Sunteți pe pagina 1din 32

Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for

Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

Technical Specification for


CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

00 7/20/2016
Rev. Date Prepare Review Approve Remarks

1|Page
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

Table of Contents

1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 3
2. Scope ................................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3. Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 3
4. Standards and Codes ............................................................................................................................. 3
5. Description ............................................................................................................................................ 4
6. Operation............................................................................................................................................... 6
5.1 Construction ...................................................................................................................................... 8
5.2 Weighting devices ............................................................................................................................. 9
5.3 Pressure operated directional valves: ................................................................................................ 9
5.4 Lock Out Valves: .............................................................................................................................. 9
5.5 Main and Reserve Transfer Switch: .................................................................................................. 9
7. Scope of Work .................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
8. Manufacturer ....................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
9. Guarantee ............................................................................................................................................ 10
10. Exclusions ....................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
11. Packing and Shipping ..................................................................................................................... 10
12. Inspection and Test ......................................................................................................................... 10
13. Sub Vendor List .............................................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
14. Calculation Basis ............................................................................................................................ 11
15. CO2 SYSTEM COMPONENTS : .................................................................................................. 13

2|Page
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

1. Introduction
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Co. as manufacturer and integrator of Gas Extinguishing System as
following:
- CO2 High Pressure and Low Pressure System
- Nitrogen and Aragonite System
- HFC 227 and Novec 1230 Extinguishing System
This specification contains minimum requirements for carbon dioxide fire extinguishing system.

2. Definition
Total Flooding System: A system consisting of a supply of carbon dioxide arranged to discharge
into, and fill to the proper concentration, an enclosed space or enclosure around the hazard.

FACP: Fire Alarm Control Panel

ECP: Extinguishing Control Panel

3. Standards and Codes


The equipments shall be in accordance with the latest edition of the following standards and
codes, but not be limited to the following:

NFPA
NFPA 12: Standard on Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems
NFPA 70: National Electrical Code
NFPA 72: National Fire Alarm Code

EN
ASME
ASTM

3|Page
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

4. Description
What is the CO2? CO2 is a liquefied, colourless, inert, clean, non-corrosive and no electricity
conductor gas. Its density is 1.5 times higher than the air. Used to extinguish flammable liquids,
gases and in some cases for solid combustible fires.
The CO2 effective concentration in fire extinguishing causes asphyxia on people and it is only
used in areas which are usually unoccupied. It extinguishes through the reduction of oxygen in
the air below the combustion limits (15%) and it also cools and absorbs the flame heat.
CO2 Physical Specification:
Chemical name: Carbon dioxide
Chemical formula: CO2
Molecular Weight: 44,01
Liquid density at a 20C: 777Kg/m3
Critical temperature: 31C
Critical pressure: 78.82 bar
Vapour pressure at 20C: 57.2 bar
Maximum filling density: 0.67 Kg/L
Air relative density: 1.5
Ozone destructive power: 0
Greenhouse effect potential: 1

The system shall be used for the fire protection of mechanical and electrical equipment where
water is not permissible to quench internal fires. It can extinguish fires by restricting the
atmospheric oxygen supply necessary for combustion. Carbon dioxide may be stored in high
pressure batteries (at T=21C, P=51 bar) or in low pressure containers. (At T=18C, P=21 bar)
When volume of CO2 is high, it is preferred to use low pressure containers. However when the
requirement of CO2 is small as in our case it is conventional practice to use high-pressure
system.
There are 2 types of fixed automatic CO2 systems:
Total flooding system
Local application system
In this project we use total flooding CO2 system for electrical and cable gallery building. Total
flooding system shall consist of a fixed supply of carbon dioxide permanently connected to fixed
piping, with fixed nozzles arranged to discharge carbon dioxide into an enclosed space or
enclosure about the hazard.
The system includes the following items:

CO2 Cylinder, 67.54 Lit Capacity, 45 Kg, Seamless


Cylinder Valves,
Pneumatic Actuator, for Cylinder Valve

4|Page
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

Discharge Hose
Pilot Hose and pilot fittings
Discharge Check Valve
Bleed Valve
Mechanical Weighting Devise for each cylinder
Manifold
Optical Sensor
N2 Pilot Cylinder, 3 Lit Capacity
Solenoid Valve for N2 Pilot Cylinder
Pressure gauge and Pressure switch for N2 Pilot Cylinder
Junction Box
Directional Valve (POD Valve)
Discharge Pressure Switch
Lock Out Valve
Safety Valve on Header
Junction Box in Cylinder Room
Piping Between Cylinder Room and Protected Room
Discharge Nozzle
Warning Sign and Light
Extinguishing Control Panel
Alarm Bell
Sounder / Flasher
Status Panel include Auto / Manual Switch, Manual Release

5|Page
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

5. Operation
In this system CO2 Gas stored in the high pressure cylinder and release in case of fire. The
amount of the main supply of carbon dioxide in the system shall be at least sufficient for the
largest single hazard protected or group of hazards that are to be protected simultaneously.
CO2 requirements and classification of protected area has been fixed according to NFPA 12. So
as per CO2 P&ID drawings, two group of main & reserve CO2 cylinders have been considered.

When main CO2 cylinders are out of service, transition of CO2 system from main to reserve
position should be done by transfer switch manually. The transfer switch located in the cylinder
room.
Above mentioned system is connected to an automatic conventional control panel. The design
includes safety features, which reduce the chances of an accidental discharge.
The display panel has a status indicator, a manual extinguishing release unit, an
automatic/manual key switch and LED's complete.
The fixed carbon dioxide system is operated automatically by means of detectors connected in
cross zoning principle to protect operators from CO2 inhalation.
(Note: There are two zones in cross zoning)

6|Page
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

When one of the detectors from zone1 senses, the related sounder will be activated, and also
when a detector from zone2 senses, its beacon will be activated.
If both of above event occurred, a signal will be sent from panel to hazard alarm bell for 30 or
60 seconds (depends on panel programming) to warn people to evacuate the hazard.
After 30 seconds for releasing of CO2 an electrical signal will be sent to the solenoid valves of
N2 pilot cylinders from panel. The N2 pilot cylinders run CO2 cylinders via a pilot hose that
connected to N2 Pilot cylinders. After that for opening relative directional valve and co2
cylinders of the area which is in fire, N2 gas will be flowed through pilot tubes from master
cylinders. At the same time, one check back signal will be sent by related pressure switches
which are installed on CO2 pipes to ECP and a signal will be sent to fire zone warning light to
warn accesses to CO2 extinguished hazard.
Also extinguishing could be done by pushing a release push button located in the exit of every
hazard.

7|Page
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

A manual/Automatic switch located at entrance of every hazard provide a chance to turn the
whole system off for avoiding any risk of none necessary co2 agent release.
Note: In the event of fire, a signal from the Co2 panel sends command to the HVAC panel to
stop fans & Re-Opened fire dampers.

They shall be also operated manually as follows:

By CO2 push button installed at main entrance of the protected zone.


Normal manual operation from the relevant control panel.
Emergency manual operation by mechanical device installed at pilot cylinder unit in case
the other manual operation devices are inoperative.
Stop and reset shall be manually performed at the local manual actuation device and
local control panel.

5.1 Construction

The fire extinguishing system shall be supplied in the form of a skid constructed from carbon
steel.

Each skid mounted CO2 cylinder battery shall consist of all necessary distribution manifold(s)
valves, distribution/selector valve, check valves, Lock Out Valve, flexible loops, pilot lines, pilot
check valves, auto bleed valves, mechanical weighting devise, pilot cylinder, Solenoid Actuated
Valve on pilot Cylinder, pressure switches on pilot cylinder, cylinder rack brackets and bolts,
skid frame, discharge nozzles, lamp units and instruction labels.

The design shall incorporate method of flexible coupling between the cylinders and manifold(s)
to allow for cylinders to be removed from any part of the battery without accidental or false
discharge for testing or charging purpose, in addition, the unaffected sections of the battery
shall not be prevented from operating normally during the period when discharged cylinders
are removed.

The CO2 system manufacturer shall define the routes and sizes for the distribution pipe work
from the point of entry to and within the enclosure spaces to be protected, together with the
quantity, type, size and location of all necessary discharge nozzles.

Piping material shall be of metallic noncombustible and non-corrosive material, black or


galvanized steel according to NFPA 12.

8|Page
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

Calculation notes as per NFPA 12 shall be provided for review. These calculation notes shall
demonstrate that the quantities of CO2 are adequate and shall enumerate the assumptions
used such as enclosure volume, enclosure leak rates, flooding factor, discharge rate, pressure
losses at lowest.

5.2 Weighting devices

Weight of co2 cylinders is controlled by weighting devices. The weight indicator mechanism is a
device used to mechanically monitor the content of a fixed fire co2 cylinder. When the content
of the cylinder fall by a pre-determined amount, typically 10%, the weight drops causing a
micro switch photoelectric device to trip and send a signal to ECP.

5.3 Pressure operated directional valves:

When two or more areas are to be protected using a central blank of co2 cylinders, a pressure
operated directional valve is installed in each of the co2 main feed pipe leading to the
designated areas, in normally condition (no fire) all of the valves are closed upon co2 gas
released from relative master cylinder it will be opened by co2 pressure and allow to co2 be
released to area which is in fire.

5.4 Lock Out Valves:

To prevent any undesirable co2 gas release to hazards where they are occupied by men, a high
pressure ball valve will be providing after any directional valve. This device will allow
maintenance team to lock the system and prevent any extinguishing release through system
faults, failures, etc.

5.5 Main and Reserve Transfer Switch:

After discharging of main cylinders they should be send to refill, meanwhile the reserve
cylinders would be stand by in extinguishing process. For doing that a main and reserve transfer
switch located in fire junction box should be set in a reserve position so all extinguishing signals
would be send to reserve cylinders.

9|Page
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

6. Guarantee
The period of guarantee is 12 months after start-up of the plant but not later than 18 month
after shipment whichever is closer. Our guarantee does not allow for natural wear and tear or
damage caused by the personnel and improper maintenance.

7. Packing and Shipping


Packing will be wooden case for all equipment.

8. Inspection and Test


Inspection would be witness at AES Co. warehouse for Local goods and manufacturer place for
foreign goods. All expense charges are by customer.

10 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

9. Calculation Basis

Calculation method for Total flooding systems:

Basic quantity: Flooding factor instead of volume factor


Minimum quantity of CO2 (Kg) = Volume (m3) x flooding factor (kg/m3)

Also the design quantity of CO2 shall be adjusted to compensate for ambient pressure due to
elevation change according to below table:

Atmospheric correction factors

Equivalent
Enclosure Pressure Atmospheric Correction
Altitude
Factor
Km mmHg
-0.92 840 1.11
-0.61 812 1.07
-0.30 787 1.04
0.00 760 1.00
0.30 733 0.96
0.61 705 0.93
0.91 678 0.89
1.22 650 0.86
1.52 622 0.82
1.83 596 0.78
2.13 570 0.75
2.45 550 0.72
2.74 528 0.69
3.05 505 0.66

11 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

As In each area number of cylinders shall be determined according to biggest zone volume, so
according to the biggest zone volume the number of the cylinders will be according to the
below table:

CO2 System Calculation Sheet

Description Unit Value Remarks

Volume Of Room m *
Fire Type Deep Seated
System Type According To Table 2-4-2-1 NFPA 12
Flooding Factor Kg/m 1.33
CO2 Required Kg *

10% Leakage Kg *

Total CO2 Required Kg *

No .Of Cylinders Required (45 Kg) *

Capacity Of Cylinders 67.5 (Lit) - 45kg


No Of Nozzle *

Size Of Directional Valve inch *

12 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10. CO2 SYSTEM COMPONENTS :

10.1 ) Co2 CYLINDER

Water capacity: 67.5 Lit


Manufacturer: Vitkovice/ Czech Republic
Medium: CO2
Test pressure: 250 bar
Outside diameter: 267mm
Base: concave
Thread: 25E EN629-1 female
Design: ISO 9809-1
Certification: TPED with PI mark
Assembled accessories: neck ring W80 zinc coated acc. to DIN 4664
Material: 34CrMo4
Paint: Red (Ral 3000)

13 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.2 ) Differential Pressure Valve

Model No.: B0480 0


Manufacturer: Rotarex / Luxamburg
Approval: LPCB / VDS
Working pressure p max.: 250 bar
Temperature range: - 20C + 60C
Seat orifice size: 12 mm
Valve body Material: brass

Inlet connection C = 25E EN 629-1


Outlet connection A = W 21,8 x 1/14 DIN 477
Dip tube connection G = M 16 x 1
Release device connection B = M 42 x 1,5

14 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.3 ) Pneumatic Actuator

Model No.: B0442


Manufacturer: Rotarex / Luxamburg
Approval: LPCB / VDS
Working pressure p max.: 250 bar
Valve body Material: brass
Pneumatic connection E = G 1/8
Release device connection B = M 42 x 1,5

15 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.4 ) Bleed Valve

Model No.: 02973


Manufacturer: Rotarex / Luxamburg
Approval: LPCB / VDS

Thread connection.: G1/8


Valve body Material: brass

16 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.5 ) N2 Pilot Cylinder

Water capacity: 3 Lit


Manufacturer: Vitkovice/ Czech Republic
Medium: N2
Test pressure: 200/300 bar
Base: concave
Thread: 25E EN629
Design: ISO 9809-1
Certification: TPED and UN
Material: 34CrMo4

17 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.6 ) Solenoid Valve for N2 Pilot Cylinder

Model No.: B0439


Manufacturer: Rotarex / Luxamburg
Approval: LPCB / VDS
Working pressure p max.: 250 bar
Temperature range: - 20C + 60C
Operation Voltage : 24 VDC

Valve body Material: brass


Discharge rate : Kv = 0,69, Cv = 80
Inlet connection C = 25E EN 629-1
Outlet connection A = W 21,8 x 1/14 DIN 477
Dip tube connection G = M 10 x 0.75
Power consumption : 10 Watts

18 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.7 ) Pressure gauge for N2 Pilot Cylinder

Model No.: 02972


Manufacturer: Rotarex / Luxamburg
Gauge connection M = M10 x 1
Indication range : 180 360 bar
Nominal size : 50 mm
Contact pin and lug : gold plated
Switch voltage : 4,5 to 24 VDC/ VAC
Switch current : 5 mA to 100 mA
Contact load max : 3W
Switch type : contact above switch point
Switch point nominal : 180 bar
Setting : increasing pressure max 185 bar , decreasing pressure min 160 bar

19 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.8 ) Safety Valve

Manufacturer: Unidet / Italy


Valve body : Nickeled brass
Washer : Copper
Safety Disc 370 bar : Nickel
Nipple : 304 S.6000
Lead seal 10 mm : Lead

20 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.9 ) 32 mm CO2 Cylinder Manifold

Part Number Description A (mm)


AES-CO001 2 CYL. MANIFOLD 600
AES-CO002 3 CYL. MANIFOLD 900
AES-CO003 4 CYL. MANIFOLD 1200
AES-CO004 5 CYL. MANIFOLD 1500

Manufactured from schedule 80 ASTM A106 GRADE B Galvanized pipe.


Manufacturer: AES / Iran

21 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.10 ) Cylinder Hanger

Manufacturer: AES / Iran

22 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.11 ) Cylinder Weighting Device

Suspension : Aluminum

Manufacturer: AES / Iran

23 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.12 ) Side Frame

24 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.13 ) Top Rail

Part Number Description L (mm) A (mm)


AES-CO006 2 CYL. TOP RAIL 600 300
AES-CO007 3 CYL. TOP RAIL 900 300
AES-CO008 4 CYL. TOP RAIL 1200 300
AES-CO009 5 CYL. TOP RAIL 1500 300

Material : STEEL, GALVANIZED

Manufacturer: AES / Iran

25 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.14 ) Check Valve

The CO2 Manifold Check Valve is designed to located in the vertical position with the ball
retention pin uppermost , for assembly into CO2 Manifolds or as an adaptor for single
cylinder applications .
The Check Valve is used to protect life when one or more CO2 Cylinders have been removed
for Maintenance and the system is operated .
The Check Valve is not designed to give complete sealing at low pressures or for slow
increases in pressure when testing.

Material : Brass Body , Stainless Steel Pin & Ball


Finish : Natural
Weight: 0.10 Kg
Test Pressure : 160 bar Hydrauic
Max. Pressure : 250 bar
Manufacturer: AES / Iran

26 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.15 ) CO2 Nozzle

Apply Teflon tape for sealing.

Material : Brass Body


Finish : Natural

Weight: 0.10 Kg
Working Pressure : 60 bar Hydraulic
Orifice Diameter: Will be applied according to hydraulic calculation.
Manufacturer: AES / Iran

27 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.16 ) Discharge Hose

All The Connection are female swiveling type


Conical Seat does not require gasket

Do not twist or torque the hose during installation


Avoid sharp bends at the hose/fitting connection
Manufacturer: AES / Iran

28 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.17 ) Pilot Hose

All The Connection are Female swiveling type


Conical seat does not require Gasket
Do not Twist or torque the hose during installation
Avoid sharp bends at the Hose/Fitting Connection
Manufacturer: AES / Iran

29 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.18 ) Photoelectric

Manufacturer: Omron / USA


Supply voltage : 24 to 240 VAC, 50/60 Hz; 12 to 240 VDC
Sensing distance : 2.5 m (8.2 ft)
Light source : Pulse modulated red LED
Response time : 30 ms max. for relay; 3 ms max. for transistor
Indicators : Light Incident (red LED)
Enclosure Ratings : IP64
Approvals : UL & CSA
Ambient Temperature : -25 to 55C (-13 to 131F)

30 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.19 ) Directional Valve

Manufacturer: Unidet / Italy


Three way direct acting solenoid valve , Material : Brass
Incoming air / gas connection BSP
Actuator support , Material : Galvanized steel
Exhaust air
Valve body : A105 Galvanized steel
Ball , Material : St..316
Maximun inlet pressure 10 bar
Minimun output pressure 5 bar

31 | P a g e
Sakhtar Energy Zharf Technical Specification for
Co. L.T.D CO2 Fire Extinguishing System

10.20 ) Pressure Switch

1- Tan , Material : Brass


2- Nut , Material : Brass
3- Resettting stud , Material : Brass
4- Group , Material : Brass
5- Rove , Material : Aluminium
6- Lock nut , Material : Steel galv
7- Cable connection
8- Limit switch brand Lovato PLN934 code for
special exclusive Antincendi Unidet Srl
9- pressure inlet BspM.

Manufacturer: Unidet / Italy


Minimal pressure of drive : 8bar
Max.design pressure : 250 bar
Max.operating pressure : 250 bar
Test pressure : 360 bar
Design temperature : -10+85C
Contact rating(1no+1nc) : DC13 10A 24Vdc/AC15 5A 250V
Contact type : silver
Protection grade : IP65

32 | P a g e