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# Swirl Around a Rotating Disk

Author

Libby Cohen

Date

Sep 29, 2015 3:31:56 PM

Company

UH

Version

5.0

Summary

This model demonstrates the flow in a tank with a rotating disk. The flow is described using the Navier-Stokes equations, and the model makes use of symmetrical and sliding wall boundary conditions.

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### CONTENTS

• i. Table of Figures....................................................................................................3

• 1 Global..................................................................................................................4

• 2 Component 1.......................................................................................................5

• 2.1 Geometry 1.................................................................................................5

• 2.2 Laminar Flow..............................................................................................5

• 3 Results.................................................................................................................8

• 3.1 Plot Groups.................................................................................................8

• 4 Conclusion.........................................................................................................11

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• ### i. LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: 2D geometry of the 3D tank with rotating disk. A 2D model is possible because the original geometry is rotationally symmetric ....................................5 Figure 2: The whole 2D geometric model is used to calculate Laminar Flow ..........6 Figure 3: Results for angular velocity (left to right and top to bottom) ω = 0.25π, 0.5 π, 2 π, and 4 π rad/s. The surface plot shows the magnitude of the velocity, and the white lines are streamlines of the velocity field ...........................................8 Figure 4: Contour map of pressure present in the model ..................................9 Figure 5: Surface velocity magnitude. This figure is rendered 3D to further demonstrate the velocity results ...................................................................9 Figure 6: Magnitude of the velocity field (surface) and isocontours for the azimuthal velocity component for angular velocities (left to right and top to bottom) ω = 0.25, 0.5, 2, and 4 rad/s ......................................................................10

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### 1 Global

 Date Sep 29, 2015 3:31:56 PM

Global settings

 Name Untitled.mph Program COMSOL 5.0 (Build: 276)

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### Component 1

2.1
Geometry 1
Figure 1: 2D geometry of the 3D tank with rotating disk. A 2D model is possible because
the original geometry is rotationally symmetric.
Units
Length unit
m
Angular unit
deg
2.2
Laminar Flow

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Figure 2: The whole 2D geometric model is used to calculate Laminar Flow.

Equations

Features

 Fluid Properties 1 Axial Symmetry 1 Wall 1 Initial Values 1 Wall 2 Symmetry 1 Pressure Point Constraint 1
• 2.2.1 Fluid Properties 1

Equations

• 2.2.2 Axial Symmetry 1

Figure 2: The whole 2D geometric model is used to calculate Laminar Flow.

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2.2.3

Wall 1

Figure 2: The whole 2D geometric model is used to calculate Laminar Flow.

Equations

• 2.2.4 Initial Values 1

Figure 2: The whole 2D geometric model is used to calculate Laminar Flow.

• 2.2.5 Wall 2

Figure 2: The whole 2D geometric model is used to calculate Laminar Flow.

Equations

• 2.2.6 Symmetry 1

Figure 2: The whole 2D geometric model is used to calculate Laminar Flow.

Equations

• 2.2.7 Pressure Point Constraint 1

Figure 2: The whole 2D geometric model is used to calculate Laminar Flow.

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### 3 Results

3.1 Plot Groups

3.1.1 Velocity (spf)

Figure 3: Results for angular velocity (left to right and top to bottom) ω = 0.25π, 0.5 π, 2 π, and 4 π rad/s. The surface plot shows the magnitude of the velocity, and the white lines are streamlines of the velocity field.

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3.1.2

Pressure (spf)

Figure 4: Contour map of pressure present in the model.

• 3.1.3 Velocity (spf) 1

Figure 5: Surface velocity magnitude. This figure is rendered 3D to further demonstrate the velocity results.

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3.1.4 2D Plot Group 7

Figure 6: Magnitude of the velocity field (surface) and isocontours for the azimuthal velocity component for angular velocities (left to right and top to bottom) ω = 0.25, 0.5, 2, and 4 rad/s.

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### 4 Conclusion

The purpose of the model was to demonstrate flow in a tank with a rotating disk using the Navier-Stokes equation. This equation creates a two-dimensional swirling flow despite the three velocity components included in the model. These velocities are specified by the sliding wall boundary condition. The symmetry condition allows for flow in the axial and rotational directions only. These boundary conditions prevent any outflow boundaries, so the pressure is set to zero in the top right corner (Point 8). In conclusion, the models solve for four different angular velocities and succeed in presenting the swirl flow created around a rotating disk.

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