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AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

• AIR SUPPLY-RAM AIR (NEEDS HEATING) ENGINE BLEED AIR (NEEDS COOLING)

• COMBUSTION HEATING/EXHAUST GAS HEATING - DANGER OF CARBON MONOXIDE

• CABIN COMPRESSOR BLOWERS - THREADED TYPE(GODFREY) AND ROTORY(WET SUMP)

• TURBO COMPRESSOR - TURBINE DRIVEN BY ENGINE,WHICH DRIVES THE COMPRESSOR DRAWING IN AIR (CLEANER)

• ANTI-ICE VALVE PREVENTS ICE BUILD UP AT TURBINE OUTLET

• AIR CYCLE MACHINE - WET SUMP/AIR BEARING-DO NOT ROTATE ABACM BY HAND

• WATER SPRAY INCREASES EFFICIENCY OF H/X(MOIST AIR ABSORBS MORE HEAT)

• PACK VALVE CONTROLS THE VOLUME OF AIR

• PRIMARY H/X(PRECCOLER) SECONDARY H/X(INTERCOOLER)

• ACM (TURBO-COMP) - FOUND ON BA A/C, (BRAKE TURBINE - COMP PROVIDE LOADS ON TURBINE) (TURBO FAN (TURBINE DRIVES COMP & FAN (FAN ON GND)

• ABACM-AIR TAKEN FROM COMPRESSOR TO PRESSURISE BEARINGS (SPEED = 40,000-70,000 RPM) VAPOUR CYCLE COOLING

• LIQUID RECEIVER - PROVIDES STORAGE

• THERMOSTATIC EXPANSION VALVE - SNESE BULB LOCATED ON OUTLET OF EVAPORATOR, TEMP RISES THEN SENSE BULB OPERATES VALVE TO ALLOW MORE REFRIGERANT TO FLOW AND VICE VERSA

• EVAPORATOR - ACTS AS H/X- REFRIGERANT ABSORBS THE HEAT FROM THE CHARGE AIR

• COMPRESSOR -INCREASES PRESSURE AND TEMP

• CONDENSER - RAM AIR (TURNS GAS BACK INTO LIQUID AT HIGH PRESSURE AND RETURNS TO THE RECEIVER

• FREON (HEAVIER THAN AIR/TOXIC WHEN HEATED/BURNT

• TRIM VALVES/MIX MANIFOLDS

• F/D TEMP CONTROL SETS THE TEMP FOR THE WHOLE CABIN

• ZONAL TEMPERATURE MAY BE +/- 5 FROM WAHT THE F/D HAVE SET THE TEMP TO

• SEPARATE HEATING/COOLING CONTROL FOR THE F/D

• CARGO HOLD MAY BE HEATED FROM M.E.C EXHAUST AIR, CABIN AIR & SUPPLEMENT IN-LINE HEATER

• COMPOSITE DUCTS DOWNSTREAM OF A.C.M

• SUPPLEMENT HEATING -F/D/GALLEY AND DOOR AREA/FREIGHT HOLDS(IN LINE HEATERS)

• HUMIDITY - A/C AT LOW ALTITUDES OR ON GROUND IN REGIONS OF HIGH HUMIDITY NECESSITATES A REDUCTION IN THE MOISTURE CONTENT OF AIR-REDUCE CONDENSATION, ASSOCIATEDED ICING AND CORROSION PROBLEMS

• CHARGE AIR DIRECTED TROUGH WATER SEPARATOR - COALESCER- MOISTURE INTO WATER DROPLETS-SWIRL VANES- CENTRIFUGAL FORCE THRWOS DROPLETS OUT

• HIGH PRESSURE WATER SEPARATOR-FITTED BETWEEN SECONDARY H/X AND TURBINE & RELIES ON TEMP CHANGE TO BUNCH UP WATER DROPLETS (REHEATER & CONDENSER)

• HUMIDIFIERS- USE PORTABLE WATER, QUANTITY CONTROLLED BY FLOAT VALVE /ANY UN-VAPORISED WATER FALLS BACK INTO RESERVOIR

• RECIRCULATED AIR THROUGH FILTER IN TO MIX MANIFOLD

• SWRIL VANES ENSURE A GOOD MIX BETWEEN RECIRCULATED & CONDITIONED AIR

• RECIRCULATION FANS/CHECK VALVES (REVERSE FLOW THROUGH FAN)

• RECIRCULATION OF AIR CAN NOT BE MODULATED ITS ON/OFF

• RECIRCULATION F/D SELECTION ‘ON’-REDUCES AMOUNT AIRFLOW FROM PACK VALVE

• AIR ENTERS THROUGH CELLING HEIGHT EXITS THROUGH FLOOR HEIGHT

• PASSENGER SERVICE UNIT (COLD AIR) - INDIVIDUALLY CONTROLLED BY PASSENGERS

• VENTILATION-GALLEY/LAVOTRIES/CARGO

• TWO EXTRACTOR FANS/FILTERS/DUCTS/TWO NRV - FUMES/ODUR VENTED OVERBOARD

• OUTFLOW VALVE LOCATED IN/NEAR CARGO HOLD - ENSURES SUFFICIENT VENTILATION AIR FLOW

• GALLEY (AIR REMOVED AT ROOF HEIGHT ) LAVATORIES (AIR REMOVED AT TOILET SEAT LEVEL/CONDITIONED AIR ROOF HEIGHT)

• PRESSURE IN LAVATORIES LESS THAN CABIN PRESSURE ( ENSURE ODURS DO NOT FLOW OUT)

• EQUIPMENT COOLING-SUPPLY FAN (FOREC AIR THROUGH) EXHAUST FAN (BLOWS AIR TO FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT OR OVERBOARD

• SKIN TEMP SWITCH CONTROLS POSITION OF GROUND AND INBOARD EXHAUST VALVE (TWO ENGINES RUNNING-GROUND EXHAUST CLOSES TO ALLOW FOR PRESSURISATION AFTER TAKE OFF

• THREE MODES NORMAL/STANDBY/OVERRIDE

• NORMAL MODE - USED ON GND/FLT-BOTH FANS OPERATE-BYPASS VALVE & SMOKE-OVERRIDE VALVES CLOSED-AIR DRAWN FROM BELOW CABIN AIR RETURN GRILLE O/B FWD CARGO SIDEWALL THROUGH THE I/B SUPPLY VALVE-DELIVERED TO EQUIPMENT THEN THROUGH INBOARD EXHAUST VALVE OR GROUND EXHAUST VALVE

• STANDBY MODE- SELECTED TO ATTEMPT TO CLOSE THE GROUND EXHAUST VALVE (SAME AS NORMAL MODE EXCEPT GROUND EXHAUST VALVE ALWAYS CLOSED) (IN NORMAL/STANBY MODE FAILURE OF ONE FAN AUTOMATICALLY CONFIGURES SYST TO CLOSED LOOP RECIRCULATION)

• OVERRIDE MODE - INADEQUATE COOLING AIRFLOW/OVER-TEMP/SMOKE DETECTED-(PROVIDES COOLING IF BOTH FANS FAIL(MODE

TURNS OFF BOTH FANS AND OPEN THE SMOKE/OVERRIDE VALVES &INBOARD EXHAUST VALVE, INBOARD SUPPLY VALVE AND BYPASS VALVE WILL CLOSE(NOT USED ON GND AS NO DIFF PX)

• GROUND SERVICE CONNECTOR-DOWNSTREAM OF A.C.M-SWINGING CHECK VALVE

• OZONE CATALYTIC CONVERTERS - NORMAL BREATHABLE OXYGEN (REMOVES OZONE CONCENTRATIONS FROM AIR)-SOLID STATE COMPONENT/WORKS THROUGH CHEMICAL REACTION/AIR FLOWS THROUGH CONVERTER THEN ON TO PACK VALVES