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Solutions of equations reducible to the quadratic equations

In this section we will discuss the equations which are not quadratic but can be reduced to quadratic equations.

Type I

Equations of the form Example 1: Solve the equation
When
(
)
Let
Therefore equation (1) becomes,
When
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
Hence solution set is *
+
Type II
Equations of the form (
)(
)(
)(
)
, a scalar
Where
Example 2:
Solve (
)(
)(
)(
)
Solution:
(
)(
)(
)(
)
(
)
Rearranging equation (1), we have
,(
)(
)-,(
)(
)-
(
)(
)
Now we let
(
)(
)  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-1

 √( ) ( )( ) √ When
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
When
Hence solution set is
{
}

Type III Exponential Equations

Equations in which variable occurs in exponent, are called exponential equations.

Example 3: Solve the equation

Solution:

Now let

, we have

M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-2

(

)

( )(

When

(

)

)

Example 4: Solve the equation

When

Hence solution set is *

+

 Solution: When Multiplying by Now let , we have On dividing by 2, we get When ( ) ( ) Hence solution set is { } ( )( )

Type IV Reciprocal Equations

An equation which remain unchanged when

is replaced by

.

 Example 5: Solve the equation Solution: Dividing by ( )

M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-3 Now re-arranging the terms
On multiplying by
.
/
.
/
(
)
Let
(
)
.
/
When
Using these values in equation (2)
On multiplying by
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
When
Hence solution set is {
}
Exercise 4.2
Solve the following equations.
Q #1:
When
Solution:
(
)
When
Putting values in (1)
Hence solution set = {
}
(
)
(
)
Q #2:
(
)(
)
Solution:
(
)  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-4 Putting values in (1)
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
±√
When
When
(
)(
)
When
(
)(
)
Hence solution set = {
}
Q #3:
Solution:
(
)
Putting values in (1)
Hence solution set is
{
}
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
Q # 4:
Solution:
When
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
(
)(
)

M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-5

When (
)(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
When
(
)
.
/ .
/
(
)(
)
(
) (
)
Hence solution set
(
=
{
) }
Q #5:
Solution:
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
When
When
Hence solution set is *
+
Q# 6:
(
)(
)(
)(
)
Solution:
(
)(
)(
)(
)
(
)

Re arranging equation (1), we have

 ( )( )( )( ) ( )( ) Let ( )( )  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-6

 ( ) When ( ) When √ ( )( ) √ √ √

Hence solution set = {

 Q #7:( )( )( )( ) Solution:

(

)(

)(

Re arranging

)(

)

 ( )( )( )( ) ( )( ) Let

(

)(

) (
)(
)
When
(
)(
)
}
When
(
)(
)  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-7 Hence solution set = {
}
When
Q #8:
(
)(
)(
)(
)
Solution:
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)(
)(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
Re arranging equation (1), we have
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)(
)(
)
(
)(
)
Hence solution set = *
+
Let
Q #9:
(
)(
)
(
)(
)(
)(
)
Solution:
(
)(
)(
)(
)
(
)
Re arranging equation (1), we have
(
)(
)
(
)(
)(
)(
)
(
)(
)
Let
(
)(
)
When
(
)(
)
(
)(
)
M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-8
 When ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( ) ( ) When ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( ) ( ) Hence solution set = * +
 Q #10: ( )( )( )( ) Solution: ( )( )( )( ) Re arranging equation (1), we have ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Let ( ) ( ) (
)(
)
(
)(
)
When
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
When
(
)(
)  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-9 When
(
)
(
)
Hence solution set = {
}
(
)(
)
Q #11:
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)(
)
Solution:
When
(
)(
)(
)
(
)
(
) (
)(
)(
)
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
(
)
(
) (
)
Hence solution set = {
}
(
)
(
)
Q #12:
(
)(
)
(
) (
)
Let
Solution:
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
(
) (
)
(
(
)
(
)) (
(
)
(
))
(
)(
)(
)(
)
(2)
Re arranging equation (2), we have
(
)(
)
(
)(
)(
)(
)
(
) (
)
Let
(
)(
)
M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-10 (
)(
)
When
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
When
(
)(
)
Hence solution set = {
}
Q #13:
(
)(
)
Solution:
(
)(
)
(
) (
) (
)
(
(
)
(
)) (
(
)
(
))
(
)(
)(
)(
)
(
)
Re arranging equation (2), we have
(
)(
)(
)(
)
(
) (
)
Let
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
When
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
When
(
)(
)  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-11

Hence solution set = {

Q #14:

Solution:

 ( ) Then equation (2) becomes ( ) ( ) ( )( ) When When Hence solution set = * +

Q #15:

}

(

) Solution:
(
)
(
)
Then equation (2) becomes
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
When
When
Hence solution set = *
+
Q #16:
Solution:
(
)
(
)  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-12 Then equation (2) becomes
When
(
)
(
)
When
(
)(
)
Hence solution set = *
+
When
Q #18: .
/
.
/
Solution:
(
)
(
)
(
)
When
(
)
(
)
Using these values in (1), we have
Hence solution set = *
+
Q #17:
Solution:
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
(
)
When
Then equation (2) becomes
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-13 (
)(
)
When
When
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
When
Hence solution set = {
}
Q #19:
(
)(
)
Solution:
(
)
Re-arranging (1), we have
(
)
(
)
(
)
Hence solution set = {
}
(
)
(
)
Q #20: .
/
.
/
Using these values in (2), we have
Solution:
.
/
.
/
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-14

Using these values in (1), we have

 ( ) ( ) ( )( ) When √ ( )( ) √ √ When √ √ ( )( ) √

Hence solution set = {

Q #21:

Solution: }

(

)

Dividing equation (1) by

Using these values in (2), we have

 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( ) When 0  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-15

(

)

2.

/

.

/

(

)

(

)

(

) (
)
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
When
When
When
(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
Hence solution set = {
}
Q #22:
Solution:
Hence solution set = {
}
Dividing by
Q #23:
Solution:
2.
/
.
/
Dividing by
(
)
(
)
(
)
M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-16

6.

/

.

/

(

)

(

) (
)
(
)(
)
When
0
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)
When
(
)
(
)
(
)(
)

Hence solution set = {

Q #24:

Solution:

}

 ( ) Re-arranging (1), we have ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

Using these values in (2), we have

 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( ) When  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-17

When (

)

Hence solution set ={

“I could never have gone far in any science because on the path of every science the lion Mathematics lies in wait for you.”  M. Shahid Nadeem, Scholars Academy, Shah Wali Colony, Wah Cantt. (03332823123,) P-18

}