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# EXERCISE 4

## 1. IS IT ADVISABLE TO USE WOODEN SPHERE FOR THE DOME OF A VAN DE

GRAAFF GENERATOR?
No. wood is a poor conductor of electricity. A metallic dome must be used so that
charges get accumulated on it
2. DESCRIBE THE REACTION BETWEEN TWO CHARGED MATERIALS
In contrast to the attractive force between two objects with opposite charges, two objects
that are of like charge will repel each other. That is, a positively charged object will exert
a repulsive force upon a second positively charged object.
3. WHAT WILL HAPPEN IF YOU RUB A FUR ON A GLASS ROD AND THE
ELECTRON TRANSFERS TO THE FUR TO ROD IS THE FUR CHARGE?
You might know that all matter is made up out of atoms. Now, atoms themselves have a
core, or nucleus, and electrons orbiting around the nucleus. The core has positive charge,
the electrons have negative charge.
When you are rubbing the glass rod with the silk cloth, electrons are stripped away from the
atoms in the glass and transferred to the silk cloth. This leaves the glass rod with more
positive than negative charge, so you get a net positive charge.
Why do the electrons go from glass to silk and not from silk to glass? That depends a lot on
the minute details of the material. Ultimately, for every two materials there is one of them
where electrons are happier. It just turns out that for glass and silk, electrons are happier at
the silk cloth.
Now to your second question. Here, the important thing to note is that in your typical solid
material, the positive charges, which are the cores of the atoms, cannot move around much.
They are locked into a rigid structure. The tiny electrons, however, can move around much
better. That's why the glass rod can induce a net negative charge at one end of the paper
clips.
if electron goes from fur to rod ... fur is positively charged

EXERCISE 1
1. HOW DO THE SPECIFIC HEAT OF THE METALS COMPARE WITH
THE SPECIFIC HEAT OF WATER?
The specific heat of water is 1 calorie/gram C = 4.186 joule/gram C which is higher
than any other common substance. As a result, water plays a very important role in
temperature regulation. The specific heat per gram for water is much higher than that for
a metal

So, the conclusion could be made that the specific heat of metal is lower than the
specific heat of water. It requires less heat per unit mass to create a greater change in
temperature for metal than it does for water. This is general of course, since there are
different types of metal.
2. IN RAINY SEASON, WHY DOES THE STEEL HANDLE OF THE WOOD CABINET
IS COLDER THAN THE CABINET?
The feel of cold & hot is produced due to :(1) Temperature difference
(2) Rate of heat transfer
=>As in rainy season the temperature difference is more between hand and object, also the steel
is a good conductor whereas wood is a poor conductor thus the rate of heat transfer is more in
steel.

the cabinet is filled with air which is insulator of heat but steel is a metal and a good

conductor of heat
so when touching the handle it takes heat from your hand and quickly distribute it to the
neighbouring
atoms and to entire handle so the process is to quick and we feel cool but air cannot do it quick
as like it so we dont feel much cold

EXERCISE 2
1. WHAT ADVANTAGE MIGHT THE COMMERCIALLY PACKAGED COOLANT
MATERIAL
it would be at room temperature until activated, ie. ice would melt in a few hours so if you have a
long jorney ou could only use it when you need it. it would involve an endothermic reaction