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OUTLINE OF ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

Tittle

: Online Learning: Role Model of Modern Education System?

Topic

: Answering the question Is online learning suitable being a role

mode of modern education system?


1. INTRODUCTION
A. Hook

: Digital technology grew very fast even it touched

education area.
B. Connecting Information: Nowadays, Online learning became a new
mode of education technology-based such as correspondence course,
video conferencing, and education television. Based on Babson
Survey Research Group (2013) stated that online learning always
growing up since 2003 up to 2013 in several institutions at United
States. Is this suitable being a role model of modern education system?
In fact, there are some discrepancies of online learning that exist when
it applied in reality.
C. Thesis Statement : We are able to figure out this matters from three
things that are social interaction, student performance, and the purpose
of education
2. BODY
A. Paragraph 2 : First, Loosing Social interaction
B. Support :
Online learning just focused on student-center learning, encourages wider
student participation, and produced more in-depth and reasoned

discussions (Smith in Anna, 2013). It is evidenced by the technological


equipment that supports learning process without a teacher beside the
student when learning. This is contrary with social interaction where a
student is able to communicate with teacher and friends in face to face.
Moreover, they cannot discuss to give opinion about some cases in a
group whereas discussion is a part of learning process to give and share
what they have learned. Online learning is less social interaction because
the discussion thought text only without being able to ask friends and
teacher immediately (McConnell in Anna, 2013)
C. Paragraph 3: Second, does not fulfill of psychological needs in learning.
Support:
There is correlation among learning and psychology needs. The student
who are taking online learning sometimes feel boring, stress, and lazy to
understand the lesson virtually. Students view psychological contracts as a
form of mutual exchange in the education process (Dziuban, 2013).
Mutual exchange means the interactions between student and teacher
during learning process. It can reduce stress level of them because the
students do not study alone. If they feel on stuck in some things, they can
convey to the others directly. In addition, students psychology needs may
be fulfilled when they are met each other. They will not feel bore and lazy
because of emphasize in themselves.
D. Paragraph 4: Third, What is the purpose of education?
Support:
To answer this question, we can reflect to Arthurs statement (2010) that
the education is to bring people to as full a realization as possible of what it is to
be a human being. The context of human being is very wide. Serving social and
economy needs of society is a part of the contexts. To reach it, a student have to

be charged not only knowledgeable but also skillful and ethical citizen. All will
not be reached without the extra learning about the reality in society to predict
what they need. Watching the phenomenon from television is not enough to find
out the reality in society, we need to observe more than watching and reading in
virtual. Discussion in the class to know a lot of idea learning, next in real society
to know the ethical citizen, building teamwork to solve a problem is the some
better ways to reach the purpose of education.
E. Paragraph 5 : (Counterargument and Refutation)
Counterargument:
Actually, social interaction could occur in online learning. If difficult for
student to understand the lessons, they can send the questions though electronic
mail. Then they can do video conferencing fellow online learning students.
Refutation:
However that is not as effective because of interpersonal and group
character building each other is difficult to shape in virtual way.
3. CONCLUSION (Paragraph 5)
Restated thesis: In conclusion, there are some arguments about less
important of online learning is used as role mode of modern education
system. Those are: loosing social interactions, does not fulfilled
psychological needs, and answering the question what is the purpose of
education?
Opinion

: The advance of technology not always able to responds

the challenge of education. Because education not only talking about


creating new technology but also creating its friendly advancement for the
world society.