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Folosirea timpurilor n limba englez

Present Simple
Past Simple
Future Simple
- Aciuni obinuite care se ntmpl n - Exprim aciuni terminate legate de un - Indic o aciune obinuit sau regulat
prezent sau in mod regulat, dar nu
moment trecut, fr nici o legtur
din viitor: They will buy a house
neaprat n momentul exact al
cu prezentul: ex. They visited their
next month.
- Se folosete cu adverbele de timp:
vorbirii: ex. Mike plays tennis every
moter in the hospital yesterday.
Se
folose

te
cu
urmtoarele
adverbe
de
next week/year/month, tomorrow,
weekend.
- Adevruri sau realiti general
timp:
yesterday/
last
the day after tomorrow.
Nu
se foloseste viitorul ci prezentul
acceptate: ex. Vegetarians dont eat
week/year/month,
two
simplu dup: if, when, as soon as,
meat.
days/minutes/weeks/ years ago, the
- Expresia opiniilor i preferinelor: ex.
till, until, before. (Se folosete
other day, last week/year/month, in
I think Spain is beautiful.
viitorul
doar
cnd
aceste
1892.
- Se folosete pentru a exprima asa
subordonate ndeplinesc funcia
numitul prezent istoric, fcnd astfel
sintactic de compliment direct) She
referile la aciuni care s-au ntamplat
is asking when her mother will
de fapt n trecut: ex. Monika tells
come.
me that she took her brother to the
dentist.
- Poate avea valen de viitor mai ales
cu verbe ca: arrive, come, leave care
sugereaz evenimente planificate sau
programate: The train from Boston
arrives this afternoon at two
oclock.
- Expresii care semnaleaz frecvent
aciuni obinuite exprimate prin
prezentul simplu: all the time,
always, every hour/day/week/year,
most of the time, never, often,
rarely, sometimes, seldom, usually.
Present Continuous
Past Continuous
Future Continuous
- O aciune care se afl n deplin - Indic o aciune care se desfoar la - Exprim o aciune n desfurare la un
desfurare n momentul vorbirii: It
un moment dat din trecut care nu are
moment dat din viitor: Tomorrow I
is raining so they have to stop the
nici o legtur cu prezentul.
will be working all the day.
game.
Aciunea continu a avut loc in - Unele expresii folosite cu acest timp:
- O aciune care se afl n desfurare n
at this time tomorrow, at 7 oclock
trecut i a fost deja terminat la un
perioada prezent, dar poate nu se
tomorrow, when mother came
punct nainte de momentul vorbirii:
ntmpl concomitent cu momentul
home, from 6 till 7 tomorrow, the
The cat was walking along the
vorbirii: They are writing a new
whole day tomorrow.
three branches.
book.
- Unele expresii folosite cu acest timp:
- Descrie o tendin sau o aciune care a
at this time yesterday, at 7 oclock
debutat recent: More and more
yesterday, when mother came
people are starting to play golf in
home, from 6 till 7 yesterday, the
Malaysia.
whole evening yesterday.
- Pentru a desemna o aciune planificat
pentru viitor: Meg is leaving for
London next week.
- Pentru descrierea tablourilor: In the
picture Mary is dancing.
- Verbele care nu au forma de continuu:

to think, to know, to hear, to


recognize, to feel, to be, to
understand, to have (se folosete la
continuu doar cnd intr n
componena unor expresii cum ar fi
to have dinner, to have a smoke...)

Present Perfect
Past Perfect
Future Perfect
Exprim o aciune ncheiat sau - Indic faptul c o aciune s-a ncheiat - Indic o aciune care va fi fost
perfectat n trecut i care se
pefectat la un moment din trecut
ncheiat la un moment dat din
extinde pn n momentul prezent: I
nainte ca un alt eveniment s se
viitor: I will have spent all my
have walked two miles (dar
produc: I had walked two miles
money by this time next year. By
continuu s merg).
before I had lunch.
this time next week, I will have
Aciuni sau evenimente din trecut, dar - Adverbe de timp: before, after.
worked on this this project for
care conduc pn la momentul
twenty days.
prezent. n acest caz folosirea
- Adverbe de timp: by this time next
timpului Present Perfect arat c
wee/month/year, by June, before,
rezultatul evenimentului sau aciunii
after.
care aparine momentului prezent
este doar cel care conteaz i nu
momentul n care a avut loc
aciunea: He has bought a new car.
(i acum au o main nou)
Obiceiuri sau evenimente i aciuni
frecvente n decursul unei perioade
de timp care conduc la momentul
prezentului: She has studied
English for four years. (i nc mai
nva)
Se folosete de obicei cu adverbele de
timp: never, ever, just, already, yet,
since, for.

Present Perfect Continuos


Past Perfect Continuous
Future perfect Continuous
- Se folosete pentru a descrie stri sau - Indic o aciune care s-a ncheiat la un - Indic o aciune continu (aciune de
evenimente care au debutat n trecut
moment dat din trecut: She had
durat) care va fi ncheiat la un
i au continuat de-a lungul unei
been reading for hours before she
moment dat din viitor: By the time
perioade de timp i snt nc preyente
left the library.
he finishes the semester, Mark will
Poate
exprima
o
ac

iune
sau
o
stare
din
pn n momentul vorbirii. It has
have been studying birds for four
trecut nceput nainte unei altei
been raining for two days. (and it is
years.
ac

iuni
din
trecut,
dar
continund

i
Adverbe
de timp: by this time next
still raining).
- Diferena dintre forma prezentului
n clipa svririi ei: Monica had
wee/month/year, by June, before,
perfect i cea a prezentului perfect
been watching TV for two hours
after.
continuu este c forma continu
when her mother came home fro
accentuiaz durata aciunii sau
work.
strrii.