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# UNDERGROUND SEPTIC TANK

## DESIGN OF RECTANGULAR SEPTIC TANK

Angle of repose
Cover
Density of soil
Coefficient of active E.P., ka
Coefficient of passive E.P., kp
Thickness of wall W1 (At bottom)
Thickness of wall W1 (At top)
Thickness of wall W1
Thickness of wall W2 (At bottom)
Thickness of wall W2 (At top)
Thickness of wall W2
Width for wall W1 (For design only)
Width for wall W2 (For design only)
Minimum reinforcement for W1
Minimum reinforcement for W1 (At bottom)
Minimum reinforcement for W2
Minimum reinforcement for W2 (At bottom)
Perm. st. in tension due to bending, ct
Permissible stress in direct tension, t
Permissible stress in comp. bending, cbc
Modulur ratio, m
Soil filling at top

1.8 m
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

25
30
25
18
0.33
3
225
200
212.5
200
175
187.5
1000
1000
255.00
270.00
225.00
240.00
1.8
1.3
8.5
11.0
0

X
Soil

N/mm

mm

W1

Water
X

sin
30

kN/m3
1.8 m
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm^2
mm^2
mm^2
mm^2
N/mm2
N/mm2
2
N/mm
mm

W2

## Table 1 IS 3370-Part 2 (2009)

Table 21 IS 456 (2000)
Table 21 IS 456 (2000)

DESIGN OF WALL W 1
Design of Septic tank wall W 1 for Soil Pressure
Freely supported

Surcharge =

kN/m

10 @ 200 mm c/c
10 @ 200 mm c/c
Soil

Water

3.85
10 @ 200 mm c/c
10 @ 200 mm c/c

23.1

kN/m2

1.67

Section X-X

1.8
longer side / shorter side =
2.14
UDL
k = width / height
=
0.47 Two way Tri DL
BM Coefficients from Reynold's Handbook - (53)
Vertical span moments
M1
Maximum positive moment at span
=
M2
Maximum negative at support (base)
=
Horizontal span moments
M3
Maximum positive at midspan
=
Maximum negative at support
=
M4

Moment
Permissible stress in steel
Reinforcement dia. Provided
Available eff. depth, d
j
Required effective depth
Area of steel required
Minimum reinforcement required
Area of reinforcement provided
ct'

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

M1
3.1
130
10
183
0.86
45
152
255
393
0.41
Safe

For
triangularly
distributed

For
uniformaly
distributed

0.000
0.000

0
0

0
0

0
0

M2
6.21
130
10
195
0.86
64
285
270
393
0.74
Safe

M3
3.1
130
10
185
0.86
45
150
255
393
0.41
Safe

M4
6.2
130
10
185
0.86
64
300
255
393
0.83
Safe

kN.m
N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm2
mm2
2
mm
2

N/mm

## Design of Septic tank wall W 1 for Water Pressure

Freely supported
10 @ 200 mm c/c
10 @ 150 mm c/c
3.85

Soil

Water
10 @ 100 mm c/c

10 @ 200 mm c/c

kN/m

21.3
1.8

Section X-X

k = width / height
=
0.47 Two way
BM Coefficients from Reynold's Handbook - (53)
Vertical span moments
M1
Maximum positive moment at span
M2
Maximum negative at support (base)
Horizontal span moments
M3
Maximum positive at midspan
Maximum negative at support
M4

Moment
Permissible stress in steel
Reinforcement dia. Provided
Available eff. depth, d
Direct tension in wall
j
Required effective depth
Area of steel required
Minimum reinforcement required
Area of reinforcement provided
ct'
t'
ct' / ct

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

t' / t
ct' / ct + t' / t

=
=

For
triangularly
distributed

=
=

0.000
0.000
.

=
=

0.000
0.000

M1
5.2
130
10
183
NA
0.86
58
254
255
393
0.7
NA
0.38
NA
0.38
Safe

M2
10.4
130
10
195
NA
0.86
82
476
270
524
1.23
NA
0.68
NA
0.68
Safe

M3
5.2
130
10
185
25.00
0.86
58
348
255
393
0.69
0.24
0.38
0.18
0.56
Safe

M4
10.4
130
10
185
25.00
0.86
82
600
255
785
1.38
0.24
0.77
0.18
0.95
Safe

kN.m
N/mm2
mm
mm
kN
mm
mm2
mm2
mm2
N/mm2
2
N/mm