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AllMathWordsDictionary

ByDavidE.McAdams

SecondEdition

Version20140501

Copyright2014byLifeisaStoryProblemLLC,ColoradoSprings,Colorado.

Allrightsreserved.Thispublicationisprotectedbycopyright,andpermissionmustbe obtainedfromthepublisherpriortoanyprohibitedreproduction,storageinaretrieval system,ortransmissioninanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying, recording,orlikewise.Forinformationregardingpermissionscontact DEMcAdams@demcadams.com. LifeisaStoryProblemLLC

2910NorthPowersSuite326

ColoradoSprings,CO,80922

DedicatedtotheMathDepartmentatUtahValleyUniversity,Orem,Utahfortheirexcellent

teaching.

TableofContents

Preface

HowtoUsethisDictionary

HowEntriesareAlphabetized

ConventionalPlurals

IPAPronunciation

Notation

Numbers

SetsofNumbers

Arithmetic

Algebra

Geometry

Logic

SetTheory

Probability

Numbers

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

Appendix

AdditionFacts PropertiesofAddition MultiplicationFacts PropertiesofMultiplication PropertiesofFractions PropertiesofExponents PropertiesofLogarithms OperationsonComplexNumbers RootsofIntegers DivisibilityRules

AreasofGeometricShapes(2-D)

TrigonometryDefinitions

GreekLetters

TrigonometricIdentities

ExactValuesofTrigonometricFunctions

PythagoreanTriples

Measurement

Length

Mass

Time

Temperature

Angle

Solidangle

Frequency

Speed

Acceleration

HelpYourChildLearnMath

Preface

AllMathWordsDictionaryisdesignedforstudentsofpre-algebra,algebra,geometry,and

intermediatealgebrainmiddleschoolandhighschool.Itisdesignedusingthefour'C'sof

mathwriting:

Concise:Definitionsarecompact,yetunderstandable.

Complete:Allwordsandphrasesofinteresttotargetedstudentsareincluded,plusafew

justbeyondthescopeofthetargetclasses.Tablesofsymbolsandnotation,formulas,and

unitsofmeasurement,pluslistsofpropertiesofobjectsgivethestudentallthe

informationneededtoweldtheirunderstandingoftheconceptsanddeciphermany

problems.

Correct:Thedefinitionshavebeenthoroughlyreviewedformathematicalandliterary

correctness.

Comprehensible:Thedefinitionsarewrittentobeunderstoodbytargetedstudents.

Abundantillustrationsaidinunderstanding.

Oneofthedifficultiesmanystudentsexperienceinlearningmathskillshastodowiththe

factthatanentirelanguage,bothspokenandwritten,hasgrownuparoundmath.Studentsthat

acquirethatlanguagearesuccessfulinmathstudies.Studentsthatdonotacquirethatlanguage

haveseriousproblemswithmathematics.Thisdictionaryisdesignedtoaidintheacquisition

ofthelanguageofmath.

Thisdictionaryhas:

over3000entriesofthelanguageofmath. Thisdictionaryhas: morethan140notationsdefined inexcessof790illustrations

morethan140notationsdefined

inexcessof790illustrations

IPApronunciationguidemorethan140notationsdefined inexcessof790illustrations

greaterthan1400formulas,equations,definitions,examples,identitiesandexpressions.

conversionofmeasuresIPApronunciationguide greaterthan1400formulas,equations,definitions,examples,identitiesandexpressions.

HowtoUsethisDictionary

Thisdictionaryhasalphabetizedentriesplusasubjectindexcontainingformulasand

identities.Mostentriesarelaidoutlikethis:

identities.Mostentriesarelaidoutlikethis:

Attheendoftheentry,theremaybeadditionalnotessuchassynonymsandreferencesto

relatedwordsortothesubjectindex.

ThepronunciationinthisdictionaryisgiveninInternationalPhoneticAlphabet(IPA)style.

AbriefguidetotheportionofIPAusedinthesectionIPAPronunciation.Foradetailed

explanationofIPA,seehttp://www.langsci.ucl.ac.uk/ipa/.

Somewordsandphraseshavemorethanonedistinctmeaning.Inthiscase,therewillbe

severalenumerateddefinitions:

logicNOUN/ˈlɒdʒ.ɪk/

1. thesciencethatinvestigatestheprinciplesgoverningcorrectandreliable

inference.

2. aseriesofstatementsthatmakeuseofthescienceoflogic.

Ifpronunciationsofawordfordifferentdefinitionsaredifferent,thepronunciationwill

appearwitheachdefinition.

Multiplewordswiththesamemeaningaretypicallydefinedonlyonce,withtheless

commonusagereferringtothemainentrylikethis:

nullset NOUN/nʌlsɛt/seeemptyset.

Abbreviationsandacronymsaregiventheirownentrywithoutadefinitionofthe

abbreviatedword.Anacronymisasetoflettersthatstandforaphrase,usuallythefirstletter

ofeachwordinthephrase.Youcanlookupthewordonceyouknowwhattheabbreviation

standsfor:

lcdABBREVIATIONleastcommondenominator.

EntriesdescribingelementsofcomputerlanguageshaveCOMPUTERSforthepartofspeech

andhavenopronunciation,likethis:

atan()COMPUTERS

representsthearctangentfunctioninmanycomputerlanguages.

Prefixentriesaresimilartoregularentries.Eachprefixisfollowedbyahyphen.Thistells

thereaderthattheprefixisnotawholeword,butisusedtoformotherwords:

delta-PREFIX/ˈdɛl.tə/

havingtodowithequilateraltriangles.

Ifthepluralofawordorphrasehasanunusualspellingorpronunciation,thatspellingand

pronunciationappearattheendoftheentrylikethis:Plural:series.

Attheendofeachdefinitiontheremaybelistofrelatedwords.Relatedwordscanbe

synonym,antonyms,orvariantsofeachword.Also,externaldynamicgeometryapplications

canbeaccessedonmanyreadersbyclickingtheGeoApp!linkonmanywords.

ThereisasectionwithcommonmathnotationinthesectionNotation.Sincethesesymbols

cannotbealphabetized,theyaregroupedbycategory.Withineachcategorytheyappearinno

particularorder.

HowEntriesareAlphabetized

Thereareseveralthingswhichinfluencethealphabetizationschemeofthisdictionary:

Thisdictionarydefinesmanyphrasesinadditiontosinglewords.

Numericdigitsarepartofsomeentryheadings.

Hyphensandcommasappearinsomeentryheadings.

Mathematicalsymbolsareusedinsomeentryheadings.

Becauseoftheseissues,aspecialalphabetizationschemeisused.

1. Capitallettersarealphabetizedthesameaslowercaseletters.Thefollowingwordsare

inthespecialalphabeticalorder:

abacus

Abeliangroup

abscissa

2. Spacesareignored.Thefollowingwordsareinthespecialalphabeticalorder:

amplitude

analyticalproof

analyticgeometry

3. Numericdigitscomebeforealphabeticlettersandareinnumericorder.Thefollowing

entriesareinthespecialalphabeticalorder:

1,propertyofmultiplicationby

2-space

3-space

4. Allpunctuationmarkssuchascommasandhyphensareignored.Thefollowingentries

areinthespecialalphabeticalorder:

half

half-angle

halflife

half-line

Exception:Inthecaseofaprefix,theentrywiththedashcomesafteranyentrieswith

thesamelettersbutnodash,butbeforeanywordsusingthatprefix.Thefollowing

entriesareinthespecialalphabeticalorder:

athesamelettersbutnodash,butbeforeanywordsusingthatprefix.Thefollowing entriesareinthespecialalphabeticalorder: A a- AAA

Athesamelettersbutnodash,butbeforeanywordsusingthatprefix.Thefollowing entriesareinthespecialalphabeticalorder: a a- AAA

a-thesamelettersbutnodash,butbeforeanywordsusingthatprefix.Thefollowing entriesareinthespecialalphabeticalorder: a A AAA

AAAthesamelettersbutnodash,butbeforeanywordsusingthatprefix.Thefollowing entriesareinthespecialalphabeticalorder: a A a-

ConventionalPlurals

Theplurals(morethanone)ofnounsareshownattheendofanentryonlyifthespellingor

pronunciationofthepluralisunusual.Theusualspellingofpluralsare:

 

ConventionalPlurals

Ending

Spelling

Pronunciation

Example

'se'(silente)

'ses'

səz

inversePlural:inverses/ɪn'vɜr.səz/

's','x',or'ch'

'ses'

səz

classPlural:classes/klæ.səz/

'y'

'ies'

iz

identityPlural:identities/aɪˈdɛntɪtiz/

Allothers

's'

sorz

shiftPlural:shifts/ʃɪftz/

IPAPronunciation

Stressmarks:/ˈ/primary;/ˌ/secondary

 

Consonants

b

base,double

d

disk,and

ð

the,father

dʒ

general,page

f

from,graph,fan

g

get,angle

h

head,ahead

j

yes

k

chord,fact,key

l

low,slow

m

middle,time

n

not,in

ŋ

thing,long

ŋɡ

finger,angle

θ

third,math

p

pi,cap

r

row,from

s

side,base

ʃ

show,addition

t

true,write

tʃ

check,catch

v

value,have

w

wave,swap

ʰw

why

z

zero,is

ʒ

measure,division

Vowels

ɑ

father

ɑr

arc,barn

ɒ

song,solid

ɒr

borrow

æ

add,angle

ær

arrow,marry

aɪ

by,sign

aʊ

out,how

aʊər

hour

ɛ

bell

ɛr

error

ɛər square,area

eɪ

face,rate

ɪ

in,lid

ɪr

pyramid,girl

ɪər near,zero

ɔɪ choice,boy,point ɔr chord,corner

oʊ

row,go

ʊ

foot

ʌ

of,number

ɜr curve,circle

u

continue

y

cube

Reducedvowels

ə

comma

ər

center

i

happy

o

gold

Notation

Numbers

14

integer

1.5

realnumber

3+4i

complexnumber

2.2i

imaginarynumber

rationalnumber,fraction

rationalnumber,fraction

I

Romannumeralfor1

V

Romannumeralfor5

X

Romannumeralfor10

L

Romannumeralfor50

C

Romannumeralfor100

D

Romannumeralfor500

M

Romannumeralfor1000

infinity

negative

+

positive

%

percent

3.77×10 4 scientificnotation

37.7×10 3 engineeringnotation

2.64E05 Enotation

a<b aislessthanb

ab

aislessthanorequaltob

a=b

aisequaltob

ab

aisnotequaltob;aislessthanorgreaterthanb.

ab

aisgreaterthanorequaltob

a>b

aisgreaterthanb

x|y

xdividesevenlyintoy

xy

xdoesnotdivideevenlyintoy.

ymodq

theremainderwhenyisdividedbyq

xymodqxiscongruentwithymoduloq

z

complexnumber

z

complexconjugate

,Im

imaginarypartofacomplexnumber

,Re

realpartofacomplexnumber

SetsofNumbers

[m,n]

closedintervalfrommton:mxn.

(m,n),]m,n[ openintervalfrommton:m<x<n. (m,n],]m,n] halfopenintervalontheleftfrommton:m<xn.

[m,n),[m,n[ halfopenintervalontherightfrommton:mx<n.

(-∞,∞)

intervalofallrealnumbers

ellipsis,(continuedinthesamepattern.)

sup.

supremum

inf.

infimum

Arithmetic

a+b

addition,addatob

ab

subtraction;subtractbfroma

-b

negation;negativeb

a±b

aplusorminusb

ab

aminusorplusb

a×b

multiplyabyb

a·b

multiplyabyb

ab

multiplyabyb

a*b

1.multiplyabybinsomecomputerlanguages.

2.anarbitraryoperationonaandb.

a b

exponentiation:araisedtothebpower;amultipliedtimesitselfb

times.

a^b

exponentiationinsomecomputerlanguages(araisedtotheb

power).

a**b

exponentiationinsomecomputerlanguages(araisedtotheb

power).

squarerootof n

squarerootofn

cuberootof m ,fourthrootof m ,etc.

cuberootofm,fourthrootofm,etc.

fraction,division

fraction,division

a÷b

adividedbyb

a/b

adividedbyb

a:b

ratioofatob,dividedby

Algebra

az,AZ a 1 ,a 2 ,…

variables

indexedvariables

ab

1.aisidenticaltob.

2.aisequivalenttob

camod.b ciscongruenttoamodulob.

1.approaches

2.implies

implies

ab

avariesasb,aisproportionaltob.

infinity

fg(x)

compositionoffunctionsfandg.

()

parenthesis,groupingofoperations

[]

brackets,groupingofoperations,matrices

{}

1.braces,groupingofoperations

2.seeSetTheory

<2,-1>

vectornotation;avectorwithanx-componentof2anday-component

of-1.

|A|

thedeterminantofmatrixA.

I n

ann×nidentitymatrix

Z

A

n

-1

ann×nzeromatrix

theinverseofmatrixA.

nº

ndegrees

n'

1.nminutes(1/60 th degree)

2.nfeet.

n"

1.nseconds(1/60 th minute)

2.ninches

Δx

changeinx,deltax

Σ

sumofasequence

f(x)

functionfofx

n!

nfactorial

|x|

absolutevalueofx,magnitudeofx

x

ceilingfunctionofx

x

floorfunctionofx

thelimitof f ( x ) as x approaches a isequalto b

thelimitoff(x)asxapproachesaisequaltob

Geometry

iscongruentwith

iscongruentwith

isnotcongruentwith

isnotcongruentwith

~

issimilarto

linesegmentAB

linesegmentAB

AB

lengthoflinesegmentAB

lineABlinesegmentAB AB lengthoflinesegmentAB rayAB ∠ α anglealpha m ∠ α themeasureofanglealpha

rayABlinesegmentAB AB lengthoflinesegmentAB lineAB ∠ α anglealpha m ∠ α themeasureofanglealpha ∆ABC

α

anglealpha

mα themeasureofanglealpha

∆ABC triangleABC

lisparalleltom

lm lisnotparalleltom

lm lisperpendiculartom

lm

minorarcwithendpointsJandKtriangleABC lisparalleltom l ∦ m lisnotparalleltom l ⊥ m lisperpendiculartom l ∥ m majorarccontainingpointB

majorarccontainingpointBtriangleABC lisparalleltom l ∦ m lisnotparalleltom l ⊥ m lisperpendiculartom l ∥ m minorarcwithendpointsJandK

Logic

P,Q

-P,~P

propositions

negation,NOTP

PQ,P+Q disjunction,PORQ

PQ,PQ conjunction,PANDQ

PQ

exclusivedisjunction,PxorQ

PQ

PimpliesQ

PQ

PimpliesQ

PQ

equivalence,biconditional,ifandonlyif

PQ

equivalence

PQ

equivalence

identity

iff

ifandonlyif

0,F

false

1,T

true

therefore,inconclusion

Q.E.D.

Endofproof

endofproof

SetTheory

A,B,C,…

set

a,b,c,…

elementofaset;memberofaset

xA

xisanelementofA

xA

xisnotanelementofA

AB

AisasubsetofB

AB

AisasubsetoforequaltoB

AB

AisapropersubsetofB

BA

BisasupersetofA

AB

AisnotasubsetofB

AB

AisneitherasubsetofnorequaltoB

AB,A+B AunionB

AB,AB

AintersectionB

AB

differenceofAandB

Ø,{}

emptyset,nullset

A'

complementofsetA

A/S

complementofsetAinS.

{x:P(x)}

thesetofallxwithpropertyP

{a,b,c,…}

set

(a,b,c,…)

orderedset

<a,b,c,…> orderedset

A×B

Cartesianproduct,AcrossB

fg(x)

compositionoffunctionsfandg.

f(X)

imageofsetX

onetoone

|X|

0

onetoonecorrespondence

cardinalityofsetX

denumerableinfinity

1 ,2 ,3 ,… nondenumerableinfinities

(A)

Probability

powersetofA

P(e) probabilityofevente P(e 1 ,e 2 ) conditionalprobabilityofe 1 givene 2 .

E(X)

mathematicalexpectationofX

E(X,c) conditionalexpectationofXgivenconditionc.

e'

complementofevente.

Numbers

0,divisionbyNOUN/ˈzɪər.oʊdɪˈvɪ.ʒənbaɪ/divisionby0isundefined;divisionbyzerohasno

meaning. Mathdefinition: isundefined; a ÷0 isundefined.

meaning.Mathdefinition: isundefined;a÷0isundefined.

0exponent NOUN/ˈzɪər.oʊˈɛks.poʊ.nənt/anythingtothezeropower,exceptzero,equalsone.

Mathdefinition:b 0 =1,b≠0;0 0 isundefined.

0,PropertyofAdditionbyNOUN/ˈzɪər.oʊˈprɒ.pər.tiʌvəˈdɪ.ʃən

baɪ/ifzeroisaddedtoanynumber,theresultsisequaltothat

number.Mathdefinition:0+a=a,a+0=a.

PropertyofAdditionbyZero
PropertyofAdditionbyZero

0,PropertyofMultiplicationbyNOUN/ˈzɪər.oʊˈprɒ.pər.tiʌvˌmʌl.tə.plɪˈkeɪ.ʃənbaɪ/any

numbertimeszeroequalszeroMathdefinition:a=0,a·0=0.

0tothe0powerNOUN/ˈzɪər.oʊtuðəˈzɪər.oʊˈpaʊ.ər/0 0 isundefined.

1-DABBREVIATIONonedimensional.

Dimensions PropertyofDivisionby1
Dimensions
PropertyofDivisionby1

1,PropertyofDivisionbyNOUN/wʌnˈprɒ.pər.tiʌvdɪˈvɪ.ʒənbaɪ/

anynumberdividedby1equalsitself.Math

definition:a÷1=1.

1,PropertyofMultiplicationbyNOUN/wʌnˈprɒ.pər.tiʌv

ˌmʌl.tə.plɪˈkeɪ.ʃənbaɪ/anynumbertimesoneequalsitself.Math

definition:a=a,a·1=a.

2-DABBREVIATIONtwodimensional.

PropertyofMultiplicationby1 Dimensions
PropertyofMultiplicationby1
Dimensions

2-spaceNOUN/tuspeɪs/ageometricspacewith2dimensions.TheEuclideangeometryof2-

spaceiscalledplanegeometry.Example:rectangularcoordinateplane.

3-DABBREVIATIONthreedimensional.

Dimensions
Dimensions

3-spaceNOUN/θrispeɪs/ageometricspacewith3dimensions.TheEuclideangeometryof3-

spaceiscalledsolidgeometry.

4-cubeNOUN/fɔrkyub/Seehypercube.

4-spaceNOUN/fɔrspeɪs/ageometricspacewith4dimensions.

10 100 NOUNagoogolisalargenumber.

10 googol NOUNagoogolplex,or10 10 100 ,isaverylargenumber. InternationalSystemofUnits

Value

Name(Shortscale)

SIPrefix

Abbr.

10

24

septillion

yotta-

Y

10

21

sextillion

zetta-

Z

10

18

quintillion

exa-

E

10

15

quadrillion

peta-

P

10

12

trillion

tera-

T

10

9

billion

giga-

G

10

6

million

mega-

M

10

3

thousand

kilo-

k

10

2

hundred

hecto-

h

10

ten

deka-

da

10

-1

tenth

deci-

d

10

-2

hundredth

centi-

c

10

-3

thousandth

milli-

m

10

-6

millionth

micro-

µ

10

-9

billionth

nano-

n

10

-12

trillionth

pico-

p

10

-15

quadrillionth

femto-

f

10

-18

quintillionth

atto-

a

10

-21

sextillionth

zepto-

z

10

-24

septillionth

yocto-

y

A

aABBREVIATIONSeeatto-.

AABBREVIATIONSeeampere.

a-PREFIXnot.Example:asymmetric.

AAAsimilarityNOUN/eɪeɪeɪˌsɪm.əˈlær.ɪ.ti/angle-angle-anglesimilarity.SeeAAsimilarity.

AAScongruenceNOUN/eɪeɪeskənˈgru.əns/angle-angle-side

congruence.Twotrianglesarecongruentifandonlyiftwo

AAScongruence.
AAScongruence.

adjacentanglesandasidenotbetweentheanglesarecongruent

withthecorrespondinganglesandsideoftheothertriangle.

Mathdefinition:Given∆ABCand∆A'B'C',

∆ABC∆A'B'C'ifandonlyifCABC'A'B'

andBCAB'C'A'andBCB'C'.Seealso

AAsimilarityNOUN/eɪeɪˌsɪm.əˈlær.ɪ.ti/angle-anglesimilarity.

Twotrianglesaresimilarifandonlyifatleasttwo

correspondinganglesarecongruent.Mathdefinition:Given

∆ABCand∆A'B'C',∆ABC∆A'B'C'ifandonlyif

CABC'A'B'andABCA'B'C'.Seealso

abacusNOUN/ˈæb.ə.kəs/adeviceusedforcountingandarithmetic

thathasslidersandbeads.Plurals:abacuses,abaci/ˈæb.ə.kai/.

AASimilarity Abacus
AASimilarity
Abacus

abbreviationNOUN/əˈbri.viˌeɪ.ʃən/ashortwaytowriteawordorphrase.Example:Aisthe

abbreviationforampere.

AbelianADJECTIVE/əˈbi.li.ən/Seecommutative.

AbeliangroupNOUN/əˈbi.li.əngrup/Seecommutativegroup.

abscissaNOUN/æbˈsɪ.sə/

1. thehorizontalcoordinateofapoint:(abscissa,ordinate).See

alsoGeoApp!.

2. thevalueoftheindependentvariableinarelationor

function.

Plural:abscissae/æbˈsɪs.i/.Synonym:x-coordinate.

. 2. thevalueoftheindependentvariableinarelationor function. Plural:abscissae /æb ˈ s ɪ s.i/ .Synonym: x-coordinate .

absoluteADJECTIVE/æbs.əˈlut/

1. havingtodowithabsolutevalue.

2. exact.

3. global.

Abscissa
Abscissa

absoluteconvergenceNOUN/æbs.əˈlutkənˈvɜr.dʒəns/thepropertyofconvergingabsolutely. Seealsoconvergeabsolutely. absoluteconvergencetest NOUN/æbs.əˈlutkənˈvɜr.dʒənstɛst/iftheabsolutevaluesofthe termsofasequenceconverge,thentheoriginalsequenceconverges.Mathdefinition:if

{|a 1 |,|a 2 |,|a 3 |,…}convergesthen{a 1 ,a 2 ,a 3 ,…}converges.

absolutedeviationNOUN/æbs.əˈlutˌdi.viˈeɪ.ʃən/thedistancebetweenadatapointandacenter

ofadataset.Formula:D i =|x i m(X)|wherex i isthevalueofdatapointi,m(X)isthe

centerofthedataset,andD i istheabsolutedeviationofdatapointi.Forcontrast,see deviation.Seealsoaverageabsolutedeviation.

absoluteerrorNOUN/æbs.əˈlutˈɛr.ər/thedifferencebetweena

AbsoluteError AbsoluteExtremum
AbsoluteError
AbsoluteExtremum

measuredorestimatedvalueandtheactualvalue.

absoluteextremumNOUN/æbs.əˈlutɪkˈstri.məm/anabsolute

minimumoranabsolutemaximum.

absolutefrequencyNOUN/æbs.əˈlutˈfri.kwən.si/

1. (probability)thetotalnumberoftimesaneventhappened

duringasetofexperiments. 2. (statistics)anexactcountofelementsofadatasetthatsharea particularproperty. Forcontrast,seerelativefrequency.

absoluteinequalityNOUN/æbs.əˈlutˌɪn.ɪˈkwɒl.ɪ.ti/aninequality

thathasatleastoneabsolutevaluecontainingavariable.

Example:y<3–|x|.SeealsoGeoApp!.

AbsoluteFrequency AbsoluteInequality
AbsoluteFrequency
AbsoluteInequality

absolutemagnitudeNOUN/æbs.əˈlutˈmæg.nɪˌtud/Seeabsolutevalue.

absolutemaximumNOUN/æbs.əˈlutˈmæk.sə.məm/Seeglobalmaximum.

absolutemeandeviationNOUN/æbs.əˈlutminˌdi.viˈeɪ.ʃən/Seemeandeviation.

absoluteminimumNOUN/æbs.əˈlutˈmɪn.ə.məm/Seeglobalminimum.

absolutevalueNOUN/æbs.əˈlutˈvæl.yu/thedistanceofapoint

AbsoluteValue
AbsoluteValue
,
,

fromzero.Formulas:Forrealnumbers:

AbsoluteValue , fromzero. Formulas: Forrealnumbers: .,Forcomplexnumbers: . Synonyms: magnitude , modulus .

.,Forcomplexnumbers:

.Synonyms:magnitude,

modulus.SeealsoGeoApp!.

absolutevalueequationNOUN/æbs.əˈlutˈvæl.yuɪˈkweɪ.ʒən/an

equationcontainingtheabsolutevalueofavariable.

Example:y=|x–2|.SeealsoHowToPlot!,GeoApp!.

AbsoluteValueEquation
AbsoluteValueEquation

absolutezeroNOUN/æbs.əˈlutˈzɪər.oʊ/thetheoreticaltemperatureatwhichallmovement

stops.

abstractalgebraNOUN/æbˈstræktˈæl.dʒə.brə/algebrageneralizedtoanysetandoperations

onthatset,notjustnumbers.Elementsofthesetcanbematrices,equationsandabstract

objects.Anoperationissomemappingofoneormoreelementsofasetthatgivesanother

elementcontainedintheset.Seealsomodernalgebra.

absurdADJECTIVE/əbˈsɜrd/

1. inconsistentwithreason.

2. contradictory.

abundantnumberNOUN/əˈbʌn.dəntˈnʌm.bər/anintegerwhosesumofitsproperdivisorsis

greaterthantheintegeritself.Example:1+2+3+4+6>12.Forcontrast,seedeficient

number,perfectnumber. accelerationNOUN/ækˌsɛl.əˈreɪ.ʃ ə n/speedinguporslowingdown;therateofchangeof

velocitywithrespecttotime.Notations:m/s 2 (meterspersecondsquared),k/h 2

(kilometersperhoursquared).Formula:a=d/t 2 whereaisacceleration,disdistance

traveledandtistime.SeealsoGeoApp!.

accidentalsampleNOUN/ˌæk.sɪˈdɛn.tlˈsɑm.pəl/Seeconveniencesample. account VERB/əˈkaʊnt/toverifyusageorexplanationof.

accumulationfactorNOUN/əˌkyu.myuˈleɪ.ʃənˈfæk.tər/the

AccumulationFactor
AccumulationFactor
/əˌkyu.myuˈleɪ.ʃənˈfæk.tər/the AccumulationFactor quantity intheformulaforcompound interest:

quantity

intheformulaforcompound

interest:

.Accumulationfactor

measurestherateatwhichprincipalgrows.Seealsocompound

interest,GeoApp!.

accuracyNOUN/ˈæk.yər.ə.si/

1. howcloseacalculatedorestimatedvalueistotheactualvalue.Synonym:precision.

2. theleveloffreedomfromerror.

accurate

1. ADJECTIVE/ˈæk.yər.ət/exact.

2. withouterror.

acreNOUN/ˈeɪ.kər/aunitofmeasureoflandsurfaceequalto43,560squarefeetor1/600ofa

squaremile.Formula:600acres=1squaremile.

actualADJECTIVE/ˈæk.tyu.l/

1. notestimatedormeasured;exact

2. realorfactual.

actualvalueNOUN/ˈæk.tyu.lˈvæl.yu/avaluewhichisexactandnotestimatedormeasured.

acuteADJECTIVE/əˈkyut/havingoneormoreanglesthatmeasurelessthanarightangle.

Example:acutetriangle.

acuteangleNOUN/əˈkyutˈæŋ.gəl/ananglethatmeasureslessthan

90º.Mathdefinition:αisanacuteangleifandonlyif

0°<α<90°,0rad.<α<π/2rad

SeealsoGeoApp!.

acutetriangleNOUN/əˈkyutˈtraɪˌæŋ.gəl/atrianglethathasthree

acuteangles.SeealsoGeoApp!.

addVERB/æd/

1. tojointwoormorequantitiestogetherintoasum.

2. tocountobjectsintwoormoregroups.SeealsoGeoApp!.

Synonym:sum.Inverse:subtract.

AcuteAngle AcuteTriangle Add

AcuteAngle

AcuteAngle AcuteTriangle Add

AcuteTriangle

AcuteAngle AcuteTriangle Add

Add

addendNOUN/ˈæ.dɛnd/anumberorexpressionthatistobeadded.Formula:addend+

addend=sum.Example:

.
.

additionNOUN/əˈdɪ.ʃən/joiningtwoormorequantitiestogetherintoasum.Notation:+.

Inverse:subtraction.SeealsoPropertiesofAddition,GeoApp!.

additionfact NOUN/əˈdɪ.ʃənfækt/twointegersandtheirsum.Example:1+1=2.Seealso AdditionFacts. additionofpolynomialsNOUN/əˈdɪ.ʃənʌvˌpɒl.əˈnoʊ.mi.əlz/joiningtwoormore polynomialstogetherintoasum.Toaddtwopolynomials,addtheliketerms.

AdditionofPolynomials
AdditionofPolynomials

additionpostulateNOUN/əˈdɪ.ʃənˈpɒs.tʃə.lɪt/SeeAngleAdditionPostulate.

AdditionPropertyofEqualityNOUN/əˈdɪ.ʃənˈprɒ.pər.tiʌvɪˈkwɒl.ɪ.ti/thesamenumbercan

beaddedtobothsidesofanequationwithoutchangingthetruthvalueoftheequation.Math

definition:ifa=bthena+c=b+c.Ifabthena+cb+c.

AdditionPropertyofInequalityNOUN/əˈdɪ.ʃənˈprɒ.pər.tiʌvˌɪn.ɪˈkwɒl.ɪ.ti/thesamenumber

canbeaddedtobothsidesofaninequalitywithoutchangingthetruthvalueoftheinequality.

Mathdefinition:Ifa<bthena+c<b+c.

AdditionPropertyofZeroNOUN/əˈdɪ.ʃənˈprɒ.pər.tiʌvˈzɪər.oʊ/zerocanbeaddedtoany

numberwithoutchangingthenumber.Mathdefinition:a+0=a;0+a=a.

additionsignNOUN/əˈdɪ.ʃənsaɪn/+isusedtoshowaddition.Example:3+2=5.

additiveADJECTIVE/ˈæd.ɪ.tɪv/havingtodowithaddition.Example:additiveinverse.

additiveidentityNOUN/ˈæd.ɪ.tɪvaɪˈdɛn.tɪ.ti/theadditiveidentityforrealandcomplexnumbers

is0sincea+0=aand0+a=a.

additiveinverseNOUN/ˈæd.ɪ.tɪvɪnˈvɜrs/theadditiveinverseofanyrealorcomplexnumbera

is-a,sincea+(-a)≡0.Synonym:oppositenumber.SeealsoGeoApp!.

adjacent ADJECTIVE/əˈdʒeɪ.sənt/

1. nextto.Synonym:consecutive.

2. havingacommonendpointorboundary.

Adjacent

Type

Example

Adjacentarcsshareanendpoint.

Adjacentarcs shareanendpoint.

Adjacentanglesonintersectinglinesshareasideandavertex,

Adjacentangles onintersectinglinesshareasideandavertex,

butdonotshareanyinteriorpoints.Synonym:consecutive

angles.

Adjacentanglesofapolygonshareaside.

Adjacentangles ofapolygonshareaside.

Adjacentfacesofapolyhedronshareanedge.

Adjacentfaces ofapolyhedronshareanedge.

Adjacentsidesonapolygonshareavertex

Adjacentsides onapolygonshareavertex

admissiblehypothesisNOUN/ædˈmɪs.ə.bəlhaɪˈpɒ.θə.sɪs/anhypothesisthathasnotbeen

proventrueandhasnotbeenprovenfalse.Synonym:conjecture.

affinecipherNOUN/əˈfaɪnˈsaɪ.fər/acipherwhereeachletterisconvertedtoanumber,then

thatnumberisconvertedtoadifferentnumberbyafunction.Example:'hello'becomes'11-

8-12-12-15'.

afterPREPOSITION/ˈæf.tər/

1. cominginbackof.

2. cominglaterinorderortime.Example:5comesafter3.

Antonym:before.

After
After

alephNOUN/ˈɑ.lɪf/theletterfromtheHebrewalphabet,usedwithasubscripttoindicatethe

cardinalityofinfinitesets.Examples:0 ,1 ,2 ,.

alephnullNOUN/ˈɑ.lɪfnʌl/thesymbol0 representingthecardinalityofadenumerableset,a setwithaonetoonecorrespondencewiththenaturalnumbers.Seealsocardinalnumber. algebraNOUN/ˈæl.dʒə.brə/thestudyofoperationsandrelations,usingvariablestorepresent values. algebraicADJECTIVE/ˌæl.dʒəˈbreɪ.ɪk/

2. havingtodowithaddition,subtraction,multiplication,division,exponentiationand takingofroots.Example:algebraicexpression. algebraicequationNOUN/ˌæl.dʒəˈbreɪ.ɪkɪˈkweɪ.ʒən/anequationthatusesonlytheoperations ofaddition,subtraction,multiplication,division,exponentiationandtakingofroots.

Example:

.
.

algebraicexpressionNOUN/ˌæl.dʒəˈbreɪ.ɪkɪkˈsprɛ.ʃən/anexpressionthatusesonlythe

operationsofaddition,subtraction,multiplication,division,exponentiationandtakingof

roots.Example:

.
.

algebraicfunctionNOUN/ˌæl.dʒəˈbreɪ.ɪkˈfʌŋk.ʃən/afunctionthatusesonlytheoperationsof

addition,subtraction,multiplication,division,exponentiationandtakingofroots.Example:

.
.

algebraicidentityNOUN/ˌæl.dʒəˈbreɪ.ɪkaɪˈdɛn.tɪ.ti/anequationthatusesonlytheoperations

ofaddition,subtraction,multiplication,division,exponentiationandtakingofroots,andis

trueforallvaluesofthevariables.Notation:.Example:(x+y)(xy)≡x 2 y 2 . algebraicnumberNOUN/ˌæl.dʒəˈbreɪ.ɪkˈnʌm.bər/anynumberthatisarootofasingle

variable,non-zero,real-valuedpolynomialwithrationalcoefficients.Examples:5,-3/2,

,
,

.Antonym:transcendentalnumber.

algebraicoperatingsystemNOUN/ˌæl.dʒəˈbreɪ.ɪkˌɒ.pəˈreɪ.tŋˈsɪs.təm/Seeorderof

operations.Abbreviation:AOS.

algebraicoperationNOUN/ˌæl.dʒəˈbreɪ.ɪkˌɒ.pəˈreɪ.ʃən/oneoftheoperationsofaddition,

subtraction,multiplication,division,exponentiationandtakingofroots.Examples:+,,×,

÷,a b ,

Examples: + , – , × , ÷ , a b , . algebraicrepresentation NOUN

. algebraicrepresentationNOUN/ˌæl.dʒəˈbreɪ.ɪkˌrɛp.rɪ.zɛnˈteɪ.ʃən/arepresentationthatuses

algebra,suchasanequation.Example:Ifthepriceofgasolineis$4.70pergallon,the

equationC=4.7gisanalgebraicrepresentationofthecostofpurchasingggallons.

algebratileNOUN/ˈæl.dʒə.brətaɪl/asquareorrectangulartile

usedtorepresentalgebraicoperations.

g gallons. algebratile NOUN /ˈæl.dʒə.brətaɪl/asquareorrectangulartile usedtorepresentalgebraicoperations.
AlgebraTile
AlgebraTile

algorithmNOUN/ˈæl.gəˌrɪ.ðəm/asetofinstructionsfordoingaprocedureorsolvinga

problem.Example:(crossmultiplication):

problem. Example: (crossmultiplication): . Synonym: method . Antonym: heuristicmethod . align VERB

.Synonym:method.

Antonym:heuristicmethod. alignVERB/əˈlaɪn/toarrangeinastraightline;tomakelineup.

Al-Khwarizmi,MuhammadIbnMusaPERSON(c780-850)an

ArabmathematicianwhoseworksintroducedArabicnumerals

toEurope.

MuhammadIbnMusaAl-Khwarizmi
MuhammadIbnMusaAl-Khwarizmi

alltogetherPREPOSITION/ɔltəˈgɛð.ər/addedtogether;summed.Keywordforaddition.

alphaNOUN/ˈæl.fə/theGreekletterα.αisoftenusedtorepresentangles.

alternate

1. ADJECTIVE/ˈɔl.tər.nɪt/onoppositesides.

2. ADJECTIVE/ˈɔl.tər.nɪt/changingsigns.

3. ADJECTIVE/ˈɔl.tər.nɪt/onethentheother,backandforth.

4. VERB/ˈɔl.tər.neɪt/tochangefromonetoanother,backandforth.

alternateanglesNOUN/ˈɔl.tər.nɪtˈæŋ.gəlz/anglesonopposite

sidesofatransversal.

alternateangles NOUN /ˈɔl.tər.nɪtˈæŋ.gəlz/anglesonopposite sidesofatransversal.

alternateexterioranglesNOUN/ˈɔl.tər.nɪtɪkˈstɪər.i.ərˈæŋ.gəlz/

anglesthatareondifferentsidesofatransversalandareoutside

thetransversedlines.

AlternateAngles AlternateExteriorAngles
AlternateAngles
AlternateExteriorAngles

AlternateExteriorAnglesTheoremNOUN/ˈɔl.tər.nɪtɪkˈstɪər.i.ərˈæŋ.gəlzˈθɪər.əm/iftwo

parallellinesarecrossedbyatransversal,theneachpairofalternateexterioranglesis

congruent.

alternateinterioranglesNOUN/ˈɔl.tər.nɪtɪnˈtɪər.i.ərˈæŋ.gəlz/

anglesthatareondifferentsidesofatransversalthatintersects

twootherlines.Theanglesarebetweenthetwotransversedlines.

AlternateInteriorAngles
AlternateInteriorAngles

AlternateInteriorAnglesTheoremNOUN/ˈɔl.tər.nɪtɪnˈtɪər.i.ərˈæŋ.gəlzˈθɪər.əm/iftwo

parallellinesarecutbyatransversal,theneachpairofalternateinterioranglesare

congruent.

alternatingADJECTIVE/ˈɔltərˌneɪ.ting/changingbetweenoneandtheanother,backandforth.

alternatingseriesNOUN/ˈɔltərˌneɪ.tingˈsɪər.iz/aserieswhichchangesbackandforthbetween

negativeandpositiveterms.Example:

series.

altitudeNOUN/ˈæl.tɪˌtud/

Example: series. altitude NOUN /ˈæl.tɪˌtud/ . Plural:alternating 1.

.Plural:alternating

1. alinesegmentfromthebaseofafiguretotheapexthatisperpendiculartothebase.See

alsoGeoApp!.

2. alinesegmentfromthetopofafiguretothebottomthatisperpendiculartoboththetop

andthebottom.

3. height,usuallyfromsealevelorgroundlevel.

andthebottom. 3. height,usuallyfromsealevelorgroundlevel.
 

Altitudes

Name

Figure

Altitude

Cone

Cone Thelinesegmentfromthevertexoftheconetothe

Thelinesegmentfromthevertexoftheconetothe

planecontainingthebase.Thealtitudeisperpendicular

tothebase.

Cylinder

Cylinder Alinesegmentbetweentheplanescontainingthebases

Alinesegmentbetweentheplanescontainingthebases

ofthecylinder.Thealtitudeisperpendiculartothe

bases.

Parallelogram

Parallelogram Alinesegmentbetweenextendedparallelsides.The

Alinesegmentbetweenextendedparallelsides.The

altitudeisperpendiculartotheparallelsides.

Prism

Prism Alinesegmentbetweenthebaseplanesoftheprism.

Alinesegmentbetweenthebaseplanesoftheprism.

Analtitudeisperpendiculartothebaseplanes.

Pyramid

Pyramid Alinesegmentbetweenthebaseplaneofthepyramid

Alinesegmentbetweenthebaseplaneofthepyramid

andtheapex.Thealtitudeisperpendiculartothebase.

Triangle

Triangle Thelinesegmentfromavertextotheextended

Thelinesegmentfromavertextotheextended

oppositeside.Thealtitudeisperpendiculartothe

oppositeside.Eachtrianglehasthreealtitudes.

amABBREVIATION/æm/antemeridiem;atimebetweenmidnightandnoon.Thisisalso

abbreviateda.m.withperiods.Example:10:00AMis10o'clockinthemorning.

ambiguousADJECTIVE/æmˈbɪg.yu.əs/opentomorethanonepossibility.Example:ambiguous

case.

ambiguouscaseNOUN/æmˈbɪg.yu.əskeɪs/acasewheretheresultcannotbeuniquely identified.Example:Givenonesideandtwoangles,thelawofsinesmaynotgiveall possibilities. amount NOUN/əˈmaʊnt/

1. aquantity.

2. atotalorsum.Example:theamountofmoneyinmywallet.

ampABBREVIATION/æmp/Seeampere.

ampereNOUN/ˈæm.pɪər/aunitofmeasureofelectricalcurrent.Abbreviations:A,amp.

Ampère,André-MariePERSON/ˈæm.pɪərˈɑn.dreɪməˈri/aFrench

André-MarieAmpère Amplitude
André-MarieAmpère
Amplitude

physicist,whowasoneoftheoriginaldiscoverersof

electromagnetism.Theunitofmeasureofelectriccurrent,the

ampere,isnamedafterhim.

amplitudeNOUN/ˈæmp.lɪˌtud/halfthedistancefromtheglobal

minimumvaluetotheglobalmaximumvalueofaperiodic

function.Innature,theamplitudeofmanywavesisrelatedtothe

energyofthewaves.Formula:amplitude=½(max(f(x))

–min(f(x))).SeealsoGeoApp!.

analogADJECTIVE/ˈænlˌɔg/relatingtoamechanismthatshowsdatacontinuously;thatshows

dataonadialorbyothernon-digitalmeans.Antonym:digital.

analogclockNOUN/ˈænlˌɔgklɒk/aclockwithaminutehandand

AnalogClock
AnalogClock

anhourhandthatturninacircle.Antonym:digitalclock.

analogyNOUN/æˈnæl.ə.dʒi/atypeofreasoningthatassumesthattwosituationsaresimilar

anddrawsconclusionsaboutonebasedontheother.Ananalogyisnotamathematicalproof.

Example:Lifeislikeanonion.

analysisNOUN/ˌæˈnæl.ɪ.sɪs/

1. useoftheprinciplesofalgebraasopposedtogeometry.

2. abranchofmathematicsthatincludesdifferentiation,integration,infiniteseries,and

analyticfunctions.

3. theprocessingofrawdatatocreateinformation.

analyticADJECTIVE/ˌæ.nəˈlɪt.ɪk/havingtodowithanalysis.

analyticalADJECTIVE/ˌæ.nəˈlɪ.tɪ.kəl/Seeanalytic.

analyticgeometryNOUN/ˌæ.nəˈlɪt.ɪkdʒiˈɒ.mɪ.tri/thestudyofgeometryusingcoordinate

systemsandthemethodsofalgebra.Synonym:Cartesiangeometry.

analyticproofNOUN/ˌæ.nəˈlɪt.ɪkpruf/

1. aproofthatassumestheconclusionistrue,thenworksbackwardstoaproposition.

2. aproofthatusesalgebra,andnotgeometry.

analyticvaluesoftrigonometricfunctionsNOUN/ˌæ.nəˈlɪt.ɪkˈvæl.yuzʌvˌtrɪg.ə.nəˈmɛ.trɪk

ˈfʌŋk.ʃənz/Seeexactvaluesoftrigonometricfunctions.

analyzeVERB/ˌæ.nəˈlaɪz/tolookatmethodicallyinordertodiscoverfact.

anchorringNOUN/ˈæŋ.kərrɪŋ/Seetorus.

andNOUN/ænd/Seeconjunction.

anecdotalADJECTIVE/ˈæn.ɪkˌdoʊ.tl/basedonpersonalexperiencewithoutscientific

observationorexperiment.Antonyms:empirical,theoretical.

angleNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəl/therotationbetweentworaysorline

segmentswithacommonendpoint.Anglesaremeasuredin

degrees(360degrees=1fullcircle),radians(2πradians=1

fullcircle)orgradians(400gradians=1fullcircle).

Notation:.SeealsoAngleClasses!.

ClassesofAngles
ClassesofAngles
Angle
Angle

AngleAdditionPostulateNOUN/ˈæŋ.gələˈdɪ.ʃənˈpɒs.tʃə.lɪt/

adjacentanglescanbeaddedtogethertoformalargerangle.

Mathdefinition:GivennoncollinearpointsA,B,Candapoint

DintheinteriorofBAC,

mBAD+mDAC=mBAC.SeealsoGeoApp!.

AngleAdditionPostulate
AngleAdditionPostulate

angle-angle-anglesimilarityNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlˈæŋ.gəlˈæŋ.gəlˌsɪm.əˈlær.ɪ.ti/SeeAAsimilarity.

angle-angle-sidecongruenceNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlˈæŋ.gəlsaɪdkənˈgru.əns/SeeAAScongruence.

angle-anglesimilarityNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlˈæŋ.gəlˌsɪm.əˈlær.ɪ.ti/SeeAAsimilarity.

anglebisectionNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlbaɪˈsɛk.ʃən/theactofdividinganangleintotwoequalangles.

Seealsobisect,GeoApp!.

anglebisectorNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlbaɪˈsɛk.tər/arayorlinethatdivides

anangleintotwoequalangles.Seealsobisect,GeoApp!.

angleofdepressionNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlʌvdɪˈprɛ.ʃən/theangleat

whichanobservermustlookbelowthehorizontaltoseean

object.SeealsoGeoApp!.

angleofelevationNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlʌvˌɛl.əˈveɪ.ʃən/theangleat

whichanobservermustlookabovethehorizontaltoseean

object.SeealsoGeoApp!.

AngleBisector AngleofDepression AngleofElevation
AngleBisector
AngleofDepression
AngleofElevation

angleofincidenceNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlʌvˈɪn.sɪ.dəns/theangleatwhich

anobject'bounces'offofaflatsurface,measuredfroma

perpendicularatthepointofreflection.

AngleofIncidence
AngleofIncidence

angleofinclinationNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlʌvˌɪn.kləˈneɪ.ʃən/

1. eitheranangleofdepressionoranangleofelevation.

2. theanglebetweenaplaneandareferenceplane.

angleofreflectionNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlʌvrɪˈflɛk.ʃən/Seeangleofincidence.

angleofreposeNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlʌvˌrəˈpoʊz/themaximumangle

AngleofRepose AngleofRotation
AngleofRepose
AngleofRotation

ofastableslopeofgranularmaterials.

angleofrotationNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlʌvroʊˈteɪ.ʃən/theanglethough

whichanobjectisrotated.

angle-side-anglecongruenceNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlsaɪdˈæŋ.gəlkənˈgru.əns/SeeASAcongruence.

anglesumNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlsʌm/thesumofalloftheinterioranglesofapolygon.

AngleSumTheoremNOUN/ˈæŋ.gəlsʌmˈθɪər.əm/inEuclidean

AngleSumTheorem
AngleSumTheorem

geometry,thesumofthemeasuresoftheanglesofatriangleis

180ºorπradians.Formula:α+β+γ=180º.

angularADJECTIVE/ˈæŋ.gyə.lər/

1. havingtodowithanangle.

angulardistanceNOUN/ˈæŋ.gyə.lərˈdɪs.təns/themeasureofthe

anglebetweentwoobjectsfromareferencepoint.

annualADJECTIVE/ˈæn.yu.əl/

1. onceayear.Example:annualcompanypicnic.

2. duringawholeyear.Example:annualrainfall.

AngularDistance
AngularDistance

annualinterestrateNOUN/ˈæn.yu.əlˈɪn.trɪstˈreɪt/Seeannualpercentagerate.

annualizeVERB/ˈæn.yu.əˌlaɪz/toconvertaninterestratetoaratethatwouldgeneratethesame

wherer a istheannual

where r a istheannual interestamountinafullyear. Formula: interestrate, r

interestamountinafullyear.Formula:

interestrate,risthestatedinterestrateandnisthenumberoftimesperyeartheinterestis

compounded.Example:10%compounded12timesayear:

.
.
compounded. Example: 10%compounded12timesayear: . annually ADVERB /ˈæn.yu.əˌli/onceayear. Example:
compounded. Example: 10%compounded12timesayear: . annually ADVERB /ˈæn.yu.əˌli/onceayear. Example:

annuallyADVERB/ˈæn.yu.əˌli/onceayear.Example:compoundedannually.

annualpercentagerateNOUN/ˈæn.yu.əlpərˈsɛnt.ɪdʒˈreɪt/aninterestratethat,ifcompounded

onceayear,wouldproducethesameamountofinterestasthenominal(stated)interestrate.

Abbreviation:APR.Synonym:annualinterestrate.Seealsoannualize.

annulusNOUN/ˈæn.yə.ləs/theregionbetweentwoconcentric

circles.Formula:A=π(r 1 2 r 2 2 ),r 1 >r 2 .Example:the crosssectionofapipeisanannulus.Plural:annuli/ˈæn.yəˌlaɪ/.

ante-PREFIX/ˈæn.tə/before.Example:antecedent.

Annulus
Annulus

antecedent NOUN/ˌæn.təˈsid.nt/thefirstoftwostatementsinan"if-then"relationship(an

implication):ifantecedentthenconsequent.Notation:antecedent→consequent.

Example:If

consequent . Notation: antecedent→consequent . Example: If . anti- PREFIX /ˈæn.tɪ/ 1. oppositeof. Example:
.
.

anti-PREFIX/ˈæn.tɪ/

. Example: If . anti- PREFIX /ˈæn.tɪ/ 1. oppositeof. Example: anticlockwise. 2. inverseof.

1. oppositeof.Example:anticlockwise.

2. inverseof.Example:antilogarithm.

anticlockwiseADJECTIVE/ˌæn.tɪˈklɒkˌwaɪz/(BritishEnglish)Seecounterclockwise.

antilogarithmNOUN/ˈæn.tɪˌlɔ.gəˌrɪð.əm/anumberforwhichthegivennumberisthe

logarithm.Iny=log b x,xistheantilogarithmofytothebaseb.

antipodalADJECTIVE/ænˈtɪ.paʊ.dl/beingexactlyoppositeeach

other;beingontheoppositeendsofadiameterofacircleor

sphere.Synonym:diametricallyopposed.

antiprismNOUN/ænˌtɪˈprɪz.əm/a3-dimensionalgeometricshape