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Clasa a XI-a

Stimate concursant !
Salutm participarea TA la Olimpiada raional/municipal de Geografie i suntem
convini c ingeniozitatea, creativitatea i cunoaterea materiei i vor asigura obinerea
rezultatelor ateptate.
Mult succes!
Subiectul I. (17 puncte)
Nr.
1.

Item

Scor

Citete atent coninutul enunurilor propuse, ncercuind litera corespunztoare L


0
variantei cu rspuns corect (varianta corecta poate fi doar una).
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1. Statul cu cel mai sczut rat a omajului:
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a. Germania
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b. Qatar
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c. Islanda
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d. Kuwait

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e. Marea Britanie
2. Stat monarhie absolut este:
a. Malaysia
b. Norvegia
c. Monaco
d. Liechtenstein
e. Emiratele Arabe Unite
3. Prima central geotermica a fost construita in:
a. San Francisco (SUA)
b. Larderello (Italia)
c. Almeria (Spania)
d. Nyo (Japonia)
e. Santiago (Chile)
4. Familia lingvistic dravidian este caracteristic statului:
a. Turcia
b. India
c. Australia
d. Madagascar
e. Arabia Saudita.
5.Statele cu cel mai ridicat speran de via la natere a populaiei sunt:
a. Islanda i Frana
b. Israel i Germania
c. Belgia i Finlanda
d. Norvegia i Austria
e. San Marino i Andora
2.

In coloana A sunt indicate denumirile principalelor megalopolisuri de pe Terra,


iar n coloana B aglomeraiile urbane, componente ale acestora. Scrie pe liniile
din coloana A cifrele din coloana B corespunztoare fiecrui megalopolis. (cifrele
pot fi scrise doar o singur dat).

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__________

A
Tokaido

__________

Boswash

__________

Chicago-Pittsburgh

__________

Brazilian

__________

Californian

__________

Sud Coreean

B
1. Inchon
2. Kobe
3. San Diego
4. Belo Horizonte
5. Cleveland
6. Baltimore
7. Osaka
8. Seoul
9. Philadelphia
10. Detroit
11. Sao Paulo
12. Los Angeles

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Subiectul II (63 puncte)


3.

Analizeaz imaginea ce indic cele mai mari state dup suprafaa teritoriului,
(mln. km2) scriind pe foaia de test denumirea statelor in ordinea corespunztoare
mrimii teritoriului:

1.__________________________________________________________
2. _________________________________________________________
3. _________________________________________________________
4.__________________________________________________________
5. _________________________________________________________
6. _________________________________________________________
7. _________________________________________________________
8. _________________________________________________________
9. _________________________________________________________
10._________________________________________________________

4.

- Utiliznd datele statistice indicate mai jos, efectueaz urmtoarele calcule ( toate L
calculele se efectueaz pe foaia de test)::
- Densitatea medie a populaiei n Islanda este de 3 loc./km2
- Suprafaa Chinei este de 9.597.302 km2, iar populaia Chinei este de 1.339.724.852
loc.
a) Densitatea medie a populaiei Chinei
_____________________________________________________________________
b) Cu ct densitatea medie a populaiei Chinei depaete densitatea medie a populaiei
Islandei
_____________________________________________________________________
c) Explic dou cauze ce condiioneaz diferena densitii medii a populaiei n aceste
state
1)__________________________________________________________

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2)__________________________________________________________
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5.

Pornind de la afirmaia c n lume pe lng statele independente exist i o mulime L


de teritorii dependente i cu statut special, selecteaz din irul alturat acele 0
1
teritorii care aparin urmtoarelor state:
Teritoriile dependente: Gibraltar, Guam, Mariane de nord, Noua Caledonie,
Bermude, Guadelupa, Sf. Elena, Midway, Martinica .
a) SUA_______________________________________________________________
b) M. Britanie__________________________________________________________
c) Frana______________________________________________________________

6.

7.

Complecteaza tabelul ,,Grupe de metale neferoase, scriind n spaiile libere


denumirea grupelor de metale inclusiv i exemple de minereuri componente din
aceste grupuri:
Metale

Metale

Metale

Metale

a. _____________?

b. ______________?

c. ______________?

d. ______________?

1. Cupru

1.

1.

1. Uraniu

2. Aur

2.

2.

3.

3. Magneziu

3.

2.

3.

Raporteaz logo-ul propus la denumirea unei


organizaii internaionale care l reprezint,
indicnd:
a) Denumirea corecta deplin n limba romn a
organizaiei:
___________________________________________
b) Indic scopul principal al fondrii:
__________________________________________
c)Din irul de state propue SUA, China, Norvegia,
Venezuela, Gabon, Brazilia, Canada, Indonezia,
Olanda, Marea Britanie, Algeria selecteaz trei state membre ale acestei organizaii:
- _____________________ - ______________________-_______________________

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8.

Producia de energie electric n unele ri (anul 2014)

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www.statistica.md,
Analizeaz graficul de mai sus n baza algoritmului propus:
8.1. Principalul productor de energie electric:

___________________________________________________________
8.2. Statul cu cea mai mic producie de energie electric:

___________________________________________________________
8.3. O cauz ce a dus la nregistrarea unei producii nalte de energie electric n ara
indicat n punctul 8.1:

___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
8.4. O cauz ce a dus la nregistrarea unei producii sczute de energie electric n
statul indicat n punctul 8.2:

___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
8.5. Cea mai mare hidrocentral din Romnia?

___________________________________________________________

9.

8.6.Principala central nuclearoelectric din Bulgaria:


_____________________________________________________________________
Urmrete cu atenie traseul marcat cu linie pe harta din Anexa1, indicnd:
1. Statul care i-a proclamat suveranitatea n anul 1990 _________________________
2. Denumirea enclavei situat ntre Polonia, Lituania i Marea Baltica
_____________________________________________________________________
3. Port maritim al Germaniei _____________________________________________
4. Cel mai important cmp petrolier din Marea Nordului _______________________
5. Cel mai mare port al Europei ___________________________________________
6. Oraul unde se afl unul dintre cele mai mare aeroporturi ale Europei (Heath-row)
_____________________________________________________________________
7. Central nuclearoelectric din Frana_____________________________________
8. Oraul unde se afl sediul Parlamentului European __________________________
9. Oraul de reedin al companiei de producere a automobilelor Daimler-Benz
_____________________________________________________________________
10. Statul cu forma de guvernare - monarhie constituional_____________________
11. Statul care i-a proclamat independena n anul 1991 n urma cindrii Iugoslaviei
_____________________________________________________________________

12. Oraul unde se afl sediul organizaiei OPEC _____________________________


13. Stat n care populaia aparine grupei lingvistice fino-ugrice __________________
14. Centrala nuclearoelectric din Romnia __________________________________
15. Singura metropol din lume, care geografic este situat pe dou continente i este
numit oraul ,,celor apte coline___________________________________________

Subiectul III (20 puncte)


10.

Elaboreaz un eseu structurat, ncadrat n 1 pagin, la subiectul propus:

Problema naional in lumea contemporan.


La elaborarea eseului vei respecta:
parametrii de coninut: prezentarea actualitii subiectului (dou aspecte ce vin n
argumentarea actualitii subiectului); evidenierea relaiilor de cauzalitate
(minimum dou cauze ce duc la aceast problem, dou manifestri actuale, dou
consecine cu impact de ordin economic, dou soluii de depire a problemei);
abordarea subiectului la nivel naional, regional i global.
criteriile de redactare structurarea logic a textului, (introducere, cuprins i
ncheiere), utilizarea limbajului geografic (minimum dou noiuni la tem);
argumentarea punctului de vedere propriu i formularea concluziei; respectarea
volumului indicat.

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Total puncte

Anexa 1