate all types of sensations that arise, relationship to attachment to rites and rituals,
5th: Boundless Space, equanimity no matter how unpleasant. Avoid rash personality belief, and skeptical doubt.
6th: Boundless Consciousness, equanimity decisions and harsh words if possible. Dharma Eye opens.
7th: Nothingness (out of phase with 2nd/Once Returner/Sakadagammi: changes
phenomena), equanimity relationship to part of everyday fundamental
8th: Neither Perception Nor Yet Non-perception attraction and aversion
9th: Nirodha Samapatti: Cessation of Perception 3rd/Never Returner/Anagami: changes
and Feeling, only attained by Anagamis with relationship to the rest of everyday
good samatha skills. fundamental attraction and aversion
Note: the siddhis/powers arise from pure 4th/Saint, Conqueror/Arahat: changes
concentration states. They are not related to relationship to conceit, attachment to formed
wisdom. Explore with caution, and good (1-4) and formless (5-8) jhanas, restlessness
guidance from experienced teachers. Avoid and worry, and the last veil of unknowing.
long side-tracks into this territory. Wisdom Eye opens beyond the cycles.

The Vipassana Jhanas The Tibetan Five Path and Ten Bhumi
These are like the samatha jhanas in some Models
ways, but they involve direct perception of the Path of Accumulation: corresponds to 1st-4th
Three Characteristics of sensations: anas.
impermanence at a very fine level (many Path of Renunciation/Unification: corresponds
times per second), no-self (that things arise on to 5th-11th anas.
their own and are not an observer), and Path of Seeing: corresponds to 12th-15th
suffering (the fundamental painful tension anas/stream entry, realization of ultimate
created by how the mind holds itself to prop bodhichitta.
up the illusion of a self, center-point, agent, Path of Meditation: corresponds to 16th ana
observer, doer, etc.). Each jhana has its sub- (Review) of stream entry through last stages
jhana aspects, like finer parts of a fractal. of Anagamihood or Arahatship. Also
encompasses the 1st-10th bhumis (complex
The anas topic).
These are stages of direct and heightened Path of No-Learning: Buddhahood, the 11th
perception of aspects of how sensate reality bhumi, possibly includes arahatship.
actually is. As our concentration and How the 11 Bhumis and the Four Paths
investigation improve, insight develops in a correspond is controversial and not essential
fairly predictable pattern regardless of to investigation or progress.
tradition. Each ana has its specific perceptual
thresholds, intensities, levels of clarity, Was that Emptiness (The 15th ana,
emotional and physical side effects, and Fruition)?
raptures. That said, some stages are similar to If there was any sense of time, duration,
experience, oneness, nothingness,
Do Not Be Fooled and can cause some substantial problems for practices that are conducive to progress
The Arising and Passing Away is very prone to those that believe them. They are more prone and insight.
fooling people into thinking they are to cause ugly shadow sides and serious denial
enlightened, as it brings so much insight and is of the obvious nature of the human condition Simple kindness to yourself and others, a
generally rather spectacular. Beware. In fact, than awakening. We are born human, and we
sense of humor, and clear awareness of
there are a very large number of experiences have to learn to deal with that. Realizations
that can fool even seasoned meditators into
thinking they are something much higher and
can change a fundamental aspect of how we
relate to phenomena. How phenomena
The Stages of the experiences of life are treasures to be
cultivated without restraint. Do not be
afraid to exert yourself in these areas.
more profound than they actually were. The
formless realms are another great example, as
manifest are subject to the laws of cause and
effect that have always been in place. Deny Insight Best wishes on your adventure into your
are profound unitive experiences that can the wide ranges of the heart and mind at your
temporarily arise in the pure concentration peril. Take care how you use your body and own heart, mind and body.
states (samatha jhanas). Realizations are not words in the face of these. Transcendence By
subject to the changing world, do not fade or comes hand in hand with a profound and Daniel M. Ingram, MD MSPH
change, and are not bound up in any direct intimacy with life. Cultivating a profound
experience of unity, duality, nothingness, bliss, and direct intimacy with life leads to
peace or anything else. Transcendence. You cant have the one
without the other. These maps and the associated
Advice for Diagnosing Where You Are terminology and meditation technology
Please be careful with all of this map can contribute to the skillful navigation of
terminology. It is extremely easy to be wrong. the territory of awakening.
Work with good teachers who know this
territory and have traversed it back and forth
Please do not become bound up in rigid
for many years. Retain a healthy and
inquisitive skepticism.
adherence to dogma, as all conceptual
If an event occurs, keep investigating with frameworks are at best crude descriptions
good concentration, mindfulness, precision, of a reality that is far richer and more
and equanimity. If it repeats itself many times, complex than can ever be told.
perhaps you will begin to get a good sense of
what it is, what proceeds it and follows it, what Maps can have the opposite effect,
has changed and not changed by its arising creating obsession with attainments,
and passing. judgment, comparison and competition
Even the most profound experiences come and that are simply unhelpful and potentially
go. destructive. Please try to avoid these.
That said, when trying to diagnose which ana
you are in, pay very careful attention to all
criteria, particularly the frequencies of Continued precise practice in sufficient
vibrations, what preceded it, what follows it, dose and with sufficient acceptance of the
what the emotional, physical and mental wide range of human experience at the
qualities associated with it are, and the sensate level is the essential point.
narrowness or width of your attention during
it. These can often but not always give you a These maps are merely tools to help keep
sense of where you are. This will be gone us from getting stuck, sidetracked,
instantly, so do not get stuck in your map trip; damaged or fooled on our journey.
it is not you. These stages and experiences are
not yours. They are a natural, causal part of Go to for
the universe doing its thing.
an extensive reading list, free online
Remember, continued investigation of the
Three Characteristics of whatever arises is the writings on this and other topics, a list of
key to wisdom. local groups that promote wisdom and
places to go on retreat, and other useful
Models of the Stages of Enlightenment things. The free online book Mastering the
often contain implied or explicit promises of Core Teachings of The Buddha, gives a
limiting the emotional range, the experiential very in-depth treatment of these maps and
range or the range of possible actions that can
occur. These models all err to various degrees