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Out-of-Band Modulator

OM 2000

OM 1000

Motorola General Business Information, OM, Rev 4.1


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Page 0
Objectives

Describe the purpose of out-of-band data stream in the


digital headend
List the primary input and output interfaces on the OM
Identify OM's role(s) in the Emergency Alert System (EAS)
Configure OM using SDM or Element Manager (EM)
Use spectrum analyzer to correctly measure and adjust
an OOB QPSK signal
Troubleshoot common error conditions by using the
SDM, EM, and the STB Diagnostics

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Page 1
Out-of-Band Data Stream

Control link through which digital headend transmits


addressable commands and authorization messages that
control set-top boxes (STBs)
Other types of information delivered out-of-band (OOB):
Control messages for emergency situations
Executable code downloads to upgrade cable terminal
operations
Application code downloads
Interactive Program Guide (IPG) or Electronic Program
Guide (EPG) data
Interactive Commands

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Note: Guide data may be carried on an in-band channel in some systems.

Page 2
OM 1000/2000 Overview

Functions:
Receives data from multiple sources (typically UDP
packets on Ethernet interface)
Multiplexes data
Inserts PID 0 and PID 1 if necessary
Performs Forward Error Correction (FEC) encoding
Outputs a signal that is (typically):
QPSK modulated
1.5 MHz wide
IF (44 MHz) or RF (71 to 129 MHz)
30-50 dBmV
2.005 Mbps CBR
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Most set-top boxes only tune to one of the following 10 RF OOB frequencies:
75.25 MHz (default)
104.2 MHz
72.75 MHz
92.25 MHz
98.25 MHz
107.75 MHz
107.40 MHz
110.25 MHz
116.25 MHz
103.75 MHz
Consequently, the OMs OOB frequency must be set to one of these 10 frequencies.

If an IF output is used, the signal must be upconverted to one of the 10 frequencies listed above.

The DCT1000, DCT1200, and DCT2000 (phases 1-6) do not have the frequency agile feature and only
tune to one preset OOB frequency which is built into the hardware and cannot be reconfigured.

Page 3
OM 2000 Front Panel

Status LED Status Display

Console Port Data In LED

RF & IF Output
Activity LEDs RF Test Port
Ethernet Status
LEDs (1 & 2)

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RS-232 TEST PORT Console port that enables the user to configure the OMs IP
address and other boot parameters.
LEDs Illuminate to indicate the following:
STATUS Alarm status of the unit (green = clear; yellow = warning; red = critical)
DATA Valid data is displayed on any physical input interface.
ACTIVE (IF/RF) IF/RF ports are active (green) or inactive (off)
ENET (1/2) Data is being received/transmitted on the Ethernet ports.
RF TEST PORT -20dB down test point permits convenient monitoring of the RF output at
the front panel.
STATUS DISPLAY Enables the operator to view the Ethernet IP addresses & RF frequency

Page 4
OM 2000 Rear Panel

Cooling Fans Emergency Alert Ethernet 1

Power RF Output IF Output RS-530 I/O Ethernet 2 RS-232 I/O


(AC or DC)

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Power The OM 2000 can be ordered with an AC or DC input power supply.


Cooling Fans Provide forced air cooling to the unit eliminating the need for a 1RU cooling
space between OM 2000s.
RF Out Provides 71 to 129 MHz RF output for distribution.
IF Out Provides a 44 MHz IF output signal at 30 dBmV that can be used with an
external upconverter to generate any other required center frequency for RF
distribution.
EMR ALERT Part of the Emergency Alert system circuitry that permits civil authorities to
deliver emergency warnings to cable customers.
RS-530 I/O Serial port permitting interface of the OM 2000 with additional signals.
Ethernet 1/2 10/100 Base T Ethernet interface used for data input/output.
RS-232 I/O Serial interface used for console terminal (diagnostic) communications.
Reserved for future use.

Page 5
Other I/O Interfaces

Input: PID generator, used internally by OM to insert PID 0,


PID 1, and EAS messages when necessary
Output: Null port; data sent to this port is discarded
Data can be routed
To and from serial and Ethernet (UDP) interfaces
To RF modulator
Primary routing:
Input: Ethernet (UDP) interface
Output: RF modulator interface

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The IF output contains the same QPSK data stream as the RF modulators output. The only
difference between the two signals is the output frequency (IF = 44 MHz; RF = 71 to 129 MHz)

Page 6
OM 1000/2000 Comparison

Similarities
RF and data handling capabilities
Can be configured using SDM
Status monitoring and error reporting capabilities

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Page 7
OM 1000/2000 Comparison

Differences
OM 2000 operable in both North American and
international markets
OM 2000 chassis redesigned, ROHS-compliant; does not
require 1 RU between units; AC or DC powered;
10/100Base-T Ethernet ports (OM 1000 has a 10Base-T
Ethernet port)
OM 2000 configuration uses console port and Element
Manager (OM 1000 configuration uses front-panel
interface)

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Page 8
Emergency Alert System

An EAS System is hard-wired to the OMs contact terminals


The EAS generator triggers an emergency alert by closing
the contact on the OM
During an emergency situation, the OM:
Blocks normal data stream
Sends special control messages to STBs
Set-top boxes will either channel override1 or force tune2 to
a predetermined virtual channel

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For information on how to configure the OM, DAC 6000, and SEM for use with a third-party
EAS, see Field Bulletin 526538-001-a (DAC 6000: Configuring SCTE 18 EAS Messaging
for a Third Party Message Generator).

1 Channel override (preferred): Set-top boxes are told to tune to a designated EAS channel.
When the emergency is over, the set-top boxes return to the virtual channel that the user was
tuned to before the initiation of the emergency.
2 Forcetune: Set-top boxes are forced to tune to a specific channel. Depending on the set-top
firmware version, the STBs may remain on the emergency channel when the emergency is
over.

Page 9
ConfigurationOM 2000 IP Address

OM 2000s IP address can be configured using BOOTP or, optionally,


using the console interface on the front panel
Use a nine-pin straight-through cable to connect to a PC
Communication parameters:
Bits per second: 9600
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: None
After setting IP address, saving, and rebooting, device can be
discovered in SDM

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Page 10
ConfigurationOM 2000 IP Address

General Operations:
To Acquire Enet1 MAC Address
Type getEnet1MacAddr

To Configure Enet1 IP Address and Subnet Mask


Type setEnet1IPAddr(Device IP,Subnet Mask)

Type getEnet1IPAddr to verify changes,


then power cycle device for changes to take effect.

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Page 11
ConfigurationOM 2000 IP Address

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Page 12
ConfigurationOM and SDM

Demonstrate:
Using the SDM to discover an OM

How to filter the Guide Data and multicast to the other OMs in the
headend

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Page 13
OM 1000 PrimarySystem

1. 2.

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To configure the Primary OMs operational parameters, use the SmartStream Device Manager
(SDM):
1. Control Host:
Choose the entry NOHOST (The DAC will not need to recognize the Primary OM)

2. RF Modulator:
Output will be EthernetThere is no need to set the RF Modulator

* All configurations in this presentation are shown using the SDM. This is the recommended
method of configuring Motorola headend devices. If an SDM is not available, the same
settings can be changed using the front-panel menus of the OM 1000, the Element
Manager of the OM 2000, or by using the Headend Configuration Tool (HCT). (Note that the
Control Host cannot be directly entered using the front panel of the OM 1000. It must be
BOOTPed into the device.)

!!! SDM v3.1.1-SP2, at a minimum, is required to support the OM 2000. Ensure that the
correct version of SDM is installed and that OM 2000 firmware is loaded prior to
discovering an OM 2000.

Page 14
OM 1000 PrimaryLogical Port

3.

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3. Logical Port Table:


Configure the input and output ports needed in the system.
In this particular example, the following have been configured:
3: OM2OM (5757) communicationEthernetOutputMulticast IP 239.0.1.4
4: IRT2OM (5457) communicationEthernetInput [used for EPG data]

Page 15
OM 1000 PrimaryGuide Data Filter

4.

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4. PID Table:
If PID remapping needs to be done by the OM, configure the PID Table entry for the
corresponding logical port.
The first line in the PID Table entry corresponds to all PIDs that are not otherwise specified.
Typically, the destination port for this line item is the logical port corresponding to the RF
modulator (typically 1), ensuring that all packets with PIDs that are not specifically
configured are routed untouched to the output. In the example above, only incoming packets
with PIDs of 0x0601 are routed to the output. All other packets are discarded.
This particular OM is routing EPG data received from the IRT. The PID of the incoming
stream is set to 0x0601 by the content provider. However, the DAC 6000 assigns its own
PID to the EPG data background service. The DAC 6000 instructs the set-top boxes to look
for EPG data using the PID that it has assigned to the background service. Therefore, the
OM must change the PIDs of the MPEG packets to match the PID the DAC assigned for the
set-top boxes to find the EPG data.
In the example above, any MPEG packets that arrive at the OM via logical port 4 (Ethernet
UDP port 5457 (IRT2OM)) with a PID of 0x0601 are renumbered with the PID 0x1C09 and
sent to destination logical port 3 (Ethernet).

Page 16
OM 1000 PrimaryPhysical Ports

5.

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5. You may need to configure the Multicast MAC Receive Address for Ethernet Port 3 if you
are using an IRT or MPS to transmit EPG data to the OM. Note that 01:00:5E:00:02:1F is the
default Multicast MAC used by the OM, IRT, and MPS.

Port Locations and Labels


Port Number Port Type OM 1000 Location / Label OM 2000 Location / Label
1 Serial Rear / Port 1 Front / RS-232 Test Port
2 Serial Rear / Port 2 Rear / RS-232 I/O
3 Ethernet Rear / Port 3 Rear / ENET 1
4 Serial Rear (optional) / Port 4 n/a
5 Serial Rear (optional) / Port 5 Rear / RS-530 I/O

Page 17
OM 2000 RemoteSystem

1. 2.

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To configure the OMs operational parameters, use the SmartStream Device Manager (SDM):
1. Control Host:
Choose the entry for the name of the DAC. (Note: The DAC must have already been
discovered in the SDM.)
The TCP port should remain 5167 (DAC2OM).
2. RF Modulator:
Enter the Out-of-band frequency
Set the signal level. (Note: Fine-tune by measuring RF output with a spectrum analyzer.)
The mode should be Operate.

* All configurations in this presentation are shown using the SDM. This is the recommended
method of configuring Motorola headend devices. If an SDM is not available, the same
settings can be changed using the front-panel menus of the OM 1000, the Element
Manager of the OM 2000, or by using the Headend Configuration Tool (HCT). (Note that the
Control Host cannot be directly entered using the front panel of the OM 1000. It must be
BOOTPed into the device.)

!!! SDM v3.1.1-SP2, at a minimum, is required to support the OM 2000. Ensure that the
correct version of SDM is installed and that OM 2000 firmware is loaded prior to
discovering an OM 2000.

Page 18
OM 2000 RemoteLogical Ports

3.

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3. Logical Port Table:


Configure the input and output ports needed in the system.
In this particular example, the following have been configured:
1: RF Output (UDP port does not apply for RF) [this is a default entry]
2: PID Generator (internal input; UDP port does not apply) [this is a default entry]
3: RADD2OM (6157) communicationEthernetInput
4: OM2OM (5757) communicationEthernetInput [used for EPG data]
5: NC2OM (5657) communicationEthernetInput [used in interactive systems]
6: SCTE 18 input (5050)EthernetInput [used with third-party EAS message
generator] (Optional)
Emergency Alert:
The OM in this example can been configured to use a third-party SCTE 18 EAS message
generator. In addition to logical port entry 6 in this example this EAS configuration affects
the Emergency Alert section, the PID Table for the RADD2OM logical port (logical port 3 in
this example), and the PID Table for the SCTE 18 input port (logical port 6 in this example.)
Details for EAS configuration can be found in Field Bulletin 526538-001-a (DAC 6000:
Configuring SCTE 18 EAS Messaging for a Third Party Message Generator).

Page 19
OM 2000 RemotePID Tables

4.

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4. Pid Table:
The first line in the PID Table entry corresponds to all PIDs that are not otherwise specified.
Typically, the destination port for this line item is the logical port corresponding to the RF
modulator (typically 1), ensuring that all packets with PIDs that are not specifically
configured are routed untouched to the output. In the example above, all packets coming in
with the UDP port of 5757 are being routed out to the RF modulator.

Page 20
OM 2000 RemoteReceive Multicast Table

5.

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5. Receive Multicast Table:


In order to join the Primary OMs guide data multicast you must select the proper logical
port (4 in this example) and input the correct IP Address (239.0.1.4 in this example)

Page 21
OM 2000 Element Manager (OM-EM)

The OM 2000 can be configured using the Element Manager (EM).


1. Using a web browser,
navigate to the IP address of
the OM 2000.
2. Click the Download OM 2000
Element Manager
3. Save the downloaded file as
omem.jar
4. Run the jar file and login.

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A web browser and Java are required on the client computer to run the Element Manager. The
default username/password are: root/password

You will also need the OM 2000 IP Address when logging in

If you configure the OM 2000 using the EM and manage it with the SDM, be sure to do a
configuration synchronization in the SDM to transfer the settings made on the OM 2000 to the
SDMs database.

Page 22
OM-EM

The same settings that can be modified using the SDM can
be found in the OM-EMs Configuration menu.

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Page 23
OM-EMPhysical Interface Configuration

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This is where the frequency and output power level of the OM 2000 is configured. Note that the
power level is a number from 1-40 corresponding to 30-50dBmV.

Page 24
OM-EMLogical Ports Configuration

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Logical port configuration is similar to the SDMs screens. To access the PID table for a given
logical port, click the Table 0x button at the end of the row.

Page 25
OM-EMPID Table Configuration

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Page 26
OM-EMNetwork Configuration

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Page 27
OM 1000 Front Panel

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-20 dB Test Point Permits convenient monitoring of the RF output at the front panel.
LCD Display Enables the operator to input information and shows the current
settings for the unit.
Control Keypad Contains up, down, left, right, and enter keys used to navigate through
the menus and enter input parameters.
Status LEDs Illuminate to indicate the following:
POWER Power is applied to the unit.
DATA IN Valid data is displayed on any physical
input interface.
EXT SYNC External symbol sync is applied. It is normal for this
indicator to be off when no external sync is applied.
PLL ERROR Lock-detect circuit in the Phase-Lock Loop (PLL)
determines that the loop is not locked. The RF output
is also disabled in this case. The indicator is off during
normal operation.
RF ERROR RF detector senses no RF at the output. The indicator
will be off during normal operation and on during a
fault that causes a loss of RF. It is also on when the
modulator interface is in the STANDBY mode and the RF
output is disabled.
FAULT SUMM Any of the above error conditions, another internal
fault is detected, or communication is lost with the DAC.

Page 28
OM 1000 Rear Panel

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AC Input and Fuse Power input accepts 105/125 to 210/240 Vac, at 50 or 60 Hz. Fuse is
2A slow-acting.
RF Out Provides 71 to 129 MHz RF output for distribution.
Sync In Provides for symbol rate sync input from an external source. The
required input frequency is 4.096 MHz 0.01%. The input signal level
is 6 to 8 Vpp.
IF Out Provides a 44 MHz IF output signal at 30 dBmV that can be used with
an external upconverter to generate any other required center
frequency for RF distribution.
Emr Alrt Part of the Emergency Alert system circuitry that permits civil
authorities to deliver emergency warnings to cable customers. The
black post provides connection to ground and the red post provides
connection to the GI C6E Emergency Alert system.
Ports 5 and 4 Optional RS-530 or RS-232 (DTE) interfaces that connect to an
optional module within the unit, permitting interface of the OM 1000
with additional signals.
Port 3 10 Base T Ethernet interface used for data input/output. Data
reception or transmission is indicated by the respective LEDs.
Port 2 RS-232 interface used for data input/output.
Port 1 RS-232 interface used for console terminal (diagnostic)
communications. Reserved for future use.
EXP (Expansion Port) Reserved for future use.

Page 29
ConfigurationOM 1000 IP Address

Headend devices can receive an IP address through BOOTP; optionally, OM


1000s IP address can be configured through front-panel menus:

1.

2.
6.

3.
5. 4.

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To configure the OM 1000s IP address, use the front-panel menus:


1. From the main menu, enter the NET menu using the cursor keys and the ENT key on the
front of the OM.
2. From the NET menu, enter the OAM&P menu.
3. Move the cursor to the IP field and use the up, down, left, and right arrow keys on the front of
the OM to adjust the IP address. Press the ENT key when you are finished.
4. Move the cursor to the SUBNET field and use the up and down arrow keys on the front of the
OM to adjust the subnet mask. Press the ENT key when you are finished.
5, 6. Return to the main menu using the UP navigation options.

Page 30
ConfigurationOM 1000 IP Address,
contd

You must save and reboot to apply changes:

7.

8. 9.

After rebooting, device can be discovered in SDM

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To finish configuring the OM 1000s IP address, use the front panel menus:
7. To save the change to non-volatile memory, enter the ADMIN menu.
8. Navigate to the SAVE field in the ADMIN menu. To perform a save, you must do the
following:
a. With the cursor on SAVE, press ENT on the front panel.
b. Press the up arrow on the front panel (the word SAVE will change to OK)
c. Press ENT on the front panel (the word OK will change to SAVING)
d. When the word SAVING changes back to SAVE, the settings have been saved.
9. The OM 1000 must be rebooted for the new IP address to take effect. From the ADMIN
menu, reboot the OM 1000 using the REBOOT field using keystrokes similar to those used
when saving.

The OM 1000 can now be discovered by the SDM. An alternate means of setting the IP
address would be via BOOTP. This can be done by adding the device to the SDM using its
MAC address. (The MAC address can be found via the front panel by following the menu path:
MAIN->INTFC->3 ENET).

Page 31
Lab Activity

Complete the OM Lab

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Page 32
Learning Exercise

1. Which of the following is not carried in the out-of-band


signal?

a. EAS control messages


b. Set-top box code upgrades
c. QPSK modulated audio and video
d. Poll commands from the DAC/RADD

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Page 33
Learning Exercise

2. On which interface does most data enter the OM in a


typical configuration?

a. RF Modulator
b. Ethernet
c. RS-232
d. EAS connections

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Page 34
Learning Exercise

3. On which interface does most data exit the OM in a


typical configuration?

a. RF Modulator
b. Ethernet
c. RS-232
d. EAS connections

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Page 35
Learning Exercise

4. What roles does the OM play in the EAS system (check


all that apply)?

___ Blocks commands from non-EAS devices


___ Adds a barker message to the tuned channel
___ Sends EAS commands to the set-top boxes
___ Delivers a cached EAS video stream to the set-top
boxes

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Page 36
Learning Exercise

5. Name 5 settings that must be configured when installing


an OM.

6. Describe 4 characteristics of the OMs typical RF output.

7. Name 2 differences between the OM 1000 and OM 2000.

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Page 37
Learning Exercise

8. When measuring the output RF level of an OM using a


spectrum analyzer, which correction factor should you
apply to obtain the correct output?

a. +8 dB
b. +12 dB
c. +18 dB
d. +24 dB

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Page 38
Learning Exercise

9. Which of the following conditions could be the cause of


the Status LED illuminating red (check all that apply)?

___ Output RF signal level is set too low for the plant
___ The DAC 6000 is being rebooted
___ Output RF frequency is not supported by the set-top
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Motorola General Business Information, OM, Rev 4.1


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2008

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