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# MARKSCHEME M01/430/H(2)M

## B2. Part 1. Pole vault

(a) Any four of the following five energy aspects, provided the narrative makes sense.
! KE in runup; 
! Is converted to Elastic PE and Gravitational PE while swinging up on bending pole; 
! Also muscular energy used doing work while going up; 
! Energy is nearly all Gravitational PE at top of vault; 
! PE converted to KE on way down; 
[4 max]

1 2
(b) mv = mgh ; 
2

v2
h = ; 
2g
92
= = 4 m (increase in height of centre of gravity) ; 
2 10

## But centre of gravity starts off 1 m above the ground,

so max height vaulted should be 4 + 1 = 5 m approximately; 
[5 max]

(c) Going up, pulling self up by say m (from experience of pulling self upward?);
Near the top, pushing down, to raise self another m say;
Gives extra height of 1 m in all;
[2 max]

M03/430/H(2)M+

MARKSCHEME



## B2. (a) force % distance (moved);

in the direction of the force; 

## (b) (i) force = weight = mg;

work done = mgh; 
Award  for quote of answer.

mgh
(ii) power = ;
t
h
but = v, so power = mgv; 
t
Award  for power = Fv = mgv.

## (c) kinetic energy is constant;

gravitational potential energy t thermal energy;
as a result of air resistance; 
M07/4/PHYSI/HP2/ENG/TZ1/XX/M+

MARKSCHEME

## A2. (a) (i) initial momentum 500 6 3000 Ns ;

final momentum 500 ( 1) 700 5 3000 Ns ; 
(working must be shown to award marks)
Allow approach that shows equal and opposite momentum changes.

## (ii) initial kinetic energy 12 500 36 9000 J ;

final kinetic energy 12 500 1 12 700 25 9000 J ; 
(working must be shown to award marks)

## (b) impulse change of momentum 700 5 3500 Ns ;

duration of collision 2.0s ;
3500
to give F 1800 N ; 
2.0
Accept force in the range 1700 N to 1800 N even with three significant figures.
MARKSCHEME

## B4. Part 1 Power and an ideal gas

work
(a) the rate of working / ; 
time
Ratio or rate must be clear.

s
(b) let s = distance moved in time t such that v = ;
t
work Fs
P= = ;
time t
= Fv 

## All symbols must be defined for full marks.

16 M08/4/PHYSI/HP2/ENG/TZ1/XX/M+

## (ii) recognize that F= rate of change of momentum;

m
= v = ( 60 2.0 ) = 120 N; 
t
(iii) ( P = 120 2.0 ) = 240 W; 

1 m 2
(iv) K= v ;
2 t
1
= 60 4.0 = 120 W; 
2
Award full marks for bald correct answer.

## (v) the sand on the conveyor belt must slip to be accelerated;

in slipping kinetic energy is dissipated / lost as internal energy / heat in the
sand and conveyor belt;

or

## there is friction between the sand and conveyor belt;

therefore kinetic energy is dissipated / lost as internal energy / heat in the sand
and conveyor belt; 
Award zero for bald statement energy is lost as heat.

(d) temperature:
the molecules gain energy by collision with the moving piston;
therefore average KE of the molecules increases;
temperature is a measure of average KE of the molecules (so temperature increases);

pressure:
pressure is caused by the force that the molecules exert on collision with the walls of
the cylinder;
the volume is decreased so there are more molecules per unit volume / more
collisions per unit time;
increased temperature means greater speed;
rate of change of momentum per unit area is greater; 
N04/4/PHYSI/HP2/ENG/TZ0/XX/M+

MARKSCHEME

A3. (a) Note: for part (i) and (ii) the answers in brackets are those arrived at if 19.3 is
used as the value for the height.

## (i) height raised = 30sin 40 = 19 m ;

gain in PE = mgh = 700 19 = 1.3 10 4 J (1.4 104 J) ; 

## (ii) 48 1.3 104 J = 6.2 105 J (6.7 105 J) ; 

(iii) the people stand still / dont walk up the escalator / their average weight is
700 N / ignore any gain in KE of the people; [1 max]

6.2 105
(b) (i) power required = = 10 kW (11kW) ;
60
P P
Eff = out , Pin = out ;
Pin Eff
Pin = 14 kW (16 kW) ; 

(ii) the escalator can in theory return to the ground under the action of gravity /
OWTTE; 

(c) power will be lost due to friction in the escalator / OWTTE; 
The location of the friction must be given to obtain the mark.
MARKSCHEME N07/4/PHYSI/HP2/ENG/TZ0/XX/M+

SECTION B

1.9 104 J ; 

## (ii) uses area between the t-axis and the line;

correctly converts area distance (one 1cm 1cm square 5.0m );
distance between 90 m and 105 m;
improved accuracy, distance between 95 m and 100 m; 
Do not accept kinematic formulas. Distance can only be found from area.

## (b) (i) EP 72 9.8 41 ;

2.9 10 4 J ; 
2
Accept 3.0 10 J for responses using g 10 m s .
4

(1.0 104 )
average force ;
98
100 N ; 

## (iii) e.g. air resistance;

friction between skis and slope;
force to push snow away from skis; [2 max]
To award marks responses must specify where friction is acting.

## (c) 1.8 12 9.8 t 2 ;

time of flight 0.61s ;
horizontal distance travelled ( 23 0.61) 14m ;
distance CD( 14 12) 2.0m ; 
Accept a time of 0.60 s and CD 1.8 m for responses using g 10 m s 2 .

## (ii) sensible reason e.g. velocity not normal to ground;

hence impact is less; (any other sensible comment)