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ENGLISH FILE

the best way to get students talking

English File third edition gives you motivating, enjoyable lessons that work.

Entry Checker for Intermediate

English File English File

third edition
third
edition
motivating, enjoyable lessons that work. Entry Checker for Intermediate English File English File third edition
motivating, enjoyable lessons that work. Entry Checker for Intermediate English File English File third edition
motivating, enjoyable lessons that work. Entry Checker for Intermediate English File English File third edition
motivating, enjoyable lessons that work. Entry Checker for Intermediate English File English File third edition
motivating, enjoyable lessons that work. Entry Checker for Intermediate English File English File third edition
motivating, enjoyable lessons that work. Entry Checker for Intermediate English File English File third edition
motivating, enjoyable lessons that work. Entry Checker for Intermediate English File English File third edition
third edition
third
edition
third edition ENGLISH FILE Entry Checker for Intermediate Christina Latham-Koenig Clive Oxenden Paul Seligson

ENGLISH FILE

Entry Checker for Intermediate

third edition ENGLISH FILE Entry Checker for Intermediate Christina Latham-Koenig Clive Oxenden Paul Seligson
third edition ENGLISH FILE Entry Checker for Intermediate Christina Latham-Koenig Clive Oxenden Paul Seligson
third edition ENGLISH FILE Entry Checker for Intermediate Christina Latham-Koenig Clive Oxenden Paul Seligson

Christina Latham-Koenig Clive Oxenden

Paul Seligson

Great Clarendon Street, Oxford, United Kingdom

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Oxford is a registered trade mark of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries

© Oxford University Press

The moral rights of the author have been asserted

First published in

10

No unauthorized photocopying

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission in writing of Oxford University Press, or as expressly permitted by law, by licence or under terms agreed with the appropriate reprographics rights organization. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside the scope of the above should be sent to the ELT Rights Department, Oxford University Press, at the address above

You must not circulate this work in any other form and you must impose this same condition on any acquirer

Links to third party websites are provided by Oxford in good faith and for information only. Oxford disclaims any responsibility for the materials contained in any third party website referenced in this work

Printed and bound by Gráfica Maiadouro S. A. in Portugal

This book is printed on paper from certified and well-managed sources

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

Illustrations by 24, 27.

CONTENTS

4

FILE 1

word order in questions

present simple

present continuous: be + verb + -ing

6

FILE 2

past simple: regular and irregular verbs

past continuous: was / were + verb + -ing

time sequencers and connectors: because, so, but, although

8

FILE 3

be going to

present continuous (future arrangements)

defining relative clauses with who,

which, where

10

FILE 4

present perfect

present perfect or past simple (1)

something, anything, nothing, etc.

12

FILE 5

comparatives

superlatives

quantifiers

14

FILE 6

will / won’t (predictions)

will / won’t (decisions, offers, promises)

review of tenses: present, past, and future

16

FILE 7

uses of the infinitive with to

uses of the gerund (verb + -ing)

have to, don’t have to, must, mustn’t

18

FILE 8

should / shouldn’t

first conditional: if + present, will / won’t

possessive pronouns

20

FILE 9

second conditional: if + past,

would / wouldn’t

present perfect + for or since

present perfect or past simple? (2)

22

FILE 10

passive: be + past participle

used to / didn’t use to

might / might not (possibility)

24

FILE 11

expressing movement

word order of phrasal verbs

so, neither + auxiliaries

26

FILE 12

past perfect

reported (or indirect) speech

questions without auxiliaries

28

IRREGULAR VERBS

30

VOWEL SOUNDS

31

CONSONANT SOUNDS

1

1A

questions with do / does / did in present simple and past simple

question word

auxiliary

subject

infinitive (= verb)

 

Do

you

live with your parents? have a holiday last year? work? start studying English? talk about?

Did

you

Where

does

your sister

When

did

you

What

did

they

ASI (Auxiliary, Subject, Infinitive) and QUASI (Question word, Auxiliary, Subject, Infinitive) to remember word order in questions.

questions with be

question

be

subject

adjective, noun,

word

etc.

 

Are

you

hungry? a bank near here? noise? from? born?

Is

there

What

was

that

Where

are

you

were

you

be by inverting the verb and the subject. She is a teacher. Is she a teacher?

1B

 

I / you / we / they

he / she / it

+

I usually work at home.

Holly knows me very well.

They don’t live near here.

It doesn’t often rain here.

?

Do you speak French?

Does Alice like jazz?

Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.

things which are generally true or always happen. don’t / doesn’t to make negative sentences, and do / does to make questions.

spelling rules for the 3rd person -s (he, she, it)

infinitive

3rd person

spelling

work

works

-s y > ies -es ch ce ge sh -es -s

have

has

adverbs and expressions of frequency

1 We often go out on Friday night. She doesn’t usually study at weekends. I’m never ill. He’s always late for work.

2 She gets up early every day. We have English classes twice a week.

1 We often use the present simple with adverbs of frequency (always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never). before the main verb. after be. She’s never ill. NOT She’s ill never.

+ verb with never.

It never rains. NOT It doesn’t never rain.

2 Expressions of frequency (every day, once a week, etc.) usually go at the end of a sentence.

1C be -ing

1

A What are you doing?

B I’m sending a message to Sarah.

is doing

3 In this picture the woman is standing near the window.

1 for things that are happening now, at this moment.

2 for temporary things that are happening now, this week, etc.

3 to describe a picture.

I

you / we / they

he / she / it

+ I’m working

You

’re working

He

’s working

I’m not working

We

aren’t working

She

isn’t working

They

It

? Are you working?

Yes am. / No not.

Is he working?

Yes is. / No isn’t.

4

spelling rules for the -ing form

infinitive

-ing form

spelling

ing

-ing

ing

ing

e ing

ing

-ing

present simple or present continuous?

B

A What are you doing?

A What do you do?

I work

B I’m checking my emails.

or always happen. or at this moment. (non-action verbs), e.g. want, need, like, in the present simple, not continuous.

ENTRY CHECKER

1A

 

b

Put the words in the right order to make questions.

a

Put the word or phrase in the right place in the question.

 

brother you a have do ? Do you have a brother?

 

Do you like fruit? (like)

1

your where go you holiday for did ?

 

1

How long did you there? (live)

2

to catch you do work the train ?

2

Is older than you? (your sister)

3

violin can the play you ?

3

When does start? (the lecture)

4

children do have your pets any ?

4

What time you switch on your computer? (do)

5

the time what does leave bus ?

5

Why the train come? (hasn’t)

6

me you email send can an ?

6

Do you go the library much? (to)

7

door did front the lock you ?

7

When you see your parents? (did)

8

band a do have you favourite ?

8

What time did arrive? (your friends)

9

a did card send your you mother to ?

9

Will go on much longer? (the talk)

10

in do a you flat live house a or ?

10

How long have studied Spanish? (you)

1B

 

b

Put the words in the right order.

a Write sentences and questions with the present simple.

how often / he work late work late?

?

How often does he

+

2

my brother / eat salad

 

3

I

/ like spiders much

4

when / your term finish

?

5

she / have ten pairs of shoes

+

 

6

my mother / usually shop at the supermarket

+

7

when / you do your housework

?

8

I

/ enjoy driving at night

9 When / you receive the invitation

9 When / you receive the invitation

?

+

buys she usually lunch sandwich a for She usually buys a sandwich for lunch.

1

day library we every study the in

2

home in I dark walking don’t the like

3

gardening my enjoys really father

4

they children have don’t any

5

about Christmas friends we at think our

6

an once exercise I week a class to go

7

morning he his every emails checks

8

cats my two dog have a friends and

9

is village a in shop there next the

10

rained a it for week hasn’t

1C

a Write sentences with the present continuous.

I / check my email

my email.

+

I am checking

1

She / write her family history

 

+

2

it / snow today

?

3

why you / sit out there in the cold

?

4

my friend / buy her ticket

+

5

I

/ live at home now

 

6

the teacher / tell a story

+

7

your parents / buy a house

 

?

8

we / study French

9

why you / wear dark glasses

 

?

10

they / make plans for their holiday

 

b Complete the sentences with the present simple or present continuous.

taking photographs. (take)

1 Every morning he

2 about moving house at the moment. (not think)

for an hour. (run)

I

Why

3 you

outside? Come back inside. (sit)

4 A

you

away every Christmas? (go)

B No, this year we

at home. (stay)

5 On Tuesdays she

her cousin. (visit)

6 Why

A

 

you

your vegetables at the market?

(not buy)

 

B

I

many vegetables. (not eat)

to catch a fish. (try)

many lectures. (not have) a baby. (expect)

10 I

many letters. (not send)

2

2A

 

regular

irregular

+

I stayed with friends.

We went to Brazil on holiday.

I didn’t stay in a hotel.

We didn’t go to São Paolo. Did you go

?

Did you stay for the weekend?

Yes, I did.

No, we didn’t.

Wh

?

Where did you stay?

Why did you go there?

in the chart. e.g. go > went, see > saw.

+ of regular verbs add -ed. See the spelling rules

+ past simple,

didn’t for negatives and Did…? for questions. ASI and QUASI to remember word order in questions.

spelling rules for regular verbs

infinitive

past

spelling

work

worked

-ed

stay

stayed

ed

-d e

ied

y > ied

ped

2B was / were -ing

At 8.45 last Saturday I was working in my office. I wasn’t doing anything important. were having breakfast. They weren’t working.

A

Was it raining when you got up?

B No, it wasn’t.

A

What were you doing at 11 o’clock last night?

B I was watching TV.

+

 

I

/ He / She / It

was working

You / We / They

were working

 

I

/ He / She / It

wasn’t working

You / We / They

weren’t working

?

Was he working?

Yes was. / No wasn’t.

 
 

Were they working?

Yes were. / No weren’t.

in progress at a specific moment in the past. situation at the beginning of a story or narrative.

past simple or past continuous?

I was working in my office when the boss walked in.

I was having lunch when my sister arrived.

before or at the time of the past simple action.

2C

On our first date we went to the cinema. After that we started meeting every day. On Thursday I had an argument with my boss. Next day I decided to look for a new job. We sat down to eat. Two minutes later the phone rang. When I came out of the club he was waiting for me. The accident happened when I was crossing the road.

when as a time sequencer and also to join two actions. I was watching TV when the phone rang. (two verbs joined by when)

then , after that then or after that NOT with after I got up and

then, after that then or after that NOT with after I got up and got dressed. Then / After that I made a cup of coffee. NOT After I made a cup of coffee.

because so but although

because and so

She was driving fast because she was in a hurry. (reason) She was in a hurry, so she was driving fast. (result)

because to express a reason. so to express a result.

but and although

She tried to stop the car, but she hit the man. Although she tried to stop the car, she hit the man. She was very tired, but she couldn’t sleep. She couldn’t sleep, although she was very tired.

but and although to show a contrast. Although can go at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence.

2A

2A (make) a Put the verbs in brackets in the past simple. Last year I finished

(make)

a Put the verbs in brackets in the past simple.

Last year I finished my exams. I

1 (want) to go to university, so I

2 (start) to do some research and

3 (read) lots of information.

Eventually I 4

arrangements to visit the university. I 6

of time, but at the station, I 7

cancelled. I 8

(get) an interview and 5

(leave) in plenty (find) the train had been

(not know) what to do, but then I

9 (remember) my mother 10

I

station. By the time she 13 In the end, she 14

when I 15

(be) still at home. (agree) to come to the (arrive) it was raining heavily.

11

(call) her and she 12

(drive) me all the way to the interview, so

(not feel) at all stressed.

(get) there I 16

I (answer) the questions as well as I 18

17

(can), and

19

I (pass) the interview.

ENTRY CHECKER

b Complete the questions in the past simple.

Where did you live before you moved to England? I lived in Australia.

1

living there?

2

Yes, I really enjoyed it.

 

the climate like?

It was very warm most of the time.

 

3

What sort of house

?

4

We lived in a large house near the sea.

around the country? Yes, we travelled as much as we could.

5

in the sea often?

6

We swam in the sea every morning.

many friends there? Yes, because we met a lot of new people.

2B

a Complete the sentences with a verb in the past continuous.

were shopping for clothes. (shop)

1

What

at? (look)

you

. (work)

3

We

 

home when we saw an accident. (drive)

4

I made a mistake because I

. (not think)

5

He told me he Why

 

a book about his life. (write)

6

you

up the road? (run)

7

I

you yet. (not expect)

8

They

 

at a beach resort. (stay)

b Put the verbs into the past simple or past continuous.

We were having coffee when Sarah phoned. (have, phone)

1 when we

It

 

the house. (rain, leave)

2 I

him while I

 

in France. (meet, study)

3 I

to surf while I

 

in

California. (learn, live)

When we

4

5 They (not hear, watch)

6 Jenny

my sister

. (arrive, wait)

the doorbell because they

still

TV.

of what to say when she

the office. (think , reach)

7 Do you think you

your earring while you

the house? (lose, clean)

2C

a Put the sentences in the right order.

a

a After dinner we had coffee in the lounge.

After dinner we had coffee in the lounge.

b

b I went to the hotel bar before dinner and we

I

went to the hotel bar before dinner and we

 

got chatting.

c

c Over dinner we talked about our families and interests.

Over dinner we talked about our families and interests.

d

d Then we went for a walk by the beach.

Then we went for a walk by the beach.

e

1

One evening during my holiday last year, I made a new friend.

f

f She agreed, so we ordered some food and drinks.

She agreed, so we ordered some food and drinks.

g

g We decided to meet up again the next day.

We decided to meet up again the next day.

h

h I suggested we could share a table for dinner.

I

suggested we could share a table for dinner.

b Complete the sentences with so, because, but, or although.

I recognized James immediately although I had only met him once before.

1 I don’t have enough money for a taxi to walk.

I’ll have

2 We can’t go to the park

3 I looked everywhere, I couldn’t find my book.

4 It was still light

5 We wanted to buy tickets

6 I forgot to post the card to work.

7 She can’t take the exam now, next year.

8 The restaurant was full

has two.

it’s raining.

we went for a walk.

they had all been sold.

I was rushing to get

she can take it

we went to a café. she already

7

3

3A be going to

1

I’m going to work for a non-governmental organization (NGO). He’s going to meet me at the airport.

 

2

I’m sure England are going to lose tomorrow. It’s going to rain tonight.

 

I

you / we / they

 

he / she / it

 

+

 

You

 

He

   

I’m going to

We

’re going to

She

’s going to

They

It

 

You

 

He

   

I’m not going to

We

aren’t going to

She

isn’t going to

They

It

?

 

Are you going to Is he going to

Yes am. / No not. is. / No isn’t.

be going to + infinitive to talk about future plans or intentions.

2 We use be going to + infinitive to make a prediction when we know or can see that something is going to happen. It’s winter there so it’s going to be cold. Look at that car! Its going to crash.

3B

+ I’m seeing a friend tonight. She’s arriving at lunchtime.

She isn’t leaving until Friday. They aren’t coming to the party.

? What are you doing this evening? Is she meeting us at the restaurant?

especially for future arrangements, i.e. for plans we have made at a fixed time or place in the future. Don’t use the present simple for this. NOT I see some friends tonight.

be going to or present continuous? e.g. I’m going to see Anna on Tuesday. OR

be going to or present continuous? e.g. I’m going to see Anna on Tuesday. OR I’m seeing Anna on Tuesday.

tonight tomorrow this weekend . go come leave arrive. I’m leaving on Monday I’m going to leave on Monday.

3C who which where

A cook is a person who makes food.

That’s the woman who won the lottery last year.

A

clock is something which tells the time.

Is

that the book which everybody’s reading?

A

post office is a place where you can buy stamps.

That’s the restaurant where I had dinner last week.

That’s the restaurant where I had dinner last week. person, thing or place is or does.

person, thing or place is or does. who for a person, which for a thing and where for a place.

that that who or which . She’s the girl who / that works with my

that that who or which. She’s the girl who / that works with my brother. It’s a thing which / that connects two computers.

3A

a Complete with going to + a verb from the list below.

I think it’s going to rain later.

1 the bus into town.

Sally

2 a film after work.

We

3 my Christmas cards early

I

this year.

4 Are your parents

5

6

7

you soon?

That team

Take a key if you you

next season.

out late. the cat in?

ENTRY CHECKER

b going to + a verb from the list below.

ENTRY CHECKER b going to + a verb from the list below. You’re going to spend
ENTRY CHECKER b going to + a verb from the list below. You’re going to spend

You’re going to spend all your money if you’re not careful!

1

You

glad you

chose this!

not careful! 1 You glad you chose this! 2 We our flight! 3 This rain our

2

We

our flight!

1 You glad you chose this! 2 We our flight! 3 This rain our day out!

3

This rain

our day out!

3B

 

b

Complete the dialogue between two flatmates.

 

N for now, F for future.

A

How are you spending next weekend (spend)?

a

B

I 1

 

(help) my sister plan her wedding.

 

F

Carl and Amelie are getting married in June.

A

Have you made a start yet?

 

1

I’m writing a book about my travels.  1   B Well, tomorrow I 2   (make) a list of

 

B

Well, tomorrow I 2

 

(make) a list of

 

2

Next Sunday we’re going to church.2   what we need to do.  

 

what we need to do.

 
   

A

3

 

(come) over to

   
 

3

I’m having a quiet day at home.  3   your sister your house?  

 

your sister your house?

 

4

We’re learning to type at an evening class.4   B Yes, she 4   (get) the train.

 

B

Yes, she 4

 

(get) the train.

5

We’re having tea at 4 o’clock tomorrow.5 A I guess she 5  

A

I guess she 5

 
     

(feel) a bit anxious? (look) forward

 

6

They’re going on a cruise in June.  6   B     all 6

 

B

   

all 6

   

7

8

She’s getting the dinner ready.I’m cooking supper for everyone on Saturday.

I’m cooking supper for everyone on Saturday.She’s getting the dinner ready.

 

A

Not really, we to the wedding.

I hope it goes well!

3C

 

b

Write sentences with who, which, or where.

a Complete the definitions with who, which, or where.

The butcher’s is the shop where we buy meat.

1 A cashier is a person

operates a till.

2 A polar bear is an animal humans.

 

is dangerous to

 

3 The kitchen is the room

food is prepared.

4 A carer is a person

elderly people.

looks after sick or

5 A cinema is a building

6 White is a colour

wedding dresses.

7 A railway timetable is a leaflet times of trains.

you go to watch films.

tells you the

is popular for

That / the man / live next door. That’s the man who lives next door.

1 This / the shirt / I bought on holiday.

2 That / the office / my husband works.

3 This / the car / was used in the film.

4 Those / the staff / have been on a training course.

5 This / the lecturer / will be your tutor.

6 Those / the clothes / she bought online.

7 Here / the room / we can hold the party.

8 Susan / the friend / told me the news.

9 This / the place / we’re going to meet.

4

4A

I’ve finished my homework. She’s cleaned the kitchen.

He hasn’t done the washing up.

A Has she turned off her phone?

B No, she hasn’t.

exactly when things happened. Mary’s had her baby! A parcel has arrived for you.

full form

contraction

negative

past participle

I have You have He / She / It has We have They have

I’ve You’ve He / She / It’s We’ve They’ve

I haven’t You haven’t He / She / It hasn’t We haven’t They haven’t

finished

Have you finished have haven’t. Has he done has hasn’t.

-ed). For irregular verbs the past participle is sometimes the same as the past simple (e.g. buy, bought, bought) and sometimes different (e.g. do, did, done).

yet, just, already

1

A Have you done your homework yet?

B No, not yet. I haven’t finished yet.

just started a new job.

3

A Do you want to see this film?

B No, I’ve already seen it three times.

yet, just and already with the present perfect.

yet in ? and

sentences to ask if

something has happened or to say if it hasn’t

happened. Put yet at the end of the sentence.

just in

+ sentences to say that something

happened very recently. Put just before the

main verb. already in

+ sentences to say that

something happened before now or earlier than

expected. Put already before the main verb.

4B

Have you ever been to a fancy dress party? She’s seen that film twice. I’ve never met Nina’s husband.

in our lives when we don’t specify a time.

been and gone be go . Mike has been to Paris. = Mike has gone

been and gone be go. Mike has been to Paris. = Mike has gone to Paris. =

present perfect or past simple?

A Have you ever been

B Yes, I have.

A When did you go there?

B I went last year.

A Have you seen his new film?

B Yes, I have.

A What did you think of it?

B I loved it.

general question) and then change to the past simple to ask for or give specific details, e.g. when, what, where, who with, etc.

4C something anything nothing

people

+

Somebody / Someone has taken my pen!

I

didn’t speak to anybody / anyone.

?

Did anybody / anyone phone?

No, nobody / no one. Nobody / No one phoned.

 

things

+

I bought something for dinner.

I didn’t do anything at the weekend.

?

Is there anything in the fridge?

No, nothing. There’s nothing in the fridge.

places

+ Let’s go somewhere this weekend.

We didn’t go anywhere this summer.

? Is there anywhere to park?

No, nowhere. There’s nowhere to park.

somebody / someone, something, somewhere with a

when you don’t say exactly who, what, or where. anybody / anyone, anything, anywhere in questions or with

+ verb

a

verb.

I didn’t do anything last night. NOT I didn’t do nothing. nobody / no one, nothing, nowhere in short answers or in

sentences with a + verb.

4A

a Write sentences in the present perfect.

She / do the shopping.

+ She’s done the shopping.

1 He / see his parents since Christmas

2 I / finish my homework

+

3 We / receive your letter

4 / you go on holiday this year

?

6 I / post a card to my grandmother

7 / you turn your computer off

8 I / buy any meat this week

?

+

+

ENTRY CHECKER

b Write sentences or questions with already, just, or yet.

Emily / finish the work. (just) Emily’s just finished the work.

1 I / ask / the lecturer about that. (already)

2 / you / have / lunch?

3 They / get back / from holiday. (just)

4 We / not decide / where to go. (yet)

5 The manager / make / his decision. (already)

6 The flowers / begin / to come out. (just)

7 I / not start / my revision. (yet)

8 Sorry, she / leave. (already)

(yet)

4B

a Complete with the verb in the present perfect.

Has your brother registered for college? (register)

1 her a present yet. (not buy)

2

3 you ever

We

The teacher

a test for our class. (set)

to a rock

festival? (go)

4

5 Where are they? They cinema. (go)

I

the dinner yet. (not cook)

to the

always

to

b Complete the dialogue with the present perfect or past simple.

A When did you arrive in England? (arrive)

B

A

B No, I 3

I 1

here since September. (be) much of the country yet? (see)

2

you

much opportunity so far. I 4

to look on

the Internet for places to visit. (have, start)

A

B Yes. I 6

5

you

the tourist information office? (try)

there last Saturday. (go)

c Complete with been or gone.

1

Here comes Dad. He’s been fishing.

Pam has

to study abroad.

 

travel. (want)

 

2 in town for hours already.

She’s

 

7

you

 

the news today? (hear)

3 Have you

to the theatre recently?

 
   

8

We

them very long. (not know)

4 I can’t meet my friends today because they’ve art exhibition.

 

to an

9

The children

 

their homework.

 

(not done)

 

5 Where’s your cat today? I don’t know, he’s morning.

 

out all

10

anyone

 

Silvio? (see)

 

4C

a Complete with something, anything, nothing, etc.

At least we learnt something from our experience.

1

Is there

I can do to help you?

 

2

We can’t find the email

.

3

I used to know

 

who looked just like her.

4

The police searched the area but found

.

5

Let’s go

quiet to chat.

 

6

knows how worried she’s been.

7

Is there

you’d really like to go?

8

I’m afraid this conversation is going

.

   

9

We couldn’t see

 

we liked in the boutique.

10

must know the answer, I’m sure!

b Answer with Nobody, Nowhere, or Nothing.

1 Where did you go last Friday night?

2 Who was with you?

3 What did you do?

c Answer the questions in b with a full sentence.

1

I didn’t go

.

2

.

3

.

5

5A

older than me. It’s more dangerous to cycle than to drive.

2 People walk more quickly than in the past.

3 I’m less relaxed this year than I was last year.

4 The service in this restaurant isn’t as good as it was. She doesn’t drive as fast as her brother.

1 comparative adjectives.

2 comparative adverbs (for actions).

3 less + adjective or adverb.

4 (not) as + adjective / adverb + as.

comparative adjectives: regular

adjective

comparative

 

short

shorter

-er

ger

ier

y y -ier

more

more

comparative adjectives: irregular

adjective

comparative

adjective

comparative

better

more stressed

worse

more tired

further

more bored

comparative adverbs: regular

irregular

more

harder

more

better

 

worse

Comparatives with pronouns than or as…as me her My brother’s taller than me . My

Comparatives with pronouns than or as…as me her My brother’s taller than me. My brother’s taller than I am. He’s not as intelligent as her. He’s not as intelligent as she is.

5B

1 It’s the dirtiest city in Europe. It’s the most popular holiday destination in the world.

2 It’s the most beautiful city I’ve ever been to. It’s the best film I’ve seen this year.

the + superlative adjective to say which is the biggest, etc. in a group. in + names of places or singular words for groups of people, e.g. It’s the noisiest city in the world.

2 We often use the + superlative adjective with the present perfect + ever.

adjective

comparative

superlative

er

the est

hot

hotter

the hottest

tier

the tiest

more

the most

better

the best

worse

the worst

urther

the urthest

5C

too much, too many, too

1 I’m stressed. I have too much work. He talks too much. too many cakes and sweets.

3 I don’t want to go out. I’m too tired.

too much, too many, too to say ‘more than is good’. too much + uncountable noun (e.g. coffee, time) or after a verb. too many + countable noun (e.g. cakes, people). too + adjective NOT I’m too much tired.

enough

1 Do you eat enough vegetables?

I don’t drink enough water.

2 She doesn’t sleep enough.

enough.

I don’t go to bed early enough.

enough before a noun to mean ‘all that is necessary’. enough after a verb with no object. enough after an adjective or adverb.

5A

a Write sentences with a comparative adjective or adverb than.

1

2

New York is more expensive than

I can type

This wine is of a

one. (good)

my sister. (quick)

quality

that

3 Our French test was

I expected. (easy)

he used to be. (thin)

5

This term is a week

 

last term. (short)