MODERNIZED:
THE KING'S INDIAN DEFENSE
Dejan Bojkov
METROPOLITAN CHESS PUBLISHING
First Published in the US by Metropolitan Chess Publishing 2014 Copyright© 2014 Dejan Bojkov First Edition
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form without written permission from the Publisher.
ISBN 13: 
9780985628109 
ISBN 10: 
0985628103 
Cover by Elena Rose Dadural Edited by Lawrence Stevens Printed in the US by Lone Star Press
Metropolitan Chess Publishing is an imprint of Metropolitan Chess, Inc
Metropolitan Chess, Inc., PO Box 25 1 12, Los Angeles, CA 900250 1 12 email: info@metrochessla.com website: www.metrochessla.com
METROPOLITAN CHESS PUBLISHING
Commissioning Editor: Ankit Gupta EditorinChief: Lawrence Stevens
Assistant Editor: Alej andro Ruiz, Jr.
Contents
Introduction 
5 

1 The Classical Variation 
15 

1a Flexibility in the Classical Variation 
17 

1b The Gligoric System 
67 

1c The Exchange System 
91 

1d The Petrosian System 
107 

2 The Samisch Variation 
121 

3 The 
Four Pawns Attack 
189 
4 The Averbakh System 
213 

5 The Bagirov Line 
237 

6 The Fianchetto System 
273 

Solutions to the Exercises 
307 
Index of Variations
355
Symbols
_{!}_{!} 
Good move Excellent move 
? 
Bad move Blunder Deserves attention Dubious 
?? 

!? 

?! 

# 
Checkmate 
D 
Forced; the only move Unclear position 
oo 

= 
Equal position 
;!; 
Slight advantage for White 
+ 
Slight advantage for Black 
± 
Distinct advantage for White 
+ 
Distinct advantage for Black 
+ 
White is winning 
+ 
Black is winning 
t 
with the initiative 
� 

with the attack insufficient compensation for the material sufficient compensation for the material with counterplay with the idea better is Novelty Time pressure 
Introduction
D ear reader, you are holding in your hands a book on my beloved opening, the King's Indian Defense. I started playing this line in my youthful
days after reading the fa mous book by David Bronstein about the Interzonal
tournament in ZurichNeuhausen 1953 . It was the time when the defense appeared in elite tournaments and never left.
I witnessed Garry Kasparov's glorious career and followed his final match against his great rival Anatoly Karpov when Kasparov did not fear to use the KID and even won the match. My passion for the King's Indian remains undiminished all these years . For some people it is a religion. Many of my fr iends have tried to convince me that this opening is positionally unsound. White is taking more space and controls the center better. I strongly disagree. The KID is fo unded on strong fu ndamentals; the center is temporarily given up but can later be attacked and destroyed, while Black's control of key squares can compensate for his lack of space. Have a look at the following example:
Skembris · Van Wely
Skei 1993
White indeed has more space, but his position is strategically lost. His gain of space has opened up some weaknesses in his camp, specifically the d4 square. At the same time,
Introduction
5
is well
covered by the
unreachable by the white knight .
14.a3 c5/
This fixes the white pawns on the color of Black's own bishop, and pre pares a standard knight maneuver.
15. b5 Nc 7 16 . Be2
Of no relief is 16 .Nxe5 due to
is
the analogous square on d5
black
pieces
and
Re6 17. Ng4 f5 18.Ne3 f4 19.Nd5
Nxd5 20.cxd5 Rxe4++, while 16.Rdl Re6 17. Rd8+ only helps Black to
Kg7
proceed with his idea:
16
17
18.Be2 Re7+.
16 Re6 17. 000 ReB+
White can do nothing to fa ce the establishment of the black knight on d4 . After this, Black can either prepare the f5 breakthrough, or he
can even open the position on the queen's flank at the proper moment. Probably not fa miliar with this game from two months before, Polgar,
with 17
threw away the edge. Now White uses the open afile to release the pressure. 19.Kb2 Re7 20.Rd6 Ne8 2l.Rd5 axb5 22.axb5 b6 23.Ral Rxal 24.Kxal f6 25.Rd8 Bb7 26.Nd2 f5 27.exf5 gxf5 .
Kg7 18.a4 a6, rushed and
The game was later drawn, Huebner Polgar, Biel Interzonal 1993 .
18. Rhe1 f6 19. Rd6 Kf7 20.Nd2
Ke 7 21.Rd3 Ne 6 22.g3 h5 23. h4 Nd4 24 .Nf1 b6 25. Ne3 Bb7 26 .(3
Kd6, answer
28.Nd5
Rxf2+.
26 Rg8 27.Bd1 Kd6 28. Rd2
_{R}_{a}_{f}_{8} 29 . a4 f5 30 . exf5 gxf5 31.(4
Probably more stubborn is 3l.g4 hxg4 32.fxg4 f4 33.Nf5+ Rxf5 34.gxf5
e4+.
31 Rxg3 32. Nc2
Better was 32.fxe5+, which is an
swered by 32
f3 35.Bg4+ Kxe5 36.Nf5+ Kf4+.
32 Be4 33.fxe5+ Kxe5 34.Nxd4
cxd4 35. Bxh 5 Rh8 36.Bf7 Rxh4
37. Kb2 Rhh3 38. c5 bxc5 39. a5
Ra3 40. a6 Ra4 41. Be8 c4 42. Rf2 Rb3+ 01
Ke 6 33.Rf2 f4 34.Bxh5
ing
If26.Nd5+ then 26
27. Nxf6
with
27
Rf8
6
Introduction
I n order to better understand the King's Indian Defense, one needs to appreciate the importance of
Black's darksquared bishop. This mighty piece on the long diagonal is the pride and the joy of any KID player. The black squares are the territory of the second player, yet the bishop might in fa ct not even be needed for the second player to demonstrate this:
Qhl#.) 18
Ng3+ 19.hxg3 Qxf8
20.Nfl Qh6+ 21.Nh2 Kg7+
And now if 22.Bfl then 22 23.Kxh2 Rh8 mate. 
Qxh2+ 

17 
Qxg5 18. Nfl 

If 18.Bfl then 
18 
Kg7!? 
intend 

ing 
Rh8. 

18 
(5� 
With
the
attack.
The
outcome
of
Black's idea is very impressive, and the position of his pieces on the king's flank is quite fr ight ening.
19. exf5
Nh3+
Not
19.Qcl
Nf4
20.g3
Here, Ilya Smirin introduced a 
21.Kg2 f4+. 

fabulous novelty, based on his deep 
19 
gxf5 
20. a3 a41 

understanding of the position: 
Energetic play on both flanks! 

15 
Bf6l!N 16. Bxh6 
If 20 
Nf4 then 21 .g3. 

Rejecting the offer would not save 
21. 
b4 

White fr om probl ems: 16 .a3 Bg5 
Or 21.bxa4!? 

17.Bf2? Bxd2 18.Qxd2 Nxb3+. 
21 
Nb3+ 
16 Bg5/
The point behind Black's maneu ver. Without the blacksquared bish op, White can do nothing to control his darksquared perimeter.
17. Bxg5
The exchange is poison, as Black will mate on the dark squares:
17.Bxf8? Be3+ 18.Khl (Also mating
is 18. Kfl Qh4 19. Ndl Ng3+ 20. hxg3
Introduction
7
Smirin's inspired play has given him the advantage, which he later converted into a full point on move 47.
As we have seen, the positional pawn sacrifice is one of the strategi cal ideas to prove superiority on the dark squares. However, we also have another strong weapon in our arsenal, the attack with oppositecolored bishops:
Kamsky  Kasparov
Ma nila (o l) 1992
Kamsky has an extra pawn, but it's no consolation. The open files and diagon als, and above all the fa ct that
Black is using one extra piece at least (the bishop!) in the attack, makes his position resignable.
31. Qe2
If all the white pawns leave the black squares, White will have no
control over them: 31.b3 Rc8 32.Kc2
Rxc4+! 33 .bxc4 Rb2++.
31 Qa7 32. Rcl
34.Kc2
RaB 33. b3 Bf4
34
Re7
in
trading his bishop for a rook!
35. Qd3 Qc5 36.Rbl Re3 37. Qd4
Ra2+ 38.Kdl
Rxb2+
Kasparov
is
not
interested
It's
mate
after
38.Rb2
39.Qxb2 Be5 40.Qa2 Rc3+.
38 Rxf3
There
were
38
other
Re8!?
41.Rxc3
wins
as
well,
Qb4
42.Kcl
for
40.Qc3
Rel mate.
example
Qxc3
39.Rd3
Rd2+
Qgl+
41.Kc2 Qxh2+ 01
You will have noticed that the attack was conducted mainly on the squares of the color of the black bishop.
39. Qxf4
Rxf4
40. Rxa2
8
Introduction
In the KID, players are not afraid to sacrifice material, even for strate gical purposes. You saw what Smirin did in his game against Naumkin. Here is an example of a successful blockade:
Kotov  Gligoric
Candidates To urnament 1953
Svetozar Gligoric was one of the leading forces behind the KID all his life. In this game he demonstrated a remarkable idea.
ll
14.Ngl
e4! 12.fxe4 (4! 13. Bf2 Nd7!
Not 14.e5?! Nxe5 15. Bxh7+ Kh8t
16.000 Qg5 
17.Kbl 
Qxg2 
18.Ne4 

Nf6 
19.Rhgl 
Qf3 20. Nxf6 
Rxf6 
21.Nc3 Qh5 22 .Be4 Bg4+.
14
Qg5 15. Bfl Ne 5';.
Thanks to the pawn sacrifice, Black has managed to build a strong central position. Gligoric does not stop so soon, though.
16.Nf3
18. 000 Nf6 19. h3 Bd7
Qe7
1 7.Nxe5
Qxe5
a6!? 20.Bd3
b5
2l.cxb5 axb5 22.Bxb5 Ba6
2l.a4
axb5 22.Bxb5 Bd7 23.Rhel Bxb5
24.Nxb5 Nh5t.
20 . Bd3 a6 21. N bl! (3 !?
Another plan is 19
Bd7
21.Rel
19
b5!?
(20.a4!?
Also
Nh5t)
a6
20
20.cxb5
Kotov was threatening to bring his knight into the action via d2 and f3, and Gligoric is not afraid of sacri ficing another pawn!
Introduction
9
Also possible was 2l Rae8!? followed by:
a) 22.Nd2 Ba4! 23.b3 (23. Qxa4
24.Nbl Bd7 25.Rdel
b5=.
Nh5
Ng3
24.Nf3 Qh5 25.Rhgl b5+t.
.Be8!? 22.Nd2
Nxe4!) 23
Qal+
b) 22.Rdel
23.Nd2
Another idea is 2l
Ba4! 23.b3 (if23. Qxa4 then 23
Nxe4)
Qal+
26.e5!? Bxe5
Rg8oo.
23
24.Nbl
Be8!
27. Bxh7+
25.Bel
Kh8
Nd7
28. Bd3
22.gxf3 Nh5 23. Nd2 Nf4
The outcome of Black's strategy:
his pieces on the freed f4 and e5 squares are dominating the position and the long diagonal is in complete control. White's pieces lack air because of their own pawns. Black has rich compensation for the pawns and went on the attack after
24. Bfl b5!
We are much obliged to the Yu goslavian GM for another powerful idea, the positional exchange sacri fice:
Avery • Gligoric
USA 1971
21
Rf4!
"I found this move easily over the board. The exchange sacrifice solves all Black's strategical problems. It introduces into the action the passive bishop on g7 and the knight, and Black even gets some material compensation for the exchange." Needless to say, this pattern is now commonly recognized by any chess player.
22. Bxf4 
exf4 
23. Nd3 
Qxg5+ 
24.Rc2 
Not 24. Nxf4? Bh6 .
24 Rf8 25. Kdl a3! 26.Ncl Ba4
The game was eventually drawn 
27.Nb3 Bb2 

at move 41. 
With the idea 28 
Bxb3 
29. axb3 

a2. 

28.Rxb2 

If 
28.Rc6 
then 
28 
Bxb3+! 
29.axb3 Qe5 30.Rxa6 Bc3+.
28 axb2
Nf6
33.Kbl g5+
29. Qxb2 RbB! 30. Qd2
Qe5
31.Kcl
Bxb3
32. axb3
10
Introduction
34 .Rc1 g4 35. Rc7 Nh71 36. Ka2
h41
39. Bf3 Qd4 40. Rc4 Qe3 01
Rf8
Ng5
37. Qe2
38.fxg4
The strategic ideas in the King's Indian Defense can be the subject of another complete book, so rich in ideas is the KID! I will just mention the pawn chains. The situation of the pawns, especially in the positions with the closed center, obliges both sides to play on their flanks. For White this is usually the queen's flank where he has the better quality pawns, thanks to the wedge on d5, while Black attacks the king side. In these doubleedged situations . the main question is "Who is fa ster?", and an experienced KID player is not afraid of sacrificing material.
W e have seen the sacrifices of the pawn(s) and the exchange, but Black can also sacrifice:
I) A Piece
Miroshnichenko  Bojkov
European Individual Chess Championship, Plovdiv 2008
It seems as if I need to retreat, after which White will most proba bly smash me on the queenside. But I know that King's Indian players do not retreat.
Nc xe4! 13. Ndxe4 Nx e4
14.Nxe4 f5 15.Nc3 f4 16.Bd2 e4 1 7. 00 e3 18.Be1 axb4 19.axb4 Rxa1 20. Qxa1
12
Introduction
11
20
(8!
21.gxf8 Bh8
With lively doublededged play. The game ended in a draw, which satisfied both opponents.
2) ARook
Rg7 +) 23 25.Rf2 D
Nxg2! 28.Kxg2 Rg7++) 24
now:
Nh5 24.B f2 (2 4. Bh2 Be3+
27.Qel
Qh4 26.Nd3 Ngf4
Ngf4 and
Nxe2+
27.Kh2
29. Kg2
KhB+) 28
30.Nd3 Qc8+ 3l.Kh4 (31.Kh2 Nxfl+
32.Khl Nfg3+ 33. Bxg3 Nxg3+ 34. Kgl
33.N el
h5!+.
Nhg 3! 29. Rxf7 Kxf7
Bxg3 30. Qe8+ R{B 31. Qe6+
25.Rc7?
Ba4!
26 .Qxa4
(28.g3
Bf4+
28.Kh3
Qh4+
Ke 7!+) 3l
Nxfl
32.g4
Nd2
25.Nd3!:
26.Kxg2 Rg7+
27.Kh2 Ng3 ! 28.Bxg3 Qg5 29.Rg1D
Qh5+ 30.Kg2 Be3 3l.Rhl Rxg3+
32.Kxg3 Qg5+ 33 .Kh2 Qh4+ 34.Kg2 Qg5+ 35.Kh2 Qh4+=.
Rg7 26.Nxf4 Bxf4
27.g4!
(27.Rc7? Ng3! 2B.Rxd7 Qh4
a)
25
Nxg2
b) 25
29. 
Rxg7+ Kxg 7 30. B xa7 Nx e2+! 

Piket  Kasparov 
31. 
Qxe2 Bh2++) 
27 
Bxcl 
28.Qxcl 
Tilburg 1989
Nf4 29.Qe3 h5!+.
21
Nh 5!
20 
g8! 

Time 
is 
more precious 
than 
the 

material! 
22.Kh1D 
21.Nxa8?
Here are some beautifullines giv en by Kasparov's trainer:
2l .hxg3 fx g3 ! 22.B xg3 Bh6 !
23.Nxa8!
24.dxe6
(23.Ne6
Bxe6
Qh4 23 .h3 Bxh3 24.gxh3
Qxh3 25.Rf2 gxf2+ 26.Kxf2 Nh4 27.Bfl Qh2+ 28.Ng2 Rg7+.
22.Bxa7
22 gxf2
Qxa8 25. Bc4 a6!
28. Rxf2 Ng3+! 24. Kgl
12
Introduction
Black took over the initiative, and his opponent could not adjust to the situation and lost quickly:
26. Qd3?!
Other moves lose, too: 26.hxg3 fxg3 27.Rb2 Qd8 28.Kfl Bh6 29.Ke2
3) A Queen!
Kramnik  Kasparov
Munich Intel Express blitz '5 1994
12 Nfxe4! !
Qg5+. 
Kasparov had prepared this line 

And 26.Nd3 Qa7 27.Nc5 Bb5! 
especially for the blitz match with 

(27 
dxc5 28.d6 
cxb4 29. Qd5 
NhB 
Kramnik. 

30. 
Qxe5 Qe3 31. RdJ oo) 28.B xb5 
axb5 
13. Bxd8 
Nx c3 
14.Qel 
Rfxd8 

29. hxg3 fx g3 30. Rfc2 dxc5 3l .bxc5 
15.Rcl ?! 

Nf4+. 
15.Nbl! is the only move to test 

26 
Qa7 27. b5 
Black's idea. 

If 27. Rcc2 then 
27 Be7 threaten 
It is not a big surprise that 

ing 28 Bh4. 
Kramnik did not orient himself well 

27 
axb5 2B. Bxb5 Nhl! 01 
enough with less than five minutes on ·the clock. Nevertheless, even against best play Black has good compensation for the queen. 
15 Nx a2 16.Ral Nb4 17.B dl e4
18.Rbl ReB 19. Qe3 (5
Introduction
13
With all his pieces beautifully placed, Black is indisputably better, and went on to win!
20. h4 
Rf8 21.g3 
Rae8 22.Kg2 

Nbd3 
23. Rgl 
(4 
24.gxf4 
Rxf4 
25. h5 g5 26. Rfl Rh4 27.Rhl Rf4
28. Rfl Ref8 29.(3 Rh4 30.fxe4
Nf4 +
33. Rcl Rh3 34. Nf3
Rxe3 36. Nxd7 Nh3+ 37. Kg2 Rxfl
38. Kxfl g3 39. Kg2 Nf4 + 01
g4 35. Nxe5
Nx e5
31 .Kgl
Nc d3
32 . e 5
L et's stop here to take a breath! Mr. Kasparov's play in this game
was extreme, as usual, just like our defense. You will see more of these ideas in this book and will learn other things as well. The chapters feature the most important systems for White which you are most likely to fa ce. Ea ch chapter includes memory markers, important positions and ideas that were explained in the text, which will help you to memorize the key positions. My practice as a trainer has taught me that no book is complete without a set of exercises to help you confirm your knowledge.· Therefore, at the end of each chapter there are many puzzles, both tactical and strategical! Welcome to your remarkable jour ney in the King's Indian Defense!
14
Introduction
Chapter 1
The Classical Variation
l.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.Nf3 00 6.Be2 e5
T he Class ical Va riation is by fa r the most popular reply to our beloved defense. White is doing everything right. He occupies the center, he
develops his knights first, he develops the king's bishop next, and he is ready to castle; It's a truly classical approach, and it's no wonder that it is the main weapon that you might fa ce when playi ng the KID.
Chapter 1:
The Classical Variation
15
Chapter la
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
l.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.Nf3 00 6.Be2 e5 7.00 exd4 8.Nxd4 ReB 9.(3 c6
In the late nineteenth century, positions where one side abandons the center were considered to be dangerous and even lost for that side. The KID was an irregular (and wrong!) opening, according to the Classical Chess School.
T hen came Aaron Nimzowitsch who, together with the other "hy
permodernists", gave new meaning and understanding to positions with the socalled small center. This pawn structure in the Classical arises after the moves:
l.d4 d6 2.Nf3 Nf6 3. c4 g6 4.Nc3 Bg7 5. e4 00 6.Be2 e5 7. 00 exd4 8.Nxd4 ReB 9.{3 c6 (see the above
diagram). Black has released the tension in the center and given his opponent both the territory and the fr eedom to develop comfortably. White's advantages are obvious, and Black has a backward pawn on d6 which seems to be well controlled by the white pawn bind on c4 and e4. The
first player just needs to finish his development, bring the cl bishop to a good position (and there is plenty of choice on the c. diagonal!), place the queen on d2, connect the rooks, bring them to the center, and his advantage will be beyond any doubt. For many years, this position was not considered to be worth playing as Black. After all, he does not really have a direct attack against the king, nor are there any obvious targets to hit. Enough talking, let's have a look at the new games which changed the attitude towards the line! I start with two games by Viorel Bologan, the Moldavian player known for his uncompromising style.
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
17
The main line:
ll.Bg5
1 Fier  Bologan
Aeroflot Op en, Mo scow 2011
l.d4 d6 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.c4 g6 4.Nc3
0 0
Bg 7 5. e4 00 6. Be2 e5 7.
exd4 8.Nxd4 ReB 9.f3 c6 lO. Khl
Nb d7 1 1.Bg5
The main line in this variation. White tries to permanently stop Black's main counterattacking re source d6d5 while finishing his development. Still, there are other ideas for Black .
ll
Qb6
Black targets both the knight on d4 and the pawn on b2 , forcing White to retreat the knight to a worse position. It was because of this idea that Bologan decided to give the line a new try.
12.Nb3
Six months prior to this game Bologan suffered a defeat after the tricky 12.Na4 . His opponent Alexander Beliavsky managed to extract some advantage fr om the opening. However, Black had ways of improving his play:
12 .••Qc7!? 13 .Qd2 and now:
a6?! This is a bit slow, and
one should be aware of a typical combination in White's arsenal:
14.Nc3 b5 15.cxb5 axb5 16.Racl
Qb6
17. Nxc6! Qxc6 18.Nxb5 Qb6 19. Nc7± .
Watch out for this idea!
b) Instead, Postny suggests the
idea 13
dxc5 15.Nb3 b600•
White has a pawn majority on the kingside, but Black has counterplay on the dark squares, and the Knight is misplaced on b3. 12 •••Qa5 This is what Bologan chose against Beliavsky, and as we shall see, things are good for Black here as well. We look at two moves:
15.Radl Nfd7oo) 14
(with the threat Nc3xb5!) 16
a) 13
Nc5!
14 .Nxc5 (or 14.Nc3 a5
a) 13.Bd2 is the old move in the position, when Black is doing
Qe5 and
generally fine after both 13
13
Qc7:
14 .Bc3 Qe7 The
knight on a4 and the bishop on c3 do not really seemed improved, to say the least. 15.Qd2 Ne5 16.b3 d5! 17.cxd5 cxd5 18.Bb5 Bd7 19.Bxd7 Qxd7 20.exd5 Qxd5 and we see Black taking over the initiative in BilobrkSaric, Split 201 1.
al)
13
Qe5
18
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
a2)
13
Qc7
14 .Be1 a6
15.Rc1 c5!
Another option for Black to begin active play is to advance this cpawn and win the d4 square for the knight.
16 .Nc2 Ne5 17. Nc3 Bd7 18 .Qd2
(The seemingly dangero us 18.{4 Nc 6
weakens
Black is fine after 19.Bf3 Nd4 20.Nxd4
and
the
e4 pawn
instead,
cxd4
Rad8
19.Bh4 Bc6 20. Rfd1 b5!? 21 .cxb5 axb5 22 .Bxb5 Bxb5 23.Nxb5 Qb6 24.Nca3
2l. Qxd4
Nxe4+Z.)
18
(19
b2 11)
Nxe4
18
Bg4
19.Qd2
? 20.Nxe4+) 20.e5±.
Rh5
Rxe4 19.Bxd7 Nxd7
20.Nxe4 dxe4 21.Ne6 Nf6 22.Nxg7
Kxg7 23 .Qb3 and Black didn't get sufficient compensation for the exchange in BeliavskyBologan, J S ibenik 2010. Even if he can survive this we do not play the KID to suffer for a draw.
met
b212) 18
b22) Note
that
14
Qb4?
is
and here the active 24 
d5! 
would 
by 
15.Nc2 ! and the b2 pawn is taboo: 

have given fa ntastic compensation to 
15 
Qxb2?? 
16 .Na4+. 

Black after 25.Bxf6 Qxf6 26.exd5 Qh4 
b23) Instead, Black needed to 
with the threat Bg7h6f4! Instead,
24
was the game continuation
in RuzeleSiepelt, Berlin 1994.
Rd7
b)
13. Bf4N
that
Beliavsky had prepared for the game.
the
This
was
novelty
b1) Now one possibility is
13 
Qc7 14 .Qd2 (B lack 
will achieve 
a 
standard break after 
14 .Nc3 Nh5 
Nh5 15.Be3 Nc5
16 .Nc3 a5 17.Nb3:t.
Ne5 is best in the
above diagram. Now, after 14 .Nc3:
b2 1) The central release which
d5?!
15.cxd5 cxd5 16.Bb5 Bd7 17.Bxe5 Rxe5 18.f4 and now:
Bologan tried did not work: 14
15.Be3 {5+Z.) 14
b2) But 13
play 14
Nc5
Qb6 !? 15 .Qd2 Nfd7 16 .Be3
(or
17.Nc2
a5
lB.Rabl
17.Qc2
B{B) 17
12
a5
Ned7
18.Rad1 a5oo.
Black wins space on the queen's flank with tempos.
13. Qd2
We will look at 13.Na4 Qb4 in the next game, EljanovBologan, ^{S} ibenik
2010.
13
queen.
From here it can be transferred to either the king's or queen's flank!
15.Nd4
15.Nc1?! is too slow, and Black can perform the desired central break
after
16.Rb1 Be6 17.b3
axb3 18.axb3 d5t, in Sharavdorj
Shimanov, Moscow 2011.
a4
14.Be3 Qd8!
square
for
The best
the
15
Ne5
15
Nc5
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
19
Thanks to the beautiful pawn on a4 , the knight on c5 is really hand
some. Please note that whenever this knight occupies the c5 square, we usu ally start playing on the king's flank, discarding our plans for a central strike with d6d5.
and
Also
possible
are
15
Nb6
15
Qa5!?.
16. Rfdl
16.Rabl!? is an alternative for
Nfd7 17.b4 axb3
18.axb3 Be5 19.b4 Ne6 20.f4 Black
Bxd4!
White. Still, after 16
can trade a pair of pieces: 20
(But not 20
Nf6 23 .Bf3 ReB 24. RfdH, when White stabilizes the situation and enjoys his
extra sp ace, in Goganov Shimanov, St. Petersburg 2011.) 2l.Bxd4 Nxd4
22.Qxd4 Ra3. With fewer pieces on the board White's space advantage is not so obvious, and Black can gradu ally equalize: 23.Ral Rxal 24.Rxal Qf6 25.Qe3 Qe7 26.Qd3 Nf6 27.Ra8 Bg4=, Bologan. 16.b4 is an aggressive try for the first player. Pay close attention to the following model game, as Black
manages to achieve all the ideas that
he wants: 16
18.Rxal Nh5 ! Opening the road for
the queen! 19.Bdl f5!
axb3 17. axb3 Rxa l
Bg7
21.Nxe6Rxe6 22.Bd4
The central strike! 20.b4 Ne6? Fighting for the dark squares! 2l.Ra8? Nxd4 22.Bxd4 Bxd4 23 .Qxd4 Qh4! And now a small winning combination is inevitable: 24.Qd2 Ng3+ 25.Kgl Qxh2+! 26.Kxh2 Nfl+ 27.Kgl Nxd2+, with a good extra pawn in Smith Shimanov, Stockholm 2010.
Nfd7 ! welcom
If 16.Nc2 then 16 ing 17.Qxd6? a3 !.
16
Nfd7
17.Rabl
With 17.Bfl White can try to defend the king's flank in advance.
A semiprovoking move, as
Black would love to see the white pawn advance to f4, leaving it.s
colleague on e4 vulnerable.
17
Be5
20
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
We show two possibilities:
b) 19.Bf2
18.Qf2!? stops Qd8h4 and is probably White's best try. Still, the
situation
ities for both sides after 18
(18
makes sense as well, since the white queen has left the center.) 19.Rel Nf6
Qa5!? with the threat a4a3
Qe7
is fu ll of life and pos sibil
20.Radl Bd7 21.h3 Nh5 22.Nde2 and here is a strong blockading move
22
g5!
\
After Qe7f6 and eventually a4 a3 , Black seems in good control of
the situation. Instead, the youngest
b6
23.g4 Nf6? 24.Bxc5! bxc5 25.f4 Bxc3 26.Nxc3±, in ReindermanNyzhnyk, Wijk aan Zee 2012.
Qa5
GM in the world preferred 22
18.Rabl ('!?' D. Mozetic.) 18
a) 19.Qc2 Qb4 20.Ncb5 Qa5 21.Nc3 Qb4 22.Nce2 Nf8! Remember this pattern  Black is taking care of the strong d4 Knight! 23 .Qcl Nfe6 24 .Nc2 Qa5=, KhalifmanKokarev,
Dagomys 2009.
Now Black, with 19
Nf8 , intended
to first deal with White's d4 knight,
and then advance the fpawn. 20.b4 axb3 2l.axb3 Qb4 22.Bel Nfe6 23.Nc2 Qb6 led to a complex position with mutual chances.
White, however, committed a characteristic mistake, 24.Bf2?, and was punished in a typical, tactical
Bxc3! 25.Qxc3 Nxe4!
way: 24
26.Bxb6 Nxc3, winning a pawn in
BosiocicCvitan, Split 201 1.
17
Be5
Provoking 
White's 
next 
move. 
Unclear is 17 
Qa5oo. 
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
21
18.(4
The careless 18.b4?! axb3 19.axb3
This move drives away the bishop from its active location, but weakens the e4 pawn. A safer alternative is 18.Bf2 Qe7 19. Bfl . However, after the already
Nf8 ! 20.b4 axb3
standard idea 19
2l.axb3: 

a) 2l 
Ra3 
22 .Qc2 Nfe6 23.Nde2 
Nf4? ! (Only this is a mistake.
Better
was 23 Qf6!?"?.) 24. Nxf4 Bxf4 25 .b4 Ne6 26.Rd3:t, Van Wely Shchekachev, Bastia 2010. b) Black could have solved all his problems with the other typical
22.Nde2
blockading idea: 2l
Qf6 23 .b4 Na4 24.Nxa4 Rxa4 25.Be3 g5 =.
Nfe6
Note the ideal position of the black pieces. The bishop on e5 is a monster! 18.g3 is another solid but innocuous attempt. Black equalizes
after
19. Bg5 f6 20.B e3 Nf8 2l.b4 axb3 22. axb3 Nfe6 23.Nc2 Qg7 24 .b4 f5 25.Nd4 Nxd4 26.Bxd4 Bxd4 27.Qxd4 Na4=, PolishchukOpryatkin, 2007/ Corr 2011.
18
Qe7
(unclear is
18
Qa5oo)
is strongly met with 19
Qh4!t.
It is worth studying this position
for a while using Mozetic's notes:
a) Now 20.h3? weakens the black
squares: 20
Nf6+ .
b) 20.Bgl is no better: 20
Nf6!
(20
now:
Bf4! might be even stronger) and
bl)
2l .g4 Bxg4! 22.fxg4 Nfxe4+ .
b2) 2l .b4? Nh5 22.g4 Ne6!
Ng3+
24.Kg2 Nxe2 25.Nxe2 Bxe6t.
b3) 21.Qel! is White's best try,
but he is still worse after 21 22.Rxel Ra3+.
c) After 20.f4 Bg7 2l.Bf3 Nf6,
Black's pieces have arrived on the battlefield with great effect, and the first player is in trouble: 22.Bf2
.Qxel
23.Nxe6 (or 23.gxh5 Nxd4) 23
(n ot 22.g3?! Qh3 +, weak squares.) 22
and now :
and g4 and e4 are
Qh6
23.Rel Ng4
22
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
cl) 
24. Bgl? Bxd4 25.Qxd4 Qxf4+. 
20 
Qf8 

c2) 
24. Bg3 Ne5! (24 
Ra3 might 
Bologan decides to play for a 
be even better.) 25.Be2 Ned3 ! 26. Bxd3 
win. Alternatively, a relatively safe 

Bxd4: 
equality would be reached after 

c21) 
27.b4? Ra3. 
20 
Nb6!? 
21.b3 h5 (also possible is 
c22) 27.Bc2 Qg7 28.Ne2 Bf6!
21 axb3
22.axb3 Ra3 23.Bf2 Nbd7
(28 Nxe4 ?? 29. Nxd4!+ ) 
29. Qxd6 
24. Qc2 h5+t) 22.f5 axb3 23.axb3 Ra3 

(29.Ngl Bc3) 
29 
Nxe4 
30.Bxe4 
24.Bg5 Qe5 25.Nce2 Nbd7oo. 
Rxe4+ with the bishop pair and the
better game. c23) 27.Ne2 Bf6t.
c3) 24. Bxg4 Bxg4+. Black was
better and managed to convert his
advantage in LigterinkMozetic, Tilburg 1993.
18 Bg 7 19. Bf3 Qe7
is
using the halfopen efile!
20. Rel
The
threat
is
f7f5 .
Black
21. b4 axb3 22. axb3 Ra3
opponent
by hitting the vulnerable e4 pawn:
torture
Black can
his
22
Nf6
23.Bgl
(23. Qc2 Bg4 24. b4
Ne 6= Bologan.) 23
25.fxe5 Bxf3 (25
27.Nxf3
Bg4 24.e5 dxe5
Bh6 26. Qc2 Bxf3
Nfd7
2B. RbdH,
Postny.)
26.Nxf3 RedS =.
23.
b4
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
23
28
Nb 6/ The King's Indian Sp irit!
33.Rxf7! Be6! 34.Rxf8+ Qxf8�, with the remark:
Black sacrifices a piece for only two pawns. However, these pawns
will be well supported by both bish ops and the heavy pieces.
24.Nxa4
Also possible is 23 Rxa4 25.Qc2;!;.
Na4
24.
26.
bxc5 Nx c4 25. Qd8 Nxe8 Qxe8 dxc5 27.Nde2 c4
28.Nxc3 b5
29.Ral Rxal 30.Rxal b4 3l.Na4 c4
32.Qb6 Be6 33.Nc5;!;, Bologan.
28. Qcl g511
Better than 27
Bxc3
Absolutely gorgeous! Black clears the way for the bishop, so that no one will disturb it on e5!
29.fxg5
29.g3 b5 highlights the weak ened third rank, while 29.e5 gxf4 30.Ne4 Rxe5 31.Qxc4 Be6 32.Qc2 Qe7 33.Nxf4 Ba2 34.Rb2 Bd5�, given by Bologan, leads to a complete mess.
29 Be5 80.Bh5
Also unclear would be 30.Ndl Qc5 3l.Ng3 b5 32.Nf5 c3 33.Nh6+ Kg7 34.Ne3 Be6 35.Re2 b4 36.Bg4 b3 37.Bxe6 fx e6 38.Qdl Bd4oo.
80
Rb8
Bologan gives the
following line: 3l.Rfl Rf8 32.Qd2 b5
After 30
Qc5
"You might be laughing, but despite the fa ct that Bl ack is a piece down, and does not have a single pawn to compensate for it, I would still prefer to have Black here!" Indeed, the beautiful bishops in the center, which control everything, make even the materialistic machine respect the position, and carefully assess it as equal!
81.Ndl Rxbl 82. Qxbl b5 88.Ne8 Be6 84.Nf5/ Ra8
_{2}_{4}
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
35. Qdl
One wild line is 35.Ned4 Bxf5 36.Nxf5 Ral 37.Qxal Bxa l 38.Rxal b4 39.Be2! c3 40.Bc4 Qb8 4l.Bb3 c5 42.e5 c4 43.Bxc4 c2 44.h3 Qa7 45.Rcl Qd7 46.Nh6+ Kg7 47.Bb3 Qd2 48.Rxc2 Qel+ 49.Kh2 Qxe5+ 50.g3 Qxg5 5l.Nxf7 Qe3=.
35 c5?
Both opponents went into time
trouble, with unavoidable mistakes.
36.Qxal
Bxal 37.Rxal Qd8 38 .h4 b4 39.Nh6+ Kf8 40.Nxf7 Qb6 4l.Ne5 b3 42. Nf4 Ke7 43.Nxe6 b2 44.Rbl Qe3 45.Nd4 Qcl+ 46.Rxcl bxclQ+ 47.Kh2 c5 48.g6 hxg6 49.Nxg6+ Kf7 50.Nf4+ Kg8 5l.Nde2 Qel 52 .Nd5=.
Better
was
35
Ral
36. 
Nh6+ 
36.Rfl!±. 

36 
Kh 8? 
Qd6
39.Nxe 6+ fx e6 40.Q f2 Rf8 4l.Nf7 c3
42 .Qh4 Qd4 43 .Nxe5 Qxe5 44. Bg4 h5
45 .gxh6+ Kh8 46.h3
37. Rfl Qe7
36
Kg7
37.Qd2
b4
38. Nf4
Rf6oo.
38. Qd2
Fier misses a golden opportunity:
38.Nxf7+ Bxf7 39.Bxf7 Ral 40.Ncl Qxg5 4l.g3+.
38 b4 39.Nf4 c3 40. Qcl c2
Or 
40 
b3 
4l.Nxe6 
b2 42 .Nxf7+ 

Qxf7 
43 .Bxf7 
bxclQ 
44.Rxcl 
c2 
45.Nxc5 Bb2 46 .Rel
Bxcl=.
41.Nxe6
43.Rxal clQ+!
clQ 47.Rxcl
Bxal
Ral
42. Qxal
44.Nxf7+ Kg8 45.Rfl
b3
47. Bf7+ Kh8 48.g6 Qf6 49.g7+ Qxg7 50.Nxg7 b2 !! 5l.Nd3 blQ 52 .Ncl
(45.Nh6+=)
Or 43
Qa7
45
Qe7
46.Ne5
Kxg7 with good chances for a draw, according to Bologan.
44.Rxcl fxe6 45.Ral Qf8
It's 
also 
a draw after 45 
Kg7· 

46.h4 
Qb7 
47. Rdl 
Qc7 48.Ral 

Qb7=. 
46.Nf7+ Kg 7 47. R a7 b3 48.Nh6+ Kh 8 49. Nf7+ Kg 7 50. Nh6+ Kh B
*·*
Who would not like to give this line a try after such a start?!
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
_{2}_{5}
2 EJjanov  Bologan
Croation Team Championships, S ibenik 2010
l.d4 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. Nc3 Bg 7 4.e4 d6 5. Nf3 00 6. Be2 e5 7. 0 0 exd4 8.Nxd4 ReB 9. f3 c6 lO . Khl Nbd7 11.Bg5
Eljanov
also
goes
for
the
main
line against Black's setup.
ll
Qb6 12. Nb3 a5
13.Na4
And here, instead of allowing the apawn to advance, he tries to force the queen's retreat with tempo. The drawback of this move is that the knight is misplaced on the edge of the board, and does not sufficiently control the center.
Note that White cannot take the dpawn: 13.Qxd6? a4 14 .c5 Qb4 15.Qd4 Qxd4 16.Nxd4 Nxe4 17.Nxe4 Bxd4+. 13 .Qd2 was the course of the pre vious game, FierBologan, Moscow
2011.
13 Qb4 14.Ncl
A more or less forced retreat, as the alternative 14.Nd4? saw White
suffer after 14
16 .Nb3 a4 17. Nc1 Qxb2 18.Nd3 Qd4, with an extra pawn and better
Nc5! 15.Nxc5 dxc5
position for Black in BleesBrendel, Krumbach 1991.
14
Nc5
Definitely playable, and Black en joys a good game after this move. However, fr om a theoretical point
of view, Black's problems are easily
solved with the
standard 14 .•. d5!
White's knight on a4 is too fa r away fr om the central battle , and Black
equalizes easily, at the very least. We look at several replies:
After 15.Nd3 Qe7 16.cxd5 cxd5 17.e5 Nxe5 18.Nb6 Rb8 19.Nxd5 Qd8 20.N3f4 h6 2l.Bxf6 Bxf6 22.Nxf6+ Qxf6=, Black even managed to win this position, in ShneiderButurin, Kiev 1986. 15.a3 does not have the desired effect, as the queen can step into the
Qe7
bishop pin for a moment: 15
16.exd5 cxd5 17.Bh4 (1 7.cxd5 Qe5
dxc4
18.{4 Qxd5 19. Qxd5 Nxd5+) 17
18.Bxc4 Ne5 19.Bb5 Bd7 20.Qe2?! Bxb5 2 l .Qxb5 Qd7, and Black is already much better. Just compare the coordinated black pieces to white's, which are scattered around, in RuzeleIvanchuk, Sochi 1986. 15.cxd5 cxd5 and now there are
fu rther branche s:
26
Chapter la: Flexibility in the Classical Variation
a) 16 .exd5 Nc5 17. Nd3 , when
Black has a pleasant choice between
Qxa4
18.Nxc5 Qxd 1 19.Bxd 1 Nxd5 = Pane
lo Grigore, Sitges 2005, and the rec�
ommendation by Eljanov : 17
18.Bxd3 Nxd5 19.a3 Qd6 20. Bc4 Be6, with excellent play for Black.
Nxd3!
immediate equality with 17
b) 16. Bxf6 Nxf6 (B lack can also
Bxf6
17.a3 Q{B 18.Qxd5 RdB�.) 17.Nd3 (17.exd5? suddenly loses material
18. b3 Bxa4 19. bxa4
after
sacrifice a pawn with 16
17
Bd7
Qd4 18.e5 Nd7 19.f4 f6 !
The King's Indian bishop needs air. 20.B f3 fx e5 2l.N xe5 Qxd 1 22.R axd 1
Qb2 +) 17
Nxe5 23.fxe5 Bxe5=, and Black's two bishops will secure equality.
15. Nd3!N
This move is a novelty and the first choice of the engines. White needs to trade his opponent's active pieces at once . Anything else will pass the initiative to Black. 15.Nxc5 also trades pieces, but provides time for Black to create con crete threats: 15 .•. Qxc5 16.Qd2
16
Qb4!
and now:
a) After 17. Rd1 (Bologan) 17
Nd7, only Black can be better, or
even 17
b) 17.Qc2 d5 18.cxd5 cxd5 19.Nd3
Qd4+.
Please note that the immediate 16•••d5? is premature: 17.cxd5 cxd5
18.Nd3 Qf8 19.e5 Nd7 20.f4±, Roed erBurgess, Vienna 1990.
d5!?
with the initiative.
15
Qxa4 16 . b3 Nfxe4! !
Spectacular and in the spirit of the KID. Bologan sacrifices his queen for just two minor pieces and a pawn, but will enjoy great activity. Note that 16••• Qa3? loses the queen after 17.Bcl.
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
27
A less brave man would prefer
another attractive sacrifice after
17.axb3 Qxal 18 .Qxal
Nxe4!
16
Nxb3!
19.Qcl Nxg5 20.Qxg5 Rxe2
with much more material to compen sate for the queen. The most likely out come is a draw: 21 .Qd8+ Bf8 22.Nf2
(or 22.h4 Re7! with the key defensive resource given by Eljanov: 23.h5 Rd7
24.Qe8 Re7 25.Qd8 Rd7=) 22
a4
(also
good is 22
Re6
23.Ne4oo). Now:
a) Either
a
perpetual
after
(24
25.Nf6 + Kg7
23 .bxa4 Rxa4 24.Ne4 Be6
Rxe4 !? 25.fxe4 Be6�)
26.Ne8+ Kg8 27.Nf6+=,
b) Or a different perpetual with 23.Ne4 axb3 24.Nf6+ Kg7 25.Nh5+ gxh5 26.Qg5+ Kh8 27.Qf6+ Kg8
28.Qg5+=.
17. bxa4
17
Nc3
The point behind Black's idea. He wants the e2 bishop, not the one on g5 .
18.Rbl
Less
good
is
17
Nxg5?!
Bf5 19.Nxc5 (after 19.g4!? Bxd3 20.Bxd3 Nh3 2l. Qd2 Be5�, "White
can hardly crack the blacksquared
blockade)
Bxa2
21.Nxd6 RedS 22 .c5 Ne6 23 .Qc2 Bd5 24.Bc4 Bxc4 25.Qxc4;!;.
18.Qcl!
The only move. Everything else loses material:
18.Qc2? Rxe2 19.Bd2 Bf5+. 18.Qel?! Rxe2 19.Nxc5 Rxel 20.Raxel Bf5 21.Nxb7 d5t.
18 Nx e2 19. Qa3
19
Bxbl
20.Nxb7
28
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
19 Be6!
I suspect that Bologan did not even consider throwing away his
bishop for the miserable rook on
al!
f5 22.Qb2 would see White consolidating, and building an attack on the dark squares.
20.Nxc5
dxc5
22 .Qxc5 Ba6iii, where the white rooks
are out of play.
20.Rxal b6 2l.Nf2
19
Bxal
Or
20.Rael
Bxc4
2l.Nxc5
20 dxc5
21. Qd3
The position is extremely messy, and difficult for both players. Some further lines prove that Black has enough compensation:· 21.Qb3 is a line given by Bologan
Nd4 21
24.Racl Bxa2 25 .Qd7 c4iii.
And the line 21.Qxc5 is provided
22 .Qd6 Bxc4
by Eljanov: 21
22.Qxb7 Bxc4 23. Rfel Ne6
Bd4
23.Rabl (also 23. Qc7 b5! and 23.Rael
c5! 24.{4 Re4 25.{5 RaeB
initiative)
the
with
Rac8
25.Qd7 b4 26.Rbdl Be6 27.Qd6 Bg7
28.Qb6 h6! and now:
a) 29.Bd2 Bxa2 30.Qxa5 b3iii with
eompensation.
23
b5!
24.Qxc6
b) 29.Bh4 Nc3 30.Rdel Ra8iii.
c) 29. Rdel Bxa2
30. Bf6 The bpawn becomes too dangerous, so White hurries to
31.Qxf6
trade bishop!;!. 30
Re6 32 .Qb2 Bc4iii. and once again, White's rooks are kept out of play.
21 Nc3!
Once again scorning the rook.
.Bxal 22.Rxal
Nd4 23. Bf6± should be avoided!
22.Rae1
Bxf6
Indeed, the line 21
22 Nx a2
The other pawn was also yummy:
22
25.cxb5 Nb6 26.bxc6 Rxc6 27.Qb5 Rac8 28.Qxa5 c4 29.Rbl Nd7 30.Qa7 Nf8iii. In fa ct, it is only Bl ack who can
Nxa4 23 .Qb3 b5! 24. Rxe6 Rxe6
play for a win here!
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
29
23.Re3 h6 24.Bh4
pawns
after 24. Bf4 Nb4 25 .Qe2 b5!.
24 Nb4!
Black's
also start
rolling
Also
possible
is
24
Nc3 !?
with
counterplay.
25. Qe2 b5 26. cxb5
30.Qb5 RedS 3l.Rcl Nb4 32 .c7 Rd5 33.Qb7 Rc500•
29 Rec8 30. Bg3!
Black's position has improved significantly in the last moves, and Eljanov hurries to get rid of the blacksquared monster.
Similar is 
26.axb5 
cxb5 
27.cxb5 
30 
Rxc6 31. Be5 Bxe5 

Nd5. 
Unfortunately, 
31 
.Bf8 
can 
26 Nd5 27.Ra3 c4 ?! 
be answered with 32. Raxc3 Nxc� 33.Rxc3±. 

Overambitious. 

A neat continuation is 
27 
cxb5! 32. Qxe5 c2 

28.axb5 (or 28. Qxb5 c4 29. Qxc4 

Ne3 30.Qcl Nxfl 31. Qxfl RabB with initiative) 28 Nb6 29.Rel a4 30.Qc2 Bd4 31 .h3 Bb3 32.Rxe8+ Rxe8 

33.Rxb3 axb3 34.Qxb3 Ra8 35.Kh2 c4 with counterplay  Eljanov. 

28. bxc6?! 

Returning the favor. Better was 28 .Qxc4! cxb5 29.Qxb5 Reb8 30.Qe2 Rb2 3l.Qdl±. 

28 
c3 

Now the position is more or less balanced. White will need to give up some material for the c2 passer, and the resources of both sides will be exhausted. 

33. h4 Nb4 

Or 33 
Rac8 
34 .h5 g5 35.Kh2 Nf4 

36.Re3 Rc5 37.Qb2 Bf5 38 .Qb6 Be6=. 34. 36. Rc3 Rxc3 35. Qxc3 ReS Qd2 h5 37.Kh2 Bf5 

Much more subtle than 28
Bf8
30.Raal
Rxc6
Rec8
3l.Rxc4
29.Rcl
Nc3 
32.Rxc3 
Rxc3 
33. Bf6 
Rc4 

34.Bb2±. 

29. 
Rcl 

If 
29.Bg3 
then 
29 
Rac8! 

(29 
Rec8 30. Qb5 c2 3l. Rcl Nb4 
32 .c7 Bb2 is refut ed wit h 33. Rxc2 !)
30
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
38.g4!
The only way to generate counter play, but a sufficient one.
38
Bh5
Analysis shows that Black cannot win:
40. Qg5
•
hxg4
39.fxg4
Bxg4
Be6 41 .h5 Na2 42 .Qe5 Nxcl
43.h6 Kf8 44.Qd6+ KgS 45 .Qe5=.
Bd1 41 .Qe7 Nd3 42 .Qd7
Nxcl 43.QxcS+ Kg7 44.Qc3+ Kh7
45.Qc7=.
40
Also, 40
49. Kg3
Nf5 + 50. Kf4 Nxh4 51 .a6 Bd5 52.Ke5 Bf3 53.Kd6
47
Nd 6
48. Rb8+
Kg 7
It's also a draw after 53.a7 g5
54.Rb3 Ng6+ 55.Kd6 Be4 56.Rb6 BaS 57.RbS Bf3 5S.Rb5 g4 59.Rg5
BaS
f3 63.Kf5 Kh7 64. Kg4 Ne5+ 65.Kf4
Nc6=.
60. Rxg4 f5 61.Rgl f4 62 .Ke6
53
g3
56. Rxf3 Nxf3 57. a8Q g2
41.Qxa5Na2 
58. Qa1+ 
Kg8. 
59. Qa8+ 
Kg 7 

No 
better 
was 
41 
Nd3 
42 .Qa6 
60. 
Qa1+ 
Kg8 
61. Qa8+ 
Kg 7 
Rc3 43.Qf6=.
42.Qa6 Bg4 ?!
draw
with
Nxcl 45.Qd4+ KgS 46 .Qxc3 Bdl
47.QcS+=.
43.Qxc8+
Suddenly, Bologan needs to show some technique to prove the draw. He does it successfully, though.
44. Rxc2'! Be6 45.Rb2
Nc3 46.a5 Ne4 47.Rb5
Bologan proves the draw after 47.a6 Bd5 4S.Rb5 Bc6 49.RbS+ Kg7 50.a7 g5 51.RcS Bb7 52.h5 Nf6 53.RbS Be4 54.Rb5 Nxh5 55.Rxg5+ Kh6 56.Re5 BaS 57.ReS Bc6 5S.RcS
Be4=.
43 Bxc8
44 .Qd5
It was
42
time
Rc3
to
accept
the
43 .QaS+
Kg7
62. Qa1+ Kg8 63. Qa8+ Kg 7 %%
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
_{3}_{1}
Aggressive
development:
ll.Bf4
3 Premnath  Kokarev
Mumbai Mayor's Cup 2010
l.d4 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. Nc3 Bg 7 4.e4 00 5. Be2 d6 6. Nf3 e5 7. 0 0 exd4 8.Nxd4 ReB 9.(3 c6 lO. Khl Nb d7 11.Bf4
The most aggressive way to develop the bishop. White seemingly wins a tempo. However
ll
Nh 5!
12 .Qd2 is a playable
alternative, but Black can and should
show activity at once.
12. Bxd6
The only way to prove that White's previous move was not a mere waste of time is to accept the sacrifice . Altern atively, 12.B e3?! f5 (w orth
considering
and
.Qh4!?) 13.Qd2 f4 14.Bf2 Be5? saw Black achieving a comfortable
position in LautierPiket, Adelaide
ll
.Ne5
are
both
12
a5!?
1988.
12
Qf6!
Two white pieces are hanging, so the knight needs to retreat.
13.Nc2
The other retreat can be met in the same way: 13.Nb3 Nf4! threatening Nf4xe2 , after which the bishop on d6 or the pawn on b2 will suffer. We discuss fo ur continuation s:
14.c5 a5 15.a4 Ne5 16.g3 Nxe2
Be6!?) with
17.Qxe2 Qe6! (or
the idea 18.Nd4 Qc4 19.Bxe5 Qxe2
20.Ncxe2 Rxe5 21.Racl f5 22.exf5
Bxf5iii.
The bishop pair compensates for the missing pawn, with interest.
Nxe2 !
This bishop is also a good piece!
14.Rel is best met with 14
32
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
(better than 14
Be6 17. BfH LoehrSchmitt, Germany
1991) 15.Rxe2 Ne5 16.c5 b6 with counterplay. 14.Rbl a5!� creates the threat a5 a4a3 .
Fi nally, after 14.B:x:f4 Qxf4
15.c5 b6 16. Qc2
Ne5
Qc7, with the idea
of a5a4 a3, also provides enough
compensation for Black.) 16.Qe3
f5 17.g3 Qe7 18.c5 Nf6 , Black has sufficient compensation for the sacrificed pawn. The e4�pawn is
always a target , and
bi shops also
The fu rther course of this game shows that it is only Black who can play fo r a win.
I am giving the next few moves
so that you can see how this position
is handled by a grandmaster. 19.Bc4+ Kh8 20. Rae1 fx e4 2l.Nxe4 Bh3 22.Rf2 Nxe4 23.fxe4 Rad8 24. Rf7 Qe5 25.Bfl Bc8 26.Rf2 Be6 27.Qf4 Rd7 28.Qxe5 Bxe5 29.Kg2 Kg7 30.Rc2 RedS 3l.Bc4 Bg4 32.Be2 Be6 33.Bc4 Bxc4 34.Rxc4 Bxb2+, Franco OcamposDamljanovic, San Sebastian 1994.
13 Nf4 14. c5
brings joy to Black.
15.Qc1 Qh4 (15
the
pair
of
With the white knight on c2 , Black has one more idea up his sleeve. Kokarev had pleasant experience after 14.B:x:f4 Qxf4 15 .g3 Qh6 16.Qc1 Qxc1 17. Raxcl f5�. AupovKokarev, Kazan 2001. As in the game Franco OcamposDamljanovic, it is only Black who can play for the win. LernerKuzmin, Alushta 1992 ,
continued
be 14.Rel)
Ne5
16.Ne3 Be6 17.c5 b6 18.Ned5 cxd5 19.Bxe5 Qxe5 20.exd5 Qf5 2l.dxe6 Rxe6 22 .cxb6 axb6 23.Rxe6 Qxe6
24.Qd2 Qc4 25.a3 Bxc3 Y:.!¥2.
14.Rf2
14
(similar
would
Nxe2
15.Rxe2
14
Nx c5 /
A typical trick, which might work in many cases for Black.
15.Bxc5?
White ^{·} is fr ustrated, and gives up too quickly. Correct is 15.e5! Now Black can choose equality with 15 •••R:x:e5!? 16. Bxe5 Qxe5 17.Qd8+ Bf8 18.Rf2 Rb8 19.Qd4 Qc7�, with a nice bishop and a pawn for the exchange:
Also possible, on Black's last move,
Qxd4
20.Nxd4 Nfe6 2l.Nxe6 Bxe6�. Or instead, Black can choose complications with 15•••Qg5 16.g3
was the queen trade 19
Bh3 (or 16
Nxe2
17. Qxe2 b6 18.f4t.
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
33
but Black definitely has compensa
tion) 17. Bxc5 and now:
a) Bad would be 17
Rad8 18.Ne4
Qf5 due to Postny's suggestion:
a1)
all) not 19
19.Bd6!
Bxe5 20.Ne3 Qc8
2l.Nc4 Bg2+ 22.Kg1 Bd4+ 23.Rf2 +.
a12) nor 19 Bxfl 20.Qxfl Nxe2 

21.Qxe2+. 

a13) 19 
Bg2+ 20.Kg1 Bxfl 
2l.Bxfl Bxe5 22.Nd4 Nh3+ 23.Bxh3 Qxh3 24.Bxe5 Rxe5 25 .Qe1!±. a2) Much worse was 19. Nd4? Bg2+ 20.Kg1 Nxe2+ 2l.Kxg2 Nxd4 22.Nd6? Rxd6 23.Bxd6 Nc2 24.Qe2 Nxa1 25.Rxa1 Qe6 26.Qd3 Bxe5 27.Re1 Rd8 28.Rxe5 Qxe5 01,
KarolyiWatson, Kecskemet 198 8.
One more mistake gives Black t chance to increase his advantage.
24
g51
25.Qe5
Not 25 .Qe3? c5+.
b) 
However, a playable alternative 
Also 
insufficient 
is 
25.Qc1 

is 17 
Nxe2 
18.Qxe2 
Bxfl 
19. Rxfl 26.Bg1 Bg7+. 
Qxe5 20.Qf2 with approximate
equality.
18.Bd6
Bg2+ 19.Kg1 Nxe2+ 20.Kxg2 Nxc3 2l.bxc3 Qxc3 22.Bf4 Rad8
23.Re1D (not 23. Qcl Re2+ 24.Rf2 Qxc2 25. Qxc2 Rxc2 26. Rxc2 Bxal+)
23
pieces to compensate for the piece.
Qc4 with two pawns and active
c) Or the wild 17
Qxe5!?
15
Qg51+
Double attack. Black recovers the pawn, and has the bishop pair for fr ee.
16.g3 Nxe2 17.Be3 Nxc3 18. bxc3
Qe7
Or 18
Qa5!?
19.Bd4 Bh3 20.Rel Rad8 21. Qe2
RedS
Rd7
Bf8
22. Qe3
23. Re2
25 Qxe5 26. Bxe5 Rdl+ 27.Rx•
Rxdl+ 28. Rel Rd2
The bishops triumph!
24. Qf4 
29. 
Ne3 Rxa2 30. Kgl B, 
31. 
Bxg7 Kxg7 32.(4 gxf4 33.g" 
a5 34.e5 a4 35.c4 a3 36. c5 R
37.Nc4 Rg2+ 38. Khl a2 39. Rc2 40.(6+ Kh6 41.Nd6 Be6 0
34
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
The prophylactic
ll.Nc2
4 Kovalenko  Kokarev
RUS Cup final 2011
J. d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 8.Nc8 Bg 7 4.e4 d6 5. Be2 0 0 6. Nf8 e5 7. 00 exd4 8.Nxd4 ReB 9.f8 c6 lO. Khl Nbd7 11.Nc2
White prophylactically retreats the knight to c2 . His idea is to step away from the vulnerable central square, and to unblock the queen's file, thus hoping to prevent the d6d5 thrust. Additionally; the c2 knight wants to be transferred to e3, or to support a bishop on e3.
ll
Nb 6
All these considerations, though,
are overpowered by the fa ct that White loses precious time. Therefore, we should try to prepare d6d5
note also that the
retreat of the d4 Knight has left the
e6 square in Black's hands, and the bishop would not mind arriving there with a tempo.
at once. Ple ase
ll
Ne5
is not the best square
for the knight , as the line 12 . Be3 ·
Be6 13 .b3 d5?! 14 . B d4 !± proves
that this piece is vulnerable in the center, encouraging the e and f pa wns to adva nce. White' s last move in this line is an improvement on 14 .exd5?! cxd5 15 .c5 Nh5 16.Qd2 Nc6 =, PavlovicSedlak, Mataruska Banja 2008.
12. Bg5
Insisting on his idea to stop d6  d5 forever. As usual, though, this
bishop has a wide choice of squares for development:
12.Bf4 should be met with
12
13 Nh5! and now :
Be6
13 .Na3
(or
13.Ne3
d5=)
a) It appears that the d6 pawn is
poisoned: 14 . Bxd6 NcB! 15.Bb4 Qg5
16.Qcl
and now comes the combination:
16 Ng3+!
Bd4+ 19. Rf2 a5+ suddenly trapping
the bishop!
b) 14 .Be3 Qh4? gaining counter
play with the idea 15.Qxd6? Rad8 16.Qc5 Ng3++.
The other bishop development cannot prevent d6d5: 12.Be3 Be6
17.hxg3 Qh5+ 18.Kgl
Nh5!?, first provoking
some weaknesses on the king's flank,
13.g4 Nf6 14. Qd2 Be6 with counter play.) 13.b3:
(I also like 12
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
_{3}_{5}
a) 
And now Black should not 
b2) 14. Nd4 
Rad8 
15.a4 
d5 
waste any time, but strike at once 
16.cxd5?! (16.a5f;t,) 
16 
Bxd5 
with 13
d5!
For example:
Nfd7
16.f4 f6 17.exf6 Nxf6 18.R c1 (18.Bd4
a1)
14 .cxd5
cxd5
15.e5
Ne4
19.Nxe4 dxe4 20.Bxg 7 Kxg7=)
18 Rc8 19. Bd4 Ne4 20.Bxg7 Kxg7
2l .Qd4+ Qf6=.
a2) Yu rtaev also proved decent compensation after 14 .exd5:
simplest:
15.c5 Nfd7 ! The point behind Black's
break! 16.Qd2 (16.Bd4 fails due
a21) Now
14
cxd5
is
17.Bxg7
Kxg 7 18.Qd4+ Qf6 19.Qxc5 RacB +)
to a small trick: 16
Nxc5
16
a22) Yu rtaev continued instead
with 14
Nfd7 17. Bxb6 Qxb6 18.Na4 Qd6 19.Rb1 Be5 and Black even won in
MoskalenkoYu rtaev, Frun ze 1987. Watch out for this name, we shall hear more about him later!
b) Also pos sible, though, is
13
b1) 14.Qd2 d5 15.cxd5 cxd5 16.e5 Nfd7 17.f4 f6 18.exf6 Nxf6 19.Bd4 Ne4 is a somewhat better version for White than the lin e fr om above, but still close to equality.
Rc8+t.
Bf5!? 15. Bd4 c5 16 .Bxc5
Qe7 instead:
(16
Nfxd5!
17.exd5
Nx d5
18 .Nxd5
Bxd5+) 17. a5 Nc8= in Chuchelov Hoehn, Porz 1990.
12
Be6
Natural, but not best. And the direct 12
not
well supported, and should be refuted
after 13.cxd5 (or 13.c5 Nbd7 14.exd5 Nxc5 15.dxc6 Qxdl 16.Raxdl bxc6 17.Nd4;t Lev Rechlis, Te l Aviv 1989)
d5?!
is
13 
cxd5 
14.a4!± 

Bl ack 
needed 
fi rst 
to 
put 
the 
question to the bishop: 12
h6!
and after 13.Bh4, only now proceed
with 13 The additional moves
h7h6 and Bg5 h4 provide us with the option to chase away the bishop with g6g5 with tempo at the right moment, thus supporting the d6d5 advance. a) Now, there is another cunning
idea by Yu rtaev. 14 .Ne3 is met with
Be6.
14
g5!
_{3}_{6}
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
and d6d5 on the next move . We look at two tries by White:
a1) 15. Bg3 d5 16.cxd5 cxd5 17. Nb5
(1Zexd5?! allows Black to seize the
18.Nexd5 Nxd5
19.Nxd5 Qxd5+.) 17 18. Bd6
Nxd6!?
21.exd6 gxf4 22.Rxf4 Qg5 might
Qg5 22.Rf3 Nxd6
23.exd6 Be5?, and Black was fine in
ThomaPachmann, Prague 1995.
cxd5
17. Nf5 Bxf5 18.exf5 Nc4 led to an interesting and doubleedged battle:
19.Bxc4 dxc4 20.Qa4 Qc8 21 .Rad1 a6 22.Rd6 b5 23 .Qc2 Re5 24.g4 Qb7 25.Bd4 Nxg4 26.Rb6 Qd 7 27.Bxe5 Nxe5�, in Thorhallsson Comas Fabrego, Arnhem 1988 , which ended successfully for Black.
transpose.) 21. Rxf4
Rd7 19.e5 NeB 20.f4 gxf4 (20
initiative: 17
Nfxd5
Re7
a2) 15.Bf2
d5
16.cxd5
b) 14.b3 is the other way to protect the pawn, and this is where Yurtaev's bomb explodes:
b1) 14
Nxe4!
!
Absolutely brilliant! 15.Bxd8 Nxc3 16.Qd2 Raxd8 17. Rae1 c5! Now White won't be able to meet d6d5 with c4 c5 (Postny). 18.Ne3 d5! Black has two minor pieces and a pawn for the queen, but the activity of those piec es is so great that White was relieved to escape with a draw after 19.cxd5 Nbxd5. And now:
bll) 20.Bc4 Nb4 21.Qf2 b5 22.Bxe6 Nd3 23 .Qh4 Nxe1 24.Rxe1 Rd4 25.Bg4 h5+. b12) 20.Nxd5 Rxd5 21.Qc1 b5 22.f4 Rdd8 23 .Qa3 Nxe2 24.Rxe2 c4
25.bxc4:
lhlh, Huzm anYu rt aev, Tashkent
winning
1987.
has
White
no
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
_{3}_{7}
chances against Black's powerful pair of bishops.
so
bad here, either. Black needs to be careful, though: 15.Bf2 d5 16.exd5
idea as
lB.Rcl
above!
cxd5 17.c5 Nfd7 !? The same
b2) However,
14
g5
is
not
(but
not
17
Nbd7
a6 19.Na4 ReB 20.Nd4 Ne 5 21.Nb6 Rc7 22 .b 4t. Ko zul Strikovic, Yerevan
1996) 18.cxb6!? Bxc3 19.bxa7 Bxal 20.Qxal b6�. White certainly has compensation, but we have an extra exchange. Still, attacking is much more fun than defending, therefore check out what Yu rtaev did instead! Now back to our game:
13. Ne3
This move does not pose any prob lems for Black. The bad news comes after 13.b3!t.
when White stabilizes the situation and Black finds it hard to advance in
the center: 13
cxd5 16.e5 Nfd7 17.f4 a6 (17 {6
1B.Bd3! underlines the fact that the g6 pawn is loose now!) 18. Bd4± ,
14.Be3 d5?! 15.cxd5
h6
GrigoreLarios Crespo, Benasque 1999. Also strong is 18.Nd4±.
15.Bf2
d51= 16. cxd5 cxd5 17. e5 Nfd7 18.Nexd5 Nx d5 19.Nxd5 Nx e5+
13
h6
14.Bh4
g5
Black has every reason to play for a win. His bishops are much better than their counterparts. Still, we do not always manage to wi ^{n} our better positions, and this game was one of those examples.
20.Nc3 Qa5 21. Qc2 Rac8 22. Rfdl
Nc4 23.Bxc4 Rxc4
24. Racl Rec8
25. 
Bel 
b5 26.a3 
Qb6 27. Qd2 

aS 
28. Bf2 Qb7 
29. Ne4 
Rxcl 

30. 
Rxcl 
Rxcl+ 31. Qxcl 
Qd5 

32. 
Bel b4 33. axb4 axb4 34. Bxb4 
Bxb2 35. Qel Be5 36.Bc3 Bxc3
37.Nxc3=
White has defended well, and the game should now end in a draw. It seems, though, that time trouble
_{3}_{8}
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
took its toll in the later stage of the game.
37 Qd4 38.Ne4 Kg 7 39. h4
Bf5?! 40. hxg5 Bxe4 41.gxh6+ Kxh6 42.fxe4 Kg5 43.Qg3+ Kf6
44.Qf4+ Ke 6 45.Qf5+ Ke 7 46. Kh2 Qe3 47.g3 Qd2+ 48. Kh3 Qh6+
49.Kg4 Qhl 50. Qe5+
Qg2 52.Kf6 Qa2 53. Qd5+ Qxd5
Kxd5
56.Kf6 Ke4 57.g 4 Kf4 58 .g 5 Ke4 59.g6 Kd4 60.g7 Ke4 61.g8Q Kd4
62.Qb3 Ke4 63. Qc4+
54.exd5 Kd6 55. Kxf7
Kd7 51 . Kg5
10
The acid test:
ll.Be3
5 Kramnik  Ponomariov
Dortmund SuperGM 2011
l.d4 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg 7 4.e4 d6 5. Be2 00 6. Nf3 e5 7. 00
exd4
Ponomariov wants to surprise his mighty opponent and chooses this rare and fr esh line.
8.Nxd4 ReB 9.{3 c6 lO.Khl Nbd7
ll.Be3
Still, Kramnik shows some quality prep, and this line might be Black's main source of concern nowadays. De spite the fa ct that the bishop stays on the file of the e8 rook, it is surprisingly difficult for Black to make use of this. White has one more prophylactic retreat in his disposal, ll.Nb3 . But here, the knight simply invites the black apawn to advance with tempo,
a5. Note that the
starting with
ll
pawn on d6 is not delicious at all :
12.Q xd6 a4 13.N d2 (E ven worse is
13.Nd4 ? Nh5 14.Nc2 Be5 15. Qd2 Qh4
16.{4 Ng3+ 17.Kgl Nx{l +.J 
13 
Ne5 

14 . Qxd8 Rxd8 , 
and 
Black 
has 
fu ll 
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
_{3}_{9}
compensation for the sacrificed pawn. White is underdeveloped, and the positional threat of a4a3 with the bishop ranging on the long diagonal cannot be prevented so easily. One sample line is: 15.f4 Nd3 16 .Bxd3 Rxd3 17.e5 a3 ! 18.exf6?! axb2 19.Bxb2 Rxd2 20.Bcl Rc2+.
Qf8, trying to make use of his black squared bishop, for example: 16.Nd5 Re6 17.Bb5 a6 18.Ba4 Nc5 19.Nc7 Rd6 20.Nxa8 Rxdl 2l.Raxdl Bf6=. a2) Still, White had other ways of
improving his position. There is also the ambitious 13.Nxd5 cxd5 14.Nb5
dxe4
Re7 16.fxe4t., and White will use the
(or
14
Nb 6
15. Bf4!)
15.Nd6
ll
a6
This was prepared by Ponomariov at home. Black takes control over the b5 square and intends to play b7b5 or d6d5 in the future. Black has alternatives, though. Of course, Black's initial reaction
d5?! Beware !
For the time being, White has a pull
here. 12.cxd5 and now:
but
Black is not better after either of the
main replies 13.exd5 and 13.Nxd5:
al) 13.exd5 Rxe3 14.dxc6 Black has some compensation for the pawn, but it's quite obvious that the first player is not risking much, and can
play for a win in a relatively easy way.
bxc6!
ReB
The best for Black now is 14
is to look at d6d5: ll
a) 12
Nxd5
The best move,
(better
16.Bb5 Qxd1 17.Raxd1 R{Bt., Djukic Strikovic, Brezovica 1988) 15.Nxc6
than
14
Nb6
15.Nc2
18.Nxa8 Ng3+ 19.Kgl Nxfl 20.Qxfl
Rh5 2l.h3+.
Nc5 15.Nc7 Bf5 16 .Qxd8
Raxd8 17.Nxe8 Rxe8. The exchange is stronger here, as White can make
use of the open files for his Rooks, in Rakhma novKokarev, Voronezh
2010.
b2) Or even after White instead plays the aggressive 14.fxe4 Nxe4
15.R xf7 !
16.Bc4++) 16.Qb3 Kh8 17.Rxg7
Kxg7 18.Qxc3+ Nf6 19. Bf3 , White has excellent compensation for the exchange (Postny). Ponomariov liked the Grischuk
style provoking idea of ll
Nh5 ,
but I am not quit e convinced after
12 .g4! Nhf6 13 .Qd2 h5 14 .g5 Nh7 15.Nb3 Qe7 16 . Radl Be5 17.f4!:
b12) 14
Nxc3
(n ot
15
Kxf7 ??
_{4}_{0}
Chapter la:
Flexibility in the Classical Variation
This pawn sacrifice is something that we should always be afraid ofl White does not mind investing some material in order to gain Black's darksquared bishop, and we agree!
17 Bxc3
18.Qxc3± and now:
a) 18
Qxe4+
19.Bf3
Qxe3
(19
Qe7
20. Rfel
QfB�) 20.Rdel Qxc3
2l.Rxe8+ Nhf8 22 .bxc3±.
b)
18
Nc5
19.Nxc5
dxc5
20. e5±
(our f7 pawn will be safe now!), and d6, too. We look at two possibilities:
a) The prophylactic 12.Nc2 can be
met with 12 Be6 13 .b3 d5 (13
14.Bd4 Ne5) 14 .cxd5 cxd5 15.e5 Nfd7 16.f4 f6�. b) The only game played in this
line continued 12 .Qd2 d5
Ng4!?
and now:
or 20.Bd3 ! ?±. 
bl) 13.cxd5 cxd5 14.exd5 (This time 

However, Black can still prepare 
14.Ndb5 
is 
not 
threatening Nb5d6, 

the d6d5 advance with ll 
Nb6!? 
and can 
be 
met simply with 
14 
a6 

15.Na3 
Bd7=.) 
14 Nfxd5 15.Nxd5 
The knight move not only opens the diagonal of the lightsquared bishop and controls the d5 square, it has two ad ditional fu nction s: control over c4
Nxd5=, and Black was at least equal
in ZielinskiCuric, Duisburg 2004. Further tests will reveal how good Black's resources are in this line. The other attempts do not promise anything either:
14.c5 Nc4
15.Bxc4 dxc4 16.Ndb5 Qxd2 17.Bxd2 Rd8= and Black can even hope to make use of his bishop pair in the long run.
b3) Or the immediate 13 .c5 Nbd7 14.exd5 Nxd5 15.Nxd5 cxd5 16.b4 Qe7 17.Bf2 a5�. Another interesting and typical
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