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Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

End Semester Exam 2016


Course No: CL 203 Marks: 40
Course Title: Chem. Engg. Thermodynamics I Date: Nov 21st, 2016
Instructors: DB/LP/CD Time: 9:00 AM to 12:00 Noon
Open Book Exam

Problem 1. (a) A heat pump is used to maintain a house at 22C by extracting heat from the
outside air on a day when the outside air temperature is 2C. The house is estimated to lose
heat at a rate of 110,000 kJ/h, and the heat pump consumes 5 kW of electric power when
running. Is this heat pump powerful enough to do the job?
(b) The structure of a house is such that it loses heat at a rate of 5400 kJ/h per C difference
between the indoors and outdoors. A heat pump that requires a power input of 6 kW is used to
maintain this house at 21C. Determine the lowest outdoor temperature for which the heat
pump can meet the heating requirements of this house.
[5+5=10]

Problem 2. (a) An ideal Ericsson engine using helium as the working fluid operates between
temperature limits of 550 R and 3000 R and pressure limits of 25 and 200 psia. Assuming a
mass flow rate of 14 lbm/s, determine (i) the thermal efficiency of the cycle, (ii) the heat
transfer rate in the regenerator, and (iii) the power delivered.
(b) A four-cylinder two-stroke 2.4-L diesel engine that operates on an ideal Diesel cycle has a
compression ratio of 17 and a cutoff ratio of 2.2. Air is at 55C and 97 kPa at the beginning of
the compression process. Using the cold-air standard assumptions, determine how much
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

End Semester Exam 2016


Course No: CL 203 Marks: 40
Course Title: Chem. Engg. Thermodynamics I Date: Nov 21st, 2016
Instructors: DB/LP/CD Time: 9:00 AM to 12:00 Noon
Open Book Exam
power the engine will deliver at 1500 rpm.
[5+5=10]

Problem 3. A 50 kg hot copper block at 80C is suddenly dropped into 120.4 L water at 25 C
in a well-insulated tank. The density ( ) and specific heat (Cp) of water at 25C are 997 kg/m 3
and 4.18 kJ/kgC, respectively. Specific heat of copper at 25-30C range is 0.386 kJ/kgC.
Find the final equilibrium temperature and total entropy change.
[5+5=10]

Problem 4. A steady flow Carnot refrigerator with refrigerant-134a as working fluid is working
between 30C and -25.74C. Calculate (a) coefficient of performance of refrigerator; (b)
amount of heat released to the environment, (c) amount of heat absorbed from refrigerated
space and (d) net input work.
[2.54=10]

~~~~~~~~ Wishes for a Happy Vacation ~~~~~~~~~


Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

End Semester Exam 2016


Course No: CL 203 Marks: 40
Course Title: Chem. Engg. Thermodynamics I Date: Nov 21st, 2016
Instructors: DB/LP/CD Time: 9:00 AM to 12:00 Noon
Open Book Exam
Solutions
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

End Semester Exam 2016


Course No: CL 203 Marks: 40
Course Title: Chem. Engg. Thermodynamics I Date: Nov 21st, 2016
Instructors: DB/LP/CD Time: 9:00 AM to 12:00 Noon
Open Book Exam
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

End Semester Exam 2016


Course No: CL 203 Marks: 40
Course Title: Chem. Engg. Thermodynamics I Date: Nov 21st, 2016
Instructors: DB/LP/CD Time: 9:00 AM to 12:00 Noon
Open Book Exam
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

End Semester Exam 2016


Course No: CL 203 Marks: 40
Course Title: Chem. Engg. Thermodynamics I Date: Nov 21st, 2016
Instructors: DB/LP/CD Time: 9:00 AM to 12:00 Noon
Open Book Exam
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

End Semester Exam 2016


Course No: CL 203 Marks: 40
Course Title: Chem. Engg. Thermodynamics I Date: Nov 21st, 2016
Instructors: DB/LP/CD Time: 9:00 AM to 12:00 Noon
Open Book Exam

30C

-25.74C

(a) TH=30C=303 K and TL=-25.74 C=247.3 K

1 1
COP R ,Carnot = = =4.44
TH 303
1 247.3 1
T HL

(b) From refrigerant table, h3=266.66 kJ/kg and h4=93.58 kJ/kg.


Hence, heat released, QH = (266.66-93.58) kJ/kg =173.08 kJ/kg

(c) And we know that heat absorbed, QL is related with this equation:
QH T H
=
QL T L

TL 247.3 kJ
QL = Q = 173.08 =141.26 kJ /kg
T H H 303 kg

(d) Net work input, wnet = (QH-QL)=(173.08-141.26) kJ/kg=31.81 kJ/kg.