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HERVE

BARON

Engineering Training

Welcome to this presentation.


It is part of a suite of Engineering training modules.
It shows the activities and deliverables of the Process
discipline.
Comments are most welcome (herve.baron@gmail.com),
which I will incorporate for the benefit of all.

Herv

2015 Herv Baron

Please download this file so that you can see my trainers


notes in the top left corner latest Acrobat Pro feature.

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Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

PROCESS

PLANT LAYOUT

EQUIPMENT

SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT

CIVIL

PIPING

PIPELINE

INSTRUMENTATION

ELECTRICAL

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Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

2015 Herv Baron

Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

HERVE
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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

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Process Design Basis

What constitutes the Design Basis of a Process/Utility Unit?

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Process Design Basis

What constitutes the Design Basis of a Process/Utility Unit?

Sizing cases: max capacity /turndown

Other operating cases

Feedstock composition and condition

Product specifications

Battery limit conditions

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Process design basis


Compressor Station

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Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process simulations, Process Flow Diagram, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

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Choice of Process Scheme

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What are the bases of process scheme definition?

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Overall Plant Process Design

What is the name of


this drawing?

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Results from the high level functional requirements of the plant


Depicts the various Processes carried out within the facility and their sequence
Shows the inputs (feed) and outputs (products)
The item of the BFD is the Process Unit

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The Block Flow Diagram (BFD)

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Unit Process Design

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The Process Flow Diagram (PFD)

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Unit Process Scheme Optimization

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TEG

HP Compression & TEG


Gas Injection

1200 psig
3000 psig

500 psig

200 psig

50 psig

LP Compression

IP Compression
From Wells
165 - 205 F

HP Separator
500 psig

5500 psig

5 psig

Cooler

Emul. Treater
50 psig 150 F

What are the elements taken into account in the


definition/optimization of the process scheme?

Oil Production

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Degasser
5 psig

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Process simulations

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Process simulations

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Input
- Feed composition and
conditions

Simulator settings
- Flow scheme
- Thermodynamic model
- Equipment performance

Output
- Stream flows and
composition
- Equipment duty

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Process simulations

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Input
- Feed composition and
conditions

Simulator settings
- Flow scheme
- Thermodynamic model
- Equipment performance

Output
- Stream flows and
composition
- Equipment duty

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Process simulations

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Input
- Feed composition and
conditions

Simulator settings
- Flow scheme
- Thermodynamic model
- Equipment performance

Output
- Stream flows and
composition
- Equipment duty

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Process simulations

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Input
- Feed composition and
conditions

Simulator settings
- Flow scheme
- Thermodynamic model
- Equipment performance

Output
- Stream flows and
composition
- Equipment duty

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Process simulations

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Input
- Feed composition and
conditions

Simulator settings
- Flow scheme
- Thermodynamic model
- Equipment performance

Output
- Stream flows and
composition
- Equipment duty

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Process simulations

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Input
- Feed composition and
conditions

Simulator settings
- Flow scheme
- Thermodynamic model
- Equipment performance

Output
- Stream flows and
composition
- Equipment duty

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The Process Flow Diagram (PFD)

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The Process Flow Diagram (PFD)

Results from process simulations

Depicts the various Equipment within a Process (or Utility) Unit and their sequence

Shows the process controls

The individual drawing item of the PFD is the Equipment Item

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The Process Flow Diagram (PFD)

Scheme including the following information, as a minimum:

Main equipment (all the itemized ones),

Process lines between equipment,

All control loops and main instruments,

Heat & Mass Balance (HMB)

Design conditions of main equipment.


It shall be drawn-up according to ISA 6.12 regulation as far as symbology is
concerning

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For each stream, indication of:


Temperature
Pressure
Composition
Specific gravity
Operating density
Heat content
Flow rate (relevant to each phase)

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Heat & Material Balance

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Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

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Process Description

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Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

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Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

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Equipment sizing

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Cass study: Equipment Sizing

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32

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Case study: Equipment Sizing


Production separator
Sets the gas
cross section

Vessel size

Sets the liquid volume

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Process data sheet


Drums

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Process data sheet

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Contents of the Process Data Sheet:


Design conditions
Overdesign
Fluid properties
Equipment duty
Skeleton drawing & dimensions
Material (generic type) and
corrosion allowance
Specification of internals:
demister, distributor, baffle etc.
Nozzles list
Allowable pressure drop, fouling
factor, Cp, Cv, enthalpy curve (for
HX, heaters)
Available NPSH (for pumps)

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Process Data sheet


Column

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Columns and Drums

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Column internals must be specified.

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These pictures are excerpts from Sulzer douments

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Process Data sheet


Column

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Process Data sheet


Rotating equipment

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Process Data sheet


Rotating equipment

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Process Data sheet


Heat Exchangers / Shell & Tubes

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Heat Exchanger thermal sizing


TEMA Data Sheet
A Thermal data sheet is
received from Process for
shell & tubes heat
exchangers following
thermal sizing

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Process Data sheet


Heat Exchangers / Other types

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Process Data sheet


Air Cooled HX

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Process Data Sheet


Fired heaters

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Process Data Sheet


Fired heaters

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What is particularly important while specifying a heater ?

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Process Data Sheet


Storage tank

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Process Sizing

Process Equipment Sizing is done on the basis of:

Sizing cases

Over design

Design criteria

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Process Sizing

Process Equipment Sizing is done on the basis of:

Sizing cases all operating cases

Over design

Design criteria

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Process Sizing

Process Equipment Sizing is done on the basis of:

Sizing cases all operating cases

Over design 10% as a rule

Design criteria

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Process Sizing

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Process Equipment Sizing is done on the basis of:

Sizing cases all operating case

Over design 10% as a rule

Sizing criteria

On which basis are the following


equipment sized?

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Process Sizing

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Process Sizing is done on the basis of:

Sizing cases all operating case

Over design 10% as a rule

Sizing criteria
Separator
KO drum
Distillation/Absorption column
Reactor
Storage tank

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Process Sizing

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Process Equipment Sizing is done on the basis of:

Sizing cases all operating case

Over design 10% as a rule

Sizing criteria

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Separator Size of droplet => velocity, residence time + Surge


KO Drum Hold up time
Distillation/Absorption column Diameter based on flow. Number
of trays/height of packing based on purity required
Reactor Contact time (also called space velocity)
Tank Storage capacity

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Process specification
Package

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What document is issued by Process for packages?

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Process specification
Package

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Process specification
Package
What type of guarantees
are requested?

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Process Equipment list

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Process Equipment list

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Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

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Compare the
information shown on
the PFD and the P&ID

Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)

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Compare
Comparethe
the
information
informationshown
shownon
on
the
thePFD
PFDand
andthe
theP&ID
P&ID

Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)

What are the


purposes of P&IDs?

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Compare the
information shown on
the PFD and the P&ID

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)

What are the


purposes of P&IDs?

During operation:
Reference drawing for operator, work permit, plant modifications etc.

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At design stage:
Defines the design basis for Piping & Instrumentation disciplines
Compare
Serves to
theshow and agree the operating and maintenance features between
Engineer and Owner or between Engineer and Vendor
information shown on
Serves to show the interface with equipment/package vendors
the PFD and the P&ID
Perform HAZOP review

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)

What are the


purposes of P&IDs?

P&ID

During operation:
Reference drawing for operator, work permit, plant modifications etc.

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At design stage:
review
Defines the design basis for Piping & Instrumentation disciplines
Compare
Serves to
theshow and agree the operating and maintenance features between
Engineer and Owner or between Engineer and Vendor
information shown on
Serves to show the interface with equipment/package vendors
the PFD and the P&ID
Perform HAZOP review

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)

What are the


purposes of P&IDs?
Which are the usual
points reviewed
during a P&ID
review?

P&ID

During operation:
Reference drawing for operator, work permit, plant modifications etc.

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At design stage:
review
Defines the design basis for Piping & Instrumentation disciplines
Compare
Serves to
theshow and agree the operating and maintenance features between
Engineer and Owner or between Engineer and Vendor
information shown on
Serves to show the interface with equipment/package vendors
the PFD and the P&ID
Perform HAZOP review

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)


P&ID review

Ease of operation and maintenance:

Isolation /bypass of equipment

Isolation/bypass of valves

Vents/drains

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)


P&ID review

Ease of operation and maintenance:

Isolation /bypass of equipment

Isolation/bypass of valves

Vents/drains

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What do you call each type of


isolation?

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)


P&ID review

Ease of operation and maintenance:

Isolation /bypass of equipment

Isolation/bypass of valves

Vents/drains

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Where do you use double block


and bleed?

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Isolation philosophy

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Isolation philosophy

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Isolation philosophy

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)


P&ID review

Ease of operation and maintenance:

Isolation /bypass of equipment

Isolation/bypass of valves

Vents/drains

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

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Important features

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Normal operation
Redundancy for critical instruments / safety switches
Shutdown
Check valves
Start-up
Pressurization
warm-up / purge lines
Maintenance
Equipment isolation & bypass: valves, spectacle/blind
Nitrogen injection, vent
Drains
Control and ON/OFF valves isolation
Instrument isolation

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

It includes:
1.
2.

3.

All itemized equipment,


Item number and service description of each equipment with relevant
design condition
All lines (process , utilities, start-up, maintenance), with indication of
Diameter
Rating
Material
Service
Line number
Piping class
Piping class break / change
External finishing (such as insulation, personal protection, tracing)

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4.
5.

6.

Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

Battery limits between Parties, e.g. contractor and vendor


All valves for operation, start-up, maintenance with indication of
valve type, including isolation valves, check valves etc.
All instruments with detailed control loops:

All instruments shall be tagged as per united numbering system,


Local instruments or instruments on local panel,
Sequences and interlocks (with brief description e.g.: comp. start / stop,
permissive to start, etc.),

Control valves, ON/OFF valves,

8.

Safety valves (with set point and inlet/outlet size),

9.

Electrical controls, such as pump local or remote start/stop,


emergency shutdown

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7.

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9.

Particular data or notes


installation, such as:

10.

relevant to

equipment/instruments

Max or mini length of piping (requirement regarding suction / discharge


piping straight length, etc.),
Slope of piping
Elevation of equipment
Pertinent interior arrangement of equipment
Safe location requirement
Control and monitoring signals for rotating equipment and electrical
motors,

Item number and service description of each equipment with relevant


design condition
Connecting flags for pipe lines running from one drawing to another

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11.

Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

Instruments and controls must be drawn-up according to ISA 6.12


requirements.

Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

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Various types of P&IDs

Legend and Symbols


Identification & Numbering
Details and Typicals
Process or Utility P&ID
Distribution P&ID
Interconnection P&ID
Pumps auxiliary P&ID
Package P&ID

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

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Various types of P&IDs

Legend and Symbols


Identification & Numbering
Details and Typicals
Process or Utility P&ID
Distribution P&ID
Interconnection P&ID
Pumps auxiliary P&ID
Package P&ID

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P&IDs legend & symbols

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

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Various types of P&IDs

Legend and Symbols


Identification & Numbering
Details and Typicals
Process or Utility P&ID
Distribution P&ID
Interconnection P&ID
Pumps auxiliary P&ID
Package P&ID

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Identification and numbering system

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Identification and numbering system

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

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Various types of P&IDs

Legend and Symbols


Identification & Numbering
Details and Typicals
Process or Utility P&ID
Distribution P&ID
Interconnection P&ID
Pumps auxiliary P&ID
Package P&ID

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

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Various types of P&IDs

Legend and Symbols


Identification & Numbering
Details and Typicals
Process or Utility P&ID
Distribution P&ID
Interconnection P&ID
Pumps auxiliary P&ID
Package P&ID

P&ID
representation

Details

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

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Various types of P&IDs

Legend and Symbols


Identification & Numbering
Details and Typicals
Process or Utility P&ID
Distribution P&ID
Interconnection P&ID
Pumps auxiliary P&ID
Package P&ID

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Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

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Various types of P&IDs

Legend and Symbols


Identification & Numbering
Details and Typicals
Process or Utility P&ID
Distribution P&ID
Interconnection P&ID
Pumps auxiliary P&ID
Package P&ID

What are the different typicals that should be


defined?
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Piping & Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID) - Typicals

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How would you call each of these two types


of arrangement?
For what service(s) would each be used?

Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

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Various types of P&IDs

Legend and Symbols


Identification & Numbering
Details and Typicals
Process or Utility P&ID
Distribution P&ID
Interconnection P&ID
Pumps auxiliary P&ID
Package P&ID

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P&ID work sequence

P&IDs are typically issued 3 times, as design progresses

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P&ID work sequence

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P&IDs are typically issued 3 times, as design progresses

IFD

IFC

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IFR

P&ID work sequence

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P&IDs are typically issued 3 times, as design progresses

IFD

IFC

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IFR

P&ID work sequence

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P&IDs are typically issued 3 times, as design progresses

P&ID
Review

IFD

IFC

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IFR

P&ID work sequence

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P&IDs are typically issued 3 times, as design progresses

P&ID
Review

IFD

IFC

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IFR

HAZOP

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Quiz
Which revision of P&IDs has the following purpose/contents?

Purpose
Collect Client comments
Perform PID review
Perform HAZOP
Perform Piping MTO for 1st Piping purchase
Freeze Control system I/O list
Issue Piping ISOs
Contents
Comments from all disciplines

IFR

IFD

IFC

IFR

IFD

IFC

Comments from Piping, I&C disciplines


Finalized interfaces with eqt/package
Exercised Contract Option(s)
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Size, number of PSVs and CVs


Diameter of process lines
Diameter of utility lines
HAZOP comments incorporated
Client comments incorporated

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Quiz
Which revision of P&IDs has the following purpose/contents?

Purpose
Collect Client comments
Perform PID review
Perform HAZOP
Perform Piping MTO for 1st Piping purchase
Freeze Control system I/O list
Issue Piping ISOs
Contents
Comments from all disciplines

IFR
X
X

IFD

X
X

IFR

Comments from Piping, I&C disciplines

IFD

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

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Size, number of PSVs and CVs


Diameter of process lines
Diameter of utility lines
HAZOP comments incorporated
Client comments incorporated

X
X
IFC
X

Finalized interfaces with eqt/package


Exercised Contract Option(s)

IFC

P&ID work sequence

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P&IDs are typically issued 3 times, as design progresses

P&ID
Review

IFD

IFC

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IFR

HAZOP

P&ID work sequence


The different revisions

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The prime purpose of the first issue (IFR: Issued for Review) is to
obtain COMPANYs comments/APPROVAL this APPROVAL is
necessary before progressing the design further to avoid re-work
The IFD revision, which incorporates COMPANY comments, aims
at transferring information from Process to other disciplines:

to Piping, to perform routing studies


to Piping materials, to perform 1st MTO for purchase
To Instrumentation, to perform Instrument list
To Civil for routing of Undeground Piping

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IFC incorporates HAZOP impacts and information from Vendors. It


is a pre-requisite to:
Start production of Piping isometrics

P&ID work sequence

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P&ID
Review

HAZOP

Piping Isometric
drawings
Piping material
top-ups

IFR

IFD

IFC
Piping 2nd MTO & 1st material purchases
Instrumenation & Control design
Undeground piping (civil)

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Piping routing

P&ID work sequence

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Sometimes an IFH revision, mark-ups of the P&ID review,


is used to anticipate the HAZOP

P&ID
Review

IFD

IFC

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IFR

HAZOP

P&ID work sequence

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An IFD2 revision is issued in case major change from Vendors/HAZOP to


up-date piping material purchases, instrumentation design etc.

P&ID
Review

HAZOP

Piping Isos
Piping material
top-up

Start

IFR

IFD IFD2

IFC

Piping routing
Piping 1st material purchases
Instrumenation & Control design
Undeground piping (civil)

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Up-date

Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

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Fluids list

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Line list
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Line sizing

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Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

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Instrument process data sheet

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What is the most


important process data
for control valves?

Instrument process data sheet

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Instrument process data sheet

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Operating range, typ.


Maximum flow rate: 110 % of max. operating flow rate
Minimum flow rate: 30 % of minimum operating flow
rate,
in order to guarantee correct functioning at the extremes
of the operating range.

Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

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Process Shut Down

Look at the extracts of these 2 P&IDs.


How is the protection against loss of
liquid level achieved in each case?
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ESD logic diagram

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Safeguarding narrative & Cause and Effects charts

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Process and Safety Diagrams (PSD)

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Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

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Relief load summary

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Flare study

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Flare study

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Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

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Operating manual

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Operating manual
What are the most important contents of the
operating manual?

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1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 General presentation
1.2 Glossary
1.3 Basic data
2 DESCRIPTION OF FACILITIES
2.1 General
2.2 Process
2.3 Utilities
2.4 Auxiliaries

4 OPERATION
4.1 Start-up
4.2 Normal operation
4.4 Shutdown
4.5 Depressurization
5 SAFETY
5.1 Operating philosophy
5.2 Escape, evacuation and
rescue
5.3 Emergency power system
5.4 Safety equipment list
5.5 Fire protection
2015 Herv Baron

3 AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM


3.1 System overview
3.2 Operator control interfaces
3.3 Telecommunications
3.4 Process alarms and trips
3.6 Emergency shutdown system
3.7 Fire & gas system

Operating Manual
Table of Contents (typ.)

Operating Manual
Annexes (typ.)

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EQUIPMENT LIST

SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM

PFDs

P&IDs

F&G
SYSTEM
DRAWING

VESSELS
SHEETS

INSTRUMENT DATA SHEETS (PSVs,


Level instruments)

ARCHITECTURE

MECHANICAL

DATA

ESD LOGIC DIAGRAM

EQUIPMENT START/STOP
SHUTDOWN SEQUENCES

GENERAL PLOT PLAN

ESD SIMPLIFIED DIAGRAM

DCS ARCHITECTURE DRAWING

CONTROL LOOPS AND ALARM LIST

ELECTRICAL CONTROL SYSTEM


ARCHITECTURE DRAWING

SECURITY SWITCHES LIST

&

2015 Herv Baron

Operating Manual
Annexes (typ.)

HERVE
BARON

EQUIPMENT LIST

SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM

PFDs

P&IDs

F&G
SYSTEM
DRAWING

VESSELS
SHEETS

INSTRUMENT DATA SHEETS (PSVs,


Level instruments)

ARCHITECTURE

MECHANICAL

DATA

ESD LOGIC DIAGRAM

EQUIPMENT START/STOP
SHUTDOWN SEQUENCES

GENERAL PLOT PLAN

ESD SIMPLIFIED DIAGRAM

DCS ARCHITECTURE DRAWING

CONTROL LOOPS AND ALARM LIST

ELECTRICAL CONTROL SYSTEM


ARCHITECTURE DRAWING

SECURITY SWITCHES LIST

&

2015 Herv Baron

HERVE
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Operating Manual
Control loops and Alarms list

2015 Herv Baron

Engineering disciplines: activities and deliverables

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BARON

PROCESS
Design basis and criteria
Process Flow Scheme, PFD, HMB
Process description
Process Operating and Control Philosophy
Equipment sizing
P&IDs
Piping specification and sizing
Instrument process specification
Process and Emergency shutdown
Flare study
Operating manual

2015 Herv Baron

HERVE
BARON

Process design criteria

What are the different Process design criteria?

2015 Herv Baron

HERVE
BARON

Process design criteria

What are the different Process design criteria?

Design margins
Design Pressure and Temperature criteria
Equipment sizing criteria
Line sizing criteria
Control valve sizing criteria

2015 Herv Baron

HERVE
BARON

Process design criteria

Design margins
Design Pressure and Temperature criteria
Equipment sizing criteria
Line sizing criteria
Control valve sizing criteria

2015 Herv Baron

Process design criteria

HERVE
BARON

Design margins: what is the usual Equipment (rotating, heat exchangers, columns) overdesign (%)?
Design Pressure and Temperature criteria
Equipment sizing criteria
Line sizing criteria
Control valve sizing criteria

+?%
2015 Herv Baron

Process design criteria

HERVE
BARON

Design margins: what is the usual Equipment (rotating, heat exchangers, columns) overdesign (%)?
Design Pressure and Temperature criteria
Equipment sizing criteria
Line sizing criteria
Control valve sizing criteria

+10%
2015 Herv Baron

HERVE
BARON

Process design criteria

Design margins
Design Pressure and Temperature criteria
Equipment sizing criteria
Line sizing criteria
Control valve sizing criteria

2015 Herv Baron

Process design criteria

HERVE
BARON

Design margins
Design Pressure and Temperature criteria
Equipment sizing criteria
Line sizing criteria
Control valve sizing criteria
The design temperature should be the highest or lowest temperature to which the
equipment is subjected, plus a margin.
The following cases must be considered:
(a) A maximum temperature which can occur when bypassing a heat exchanger or
cooler for cleaning.
(b) A high metal temperature on uninsulated equipment due to solar radiation.

(d) The maximum metal temperature that can occur during steam out or decoking
operation.

2015 Herv Baron

(c) The lowest temperature that may be caused by auto-refrigeration.

HERVE
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Process design criteria

Design margins
Design Pressure and Temperature criteria
Equipment sizing criteria
Line sizing criteria
Control valve sizing criteria

2015 Herv Baron

HERVE
BARON

Process design criteria

Design margins
Design Pressure and Temperature criteria
Equipment sizing criteria
Line sizing criteria
Control valve sizing criteria

2015 Herv Baron

HERVE
BARON

Licensed vs Open Art Process

When one uses a process under license, what are the deliverables
issued by the process LICENSOR?

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Typical PROCESS Licensor / Engineering split

HERVE
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Process Licensor

Engineer

PFD, H&MB

Equipment data sheet

Equipment process data sheet: Equipment Mechanical data sheet


- Operating conditions,
- Duty
- Diameters of vessels
- Size of Nozzles
- Pump head
+ specific info for internals etc.

P&IDs

Generic

customized (piping class, line and


valves size, HAZOP comments,
vendor info)

Line sizing

Line sizing criteria

Sizing (takes into account eqt loc,


elevation etc.)

Plot Plan

recommendations

Material selection

Basic requirement

MSD

2015 Herv Baron

Item

Typical PROCESS Licensor / Engineering split

HERVE
BARON

Process Licensor

Engineer

PFD, H&MB

Equipment data sheet

Equipment process data sheet: Equipment Mechanical data sheet


- Operating conditions,
- Duty
- Diameters of vessels
- Size of Nozzles
- Pump head
+ specific info for internals etc.

P&IDs

Generic

customized (piping class, line and


valves size, HAZOP comments,
vendor info)

Line sizing

Line sizing criteria

Sizing (takes into account eqt loc,


elevation etc.)

Plot Plan

recommendations

Material selection

Basic requirement

MSD

2015 Herv Baron

Item

HERVE
BARON

The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide


2nd edition

Do you want to know more... Much more?

2015 Herv Baron

HERVE
BARON

The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide - 2nd edition


Table of Contents

2015 Herv Baron

HERVE
BARON

The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide - 2nd edition


Table of Contents

This suite of training modules


covered
the
discipline
chapters of the book...

2015 Herv Baron

HERVE
BARON

The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide - 2nd edition


Table of Contents

The Guide contains much more:


The overall picture, interfaces,
methods & tools, etc.
2015 Herv Baron

HERVE
BARON

The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide


2nd edition
Order direct from the publisher:
http://www.editionstechnip.com/en/catalogu
e-detail/1111/oil-gas-engineering-guidethe.html

2015 Herv Baron