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SUB.CODE/ NAME: CE6506/ Construction Techniques, Equipment and Practice
1. Define scaffolding and what are the types of scaffolding? (AU May12).
These are temporary working platforms erected around the perimeter of the buildings or
structure to provide the safe working place at convenient height.
Types of scaffolding:
Single Scaffolding

Double Scaffolding

Cantilever Scaffolding

Suspended Scaffolding

Trestle Scaffolding

Steel Scaffolding
2. Mention the advantages of Slipforms.(AU Nov10)
The slip forms prove to be economical for vertical structures which are in the form of
concrete shafts.
They are used for piers, chimneys, towers, missile launching bases, water reservoirs
and silos etc.
3. What is the necessity of providing construction joints? (AU May10)
In order to provide the expansion and contraction joints
To avoid the cracks in the building
4. Write the common sizes of concrete hollow blocks used in buildings. (AU May11)
The commonly used sizes are:
39*19*30 cm

39*19*20 cm

39*19*10 cm
5. Define Slipforms (AU Nov09&May10)
Slipforms are a type of form that could be compared with a set of dies, originally designed
for curved structures such as bins, silos and towers for which or
6. What are the steps involved in site clearance?
Surface cleaning of grass, tress, hillocks etc.
Clearing the obstructions which may be above or below the ground level
7. Define the term masonry and what are the types of masonary?
Masonry is defined as the construction of buildings units bonded together with mortor. The
building units may be stones, bricks or precast blocks of concrete. Depending upon type of
building units used, masonry may be the following types.
Stone Masonry

Brick Masonry

Hollow concrete block Masonry

Reinforced brick Masonry

Composite Masonry
8. Differentiate English bond and Flemish bond.
English Bond
Flemish Bond
It Doesnt requires skilled labors
It requires the skilled labors

It Doesnt give the pleasant appearance

It gives the pleasant appearance

It is more stronger

It is weak compare to English bond

It Doesnt requires more mortar

It requires more mortar
9. What is composite masonry?
When facing and backing of walls are constructed using different types of masonry, the
construction so obtained is known as composite masonry. It reduces the overall cost of the
building and makes the structure aesthetically sound.
10. What is rubble masonry and ashlar masonry?
Rubble Masonry: In this type of masonry, stones of irregular sizes and shapes are used. These
stones are obtained from the quarry, are taken and use in the same form or broken and shaped
in suitable sizes by means of hammer as the work proceeds.
Ashlar Masonry: In this type of construction, no irregular stones are used. The stones used in
this masonry are rectangular blocks and are all dressed finely with chisel. The course are not
necessarily same height. It may vary from 25 to 30cm.
11. Define dampness.
Dampness is the presence of moisture. It gives rise to unhygienic conditions, apart from
reduction in strength of the building.
12. Define damp proof course. What is the main purpose of using DPC? (AU Nov10)
It is the layer of waterproof material in the wall of a building near the ground, to prevent
rising damp.
Advantages of DPC:
Prevent the moisture rising from the ground

Avoid the penetration of rain into the building

Prevents the atmospheric moisture due to condensation

13. What are the materials used for damp proofing courses?
Hot bitumen

Mastic asphalt

Metal sheets

Cement concrete

Plastic sheets

Stones, bricks, etc.

14. What are classifications of stone masonry?
Rubble Masonry
Random Rubble Masonry
o Coursed
o Uncoursed

Square Rubble Masonry

o Coursed
o Uncoursed

Polygonal Rubble Masonry

Flint Rubble Masonry

Dry Rubble Masonry

Ashlar Masonry
Ashlar Fine Masonry

Ashlar Rough Tooled

Rock (or) Quarry Faced

Ashlar Chamfered

Ashlar Block in course

15. What the types of flooring commonly used.
Cement Concrete Flooring

Mosaic Flooring

Brick Flooring

Stone Flooring

Granolithic Flooring

Terrazo Flooring

Marble Flooring

Asphalt Flooring
16. Define roofs and explain its types?
Roof is the upper part of a building which is supported on structural members and
covered with roofing materials to give protection to the building against rain, wind, heat
snow, etc.
Flat Roofs

Sloping or Pitched Roofs

Curved Roofs
17. What are the conditions for good acoustics?
Initial sound should be adequate intensity such that if can be heard throughout the hall. In
case of low intensity the sound should needs to be raised by the amplification system.
The sound produced should be entirely distributed, otherwise it will leads to defect.

Initial sound should be clear and distinct so that there is no possibility of distortion in
speech after being produced.
18. Define flooring.
It is the horizontal area in any floor of a building. It consists of two components:
Sub floor- to impart strength and stability
Support floor smooth impervious, durable and attractive surface to the floor.