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U.S.N.

11111111111

BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore-560019


(Autonomous Institute, Affiliated to VTU, Belgaum)

December 2013/ January 2014 Semester End Main Examinations


Duration: 3 hours
Max Marks: 100

Course: HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER


Course Code: 12ME6DCHMT

Date: 16.01.2014
Instructions to students:

1. Answer Five Full Questions selecting ONE from EACH UNIT.


2. Heat and Mass Transfer Data Hand Book is permitted.
UNITt
1

a) Define the following laws

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(i)

Fourier law of conduction

(ii)

Newton's law of cooling and

(iii)

Stefan-Boltzmann law of radiation

b) A plane wall is a composite of two materials A and B. The wall material A has
uniform heat generation

q = 1.56

X 10 6 W fm 2 with thermal conductivity KA

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75W fmk and thicknessLA = SOmm. The wall material B has no heat generation with
K8

= 150W fmk

and thicknessL8

= 20mm. The inner surface of A is insulated while

the outer surface of B is cooled with water stream with Too = 30C and h =
1000Wfm 2 k.

i) Sketch the temperature distribution in the composite under steady state conditions
ii) Determine the temperature T0 of the insulated surface and T2 of cooled surface

State the assumptions clearly in solving the problem

OR
2

a) Define Effectiveness, Efficiency and Overall surface efficiency in the context of

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Extended Surfaces or Fins


b) From the fundamental principles, prove that the temperature distribution of an
infinitely long fin is given by e -mx and further find the rate of heat transfer through
the fin

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c)

A new process of heat treatment of a special material is to be evaluated. The material

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is sphere of radius r0 = Smm, is initially at 400C in a furnace. It is suddenly removed


from the furnace and subject to cooling in air at

zooc for a period of ta until the center

temperature is 335C (Critical value). For this situation the heat transfer coefficient is

hw

= 10w/m2 k The thermo-physical properties of the material are p = 3000 mk~, K =

20 w fmk, C = 1000-1- , a = 6.66 x 10- 6 m

kgK

Calculate the time required in the

step 1 for the cooling process to complete.


/

UNIT2
3

a)

With reference to flow inside the duct, discuss the concept ofvelocity and thermal

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boundary layer. Discuss the importance of these layers in the perspective of heat
transfer analysis.
b) Derive energy equation and using Pohlhausen's solution show that,

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NuL = 0.664(ReL) 1 12 (Pr) 1 /3

OR
4

a)

Explain the role of the following factors in free convection condition with appropriate

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Mathematical expressions:
i. Coefficient of thermal expansion ii. Buoyancy force
iii. Viscous force

and

iv. Critical Grashoffs number.

b) A hot plate 0.35m high and 1.2m wide at 115C is exposed to ambient air at 25 C.

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Using 'the approximate solution, calculate the following: i) The maximum velocity
from the leading edge of the plate, ii) The boundary layer thickness at 180mm from
the leading edge of the plate

iii) local (at 180mm) and average heat transfer

coefficient and iv) Total heat loss from the plate.

UNIT3
5. a)

State and explain the following:


i) Kirchoffs law, ii) Plank;s law,
iii) Wein's displacement law, and iv) Lambert cosine law.

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Hec{t

OHtul

('-'lass

HOM~ T

I2MbDC. .MMT

16/l
b)

' 4-

Consider two large parallel plates, one at 1000 K with emissivity 0.8 and other is at

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300 K having emissivity 0.6. A plate (E: = 0.1) is placed between them. Calculate the
intermediate temperature and the rate ofheat interaction takes place between end
plates.

UNIT4
6. a)

Obtain an expression for LMTD of a counter flow heat exchanger and interpret the

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expression.
b) A two-pass surface condenser is required to handle the exhaust from a turbine

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developing 15MW with specific steam consumption of5kg/kWh. The condenser


vacuum is 660mm ofHg when the barometer reads 760mm ofHg. The mean velocity
of water is 3m/s. Water inlet temperature is 24C. The condensate is saturated water
and outlet temperature of cooling water is 4C less than the condensate temperature.
The quality of exhaust steam is 0.9dry. The overall heat transfer coefficient based on
the outer area of tube is 4kW/m2 -C. The water tubes are 3.84cm in OD and 2.96cm in
ID. Find (i) Condenser surface area (ii) Rate of cooling water circulated (in litres/min)
(iii) Number of tubes required (iv) Length oftubes.

UNITS
7

a)

Discuss the three modes of mass transfer

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b) Define; i) Mass and molar concentration ii) Mass average and molar average 06
velocities.
c)

Air is contained in a tyre tube surface area 0.5 m2 and wall thickness 1Omm. The 08
pressure of air drops from 2.2 bar to 2.18bar in a period of 6 days. The solubility of air
in the rubber is 0.072m 3 of air per m3 of rubber at 1 bar. Determine the diffusivity of
air in rubber at the operating temperature of 300K if the volume of air in the tube is
0.028m3

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