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Annotated Bibliography

How are Minorities portrayed on Television and in Media?

Jerrell Mobley

Professor Malcolm Campbell


CLASS
0ctober, 17 2016

Annotated Bibliography

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Ansari, Aziz. Aziz Ansari on Acting, Race and Hollywood. New York Times. 10 Nov. 2015.
Web. 14 Oct. 2016.
This is a popular article written by one of the most famous people in Hollywood today.
Ansari talks about how Indian roles and minorities are limited to a small category or what
stereotype they have been given. Also how many roles goes to what he calls the
everyday man or in other words a straight white male, he also mentions white actors
using brown face in portraying Indian actors. For example, Ansari mentions a movie he
saw as a child called Short Circuit 2, he believed at first that the main character was a
Indian actor but it turned out to be just brown face. Ansari basically said this awakened
him how white Hollywood is. Also he said it to be difficult to cast an Asian actor for a
role in his show, Masters of None, because the options are limited to what he can choose
from. He as well give stats on how many lead roles went to minorities In 2013,
according to a recent report produced by the Ralph J. Bunche Center for African
American Studies at U.C.L.A., only 16.7 percent of lead film roles went to minorities
stated in his article. This article is credible not only does it contain information that can
be traced, the writer of the article has personal experience in dealing with the struggles
for more minority roles on television and movies. He is more objective in what he talks
about never truly diving into any emotions from what he talks about, just giving his
personal accounts on the issue. This is a popular article meant to inform the people on
things they wouldnt really notice if It wasnt brought to their attention. This article dives
into the topic of more diversity in the Hollywood industry that arent solely based on
negative stereotypes. As well Ansari has useful statistics that could be used in solidifying
my argument. This article got me thinking that there is more than just black and white

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there are shades in between that we need to focus on as well. All minorities needs to be
recognized more for what they do.

Cortes, Carlos. A Long Way to Go: Minorities and the Media. Central For Media Literacy.
n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2016
This is a popular source that refers to how decisions are made on what stereotypes are
own television and in media are made, as well as ways minorities are counteracting the
way they are viewed. Cortes talks about mass media influencing the way we view certain
cultures only based of what major media outlets feeds us without truly understanding the
situation they are in. For example, he talks about how game show contestants
immediately linked east LA with gangs without hesitation. East LA is known for Mexican
gangs Cortes linked this to media coverage of those areas and how they only report on
negative events. He as well talked about how minorities are trying to shape their own
image. An example, Native Americans creating their own news out lets, having radio
stations in different languages also the creation of networks like BET. Cortes writes that
minorities know how they are being portrayed and as well know that they can change the
scope of how they are viewed in America. The author has written quite a view books and
has published many articles. This source is objective not much of a bias in what he is
saying. Informs us of social injustices and what minorities are doing to counteract the
trend. The audience is intended to reach out to everyone and inform people of the
struggles different minority groups face. This source adds on to other information I have
gathered from other articles. This article is helpful to my research I didnt gain much new
information but still I got some. It has help with my argument but hasnt changed the way

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I have viewed my topic. I do not believe I need this article for my paper but still is
valuable information.
Hoag, Christina. Diversity in Hollywood. CQ RESEARCHER. 2016. Web. 11 Oct. 2016
This is an academic article that focuses on racial biases and inequality in Hollywood. The
author hits on all aspects faced by minorities from race, religion, sexual orientation as
well as gender. The main focus was on how Hollywood doesnt diversify its cast in
television and movies, tending to stick to white male leads, directors, executives, and
chairmen. The article stated that only 13% of roles are given to minorities leads as of
2015. Hoag also takes in account discrimination faced by women especially women of
color in the industry. Hoag said they are limited to certain roles and to have a lead female
character or anyone in the Hollywood industry is rare. She gave other examples of brown
face and black face that occurred as well. In the article Hollywood have faced recent
backlash for white-washing minorities and certain roles. For example, Emma Stone
played a half Hawaiian women in Aloha. So hashtags like #OscarsSoWhite were
trending. This author is very credible citing an extsentsive amount of sources for her
article. Hoag was very objective in her argument putting no personal emotion into what
she was saying giving straight facts and examples. The article is an academic article the
article is intended for people who seem to be willing to understand a change needs to
occur in the industry in order to keep up with the changing times. By 2060 their should be
more minorities than whites. This article is more details than the others and more factual
no emotion based. This article gives me more insight into my topic, feeling in some
questions I had before even attempting this subject. This sources will be used in my topic

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just by how much information was given in the article, this should help me far a long in
what I need to accomplish for my topic.
Horton, Yurii, Raagan, Price and Eric Brown. Portrayal of Minorities in the Film, Media and
Entertainment Industries. EDGE. 1 June. 1999. Web. 11 Oct. 2016
This academic article talks about the negative stereotypes that are given to minorities on
television. The article is mainly focused own black perception on television. The authors
states that many negative stereotypes are placed on African Americans and that people
stereotype blacks by what they see on television, it becomes ingrained at an early age.
Horton, Brown and Price article raises questions on what we watch on television and
movies. For example, they talk about Jar-Jar from Star Wars. He was supposed to be
portrayed as a Rastafarian, stupid, bumbling with big lips and long dreads. Some critics
compared him to a slave servant and viewed his heroism as a joke in a sense. Another
example, the movie, Birth of a Nation, a movie solely dedicated to the defamation of
African Americans. This film glorified white men and made blacks look like savages.
One of the earliest films of racial stereotypes, and having support from the ku klux klan.
The authors are objective in the article giving a bias without stating any other claims or
something that could refute this argument. But, it also serves as a reliable source giving
examples from past television shows and movies. Doing extensive amount of research
dating back to the 1880s. This article is an academic source all authors were students at
Stanford University. The authors want to reach out to a variety of groups, this article is
only limited to the ones who cannot read. The article states a strongly opinionated point
of view but, one that is needed for my paper. This article is a little bit dated in its research
as we have had almost to decades of information to add to this article, but its still useful. I

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can use this article to for the examples it has throughout the paper, as well as quote
statements from that are useful to the article. This document is one of the more biased of
all that I have read as well as the one with the most examples to use.