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# STDEVA

## Calculates the standard deviation of an estimation based on a sample.

Description
Estimates standard deviation based on a sample. The standard deviation is a
measure of how widely values are dispersed from the average value (the
mean).
Syntax
STDEVA(Value1;Value2;...Value30)
Value1, Value2, ...Value30 are values or ranges representing a sample derived from an
entire population. Text has the value 0.
Example
=STDEVA(A1:A50) returns the estimated standard deviation based on the data
referenced.
Remarks

## STDEVA assumes that its arguments are a sample of the population. If

your data represents the entire population, you must compute the standard
deviation using STDEVPA.
The standard deviation is calculated using the "n-1" method.

## Arguments can be the following: numbers; names, arrays, or

references that contain numbers; text representations of numbers; or logical
values, such as TRUE and FALSE, in a reference.

## Arguments that contain TRUE evaluate as 1; arguments that contain

text or FALSE evaluate as 0 (zero).

## If an argument is an array or reference, only values in that array or

reference are used. Empty cells and text values in the array or reference are
ignored.

Arguments that are error values or text that cannot be translated into
numbers cause errors.

## If you do not want to include logical values and text representations of

numbers in a reference as part of the calculation, use the STDEV function.

## where x is the sample mean AVERAGE(value1,value2,) and n is the sample

size.

IMSQRT
Description
Returns the square root of a complex number in x + yi or x + yj text format.
Syntax
IMSQRT(inumber)
The IMSQRT function syntax has the following arguments:

Inumber

Required. A complex number for which you want the square root.

Remarks

number.

where:
and:

and:

## The result is the square root of a complex number.

Syntax
IMSQRT("ComplexNumber")
ComplexNumber is a complex number that is entered in the form "x+yi" or "x+yj".

Example
=IMSQRT("3+4i") returns 2+1i.

SUMX2MY2
Description
Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays.
Syntax
SUMX2MY2(array_x, array_y)
The SUMX2MY2 function syntax has the following arguments:

Array_x

Array_y

Remarks

contain numbers.

## If an array or reference argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells,

those values are ignored; however, cells with the value zero are included.

If array_x and array_y have a different number of values, SUMX2MY2 returns the
#N/A error value.

## The equation for the sum of the difference of squares is:

Adds the squares of the variance between corresponding values in two arrays.
Syntax
SUMXMY2(ArrayX; ArrayY)

ArrayX represents the first array whose elements are to be subtracted and squared.
ArrayY represents the second array, whose elements are to be subtracted and
squared.