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LBRCE\S&H\P AND S\TUTORIAL\NVN\19102013

Tutorial 1
Lecture by: N.V.Nagendram
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Problem 1: If the letters of the word REGULATIONS be arranged at random, what is the
chance that there will be exactly 4 letters between R and E?

55

Ans

Problem2: Find the probability that four Ss come consecutively in the word

165

MISSISSIPPI?

Problem 3: From 25 tickets, marked with the twenty first five numerals, one is drawn at
random. Find the chance that (i) it is multiple of 5 or 7.

8 2
,
25 5

(ii) It is multiple of 3 or 7.

Problem 4: Among the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 at first one is chosen and then a second selection is
made among the remaining four digits. Assuming that all twenty possible outcomes have
equal probabilities, find the probabilities that an odd digit will be selected (i) the first time ,
(ii) the second time and (iii) both the times.
Problem 5: From tickets with the first 25 numerals, one is drawn at random. Find the chance
that (i) it is multiple of 5 or 7 (ii) it is multiple of 3 or 7.
Problem 6: What is the probability of getting 9 cards of the same suit in one hand at a game
of bridge?
Problem 7: (a) Two cards are drawn at random from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards. Show
that the chance of drawing two aces is

1
.
221

(b) From a pack of 52 cards, three are drawn at random. Find the chance that they are a king,
a queen and a knave.
(c) Four cards are drawn from a pack of cards. Find the probability that
(i) all are diamond.
(ii) there is one card of each suit and

(iii) there are two spades and two hearts.

Problem 8: A bag contains 3 red, 6 white and 7 blue balls. What is the probability that two
balls drawn are white and blue?
Problem 9: What is the chance that a leap year selected at random will contain 53 Sundays?

LBRCE\S&H\P AND S\TUTORIAL\NVN\20102013

Tutorial 2
Lecture by: N.V.Nagendram
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Problem 10: The sum of two non-negative quantities is equal to 2n. Find the chance that
their product is not less than

3
times their greatest product.
4

[ans.1/2]
Problem 11: Four persons are chosen at random from a group containing 3 men, 2 women
and 4 children. Show that the chance that exactly two of them will be children is

10
.
21

Problem 12: Seven cards are drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. What is the
probability that 4 will be red and 3 black?
[Ans:

26

C4

52

26

C7

C3

Problem 13: What is the probability of having a knave and queen when two cards are drawn
from a pack of 52 cards?

[Ans:

8
]
663

Problem 14: A bag contains 7 white, 6 red and 5 black balls. Two balls are drawn at random.
Find the probability that they will both be white.

[Ans:

21
.]
153

LBRCE\S&H\P AND S\TUTORIAL\NVN\24102013

Tutorial 3
Lecture by: N.V.Nagendram
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Problem 1: An integer is chosen at random from the first 200 positive integers. What is the
probability that the integer chosen in divisible by 6 or 8?
[Ans:25/100 = 0.25]
Problem 2: A bag contains 4 red, 5 white and 7 black balls, if 2 balls are taken out at random
what is the probability that both of them will be black or both will be white? [Ans:131/120]
Problem 3: What is the probability that a card drawn at random from the pack of playing
cards may be either a queen or an ace?
[Ans:4/52+4/52=8/52=2/13]
Problem 4: The probability of a horse A winning a race is
winning the race is

1
and the probability of a horse B
5

1
what is the probability that ( i ) either of them will win ( ii) none of
4

them will win ?


Problem 5: If P(A) =

[Ans.
3
1
1
, P(B) =
and P(A B) =
find then
8
3
4

( i ) P(A) and P(B) ( ii ) P(A B) (iii) P(A B) (iv) P(A B)

9 11
,
]
20 20

LBRCE\S&H\P AND S\TUTORIAL\NVN\24102013

Tutorial 4
Lecture by: N.V.Nagendram.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Problem 1: The probabilities of a student getting first class, second class or third class at an
examination are

1 3 1
, ,
respectively, find the probability that he fails?
10 5 4

[Ans:1/20]
Problem 2: Of every 100 persons entering a news agency, 30 persons buy newspaper X, 40
buy newspaper Y and 20 persons buy both. What is the probability that a randomly selected
person buys neither of the two newspapers?
[Ans:
]
Problem 3: In a certain college, the students engage in various sports in the following
proportions:
Football: 60% of all students; Basketball: 50 % of all students and
Both Football and basketball: 30 % of all students. If a student is selected at random, what is
the probability that he will: ( i) play football or basketball ( ii ) play neither sport?
[Ans:0.80, 0.20]
Problem 4: A card is drawn at random from a well shuffled pack of cards. What is the
probability that is a heart or a queen?

[Ans:

4
13

]
Problem 5:One card is drawn from a pack of 52 cards, each of the 52 cars being equally
likely to be drawn. Find the probability of (i) the card drawn Is either red or a king ( ii ) the
card drawn is neither red nor a king?
]

[Ans:

7 6
,
13 13

LBRCE\S&H\P AND S\TUTORIAL\NVN\28102013

Tutorial 5
Lecture by: N.V.Nagendram.

Ref: Pg. 1- 34 to 1-40


Problem 1: Two dice, one green and the other red, are thrown. Let A be the event that the
sum of the points on the faces shown is odd, B be the event of at least one ace
(number 1)
( a ) Describe the ( i ) complete sample space ( ii ) Events A, B, B, A B, A B , and
A B and find their, probabilities assuming that all the 36 sample points have equal
Probabilities.
( b ) Find the probabilities of the events ( i ) (A B) ( ii ) (A B) ( iii ) (A B)
( iv ) (A B) (v) (A B) (vi) (A B) ( vii ) (A B) (viii ) A (A B)
( ix ) A (A B) (x) (A \ B ) and ( B \ A ) and ( xii ) (A \ B ) and ( B \ A ).
Problem 2: A bag contains 5 red and 7 black balls and a second contains 4 blue and 3 green
balls. A ball is taken out from each bag. Find the probability that ( i ) one ball is
red and the other blue ( ii ) one ball is black and the other green.[Ans. 5/21, 1/4]
Problem 3: There are two packs of cards one card is drawn at random from each pack. What
is the probability that ( i )both of them are black ( ii )they are of different colours[Ans.

1 1
,
4 2

].
Problem 4: The probabilities of a problem being solved by three students are
the probability that the problem will be solved.

1 1 1
, , : Find
2 3 4

[Ans.

3
]
4

Problem 5: Find the probability of the occurrence of a number greater than 2 in a throw of a
die if it is known that only even number can occur.

[Ans.

2
]
3

Problem 6: Two dice are thrown. Find the probability that the numbers appeared has a sum 8
if it is known that the second die always exhibits 4.

[Ans.

1
]
6

LBRCE\S&H\P AND S\TUTORIAL\NVN\28102013

Tutorial 6
Lecture by: N.V.Nagendram.

Problem 1: A Player has 7 cards in hand of which 5 are red and of those five 2 are kings A
card is known at random. Find the probability that it is a king. It being known that
it is red.

[Ans.

2
]
5

Problem 2: In a class 40% students read mathematics, 25 % biology and 15% both
mathematics and biology one student is selected at random. Find ( i ) the
probability that he reads mathematics if it is known that he reads biology ( ii )
The probability that he reads biology if he reads mathematics.

[Ans.

3 3
, ]
5 8

Problem 3: If A, B and C are random events in a sample space and if A, B and C are pair
wise independent and A is independent of B C, then prove that A, B and C are
mutually independent.
Problem 4: Out f (2n + 1) tickets numbered, consequently three tickets are drawn at random.
Find the probability that the numbers on them are in Arithmetical
3n
Progression. [Ans.
]
4n 2 1
Problem 5: For any two events A and B show that P(A B) P(A) P(A B) P( A ) + P(B)
Problem 6: If A and B throw alternately with a pair of ordinary dice. A win if he throws 6
before B throws 7 and B wins if he throws 7 before A throws 6. If A begins find
his chance of winning.

[Ans.

30
]
61

Problem 7: Two cards are selected at random from 10 cards numbered 1 to 10. Find the
probability P that the sum is odd if ( i ) the two cards are drawn ( ii ) two cards
are drawn one after the other without replacement (iii) two cards are drawn are
25
after the other with replacement.
[Ans. 10
C2
]

LBRCE\S&H\P AND S\TUTORIAL\NVN\22102013

Tutorial 7
Lecture by: N.V.Nagendram
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Problem 1: A factory has three production lines I,II and III contributing 20%, 30% and 50%
respectively, to its total output. The percentages of substandard items produced by lines I,II
and III are respectively. 15, 10 and 2. If an item chosen at random from the total output is
found to be substandard , what is the probability that the item is from line I?
Solution: We first represent the problem as below diagram:
E3
0.02
A
0.5

0.3E2
0.10
B

0.2
E1
0.15
C

By Bayes formula

P( E1 \ A)

P( E1 ) . P( A \ E1 )
3

P( E ) P( A \ E )

i 1
Hence the solution.

0.2 X 0.15
0.069
0.2 X 0.15 0.3 X 0.10 0.5 X 0.02

Problem 2: Two similar Urns, A,B contain 2 white and 3 red balls, 4 white and 5 red balls
respectively. If a ball is selected at random from one of the Urns, then find the probability
that the Urn is B, when ball is red?
Solution:
Urn
A
B

White balls
2
4

Red balls
3
5

The events of selecting the Urns are equally likely.


Let the event of selecting the first Urn A be E1 and the second Urn B be E2.
1
3
; P(R \E1) = Probability of drawing a red ball from the first urn =
2
5
5
P(R \E2) = Probability of drawing a red ball from the second urn =
.From Bayes theorem
9

P(E1) = P(E2) =

P ( E 2 \ R)

P( E2 ) . P( R \ E1 )
3

P ( Ei ) P ( R \ Ei )
i 1

1 5
X
2 9
1 3 1
X X
2 5 2

Hence the solution.


LBRCE\S&H\P AND S\TUTORIAL\NVN\29102013

25
52
Tutorial 8
Lecture by: N.V.Nagendram

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Problem 1: A factory has three production lines I,II and III contributing 20%, 30% and 50%
respectively, to its total output. The percentages of substandard items produced by lines I,II
and III are respectively. 15, 10 and 2. If an item chosen at random from the total output is
found to be substandard , what is the probability that the item is from line I?
[ Ans . 0.069]

Problem 2: Two similar Urns, A,B contain 2 white and 3 red balls, 4 white and 5 red balls
respectively. If a ball is selected at random from one of the Urns, then find the probability
that the Urn is B, when ball is red?
[ Ans .

25
]
52

Problem 3: Suppose that one of three men, a politician, a businessman, an educator will be
appointed as the chancellor of a university. The respective probabilities of their appointments
are 0.50, 0.30, and 0.20. The probabilities that search activities will be promoted by these
people if they are appointed are 0.30, 0.70, 0.80 respectively. What is the probability that the
research will be promoted by the new chancellor?
[ Ans . 0.52]

Problem 4: In 1989 there were three candidates for the position of principal Mr. Chatterji,
Mr. Ayangar and Dr. Singh whose chance of getting the appointment are in the proportion 4:
2 : 3 respectively. The probability that Mr.chatterji if selected would introduce co-education
in the college is 0.3. The probabilities of Mr. Ayangar and Dr. Singh doing the same are
respectively 0.5 and 0.8. What is the probability that there was co-education in the college in
1990?
[ Ans .

23
]
45

Problem 5: The contents of urns I, II and III are as follows:


1 white, 2 black and 3 red balls
2 white, 1 black and 1 red balls and
4 white, 5 black and 3 red balls. One urn is chosen at random and two balls
drawn. They happen to be white and red. What is the probability that they come
from urns I,II or III?
[ Ans .

33
]
118

Problem 6: Box I contain 3 red and 2 blue marbles while box II contains 2 red and 8 blue
marbles. A fair coin is tossed. If the coin turns up heads a marble is chosen from box I. If it
turns up tails a marble is chosen from Box II. Find the probability that a red marble is
chosen?
[ Ans .

2
]
5

LBRCE\S&H\P AND S\TUTORIAL\NVN\29102013

Tutorial 9
Lecture by: N.V.Nagendram
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Problem 7: In answering a question on a multiple choice test a student either knows the
answer or he guess. Let P be the probability that he knows the answer and I P the
probability that he guesses. Assume that a student who guesses at the answer will be correct
with probability 1/5, where 5 is the number of multiple choice alternatives. What is the
conditional probability that a student knew the answer to a question given that he answered it
correctly?
[ Ans .

5p
]
( 4 p 1)

Problem 8: In a bolt factory machines A,B and C manufacture respectively25%, 35% and
40% of the total of their output 5, 4, 2 % are defective bolts. A bolt is drawn at random from
the product and is found to be defective. What are probabilities that it was manufactured by
machines A,B and C?
[ Ans .

16
]
69

Problem 9: A restaurant serves two special dishes, A and B to its customers consisting of
60% men and 40% women, 80% of men order dish A and rest B. 70% of women order B and
the rest A. In what ratio of A to B should the restaurant prepare the two dishes?

[ Ans .

3
]
2

Problem 10: In a certain college, 4% of the men and 1% of the women are taller than 1.8m.
Furthermore, 60% of the students are women. Now, if a student is selected, at random and is
taller than 1.8m, what is the probability that the student is a women?
[ Ans .

3
]
11

Problem 11: Urn 1 has 2 white and 3 black balls. Urn II has 4 white and I black and Urn III
has 3 white and 4 black. An urn is selected at random and a ball is drawn at random is found
to be white. Find the probability that Urn I was selected?
[ Ans .

14
]
57

Problem 12: Suppose 5 men out of 100 and 25 women out of 10,000 are colour blind. A
colour blind person is chosen at random. What is the probability of the person being a male?
(Assuming male and female to be in equal numbers)
[ Ans . 0.952]

Problem 13: There are three bags, first containing 1 white, 2 red, 3 green balls; second 2
white, 3 red 1 green balls and third 3 white, 1 red, 2 green balls. Two balls are drawn from a
bag chosen at random. These are found to be one white and one red. Find the probability that
the balls so drawn came from the second bag?
[ Ans .

6
]
11

Problem 14: In a bolt factory, there are four machines A,B, C and D manufacturing 20%,
15%, 25% and 40% of the total output respectively. Of their outputs 5%, 4%, 3% and 2% in
the same order are defective bolts. A bolt is chosen at random from the factorys production
and is found defective. What is the probability that the bolt was manufactured by a machine A
or machine D?
[ Ans . 0.5715]

LBRCE\S&H\P AND S\TUTORIAL\NVN\22102013

Tutorial 10
Lecture by: N.V.Nagendram.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Problem 1: Four universities viz., 1, 2, 3 and 4 are participating in a holiday basketball
tournament. In the first round, 1 will play and 3 will play 4. Then the two winners will play
for the championship, and the two losers will also play. One possible outcome can be denoted
by 1324 (1 beats 2 and 3 beats 4 in first round games, and then 1 beats 3 and 2 beats 4).
(i) list all out comes in S
(ii) let A denote the event that 1 wins the tournament. List
outcomes in A.
(iii) Let B denote the event that 2 gets into the championship game. List outcomes in B.
(iv) What are the outcomes in A B and in A B? What are the outcomes in A?
Problem 2: Three components are connected to form a system as shown in the
accompanying diagram. Because the components in the 2-3 subsystem are connected in
parallel, that subsystem will function if at least one of the two individual component
functions. For the entire system to function, component 1 must function and so must the 2-3
subsystem.
2

The experiment consists of determining the conditions of each component [S success for a
functioning component and F failure for non-functioning component].

Objective Type Practice Test 3 LBRCE


Probability & Statistical Applications (I-MCA)
By N V Nagendram
1.) A bag contains 2 white and 3 black balls. Four persons A,B,C and D in the order named
each draw one ball and do not replace it. The person to draw a white ball receives Rs.200/Determine their expectations.
[Ans. Rs.80,Rs.60,Rs.40, Rs.20]
2.) There are three alternative proposals before a business man to start a new project:
Proposal
A

Description
Profit of Rs.5,00,000/- with a probability of 0.6 or a loss of
Rs.80,000/- with a probability of 0.4

Profit of Rs.10,00,000/- with a probability of 0.4 or a loss of


Rs.2,00,000/- with a probability of 0.6

Profit of Rs.4,50,000 with a probability of 0.8 or a loss of


Rs.50,000/- with a probability of 0.2.
If he wants to maximise the profits and minimize the loss, which proposal he should prefer.
[Ans. Proposal C]
3.) A dealer in refrigerators estimates before from his past experience the probabilities of his
selling refrigerators in a day. These are as follows:
Number of
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Refrigerators
sold in a day
Probability
0.03
0.20
0.23
0.25
0.12
0.10
0.07
Find the mean number of refrigerators sold in a day?
[Ans. 2.81]
4.) The probability that a man fishing at a particular place will catch 1,2,3,4 fish are 0.4, 0.3,
0.2 and 0.1 respectively. What is expected number of fish caught?
[Ans. 2]
5.) When 2 dice are rolled find the probability that the sum of the dots on the two faces is
even number less than 6?
[Ans.

1
]
9

6.) A, B are 2 independent events such that the probability of both the events to occur is
and the probability of both the events do not occur is

1
6

1
. Find the probability of A.
3

[Ans.

1
1
or ]
2
3

7.) In a group consisting of equal number men and women 10% of the men and 45% of the
women are unemployed. If a person is randomly selected from the group then find the
29
40

probability that the person is an employee.

[Ans.

]
8.) If P(A B)= 0.65, P(A B) = 0.15, then find the value of P( A ) + P( B ).

[Ans.1.2]

9.) Mr. A is called for 3 interviews. There are 5 candidates at the first interview, 4 at the
second and 6 at the third. If the selection of each candidate is equally likely then find the
probability that A will be selected for at least one post.

[Ans.

1
]
2

10.) A box contains 3 red and 7 white balls. One ball is drawn at random and in its place, a
ball of the other colour is placed in the box. Now if one ball is drawn at random from the box
then find the probability that it is a red ball.
[Ans. 0.34]
11.) The probability that a boy will get a scholarship is 0.9 and that a girl will get is 0.8. What
is the probability at least one of them will get the scholarship?
[Ans. 0.98]
12.) A committee of 6 is to be formed from 7 men and 4 women calculate the probability that
the committee will consist of (i) exactly 2 women (ii) at least 2 women.

[Ans.

5 53
;
11 66

]
13.) If 7 cards are drawn at random, from a pack of 52 cards then find the probability that 3 of
them are red and 4 are black?
[Ans.
26

C3 X 26C 4
]
52
C7

14.) A,B ,C are three routes from the house to the office. On any day, he route selected by the
officer is independent of the climate. On a rainy day, the probabilities of reaching the office
late, through these routes are

1 1 1
,
, respectively. If a rainy day, the officer is late to the
25 10 4

office then find the probability that the route to be B.


15.) Three boxes numbered, I,II and III contain balls as follows:
Box
White
Black
I
1
2

[Ans.

Red
3

10
]
39

II
2
1
1
III
4
5
5
One box is randomly selected and a ball is drawn from it. If the ball is red, then find the
probability that it is from box II.

1
]
4

[Ans.

16.) The probability that India wins a cricket match against England is given to be

1
. If
3

India and England play, 3 matches, what is the probability that, (i) India will lose all the three
matches

(ii) India will win at least one match?

[Ans.

8
,
9

1
]
9

17.) If one card is drawn at random from a pack of well shuffled cards then find the
probability that all the 4 numbers to be aces.

[Ans.

4 X 3X 2 X 1
]
52 X 51X 50 X 49

18.) When 3 dice are rolled, find the probability, that the sum on the three dice is 6 or less?
[Ans.

5
54

19.) Six boys and six girls sit in a row. Find the probability of (i) all the girls sit together (ii)
all the girls sit together and also boys sit together ?
[Ans.
7!6! 2(6!) 2
;
]
12!
12!

20.) A, B, C are aiming to shoot a balloon. A will succeed 4 times out of 5 attempts. The
chance of B to shoot the balloon is 3 out of 4 and that of C is 2 out of 3. If the three aim the
balloon simultaneously, then find the probability that at least two of them hit the balloon.
[Ans.

5
]
6

21.) A college is divide into 2 groups. The first group consists of 5 science and 3 engineering
subjects, where as the second group consists of 3 science and 5 engineering subjects. A die is
rolled, a subject from the first group is selected if the die shows 3 or 5 and otherwise a subject
from the second group is selected. Find the probability of selecting the engineering subject?
[Ans.

13
]
24

22.) There are 3 black and 4 white balls in one bag. 4 black and 3 white balls in the second
bag. A die is rolled and the first bag is selected if it is 1 or 3, and the second bag for the rest.
11
]
21
1 1 1
23.) The probabilities of 3 students to solve a problem in mathematics are
, ,
2 3 4

Find the probability of drawing a black ball, from the bag, thus selected?

[Ans.

respectively. Find the probability that the problem to be solved?

[Ans.

3
]
4

1
4

24.) If E1, E2, E3 are independent events are as follows: P( E1 E 2 E3 ) ,


1
1
P( E1 E 2 E3 ) , P ( E1 E 2 E3 ) , then find P(E1), P(E2) and P(E3)?
8
4

[Ans.

1 1 1
, , ]
2 3 4

25.) There are 7 red and 3 white marbles in an urn. If 3 marbles are randomly drawn from I,
one after another, then find the probability for the first 2 being red and the third being white?
*** *** ***

[ans.

7
]
40

Objective Type Practice Test 2 LBRCE


Probability & Statistical Applications (I-MCA)
By N V Nagendram
1.

The dice are rolled simultaneously. The probability of getting 12 spots is _______

2.

Given that P(A) =

1
1
1
, P(B) = , P(A/B) = , the probability (B/A) is equal to ____
3
4
6

3.
4.

Also P(B/ A ) for problem 2 is ________________


A number is selected randomly from each of the two sets
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 then the probability that the sum of the numbers is equal to 9 is__
5. In tossing three coins at a time, the probability of getting atmost one head is____
6. For any two events A and B, P (A B ) is equal to ______________
7. Out of 20 employees in a company Five are graduates. Three employees are selected at
random. The probability of all three being graduates is ____________
1
3
11
, P(B) = , and P(A B) =
then P(B/A) = _____________
3
4
12

8.

Given that P(A) =

9.

A coin is tossed six times. The probability of obtaining heads and tails alternately is
___________________
What pair of dice thrown at a time, the probability of getting a sum more than that of 9 is
_____________
An urn contains 5 yellow, 4 black and 3 white balls. Three balls are drawn at random. The
probability that no black ball is selected is _____________________
Four cards are drawn from a pack of 52 cards. The Probability that out of 4 cards being 2 red
and 2 black is ___________________
The probability of throwing an odd sum with two fair dice is _________________
Out of 20 employees in a company, five are graduates. Three employees are selected
at random. The Probability of all the three being graduates is ___________________

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

15. One of the two events much happen; given that the chance of one is
in favour of the other is ________________

1
of the other. The odd
4

16. If A tells truth 4 times out of 5 and B tell truth 3 times out of 4. The probability that both
expressing the same fact contradict each other is _______________________________
17. In answering a question on a multiple choice test, an examinee either knows the answer with
probability p or the guess with probability (1 p). Let the probability of answering the
question correctly be 1 for an examines who knows the answer and

1
who guesses ( m
m

being the number of the multiple choice alternatives)


18. There are two bags one bag contains 4 red and 5 black balls and the other 5 red and 4 black
balls. One ball is to be drawn from either of the two bags. The probability of drawing a black
ball is _____________________
19. A machine part is produced by three factories A, B and C. Their proportional production is
25, 35 and 40% respectively. Also the % defectives manufactured by three factories are 5, 4
and 3 respectively. A part is taken at random and is found to be defective. The probability that
selected part belongs to factory B is ______________
20. The chance that doctor A will diagnose a disease X correctly is 60%. The chancethat a patient
will die by his treatment after correct diagnosis is 40% and the chance of death by wrong
diagnosis is 70%. A patient of doctor A, who had disease X, died. The probability that his
disease was diagnosed correctly as ________________________
21. A can hit a target 2 times in 5 shots. B 3 times in 5 shots and C 4 times in 5 shots. They fire a
valley (each try once to hit the target). The probability that two shots hit is _____
22. If one card is selected at random from 100 cards numbered as 00,01, ,99. Suppose x and y
are the sum and product of the digits on the select card. If I is the whole number, the
probability P(x = I /y = 0)
23. There is 80% chance that a problem will be solved by a statistics student and 60 % chance is
there that the same problem will be solved by the mathematics student. The probability that at
least the problem will be solved is __________________________
24. If a bag contains 4 white and 3 black balls. Two draws of 2 balls are successively made, the
probability of getting 2 white balls at first draw and 2 black balls at second draw when the
balls drawn at first draw are replaced is _____________________________
25. In a city 60% read newspaper A, 40% read newspaper B and 30% read newspaper C, 20 %
read A and B, 30% read A and C, 10% read B and C. Also 15% read papers A, B and C. The
% of people who dont read any of these newspapers is ______________________

**********

***************

*********

KEY PracticeTest-2

LBRCE\S&H\NVN\PS-27062013

1. 25/215

2.

1/8

3. 5/16

4. 7/64

5.

6. P(A) P(AB)

7. 1/ 114

8.

1 /2

9. 1 / 32

10. 1/6

11. 7/55

12. 650/833

13.

14. 1/114

15. 1 : 4

16. 7/20

17. mp/[1+(m-1)p]

18. 1/2

19. 4 /11

20

21. 58 /125

22. 19 /100

23. 0.92

25. 15%.

6 / 15

24. 2 / 49

Objective Type Practice Test 1 LBRCE


Probability & Statistical Applications (I-MCA)
By N V Nagendram
1. A box contains 3 black and 5 white balls. If a ball is drawn at random what is the
probability that it is (i) black (ii) White ?
2. If a page is randomly selected from a book of 100 pages, then find the probability that the
sum of the digits of the page is 10?
3. When 2 dice are rolled simultaneously find the probability for the sum on the two faces
will be 10?
4. When 4 coins are tossed simultaneously, find the probability to get 2 heads and 2 tails?
5. When 3 coins are tossed simultaneously, find the probability to get at least one head?
6. Find the probability, that a non-leap year contains (i) 53 Sundays (ii) 52 Sundays?
7. If a card is drawn from a pack of cards, then find the probability for the card to be (i) an
ace (ii) a club?
8. If 6 cards are drawn at random, from a pack of cards, then find the probability to get 3 red
and 3 black cards?
9. If a number is selected at random from the natural numbers 1 to 10, then fnd the
probability for the number to be (i) prime number (ii) a perfect square?
10. If 3 English , 4 Telugu and 5 Hindi books are arranged in a shelf in one row then find the
probability that the books of the same language are side by side?
11. If 3 cards are drawn from a pack of cards, then find the probability for the cards to be a
king, a queen and a jack?
12. When 2 dice are rolled find the probability to get an even number on each die.
13. A bag contains 12 two rupee coins, 7 one rupee coins, 4 half rupee coins. If 3 coins are
selected at random, then find the probability that (i) the sum of the 3 coins is maximum (ii)
the sum of the 3 is minimum (iii) each coin is of different value ?
14. The probabilities of A and V to pass an examination are

2
3
,
. Find the probability
10 10

that only one of them, to pass the examination.


15. In an experiment of drawing a card from a pack, the event of getting a spade is denoted
by A, and getting a pictured card(King, Queen or Jack) is denoted by B. Find the probabilities
of A and B. Explain the events A B, A B and also find their probabilities.
16. If 2 cards are drawn from a pack of cards then find the probability for getting at least one
club?
17. In a class of 60 boys and 20 girls, half of the boys and half of the girls know cricket. Find
the probability of a person selected from the class is either a boy or a person who knows
cricket?

18. In a box containing 15 bulbs, 5 are defective. If 5 bulbs are selected from the box, at
random then find the probability of the event, that (i) None of them is defective (ii) only ne of
them is defective and (iii) At least one of them is defective?
19. A and B are seeking admission into EAMCET. If the probability for A to be selected is 0.5
and that of both to be selected is 0.3, is it possible that, the probability of B to be selected is
0.9?
20. For any two events A and B, show that

P ( A B ) 1 P ( A B ) P ( A) P ( B ) .

21. Two persons A and B are rolling a die, on the condition that the person who gets 3, will
win the game. If A starts the game, then find the respective probabilities of A and B to win the
game?
22. A and B are rolling dice, on the condition that the person who gets a sum of 9 on both the
dice, will win the game. If A starts the game, then show that the ratio of their probabilities of
winning the game is 9 : 8.
23. A, B, C are 3 News Papers published from a city. 20% of the population read A, 16% read
B, 14% read C, 8% both A and B, 5% both A and C, 4% B and C and 2% read all the three.
Find the % of the population who read at least one paper?
24. If one ticket is randomly selected from, tickets numbered 1 to 30 then find the probability
that the number on the ticket is (i) a multiple of 5 or 7 (ii) a multiple of 3 or 5?
25. If a card is drawn from a well shuffled pack then find the probability that, the card is a
king or queen?
26. If 4 cards are drawn at a time from a pack of cards then find the probability that 4 cards to
be a king, a queen, a jack and an ace.
27. in an experiment of rolling 2 dice, find the probability that, the dots on the second die is
less than that on the first die.
28. The probability for a contractor to get a road contract is
contract is

2
and to get a building
3

5
4
. The probability to get at least one contract is
. Find the probability to get
9
5

both the contracts.


29. A bag contains 2 white, 3 black and 4 green balls. If 2 balls are drawn from it, one after
another then find the probability that the first one is white and the second one is black?
30. There are 2 white and 4 black balls in urn A; there are 4 white and 7 black balls. If one
ball is randomly replaced from A into B, and a ball is drawn from B then find the probability
for the ball to be a white one?
***

***

KEY Test 1 LBRCE

***
By N V Nagendram

01.

5
,
8

07.

1 1
,
13 4

3
8

02.

9
100

1
12
3
04.
8
7
05.
8

03.

06.
6
7

1
,
7

26

08.

C 3 X 26C 3
52
C6

4
3
,
10 10
(3!) 2 ( 4!)(5!)
10.
12!

09.

64
C3

11.

52

12.

1
4

13.

12C3 4 C3
,
,
23
C3 23C3

12 X 7 X 4
23
C3
19
14.
50
1 3
3 11
,
,
,
4 13 52 26
15
16.
34
7
17.
8

15.

18.

12 50 131
,
,
143 143 143

19. No

20. ****

21.

6 5
,
11 11

22. 9 : 8
23. 35%
24.

1 7
,
3 15

25.

2
13

26.

52

256
C4

5
12
19
28.
45
1
29.
12

27.

30.

16
39