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VERB

PREPOSITION

A
absorb
account
add
adjust
admit
agree
apply
appeal
argue
argue
arrange
arrive
apologize
approve
ask
accuse smb
arrest smb

in
for
to
to
to
with
for
to
with
about
for
in / at (byk mekanlarda in ,kk mekanlarda at)
for
of
for
of smt
for smt

B
base
beg
begin
benefit
believe
belong
boast
borrow
blame smb
blame smt

on
for
with
from
in
to
about
from
for smt
on smb

C
care
cater
choose
comment
collide
communicate
compare
compete
complain

for / about
for
between
on
with
with
with / to
with
about

compose
concern
concentrate
confess
confuse
congratulate
consist
contribute
cope
correspond
count
cover
crash
charge smb
charge smb
convict smb
convince smb
cure smb

of
about / with
on
to
with
on
of
to
with
with
on
with
into
with smt (sulamak)
for smt (para tahsil etmek)
of smt
of smt
of smt

D
decide
dedicate
depend
despair
deter
differ
disagree
disapprove
discuss
devote
dream
dress
drink
demand smt
derive smt
discourage smb
distinguish smb/smt
distract smb

on / against
to
on
of
from
from
with
of
with
to
of / about
in
to
from smb
from smt
from smt
from/between smb/smt
from smt

E
elaborate
emerge
escape

on
from
from

experiment
excuse smb
exchange smt
exclude smt
expel smb
explain smt

on
for smt
for smt
from smt
from smt
to smb

F
face
feel
feel
fight
forget
forgive someone

with
like
about
against/with/for
about
for something

G
guess
get married
get rid
get tired
grumble

at
to
of
of
about

H
hear
hide
hope
help smb
hinder smb/smt

of / about
from
of / for
with smt
from smt

I
impress
insist
insure
interfere
invest
involve smb/smt

on
on
against
with / in
in
in smb/smt

J
joke

about

K
know

about

L
laugh
listen

at/about
to

long
lend smt

for
to smb

M
meet
mistake
get married

with
for
to

O
object
operate

to
on

P
participate
pay
persist
pray
prepare
prohibit
praise smb
present smb
prevent smb
provide smb
provide smt
punish smb

in
for
in
for
for
from
for smt
with smt
from smt
with smt
for smb
for smb

Q
quarrel
quarrel

about smt
with smb

R
react
recon
recover
refer
rely
reply
resign
respond
result
retire
room
remind smb
rob smb

against / to
on
from
to
on
to
from
to
in
from
for
of smt
of smt

S
search
see
shout
smile
specialise
speak
stand
stare
stem
subscribe
substitute
succeed
suffer
save smb
sentence smb
share smt
subject smb
suspect smb

for
to
at
at
in
to
for
at
from
to
for
in
from
from smt
to smt
with smb
to smt
of smt

T
talk
talk
think
turn
tell smb
thank smb
translate smt
trust smb

to
about
of/about
to
about smt
for smt
into smt
with smt

U
use

for

V
vote

for

W
wait
wonder
work
worry
write
warn smb

for
at
on
about
to / about
about/against

NOUN

PREPOSITION

A
access
advantage
admiration
alternative
attack
attitude
authority
association smt

to
of
for
to
on
to /towards
on
with smt

C
commend
comparison
connection
contrast
credit
cruelty
charasteristic
cure

on
between
between
with
for
towards
of
for

D
decrease
delay
desire
difference
difficulty
disadvantage

in
in
for
between/of
in/with
of

E
effect
exception
expert
experience

on
to
on/at/in
in

H
hope

for

I
increase
influence
information

in
on
about

intention

of

K
knowledge

L
lack
link

of
with

M
matter

with

N
need
notice

for
of

O
opinion

of/about

P
pleasure
preference
protection

in
for
from

R
reaction
reason
recipe
reduction
relationship
report
responsibility
result
respect
rise
room

to
for
for
in
with
on
for
of
for
in
for

S
solution
smell
sympathy

to
of
for

T
tax
taste
threat
trouble

on
of
to
with

U
use

of

V
victims

of

ADJECTIVE

PREPOSITION

A
accustomed
accused
acquainted
addicted
annoyed
allergic
amazed
anxious
appreciated
ashamed
associated
astonished
aware
angry
afraid
attached

to
of
with
to
about/with/at
to
at/by
about
for
of
with
at/by
of
with
of
to

B
bad
based
beneficial
boastful
bored
brilliant
busy

at
on
to
for
with
at
with

C
capable
careful
certain
characteristic
clever
connected
conscious
content
crazy
crowded
curious

of
with/about/of
about
of
at
with
of
with
about
with
about

D
dissatisfied
doubtful
delighted
derived
different
disappointed

with
about
at/about
from
from
with

E
eager
eligible
enthusiastic
excellent
excited
experienced
exposed
envious

for
for
about
in/at
about
in
to
of

F
faithful
familiar
famous
fed up
free
frightened
friendly
fond
furious
furnished
full

to
with
for
with
of/from
of
with
of
about
with
of

G
generous
guilty
gentle
good
grateful

with/about
of/about
with
at
to

H
happy
hopeful

about
of/about

I
identical

with/to

immune
impressed
inferior
indifferent
innocent
interested
involved
incapable

to
with
to
to
of
in
with
of

J
jealous

of

K
kind
keen

to
on

L
late
limited
lucky

for
to
at

M
nervous
notorious

of/about
for

O
opposed

to

P
patient
pessimistic
pleased
polite
popular
presented
proud
punished
puzzled

with
about
with
to
with
with
of
for
by/about

Q
qualified

for

R
ready
related
relevant

for
to
to

respectful
responsible
rid

for
for
of

S
sad
safe
satisfied
scared
sensitive
serious
sick
similar
shocked
skilful
slow
sorry
successful
suitable
sure
superior
surprised
suspicious
sympathetic

about
from
with
of
to
about
of
to
by
at
at
for/about
in
for
of/about
to
at
of
with

T
terrible
terrified
tired
thankful
trilled
troubled
typical

at
of
of
to/for
with
with
of

U
unaware
upset
used

of
about
to

W
wrong
worried

with/about
about

Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions. (smb: somebody smt:

something)
1- accuse smb

smt

2- arrest smb

smt

21- involve smb/smt

3- blame smb

smt

22- lend smt

4- blame smt

smb

23- praise smb

5- charge smb
smt(sulamak)
6- charge smb
etmek)

smt(tahsil

7- convict smb

smt

8- convince smb
9- cure smb

smt
smt

10- demand smt


11- discourage smb

smb
smt

24- present smb

smt

25- prevent smb

smt

26- provide smb

smt

27- provide smt

smt

28- punish smb

smb

29- remind smb

smt

30- rob smb

smb

smt

smt

31- save smb

smt

smt

32- sentence smb

12- distinguish smb/smt


smt

smt

33- share smt

smb

13- distract smb

smt

34- subject smb

smt

14- excuse smb

smt

35- suspect smb

smt

15- exchange smt


16- exclude smt
17- expel smb

smt

36- tell smb

smt

smt

37- thank smb

smt

smt

38- translate smt

smt

18- explain smt

smb

39- trust smb

smt

19- forgive smb

smt

40- warn smb

smt

20- help smb

smt

QUZ 1 ANSWER KEY

1- of
2- for
3- for
4- on
5with

6- for
7- of
8- of
9- of
10from

11from
12from
13from
14- for
15- for

16from
17from
18- to
19- for
20with

21- in
22- to
23- for
24with
25from

26with
27- for
28- for
29- of
30- of

31from
32- to
33with
34- to
35- of

36about
37- for
38- into
39- with
40about

Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions. (smb: somebody smt:


something)
c) verb+smb+prep

a) be adj+prep
1- be ashamed

15- congratulate smb

smt

2- be famous

smt

smt

16- divide smt

smt
smt

3- be proud

smt

17- warn smb

4- be bored

smb

18- blame smb

smb

19- arrest smb

smt

20- leave smw

smt

5- be opposed

smt

6- be excited

smt

21- ask smb

b) verb+prep
7- recover

smt

8-benefit

smt

9- concentrate

smt

smt

22- protect smb

smt

23- accuse smb

smb

24- charge smb

smt

25- suspect smb

smt

10- comment

smb

26- excuse smb

smb

11- specialize

smt

27- punish smb

smt

12- hear

smt

13- insist

smt

14- succeed

smt

QUZ 2 ANSWER KEY


1234-

of
for
of
with

5678-

to
about
from
from

9- on
10- on
11- in
12- about

13141516-

on
in
on
into

17181920-

about
for
for
for

21222324-

for
from
of
with

Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.


1- The house built according
2-Please don't be proud
3-Jerry was jealous

the owner's plans.


your homework.I know you haven't done it.
Tom's success.

25- of
26- for
27- for

4- He's capable

being an excellent student.

5- I'm accustomed

watching TV every night.

6-I'm not very keen

modern classical music.

7- She is quite nice but I wouldn't like to be married


8- I was not aware

your attention.

9- Bursa is famous

silk and peaches.

10- I'm getting more and more dissatisfied


11- I'm ashamed

her.

your work.

telling your secret to him.

12- Be aware

dog.

13- I live somewhere close

the city centre.

14- 3:00 a.m is different


15- I'm familiar

3:00 p.m.
you.

16- Ankara is famous

its honey.

17-My grandfather is fond

gardening.

18- I was delighted

the present you sent me.

19-George is jealous

his younger sister.

20-She is well_qualified

typing and very efficient

21- We are fortunate


winter.
22-Contrary

her work.

having sufficient supplies of fuel

the

my expectations, there was no need to be uneasy

the results of the match.


23-I am not familiar
them.

his novels and not very keen

reading

24-I know he is slow understanding , but you have to be patient


25-It is obvious
mistake.

everyone that he is not responsible

him.
this

26- I think he's quite honest

his intentions.

27- He is not only indifferent

other people ; he is often extremely

rude

them as well.

28- I'm not very fond


29- Children remain dependent
30- I should be grateful
31- He is not different

dancing.
their parents for a long time.
any advice you can give.
anyone else.

32- He may be quick


remembering anything.
33- He is intent
his chances.

understanding, but he's not capable


passing the examination, but I'm doubtful

34- He says he's sorry

what he did, so you need not get angry

him.
35- I've never been good

arithmetic.

36- That boy is far ahead

everyone else in the class.

37- Even though he was often cruel

his dog,it remained faithful

him.
38- Your conclusions are not consistent
39- This diary will prove useful 40--I'm not sure

the facts.
you.

the exact date,but I think he arrived here in 1960.

41-- He was found guilty

a great many crimes.

42-- You should not be so sensitive


43-- This passport is valid

criticism.
all countries except China.

QUZ 1 ANSWER KEY


1- to
23456on

of
of
of
to

7- to
8- of
9- for
10with
11- of
12- of

13- to
14from
15with
16- for
17- of
18with

19- of
20- at - in
21- in - for
22- to about
23-with - on
24- with

25for
2627to
282930-

to about
to of
on
for

31- from
32- at - of
33- on - of
34- about with
35- at
36- of

37- to to
38- with
39- to
40- of
41- of
42- to
43-for

UP
Example:
The monkey climbed up the tree.
I walked up the hill.

OVER
Example:
There's painting over the book case.
The student turned the paper over and read the first question.

ABOVE
Example:
The people in the flat above make a lot of noise.
The coffee is in the cupboard above the sink.

UNDER
Example:
They hid under the table
They were sitting under the umbrella
Under an appressive regime
Go around the ladder,not under it

DOWN
Example:
down the mountain

BELOW
Example:
the river flowing below
two floors below

Exercise Fill in the blanks with up, down, under, below, above, over

1. There's a clock

the cupboard.

2. Jack entered the internet site and he saw that it was


3. Can you help me get this picture? It's fallen
4. The cat climbed

6. I strolled

the sink

the hill.

7. The student turned the paper

and read the passage.

8. The children in the class

make a lot of noise.

9. Is the flat in the apartment

yours?

10. That man has been walking up and

12. Your grade is

15. We sold it
16. This patient is

outside the house all day.

in the mountains and we couldn't find a garage.


average.

13. There is a small restaurant a mile


14. The men is

the cabinet and I can't reach it.

the tree.

5. The milk is in the cupboard

11. The car broke

construction.

the road.

special care.
cost.
the care of a special nurse.

Answers
1.over 2.under 3.down 4.up 5.above 6.up 7.over
8.above 9.below or above 10.down 11.down
12.below 13.down 14.under 15.below 16.under
ALONG

boyunca
Example: When we go camping ,don't forget to bring along the binoculars so we can look for wildlife.
Carry on along this street until you get to the traffic lights.

ROUND
evresine, etrafna,arkaya ,ters yne, geriye
Example:
The wheel is still spinning round
We sat round the fire

THROUGH
iinden, arasndan
Example:
Since we got along so well, we have decided to form a study group,so we can help each other get
through this class.
Did you see that news report about the hikers who were lost in the mountains for more than a week?
Icould not believe everything they went through .
Their story was absolutely incredible.

THROUGHOUT
her taraf, her tarafnda, batan baa
Example:
The house is beautifully decorated throughout.
Thanks giving is celebrated throughot the U,S
She was calm throughout the interview

DOWN
aasnda, aada
Example:
down the mountain

BELOW
altnda
Example:
the river flowing below
two floors below

Exercise Fill in the blanks with THROUGH, ROUND, ALONG, THROUGHOUT


1. We took a walk

the river.

2. The children gathered


3. We sat

to watch the magician.


the table;talking late into the night.

4. Let me show you

the house .

5. The match can be watched live on television


6. I walked slowly

the world

the road.

7. We did not enjoy the holiday because it rained


8. Food was scarce

the war.

9. You are only allowed to bring two bottles of wine


country.
10. Your luggage will be checked
you transfer planes in Houston.

Los Angeles;so you don't need to worry about it when

Answers
1.along 2.round 3.round 4.round
5.throughout 6.along 7.throughout
8.throughout 9.through 10.through
FOR (for + a period of time)
in ne kadar zamandr devam ettiini gsterir.
Example: It rained for three days without stopping.
I have lived in this house for six years.

DURING (during+ noun)


Bir olayn ne zaman olduunu belirtirken kullanlr.
Example:
I feel asleep during the film.
We met a lot of people during our holiday.

WHILE: (while + subject + verb) [Conjuction]


Example:

customs when you enter this

I fall asleep while I was watching tv.


While you were out,there was a phone call for you.

Exercise
Fill in the blanks with For, during and while
1. I waited for you

half an hour and then decide that you weren't coming.

2. Sue was very angry after our argument. She didn't speak to me
3. We usually go out at weekends, but we don't often go out
4. Can you lay the table

I get the dinner ?

5. Jack read a lot of books and magazines

he was ill.

Answers
1. FOR 2. FOR 3. DURING 4. WHILE 5.
WHILE

a week.
the week.

Prepositions after Verbs 1


Put in the correct preposition
1) Stop worrying
2) I've waited

your exam - everything will be fine. .


Judy for 30 minutes. I'm going home. .

3) Stop talking and concentrate


4) Don't forget to pay

your work. .
the newspaper. .

5) He explained the computer program

me. .

6) I don't know what we'll do at the weekend. It depends


7) She will arrive
8) I like to listen

Bejing at 3pm. .
the radio when I wake up. .

9) He borrowed 20

his brother. .

10) Who does this coat belong


11) She left without paying

..
the meal. .

12) It was so hot I couldn't concentrate


13) Mothers always worry

my book. .

their children. .

14) Please explain the meaning of this word


15) I'm fed up of waiting

the weather. .

spring. .

your classmates. .

16) That car belongs


17) She listens

my father. .
opera on the tube. .

18) Which university you go to depends


19) A lot of people borrow money
20) When she arrived

your exam results. .


the bank. .

the pub, it was already closed.

Prepositions after Verbs 2


Put in the correct preposition
1) It's so noisy that I can't concentrate
2) Don't worry - I'll pay

my homework. .

the tickets. .

3) The car belomgs

my father, so I don't think we can use it. .

4) I borrowed a pen

my classmate. .

5) I've been waiting

the bus for more than twenty minutes!. .

6) Julie: "What time shall we eat dinner?" Gill: "It depends


home". .
7) When we arrived

the cinema, the film had already started. .

8) Please explain this problem


9) She was listening

us. .
the radio when the doorbell rang. .

10) John worries

his exam results all the time. .

11) My flatmate listens


12) David paid

a lot of jazz. .
the drinks. .

13) Who does that house belong


14) Don't worry

John - we'll eat when he gets

?.

Gemma, she'll be fine. .

15) She borrowed a jumper

Julie. .

16) Please be quiet. I need to concentrate

this book. .

17) I want to go to the beach tomorrow but it depends


18) Who are you waiting

?.

19) When will we arrive

Beijing? .

20) A policeman explained

the weather. .

the children why they should never run across the road.

Prepositions after Adjectives

Put in the correct preposition.

1) England is famous
2) I'm very proud

its rainy weather. .


my daughter, she worked very hard. .

3) He isn't really interested


4) Luke is very pleased

getting married. .
his exam results. .

5) Unfortunately, I'm very bad

music. .

6) I've been married

my husband for 10 years. .

7) She's very excited

the party. .

8) Julie is very different


9) My niece is afraid
10) A ball gown is similar

her sister. .
dogs. .
an evening dress. .

11) What is your town famous

?.

12) It's great that you got that job - you should be proud
13) I'm very excited
14) That bike is similar
15) She is interested
16) Are you pleased
17) Lucy is extremely good

buying a new computer. .


yours. .
jazz. .
your new house? .
languages. .

yourself. .

18) Who is James married

?.

19) English cheese is very different


20) He isn't afraid

anything.

French cheese. .

How to Pronounce "the" in English

Normally, we pronounce "the" with a short sound (like "thuh"). But when "the" comes before a
vowel sound, we pronounce it as a long "thee".
vowel
sound

we write

we say

the apple

thee apple

the egg

thee egg

the icecream

thee icecream

the orange

thee orange

the ugli
fruit

thee ugli
fruit

It is important to understand that it is what we say that matters, not what we write. It is the sound
that matters, not the letter used in writing a word. So we use a long "thee" before a vowel sound,
not necessarily before a vowel. Look at these cases:
we write

with

we say

with

the house

consonant
(h)

thuh house

consonant
sound

the hour

consonant
(h)

thee our

vowel sound

the
university

vowel (u)

thuh
youniversity

consonant
sound

the
umbrella

vowel (u)

thee umbrella

vowel sound

Emphatic the [thee]


When we wish to place emphasis on a particular word, we can use "emphatic the" [thee],
whether or not the word begins with a consonant or vowel sound. For example:
A: I saw the [thuh] President yesterday.
B: What! The [thee] President of the United States?
A: Yes, exactly.