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Multiple choice Questions

1. Hall generators are normally used to measure


(a) Impulse voltage
(b) unidirectional impulse currents
(c) any type of impulse currents
(d) large a.c. currents.
2. For measuring High impulse currents, the best type of shunt is
(a) Squirrel cage
(b) Bifilar strip
(c) Disc
(d) Coaxial tubular (park type)
3. The skin depth for resistance material used for impulse shunts is
given by
(a) (f)1/2
(b) (f)-1/2
(c) 2.(f)1/2
(d) 0.5.(f)-1/2

4. Rogowski coils and high frequency current transformers have


bandwidth of about
(a) 100 KHz
(b) 10 MHz
(c) 1.0 MHz
(d) 1100 Hz
5. An R-C voltage divider has HV an arm capacitance, C 1=600 pF,
resistance = 400 and equivalent ground capacitance Cg=240 pF.
The effective time constant of the divider in neon sec is
(a) 108
(b) 90

(c) 69
(d) 32
6. Shunts used for measuring impulse currents, in the range 10 kA-50
kA will have a resistance of the order of
(a) 10 to 25 m
(b) 0.1 to 1 m
(c) 100 to 500 m
(d) 0.1 to 1.0
7. The type of measuring device preferred for measurement of
impulse currents of short duration is
(a) Parks tubular shunt
(b) Current transformer
(c) Hall generator
(d) Faraday ammeter
8. Secondary arm of a resistance impulse voltage divider consists of
(a) A few resistors connected in series
(b) A few resistors connected in parallel
(c) A single wire wound resistor of very high power rating
(d) A linear resistor in parallel with a non-linear resistor of high
power rating.

Review Questions
1. Explain the different methods of high current measurements with
their relative merits and demerits.
2. What are the different types of resistive shunts used for impulse
current measurement? Discuss their characteristics and limitations.
3. What are the requirements of an oscillograph for impulse and high
frequency measurements in high voltage test circuits?
4. Explain the necessity of earthing and shielding arrangements in
impulse measurements and in high voltage laboratories. Give a
sketch of the multiple shielding arrangements used for impulse
voltage and current measurements.

Problems
1. A bifilar strip shunt has a resistance of 100 m and inductance
of 0.1 H with a parallel capacitance of 5 pF across
its terminal. What will be its step response.
Determine the rise time of the shunt.
2. Determine the dimensions of a co-axial tubular shunt with nominal
resistance of 1 m and rise time of 10 ns. Take the
resistivity of the material as 50 x 10-6 -cm and
length of the shunt not to exceed 15 cm.
3. A Rogowski coil is to measure 20 kA peak current with a
maximum di/dt of 104 A/s. a 0-10 V electronic voltmeter is
connected across the integrating circuit of the coil. Estimate the
mutual inductance of the coil and resistance and capacitance of the
integrating circuit to be used.
4. A co-axial shunt has the following dimensions length=10cm,
radius of resistive tube 2.5 cm, thickness=0.2 mm and =
resistivity = 50 x 10-6 -cm. Determine the resistance,
inductance and band width of the shunt. What will
be the voltage drop across the shunt if 10 kA peak
current passes through it.