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Mediterranean Dialogue (MD) and the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative (ICI)

In 1994, NATO initiated a dialogue with six countries in the Mediterranean region: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia. In
February 2000, Algeria became the seventh participant in the Mediterranean Dialogue.
The Dialogue aims to enhance security and stability in the region through cooperative activities aimed at building confidence, transparency
and interoperability.
On June 2004, NATO launched the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative (ICI) aimed at engaging interested countries in the broader Middle East
region in bilateral cooperative activities.

In the 1990s, it became clear that developments in the Balkans and further
south, throughout the Mediterranean region, could have serious implications
for European security. The Brussels Summit Declaration of 1994 called for
efforts to strengthen stability in the Mediterranean region and stated that
progress in the Middle East Peace Process should be accompanied by further
efforts to promote dialogue, understanding and confidencebuilding in the

The Mediterranean Dialogue (MD) is conducted on a bilateral basis with each of the Mediterranean partners, but includes multilateral meetings
whenever appropriate. The dialogue is intended to address political topics as well as to sponsor practical military activities. It has been
regularly enhanced. Today, members of the MD can also sign Individual Cooperation Programs with NATO.
The Istanbul Cooperation Initiative (ICI) was launched in June 2004, as a cooperation framework offered to the countries of the broader
Middle East.
The Mediterranean Dialogue and the ICI are complementary, progressive and individualized processes.
In the spirit of joint ownership the NATO Training Cooperation Initiative was launched at the Riga Summit to share NATOs expertise in training
and education with its MD and ICI partners. A significant part of this initiative was the establishment of a Middle East Faculty at the NATO
Defense College. The Faculty was established and conducted the first 10week NATO Regional Cooperation Course in spring 2009.