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# Nr.

=
Pe=
n=
i=
=

5
60 KW
3500 rpm
6v
0.91

pe=
=
180

23
Evaluarea rapiditatii motorului
Cilindreea unitara
Vs=
D=
S=
Wspn=
1.Calculul termic
k=
1.4
Po=
0.1 Mpa
To
298 K

0.0434782609
0.4571428571
0.7713064
0.964133
1124.82183333

Pg/Po=
Pg=
T=
Aleg
v=
Pa=
0.0861436833 0.0861436833 0.0861436833 0.0861436833
1.2.Coeficientul de gaze arse reziduale
=
0.0196052632
Tg=
1.3.Temperatura la sfarsitul admisiei
Ta=
343.74934009
[320370]
K
2.Calculul procesului de comprimare
2.1. presiunea la sfarsitul coprimarii
mc=
1.3
Ta=
343.74934009
Pc=
5.075392386
2.2.Temperatura la sfarsitul comprimarii
Tc=
880.56257591
3.Calculul procesului de ardere.
Date initiale
1kg=c+h+
c=
0.854
h=
0.142
=
0.004
Hi=
43529 [kj/kg]
z=
0.9
3.1. Comprimarea gazelor de ardere
Lt=
0.5073412698
L=
0.4616805556
Nco=
0.0191775
Nco2=
0.0519891667

[0,92,5]

Mpa

[600900]

[0,80,95]

NH2o=
NN2=

0.071
0.3647276389

Nf=

0.5068943056

nco=
0.0378333309
nco2=
0.1025641166
nH2O=
0.1400686479
nN2=
0.7195339046
nO2=
coef. Chimic de variatie molara
No=
0.4704524854
c=
1.077461213 >1
=
0.1
Ng=
0.0092233448
c <
=
1.0759717665 >1
3.2. Parametrii de stare la sfarsitul arderii:
Energia interna molara la sfarsitul arderii:
T1<
Tc
<T2
600 880.56257591
700
U|T1(aer)=
12634
U|T2(aer)=
14886
U|Tc(aer)=
U|Tc(co)=
U|Tc(co2)=
U|Tc(H2O)=
U|Tc(N2)=
U|Tc(O2)=

PP

18952.2692095
14853
21314
18347
14777
15313

U|Tc(gar)=

15950.3820364

Uz=
Q=

83947.8878123
38070.8095357 kj/kg

Tz1=
U|Tc(co)=
U|Tc(co2)=
U|Tc(H2O)=
U|Tc(N2)=
U|Tc(O2)=
Uz1=

2700 K
68563
121536
97657
67839
72271
77550.3436441

ni=

Tz2=
U|Tc(co)=
U|Tc(co2)=
U|Tc(H2O)=
U|Tc(N2)=
U|Tc(O2)=
Uz2=
Uz1
<
77550.34 <

2800 k
71434
126952
102331
70685
15313
80916.9247454
Uz
<
83947.8878123 <

Tz=

2890.03089412

pz=

17.9230848525

Uz2
80916.92474543

[3,57,50]

p=
3.531369299
=
1
4.Calculul procesului de destindere
md=
1.3
Pd=
[0,30,6]
[Mpa]
Td=
[12001700] K
Pd=
0.3042051584
Td=
1128.19490616
5.Calculul presiunii medii efective
m=
0.82
Pe=
0.8971092349
5.1. Presiunea medie indicata
Pi'=
1.1867088696
d=
Pi''/Pi'=
fip=
0.9
Pi=
1.0940356523
Va=
Vz=
Vc=
V=
P'=
V=
P"=
Pmax=

1.3

1.3

0.3042051584

0.3042051584

[0,7.1,4]

0.94 rezulta

1
0.0434782609
0.0434782609
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.0987889057 0.1151347584 0.1369607057
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.3488601087
0.406583351 0.4836588312
13.4423136394
15.2346221246

Pe=
0.8971092349

## 6.Calculul dimensiunilor fundamentale ale motorului(D,S)

n=
3500
Nr timpi=
4
Cilindreea totala
Vt=
2.2930795683 [dm3]
Vs=
0.3821799281
Diametrul cilindrului

Cursa pistonului

=
D=
Aleg D=
S=
Aleg S=
=

1
78.6549388324 [mm]
78
79.9813605527
106
1.358974359

## Viteza medie a pistonului

Wpm=
12.3666666667 [m/s]
7.Indicii tehno economici ai motorului.
7.1. Parametrii indicati.
RM=
8.315 [kj/kmol,K]
i=
0.3662326696
Consum specific indicat de combustibil
ci=
225.822248802 [g/kwh]
7.2. Parametrii efectivi
Randamentul efectiv
e=
Consumul specific efectiv de cambustibil
ce=
Consumul de combustibil
Ch=

[2,280,34]

0.3003107891
275.392986344 [g/kwh]
16.5235791806 [kg/h]

8. Calculul dinamic
Masa grupului piston

p=
mp=
mgp=
m1b=
mb=
mtr=
mA=

0.65 [0,50,8]
0.3084588 kg
0.40099644 kg
0.11
0.0525619867
0.76
0.0381074403

Forte

0
10
20

P(alfa)
0.085
0.085
0.085

=
Pcr=
P-Pcr

0.2222222222
0.1 Mpa
Fp
Fitr
-0.015 -716.75436392 -6613.5244316
-0.015 -716.75436392 -6458.80103875
-0.015 -716.75436392 -6005.87529385

30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
380
390
400
410
420
430

0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.085
0.086
0.088
0.09
0.096
0.1
0.115
0.12
0.15
0.18
0.2
0.28
0.36
0.54
0.82
1.42
3.31
5.5
6.14
7.982
6.6
4.6
2.6
1.7
1.2
0.89

-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.015
-0.014
-0.012
-0.01
-0.004
0
0.015
0.02
0.05
0.08
0.1
0.18
0.26
0.44
0.72
1.32
3.21
5.4
6.04
7.882
6.5
4.5
2.5
1.6
1.1
0.79

-716.75436392 -5287.34962985
-716.75436392 -4353.92142666
-716.75436392 -3269.36101072
-716.75436392 -2104.30322823
-716.75436392 -929.556353212
-716.75436392 190.3201838177
-716.75436392 1202.458987563
-716.75436392 2069.563491003
-716.75436392 2771.830404214
-716.75436392 3306.762215798
-716.75436392 3686.970634537
-716.75436392 3936.311802845
-716.75436392 4084.890642291
-716.75436392 4163.601242846
-716.75436392 4198.917363929
-716.75436392 4208.60645647
-668.97073966 4198.917363929
-573.40349113 4163.601242846
-477.83624261 4084.890642291
-191.13449704 3936.311802845
0 3686.970634537
716.754363917 3306.762215798
955.672485222 2771.830404214
2389.18121306 2069.563491003
3822.68994089 1202.458987563
4778.36242611 190.3201838177
8601.052367 -929.556353212
12423.7423079 -2104.30322823
21024.7946749 -3269.36101072
34404.209468 -4353.92142666
63074.3840247 -5287.34962985
153385.433878 -6005.87529385
258031.57101 -6458.80103875
288613.090537 -6613.5244316
376630.526426 -6458.80103875
310593.557697 -6005.87529385
215026.309175 -5287.34962985
119459.060653 -4353.92142666
76453.7988178 -3269.36101072
52561.9866872 -2104.30322823
37749.0631663 -929.556353212

440
450
460
470
480
490
500
510
520
530
540
550
560
570
580
590
600
610
620
630
640
650
660
670
680
690
700
710
720

0.8
0.6
0.48
0.44
0.39
0.36
0.345
0.32
0.31
0.25
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113
0.113

0.7
0.5
0.38
0.34
0.29
0.26
0.245
0.22
0.21
0.15
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.013

33448.5369828 190.3201838177
23891.8121306 1202.458987563
18157.7772192 2069.563491003
16246.4322488 2771.830404214
13857.2510357 3306.762215798
12423.7423079 3686.970634537
11706.987944 3936.311802845
10512.3973374 4084.890642291
10034.5610948 4163.601242846
7167.54363917 4198.917363929
621.187115394 4208.60645647
621.187115394 4198.917363929
621.187115394 4163.601242846
621.187115394 4084.890642291
621.187115394 3936.311802845
621.187115394 3686.970634537
621.187115394 3306.762215798
621.187115394 2771.830404214
621.187115394 2069.563491003
621.187115394 1202.458987563
621.187115394 190.3201838177
621.187115394 -929.556353212
621.187115394 -2104.30322823
621.187115394 -3269.36101072
621.187115394 -4353.92142666
621.187115394 -5287.34962985
621.187115394 -6005.87529385
621.187115394 -6458.80103875
621.187115394 -6613.5244316

120

M1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70

M2
M3
M4
0 105.419195832 -163.76625343 -3.662208E-012
-80.50236446 103.111146364 -171.21565824 4152.94670275
-147.3825848 90.8180290492 -223.5197964 6677.583358311
-189.9200339 71.971336556 -266.33289321 6634.400461959
-202.4581542 49.3960109955 -269.59558051 4595.831992701
-185.2972884 25.0288597689 -411.76253061 3402.028442129
-144.1459548 2.266431E-014 -527.28643447 2578.207187156
-88.36465089 -25.372315727 -825.37342826 1976.262944541

80
90
100
110
120

-28.56377425
25.742345053
67.817208817
94.395955526
105.41919583

Mrez,med=
Pec=
=

-51.450341094
-77.076609947
-105.64483716
-127.99329547
-163.76625343

94.9946794897
28.5502421769
-52.416263038

-1199.8254474 1825.209605349
-1827.9023054 1329.99636926
-3231.0541253 1014.009856445
-2822.3881888 873.5672259212
-3.660709E-012 698.6142813832

<

10%

0.75 Mpa
1.25

1.1
Pa/Po=
0.9
0.11
Pa=
0.09
20 K
>
To'
0.8
0.0861436833 0.086144 0.086144 0.086144
950

1A

79233.63

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

## 0.3042051584 0.304205 0.304205 0.304205

Pi''=

1.115506

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.1673504219 0.212111 0.283495 0.412065
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.590976142 0.749041 1.001126 1.455154

[0,250,32]
[270330]

OO'=

1.333333

N
k
-7330.27879551
0
0 -7330.279
-7175.55540267 0.038598 -277.1002 -7180.904
-6722.62965776 0.076078 -512.4322 -6742.131

-6004.10399377
-5070.67579058
-3986.11537463
-2821.05759215
-1646.31071713
-526.434180099
485.704623646
1352.80912709
2055.0760403
2590.00785188
2970.21627062
3219.55743893
3368.13627837
3446.84687893
3482.16300001
3491.85209255
3529.94662427
3590.19775171
3607.05439968
3745.1773058
3686.97063454
4023.51657971
3727.50288944
4458.74470406
5025.14892845
4968.68260993
7671.49601379
10319.4390797
17755.4336642
30050.2880413
57787.0343948
147379.558584
251572.769971
281999.566105
370171.725387
304587.682403
209738.959545
115105.139226
73184.437807
50457.683459
36819.5068131

0.111341
0.143332
0.171065
0.193658
0.210369
0.220632
0.224093
0.220632
0.210369
0.193658
0.171065
0.143332
0.111341
0.076078
0.038598
2.72E-017
-0.038598
-0.076078
-0.111341
-0.143332
-0.171065
-0.193658
-0.210369
-0.220632
-0.224093
-0.220632
-0.210369
-0.193658
-0.171065
-0.143332
-0.111341
-0.076078
-0.038598
-5.4E-017
0.038598
0.076078
0.111341
0.143332
0.171065
0.193658
0.210369

-671.2792
-731.8082
-688.6158
-553.2549
-351.5335
-118.0702
110.7024
303.412
438.8163
507.9423
513.1156
464.6518
376.5691
262.7358
134.4715
9.50E-014
-136.3168
-273.6627
-403.2809
-540.5101
-636.9375
-789.0765
-795.9263
-1000.02
-1145.338
-1114.391
-1638.079
-2023.809
-3067.315
-4336.907
-6460.787
-11234
-9715.048
-1.5E-011
14295.01
23217.18
23449.53
16612.16
12642.88
9895.566
7861.997

-6041.513
-5123.212
-4045.159
-2874.797
-1683.424
-539.5123
498.1606
1386.417
2101.404
2639.346
3014.212
3252.914
3389.122
3456.846
3484.758
3491.852
3532.578
3600.613
3629.528
3783.98
3741.583
4100.162
3811.532
4569.513
5154.02
5092.119
7844.435
10516.02
18018.43
30361.63
58147.08
147807.1
251760.3
281999.6
370447.6
305471.3
211045.8
116297.7
74268.46
51418.87
37649.53

33638.8571666
25094.2711181
20227.3407102
19018.262653
17164.0132515
16110.7129424
15643.2997468
14597.2879797
14198.1623377
11366.4610031
4829.79357186
4820.10447932
4784.78835824
4706.07775769
4557.49891824
4308.15774993
3927.94933119
3393.01751961
2690.7506064
1823.64610296
811.507299212
-308.369237817
-1483.11611284
-2648.17389532
-3732.73431127
-4666.16251446
-5384.68817845
-5837.61392336
-5992.3373162

698.614281383
559.283879988
441.269857048
311.919185913
203.470768381
81.6990929241
9.404518E-014
-34.645626607

Mrez
-159.87644959 480.390774201
-155.8517177 4407.7719887
-134.8890927 6703.87977052
-96.653243457 6465.38481385
-44.03154691 4332.61349049
16.5515171354 2928.24809295
75.7819297159 1982.5567276
123.102167367 1125.60909043

0.220632
0.224093
0.220632
0.210369
0.193658
0.171065
0.143332
0.111341
0.076078
0.038598
8.16E-017
-0.038598
-0.076078
-0.111341
-0.143332
-0.171065
-0.193658
-0.210369
-0.220632
-0.224093
-0.220632
-0.210369
-0.193658
-0.171065
-0.143332
-0.111341
-0.076078
-0.038598
-1.1E-016

7544.621
5719.515
4536.647
4060.932
3366.14
2783.184
2257.667
1632.026
1082.254
438.9414
3.94E-013
-186.1392
-364.7203
-526.1555
-657.7457
-744.2498
-770.3342
-724.5043
-603.4894
-415.6475
-182.0072
65.84548
290.863
457.4816
538.7143
521.6928
410.4476
225.4326
6.52E-013

34474.54
25737.82
20729.85
19446.99
17490.98
16349.35
15805.38
14688.24
14239.35
11374.93
4829.794
4823.697
4798.669
4735.399
4604.718
4371.971
4002.774
3469.506
2757.596
1870.414
831.6674
-315.3208
-1511.368
-2687.399
-3771.408
-4695.235
-5400.309
-5841.965
-5992.337

-68.569758581
-100.56086754
-128.55899514
-149.5578247
-159.87644959

149.037826489 625.838110512
147.598666498 -502.202402076
118.050421102 -2265.38047128
65.4920347295 -2066.48409277
1.555761E-013 480.390774201

24698.6166673

Ks=1.3
1/Ks=

0.769231

318
0.0861437 0.086144

1.3

1.3

1.3

## 0.3042052 0.304205 0.304205

0.2
0.6980466
0.2
2.4650605

0.043478
5.075392
0.043478
17.92308

Z
T
M
D
-7330.2788
0
0
-7018.4246 -1518.913 -80.50236
-6141.9434 -2780.803 -147.3826

R
78
78
78

mtr
0.053
0.053
0.053

## 0.76 366.5191 0.222222

0.76 366.5191 0.222222
0.76 366.5191 0.222222

-4864.067
-3413.9658
-2034.7152
-931.39599
-232.73801
24.862111
-110.70236
-533.71532
-1115.2299
-1734.8949
-2302.2876
-2764.9965
-3105.1761
-3328.8375
-3452.6119
-3491.8521
-3499.99
-3467.2805
-3325.4412
-3216.4055
-2857.8615
-2695.1186
-2022.8072
-1759.0806
-1145.3377
-234.65789
1084.515
3407.05
9063.2729
20232.146
46814.646
134649.23
246063.81
281999.57
362065.68
278278.05
169914.5
77497.561
37357.045
16659.03
5205.1527

-3583.397
-3819.965
-3496.175
-2719.735
-1667.258
-538.9391
485.7046
1279.57
1781.056
1989.041
1945.493
1713.548
1357.95
932.0002
472.2426
4.28E-013
-478.7229
-970.7612
-1454.276
-1993.299
-2414.968
-3089.929
-3230.484
-4217.355
-5025.149
-5086.709
-7769.104
-9948.801
-15573.08
-22638.22
-34488.72
-60963.29
-53252.61
-6.9E-011
78357.48
125992.1
125177.4
86713.81
64189.22
48645.42
37287.98

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400000

350000

300000

250000

200000

150000

100000

50000

0
0
-50000

100

200

300

400

500

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Fp
Fitr
F

500

600

700

800

N
30000
25000
20000
15000

10000
5000
0
-5000 0
-10000
-15000

100

200

300

400

500

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k
400000
350000
300000
250000

200000
150000
100000
50000
0
-50000 0

100

200

300

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500

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400000
350000
300000
250000
200000
150000
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50000
0
0
-50000
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100

200

300

400

500

600

Z
T

500

600

700

800

M
8000
6000
4000

2000
0
0
-2000
-4000

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

Mrez
8000
6000
4000

Mrez

2000
0
0
-2000
-4000

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

Mrez