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# ArhitecturaSistemelordeCalculLaborator4

1. Instruciunidetestareacondiieiimutricondiionate

## Instruciunile de testare a condiiei i mutri condiionate sunt prezentate n

tabelulurmtor:
Instruciune Operaiaefectuat Format Exemplu
sltrd,rs,rt SetOnLessThan R slt\$1,\$9,\$10

rd(rs<rt)
Dacrs<rt,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=0
(false).

Valorilesuntconsideratecusemni
comparaianuntoarceoverflow.
slturd,rs,rt SetOnLessThanUnsigned R sltu\$1,\$9,\$10

rd(rs<rt)
Dacrs<rt,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=0
(false).

Valorilesuntconsideratefrsemni
comparaianuntoarceoverflow.
sltird,rs,imm SetOnLessThanImmediate R slti\$1,\$9,10

rd(rs<imm)
Dacrs<imm,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=
0(false).

Valorilesuntconsideratecusemni
comparaianuntoarceoverflow.
sltiurd,rs,imm SetOnLessThanImmediateUnsigned R sltiu\$1,\$9,10

rd(rs<imm)
Dacrs<imm,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=
0(false).

Valorilesuntconsideratefrsemni
comparaianuntoarceoverflow.
movnrd,rs,rt MoveConditionalonNotZero R movn\$t1,\$t2,\$t3

Dacrt0,atuncirdrs
movzrd,rs,rt MoveConditionalonZero R movz\$t1,\$t2,\$t3

Dacrt=0,atuncirdrs

1
Pseudiostruciunilederamificaresuntprezentatentabelulurmtor:
Pseudoinstruciune Operaiaefectuat Exemplu
seqrd,rs,rt SetonEqual seq\$t1,\$t2,\$t3

rd(rs=rt)
Dacrs=rt,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=
0(false).
snerd,rs,rt SetNotEqual sne\$t1,\$t2,\$t3

rd(rsrt)
Dacrsrt,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=
0(false).
slerd,rs,rt SetonLessThenorEqual sle\$t1,\$t2,\$t3

rd(rsrt)
Dacrsrt,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=
0(false).

Valorilesuntconsideratecusemn.
sgtrd,rs,rt SetonGreaterThen sgt\$t1,\$t2,\$t3

rd(rs>rt)
Dacrs>rt,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=
0(false).

Valorilesuntconsideratecusemn.
sgerd,rs,rt SetonGreaterThenorEqual sge\$t1,\$t2,\$t3

rd(rsrt)
Dacrsrt,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=
0(false).

Valorilesuntconsideratecusemn.
sleurd,rs,rt SetonLessThenorEqualUnsigned sleu\$t1,\$t2,\$t3

rd(rsrt)
Dacrsrt,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=
0(false).

Valorilesuntconsideratefarsemn.
sgturd,rs,rt SetonGreaterThenUnsigned sgtu\$t1,\$t2,\$t3

rd(rs>rt)
Dacrs>rt,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=
0(false).
Valorilesuntconsideratefrsemn.

2
sgeurd,rs,rt SetonGreaterThenorEqualUnsigned sgeu\$t1,\$t2,\$t3

rd(rsrt)
Dacrsrt,atuncird=1(true),altfelrd=
0(false).

Valorilesuntconsideratefrsemn.

2. Instruciuniipseudoinstruciunideramificare

Instruciunilederamificaresuntprezentatentabelulurmtor:

## Instruciune Operaiaefectuat Format Exemplu

beqrs,rt,eticheta BranchonEqual I beq\$t1,\$t2,et

Dacrs=rt,atuncisaltlaetichet;
bners,rt,eticheta BranchNotEqual I bne\$t1,\$t2,et

## Dac rs rt, atunci salt la etichet;

bgtzrs,eticheta BranchonGreaterThenZero I bgtz\$t1,et

Dacrs>0,atuncisaltlaetichet
bltzrs,eticheta BranchonLessThanZero I bltz\$t1,et

Dacrs<0,atuncisaltlaetichet.
bgezrs,eticheta BranchonGreaterThanorEqualtoZero I bgez\$t1,et

Dacrs0,atuncisaltlaetichet.
blezrs,eticheta BranchonLessThenorEqualtoZero I blez\$t1,et

Dacrs0,atuncisaltlaetichet.

## Dacrs<0, atunci saltla etichet ca

apel_procedur: n registrul \$ra (\$31)
urmtoareiinstruciuni
bgezalrs,eticheta BranchonGreaterThanorEqualtoZeroand I bgezal\$t0,et

## Dacrs0, atuncisaltla etichet ca

apel_procedur: n registrul \$ra (\$31)
urmtoareiinstruciuni

3
_Formatulexactalfiecreiinstruciunilgsiila:
http://www.cs.cornell.edu/courses/cs3410/2008fa/MIPS_Vol2.pdf

Pseudiostruciunilederamificaresuntprezentatentabelulurmtor:

## Pseudoinstruciune Operaiaefectuat Exemplu

betichet Branch bet

Saltlaetichet(saltnecondiionat)
beqzrs,eticheta BranchonEqualtoZero beqz\$t1,et

Dacrs=0,atuncisalt
bnezrs,etichet BranchNotEqualtoZero bnez\$t1,et

Dacrs0,atuncisalt.
bltrs,rt,eticheta BranchonLessThan blt\$t1,\$t2,et

Dacrs<rt,atuncisaltlaetichet
(numerelesuntconsideratecusemn)
blers,rt,eticheta BranchonLessThenorEqual ble\$t1,\$t2,et

Dacrsrt,atuncisaltlaetichet
(numerelesuntconsideratecusemn)
bgtrs,rt,eticheta BranchonGreaterThen bgt\$t1,\$t2,et

Dacrs>rt,atuncisaltlaetichet
(numerelesuntconsideratecusemn)
bgers,rt,eticheta BranchonGreaterThenorEqual bge\$t1,\$t2,et

Dacrsrt,atuncisaltlaetichet
(numerelesuntconsideratecusemn)
blturs,rt,eticheta BranchonLessThanUnsigned bltu\$t1,\$t2,et

Dacrs<rt,atuncisaltlaetichet
(numerelesuntconsideratefrsemn)
bleurs,rt,etichet BranchonLessThenorEqualUnsigned bleu\$t1,\$t2,et

Dacrsrt,atuncisaltlaetichet
(numerelesuntconsideratefarsemn)
bgturs,rt,eticheta BranchonGreaterThenUnsigned bgtu\$t1,\$t2,et

Dacrs>rt,atuncisaltlaetichet
(numerelesuntconsideratefarsemn)

4
bgeurs,rt,eticheta BranchonGreaterThenorEqual bgeu\$t1,\$t2,et
Unsigned

Dacrsrt,atuncisaltlaetichet
(numerelesuntconsideratefarsemn)

3. Instruciuniipseudoinstruciunidesalt

Instruciuniledesaltsuntprezentatentabelulurmtor:

## Instruciune Operaiaefectuat Format Exemplu

jeticheta Jump J jet

Saltnecondiionatlaetichet.

instruciuniinusepstreaz deplasamentul
instruciunea
curent(can
cazul
etichet.

Saltlaetichetcaapel_procedur:nregistrul

instruciuniinusepstreaz deplasamentul
etichet.

urmtoareiinstruciuninregistrul\$rd.Dac
lipseteregistrulrd,atunciacestaeste
consideratimplicitregistrulra.

instruciuniinusepstreaz deplasamentul
etichet.
jrrs JumpRegister R jr\$t1

Celemaifrecventutilizatentreruperisistemsegsescntabeluldemaijos:

Codulapeluluisistem
Serviciul
(introdusn\$v0)

printinteger 1

printfloat 2

printdouble 3

printstring 4

memo
ry

9alloca
tion
exit
(end
of
10
progra
m)
Argumente Rezultate

\$a0=valoareintegercarese
afieaz
\$f12=valoarefloatcarese
afieaz
\$f12=valoaredoublecarese
afieaz
afieaz
\$v0=valoareaintegercitita
\$f0=valoareafloatcitita
memora stringul
\$a1=numruldecaractere
careurmeazsfiecitite+1
memoriealocai memorie

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