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Final Exam Review

FALL SEMESTER 2016


MRS. OUALLINE & COACH SVIEN

Fall Semester Review


Terms to Apply:
Symbolism
Foreshadowing
Theme
Protagonist/Antagonist
Figurative Language

(Metaphor, Simile,
Personification, etc.)
Characterization (STEAL)
Tone

Tragic Hero
Irony
Plot Diagram

(Exposition, Rising
Action, Falling Action,
Resolution)
Rhetorical Appeals
Rhetorical Strategies
(Antithesis, Anaphora,
Hyperbole, etc.)

Symbolism & Foreshadowing


Symbolism
the use of symbols to
express or represent
ideas or qualities in
literature, art, etc.; the
particular idea or quality
that is expressed by a
symbol.

Foreshadowing
a literary device in which
a writer gives an advance
hint of what is to come
later in the story.

Theme, Protagonist, & Antagonist


Theme
the universal message one
can gather from a novel.
Of Mice and Men

Power of Friendship
American Dream

Protagonist
the leading character or
one of the major characters
in a drama, movie, novel,
or other fictional text.
Antagonist
a character, group of
characters, institution, or
concept that stands in or
represents opposition
against which the
protagonist(s) must
contend.

Figurative Language
Metaphor
a figure of speech
containing an implied
comparison, in which a
word or phrase ordinarily
and primarily used of one
thing is applied to
another.
Simile
uses the word like or as to
compare two things.

Characterization
Speech
Thoughts
Effect on others toward
the character.
Actions
Looks

Tone, Tragic Hero, and Irony


Tone
An attitude of a writer toward
a subject or an audience. Tone
is generally conveyed through
the choice of words or the
viewpoint of a writer on a
particular subject.

Father: We are going on a


vacation.
Son: Thats great!!!

The tone of sons response is


very cheerful.

Father: We cant go on
vacation this summer.
Son: Ok. Great! Thats what I
expected.

The sons tone is sarcastic in


the given response.

Tragic Hero
A literary character who
makes a judgment error that
inevitably leads to his/her
own destruction.
The Crucible

John Proctor

Irony
a disagreement or incongruity
between what is said and
what is understood, or what is
expected and what actually
occurs.

Abigail talking down to others


about their sins

Plot Diagram
Exposition

a literary device used to introduce


background information about
events, settings, characters etc. to
the audience or readers.

Rising Action

a series of events build toward the


point of greatest interest.

Climax

the part of story or play where the


tension or action reaches its
highest part.

Falling Action

occurs right after the climax, when


the main problem of the story
resolves.

Resolution

the conclusion of the storys plot.

Rhetorical Appeals & Strategies


Appeals
Ethos

ethical appeal, involves


convincing by the character of the
writer or speaker

Strategies
Anaphora

Pathos

emotional appeal, means


persuading by appealing to the
reader's emotions

Martin Luther King, Jr.s I Have


a Dream speech

Antithesis

Logos

the repetition of words or phrases


at the beginning of successive
sentences or paragraphs.

Logical appeal, means


persuading by the use of
reasoning

an opposition or a contrast of
ideas or words in a balanced or
parallel construction.

It was the best of times, it was the


worst of times
A Tale of Two Cities, Dickens

Hyperbole

an exaggeration for the sake of


effect

This essay is literally killing me.


Its so hard!

Final Exam Format


Around 40 multiple choice questions
Short Answer Response (Choose 1 of 3 options)

Analysis Essay Complete prewriting BEFORE you

come in to take the exam!

Short Answer Response


1st- Circle the important

information in the question


2nd- Answer the question
3rd- Prove your answer with
a direct quote (embeded)
4th- Explain
Your short answer

response should be around


4-5 sentences long.

The Shipping News Prewriting

Thesis Statement

Ex: In The Shipping News, (insert authors full name) uses (literary elements

Listed in Prompt) to show (insert character name) as a complex character who


(explain how he is characterized).

Body Paragraph #1
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

Topic Sentence
Example #1
Commentary
Commentary
Example #2
Commentary
Commentary
Concluding Sentence

Body Paragraph #2
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

Topic Sentence
Example #1
Commentary
Commentary
Example #2
Commentary
Commentary
Concluding Sentence

The excerpt from the previous section comes from the first chapter of Annie

Proulxs The Shipping News and deals almost exclusively with the
characterization of the protagonist, Quoyle. Read the passage carefully. Then write
an essay in which you analyze how the author uses diction and details to create a
complex character.