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THE LATEST DEVELOPMENT IN NETWORK AND

COMMUNICATIONS

NAME :
NUR INTAN TAHIRAH BINTI ABD AZIZ
I/C : 990516-01-6712
CLASS : 4 SASTERA TEKNIKAL

Group Members:
NUR AZAH BINTI MOHD JAMIL
NOR SHAFIQAH BINTI MOHD AZMAN
AZIAH EZZATI BINTI ABD AZIZ

1.0Introduction

-Meaning of computer network : A computer network is a system of


interconnected computers and peripheral devices. For example, it may
connect computers, printers, scanners and cameras. Using hardware and
software, these interconnected computing devices can communicate with
each other through defined rules of data communications. In a network,
computers can exchange and share information and resources. A
computer network may operate on wired connections or wireless
connections. When two or more networks are linked or connected and are
able to communicate with one another using suitable hardware and
software, it is called an internetwork.

-Meaning of communication : Communications is about the transfer of


information from a sender, across a distance, to a receiver. Using
electricity, radio waves or light, information and data in the form of codes
are transmitted through a physical medium such as wire, cable, or even
the atmosphere. Therefore, in order to make communications possible
from computers, across telephones and radios and back to computers and
other digital devices again, there must be a signal translator, which we
call a modem. The modem, which is short for modulator or demodulator,
converts digital signals into analog and back again into digital signals for
information to move across the telephone line.

2.0 Mobile Computing


2.1 Definition
Mobile computing is humancomputer interaction by which a computer is
expected to be transported during normal usage. Mobile computing
involves mobile communication, mobile hardware, and mobile software.
Communication issues include ad hoc and infrastructure networks as well
as communication properties, protocols, data formats and concrete
technologies. Hardware includes mobile devices or device components.
Mobile software deals with the characteristics and requirements of mobile
applications.

2.2

Specification,

services,

and

frequencies

Computing

Samsung Galaxy S6 Edge


Specifications

Size:
Camera:
Weight:
Ram:
Storage:

of

Mobile

Price:
Frequencies

Pixels:
Technology
GSM / HSPA / LTE
2G bands

GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900 - SIM 1 &

SIM 2 (dual-SIM model only)


3G bands

HSDPA 850 / 900 / 1700(AWS) / 1900 /

2100 - G935F
TD-SCDMA
4G bands

LTE band 1(2100), 2(1900), 3(1800),

4(1700/2100), 5(850), 7(2600), 8(900), 12(700),


13(700), 17(700), 18(800), 19(800), 20(800),
25(1900), 26(850), 28(700), 38(2600), 39(1900),
Services

40(2300), 41(2500) - G935F


WLAN IEEE 802.11 b/g with UPnP support
Micro USB Connector
3.5 mm stereo headphone plug
TV-Out Support
Data transfer via Bluetooth 2.0
A-GPS
Internet surfing

3.0 Internet Technology and Services


3.1 VoIP

Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a technology that allows you to make
voice calls using a broadband Internet connection instead of a regular (or
analog) phone line. Some VoIP services may only allow you to call other
people using the same service, but others may allow you to call anyone
who has a telephone number - including local, long distance, mobile, and
international numbers. Also, while some VoIP services only work over your
computer or a special VoIP phone, other services allow you to use a
traditional phone connected to a VoIP adapter.

3.2 BLOG
A blog (web log or weblog) is one of the popular activities on the Internet.
Most of these blogs are publicly shared and the authors frequently update
the content on a regular basis. A blog is usually referred to the text
produced by the author about his or her thoughts, experiences or
interests. The world of blogging is referred as blogosphere. Another new
term is the blogonomics, which refers to people using the blogosphere to
generate money. The posts to a blog are usually arranged in this order,
the most recent entries will always be on top of the journal.

4.0 Types of network


4.1 PAN

A Personal Area Network (PAN) is a computer network used for


communication among computer devices including PCs, laptops, printers,
telephones, digital cameras, mobile phones, video game consoles and
personal digital assistants, close to one person. PAN may be wired with
USB port, Firewire port, Infrared (IrDA) and Bluetooth technologies.
Bluetooth is the popular wireless PAN used by most people, especially the
mobile phone technologies, and it applies the IEEE 802.15.1 standards.

4.2 VPN

A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a network that uses a public


telecommunication infrastructure, such as the Internet, to remote offices
or individuals with secure access to their organisation's private network.
VPN uses tunnelling mechanism to maintain privacy and security of the
data. Tunnelling means transmitting data packets across a public network.
VPN is often used by companies to provide access from their internal
network resources to their home or mobile workers.

4.3 WLAN

A wireless local area network (WLAN) is a wireless computer network that


links two or more devices using a wireless distribution method (often
spread-spectrum or OFDM radio) within a limited area such as a home,
school, computer laboratory, or office building. This gives users the ability
to move around within a local coverage area and still be connected to the
network, and can provide a connection to the wider Internet. Most modern
WLANs are based on IEEE 802.11 standards, marketed under the Wi-Fi
brand name.

4.4 WIMAX

Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) is the industry


term for broadband wireless access network that is developed based on
the IEEE 802.16 standard. WiMAX is a Wireless Metropolitan Area Network
(MAN) technology that will connect WiFi hotspots to the Internet and
provides a wireless extension to cable and DSL for larger broadband
access. WiMAX would operate similar to WiFi but at higher speeds, over
greater distances and for a greater number of users.

5.0 Conclusion
We can conclude that computer networks and communication makes our
life easier to communicate with each other and the world using the
technology like computers and smart phones.

Reference
-http://ictsmksh.blogspot.com/2010/07/introduction-to-computernetworks-and.html
-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_computing
-http://www.gsmarena.com/samsung_galaxy_s6_edge-7079.php
-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samsung_Galaxy_S6
-http://study.com/academy/lesson/types-of-networks-lan-wan-wlan-mansan-pan-epn-vpn.html