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Answers to 2008 CBSE Physics Paper

I have answered the questions and taken care that there are no errors. In case of any errors

that might have crept in please write to me at leena@tutorbreeze.com.

In case of any confusion or if you would like to discuss any answers you can leave a

question in FREE homework help forum at http://www.TutorBreeze.com.

I have written the answers to set 3, there are minor variations in questions in other sets. In

case there are any particular questions for which you wish to know the answers please

write to me or post them on the website.

Physics (Theory)

2008

Code No. 55/3

Time Allowed: 3 hours]

1.

[Maximum Marks: 70

R = R0 A1/3

Ans.

R Al AAl1/3

271/3

=

=

(

)

RTe ATe1/3

561/3

1251/3

RTe = (

) R Al

271/3

2.

A diverging lens of focal length F is out into two identical parts each

forming a plano-concave lens, what is the focal length of each part?

1 n2

2

= ( 1)( )

f

n1

R

n2

1

1

=

(

1)(

)

R

f ' n1

2f = f '

3.

What is the geometrical shape of the wavefront when a plane wave passes

through a convex lens.

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4.

energy of electrons emitted is 5 eV.

KE = eV0

5eV = eV0

V0 = 5volts

5.

wavelengths belong:(i) 10-1m (ii) 10-12 m

1) 10-1 m corresponds to microwaves ii) gamma rays

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8. When current in a coil changes with time, how is the back emf induced in the coil

related to it?

=

9.

d

dt

State the law of radioactive decay. If N0 is the number of radioactive nuclei in the

sample at some initial time, t0, find out the relation to determine the number N

present at a subsequent time. Draw a plot of N as a function of time.

OR

Draw a plot of the binding energy per nucleon as a function of mass number for a

large number of nuclei.Explain the energy release in the process of nuclear fission from

the above plot. Write a typical nuclear reaction in which a large amount of energy is

released in the process of nuclear fission.

The law of radioactive decay states that the rate of decay is proportional to the number of

dN

nuclei present.

N

dt

dN

N

dt

dN

= N

dt

dN

= dt

N

Integrating

N

ln

N

= (t t 0 )

N0

dN

N N = t dt

0

0

N = N 0e (t t0 )

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OR

Elements with high mass number have low values of binding energy. This implies that

they are less stable. By undergoing nuclear fission they can have lower values of A and

hence higher values of binding energy which means they are more stable.

235

89

1

U 92

+ n 10 Ba 144

56 + Kr36 + 3n 0

10.Why do we need carrier waves of very high frequency in the modulation of signals? A

carrier wave of peak voltage 20V is used to transmit a message signal. What should be

the peak voltage of the modulating signal, in order to have a modulation index of 80%.

As size of antenna required is comparable to wavelength of waves, high frequency

waves will require smaller antenna. High frequencies are transmitted better as power

radiated increases with increasing frequency.

Modulation index=

carrier amplitude

80

x

=

100 20

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11. Using Gausss law derive an expression for the electric field intensity at any point

near a uniformly charged thin wire of charge/length C/m.

Derivation is given in NCERT text book. Choose a cylinder as a gaussian surface and

find flux through it, equate it to charge enclosed.

12. The following graph shows the variation of terminal potential difference V,

across, combination of three cells, in series to a resistor, versus the current.

(ii) For what current i, will the power dissipation of the circuit be maximum?

The internal resistance of each cell is r, then the 3 cells placed in series have a total

resistance of 3r.

V = E ir , for current equal to zero, V = E. So emf of each cell is 2V.

3E

3E

E

=

=

R + 3r 3r + 3r 2r

We need to find r.

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V = E ir

3 = 6 1(3r ) From graph we saw that for V=3, i = 1A and E is fixed

3r = 3

r = 1

E

2

=

= 1A

2r 2 1

diagram showing the propagation of an electromagnetic wave along the xdirection, indicating clearly the directions of the oscillating electric and magnetic

fields associated with is

Transverse nature of em waves means that the electric field and magnetic field are

perpendicular to each other and to the direction of propagation of the waves. The

vector product E B point in the direction of propogation.

14.

In the figure given below, light rays of blue, green, red wavelengths are incident

on an isosceles right-angled prism. Explain with reason, which ray of light will be

transmitted through the face AC. The refractive index of the prism for red, green,

blue light are 1.39, 1.424, 1.476 respectively.

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index is

sin i

1

=

sin 90 1.39

critical angle for 1.39 is 46 deg rees

critical angle for 1.476 is42 deg rees

As angle of incidence is greater than critical angle, the light will emerge through AC.

This is true for red.

15.

Two wires X, Y have the same resistivity, but their cross sectional areas are in

the ratio 2 : 3 and lengths in the ratio 1 : 2 . They are first connected in series

and then in parallel to a d.c. source. Find out the ratio of the drift speeds of the

electrons in the two wires for the two cases.

R1 =

l

l1

; R2 = 2

A1

A2

A

A

R1

l

l

1 2 1

= 1 2 = 1 2 = =

R2 A1 l 2

l 2 A1 2 3 3

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i1 =

V

V

=

R1 + R2 4x

i2 =

V

V

4

=

=

V

R1R2

3x / 4 3x

R1 + R2

i1

V

3x

3

=

=

i2 4x 4V 16

i1 = neA1v1

i2 = neA2v 2

i1

Av

2 v1

= 1 1 =

i2 A2v 2 3 v 2

3

2 v1

=

16 3 v 2

v1

9

=

v 2 32

16.

Define the term: magnetic dipole moment of a current loop. Write the

expression for the magnetic moment when an electron revolves at a speed v

around an orbit of radius r in hydrogen atom.

Magnetic moment m = IA where I is the current and A is the area of the loop.

Time period and hence frequency of electrons is

2 r

v

v

f =

2 r

T =

v

)

2 r

We need to find out current, or charge/time = ch arg e / time =

1sec ond

e(

m = [e (

17.

v

evr

)][ r 2 ] =

Am2

2 r

2

In a single slit diffraction experiment, the width of the slit is made double the

original width. How does this affect the size and intensity of the central

diffraction band? Draw a plot of the intensity distribution.

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Central diffraction band =

2

a

2

= so size reduces to half

2a a

18.

earths magnetic field at that place is 4 10-4 T and the angle of dip is 300, find

the emf induced between the ends of wings having a span of 30 m.

Horizontal component of earth's field = Bcos300 = 4 104 T

B=

4 104 T

cos300

4 10 4 T

sin 30

cos300

T) (tan 300 )(30m )(450m / s )

Induced emf = Bcos lv = (4 10 4

19.

What does the term LOS communication mean ? Name the types of waves

that are used for this communication. With the help of a suitable figure, of

communication systems that use space wave mode propagation.

Line of sight communication. It refers to direct reception of waves. The space waves

travel in a straight line from the transmitting antenna to the receiving antenna.

Space waves are used for LOS. Television , microwaves and satellite communication

use space waves.

Diagram given in NCERT text book.

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20.

Draw a plot showing the variation of power of a lens, with the wavelength of the

incident light. A converging lens of refractive index 1.5 and of focal length 15

cm in air, has the same radii of curvature for both sides. If it is immersed in a

liquid of refractive index 1.7, find the focal length of the lens in the liquid.

n glass

1

1

1

=(

1)(

)

f air

nair

R1 R 2

n glass

1

1

1

=(

1)(

)

f liq

nliq

R1 R 2

Taking ratio of both equations

n

( glass 1)

f liq

n air

=

n

f air

( glass 1)

nliq

Substitute and find the answer

21.

Draw V-I characteristics of a zener diode. Explain with the help of a circuit

diagram how a zener diode can be used as a voltage regulator.

OR

With the help of a circuit diagram, explain the working principle of full wave

rectifier. Draw the input and output waveforms.

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Across the zener diode voltage remains constant even though the current through it

changes. Example if the input voltage decreases, the current through the series

resistor in the circuit decreases and through the zener diode also decreases. The

voltage across the series resistor will decrease but the voltage across the zener

diode will not change. Thus the zener diode acts as a voltage regulator.

22.

uses a wire of length 1 m. An unknown resistance X > 4 is connected in the

other gap as shown in the figure. The balance point is noticed at T from the

positive end of the battery. On interchanging R and X, it is found that the

balance point further shifts by 20 cm (away from end A) . Neglecting the end

correction, calculate the value of unknown resistance X used.

4

l

=

X (100 l )

X

l + 20

=

4 100 (l + 20)

Mutiple the two equations and find l

OR

Show that Bohrs second postulate, the electron revolves around the nucleus only in

certain fixed orbits without radiating energy can be explained on the basis of the

Broglie hypothesis of wave nature of electron.

According to Bohrs second postulate the electrons revolves in orbits for which the

h

angular momentum is an integral multiple of

. The angular momentum is

2

nh

quantised and L =

.

2

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For electron in an orbit, its circumference contains an integral number of deBroglie

wavelengths.

2 r = nl = n (

h

); l is the deBroglie wavelength of electron

mv

nh

2

nh

L=

2

mvr =

24.

If a particle of charge q is moving with velocity v along the x-axis and the

the direction of the force F acting on it.

to find

region of electric and magnetic fields, mutually perpendicular to each other and normal

to the direction of the beam. If the magnitudes of the electric and fields are 50 kV/m, 100

mT respectively, calculate

(i) velocity v of the beam (ii) force with which it strikes a target on the screen,

if the proton beam current is equal to 0.80 mA..

v = vi; B = Bj

F = qvBk

v=

E 50 1000

=

m /s

B 100 10 3

F =

dp d (mv )

=

dt

dt

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Using current we can find the number of protons hitting the screen.

I=q/t

Q = (0.80 x10-3A)(1 second) = 0.80 x10-3C

Number of protons hitting the screen = Q/charge of a proton

Total force = (mvQ)/ charge of a proton.

Substitute all values, mass of proton, vel of proton(solved above), charge of proton, and

given in question.

25.

Distinguish between isotopes and isobars. Give one example for each of the

species. A radioactive isotope has a half-life of 5 years. How long will it take the activity

to reduce to 3.125%?

Isotopes have same atomic no. Isobars have same mass no.

Isotopes of hydrogen are deuteron and triton. Isobars are argon and calcium.

3.125% =

3.125

1

= 0.03125 = ( )5

100

2

5 half lifes will be required. Hence time required is 5x(half life or isotope) = 25 years

26.

field of 1500 A/m produces a flux of 2.4 10-5 weber in a bar of iron of cross

sectional area 0.5 cm2. Calculate the permeability and susceptibility of the iron

bar used.

H = 1500 A / m

B = H

= B .A;

2.4 10 5 Wb

=

= 0.48T

A

0.5 10 4 m 2

B

0.48

=

= 0.00032 = 3.2 10 4

=

H 1500

B=

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r = 1 +

Susceptibility r =

3.2 104

=

= 255

0 4 107

= 254

27.

Two signals A, B as given below, are applied as input to (i) AND (ii) NOR and

(iii) NAND gates. Draw the output wave form in each case.

Using the truth table for each of these gates combine the 2 inputs to get the output.

28.

Draw a labeled ray diagram of a compound microscope and write an expression

for its magnifying power.

The focal lengths of the objective and eye-lens of a compound microscope are

2cm, 6.25 cm respectively. The distance between the lenses is 15 cm. (i) How far from

the objective lens, will the object be kept, so as to obtain the final image at the near point

of the eye ? (ii) Also calculate its magnifying power.

OR

Draw a labeled ray diagram of an astronomical telescope, in the normal

adjustment position and write the expression for its magnifying power. An astronomical

telescope uses an objective lens of focal length 15 m and eye-lens of focal length 1 cm.

What is the angular magnification of the telescope? If this telescope is used to view

Moon, what is the diameter of the image of Moon formed by the objective lens?

(Diameter of Moon = 3.5 106 m and Radius of lunar orbit = 3.8 108 m)

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i )For objective lens

1

f 0bjective

1 1

v u

For eyepiece

1

f eye

1 1

v u

1 1 1

1

1

= =

u v f

25 6.25

u = 5cm

1

f 0bjective

1 1

v u

1

1 1

=

2 10 u

u = 2.5cm

ii ) f 0 = 2cm ; f e = 6.25cm ; L = 15cm; D = 25cm

m=

L

D

(1 + )

f0

fe

m=

OR

f 0 15cm

=

= 15

fe

1cm

Diameter of moon

3.5 106

=

= 0.92 10 2

radius of Lunarorbit 3.8 108

Size of image = 15 0.92 10 2 m

29.

State the condition for resonance to occur in a series LCR a.c. circuit and derive

an expression for the resonant frequency. Draw a plot showing the variation of the peak

current (im) with frequency of the a.c. source used. Define the quality factor, Q of the

circuit.

Calculate the (i) impedance, (ii) wattless current of the given a.c. circuit.

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secondary coil in a transformer. Explain the underlying principle and working of a step

up transformer. Write any two major sources of energy loss in this device. How much

current is drawn by the primary coil of a transformer that step down 220 V to 22 V to

operate device with an impedance of 220 ohm?

Ans:Refer to the book for the derivation:

L =

1

C

Re sonant frequency=

im =

Q=

1

LC

V

R + ( X L X C )2

2

L

R

1

CR

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40 = iX C

30 = iR

i = 2A

X c = 20ohms

R = 15ohms

Z = R 2 + X 2c = 152 + 202

2=

Vrms

Z

Wattless component of voltage is across the reactive components , here the capacitor.

XC

R

X

sin = C

Z

V sin is the wattless component of voltage.

tan =

components then the current is called wattless current.

OR

Refer to the book for description of transformer and losses in transformers.

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Vs N s i p

=

=

V p N p is

Vs = i s R ;

22 = is (220)

is =

1

10

i

22

= p

1

220

10

1

ip =

A = 0.01A

100

30.

(a) Derive an expression for the energy stored in a parallel plate capacitor C,

charged to a potential difference V.

(b) Obtain the equivalent capacitance of the network given below. For a supply

of 300 V, determine the charge and voltage across C4.

schematic sketch and write briefly its working.

.

A Va-de-Graaff type generator is capable of building up potential difference of

15 10 V. The dielectric strength of the gas surrounding the electrode is 5 107V m-1.

What is the minimum radius of the spherical shell required?

6

You can look up your NCERT book for the Van-de-Graaff generator and derivation of

energy stored in a capacitor.

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C2 and C3 are in series so their combination is 100pF. This is in parallel with C1. This

combination is 300pF. This 300pF is in series with C4. So total is 120pF.

Q

36 10 9

=

= 180V

C 200 10 12

OR

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V = Ed

15 106 = (5 107 )d

d=

15 106

= 0.3m

5 107

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