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SmartStream Encryptor Modulator

(SEM)
Installation and Operation

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2008

Page 0
Agenda

Registration / Introduction / Agenda Review

Module 1: Functional Description


Module 2: Configuration Options
Module 3: Installation
Module 4: Configuration & Monitoring

Review / Questions and Answers

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2008

Page 1
Course Objectives

Given the training material, the student will perform the following tasks:
List the functions of the SEM
List the input and output interfaces available on the SEM
List the SEMs operating modes
Choose the correct SEM operating modes for given implementation
scenarios
Confirm power-up of the SEM
Configure the SEM's IP address and boot parameters via the RS-232
interface
Name two interfaces used to configure and status monitor the SEM
Configure the SEM given desired operating parameters
Monitor and troubleshoot the SEM
Measure and adjust a QAM signal using a spectrum analyzer

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
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Page 2
Module 1 Functional Description

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2008

Page 3
Module 1 Objectives

Given the training material, the student will perform the


following tasks:
List the functions of the SEM
List the input and output interfaces available on the SEM

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
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Page 4
SEM Overview

SEM Applications
In-Band audio and video delivery*
Broadcast
Video On Demand (VOD)

SEM Functions:
Remultiplexing (non-statistical)
Encryption
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) modulation
Upconversion
Gigabit Ethernet transport
Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4
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*Note: In some systems, In-Band channels may be used to carry data such as IPG.

Page 5
SEM and NE Models Inputs/Outputs

Model # QAM # ASI # GigE # Encrypted # Input # Output Input Output Power
Output I/O I/O Services TS TS Capacity Capacity
Ports1 Ports2 Ports3 (Mbps) (Mbps)
V0 0 8 3 128 384 16 MPTS 900 900 AC

V4 4 (IF) 8 3 128 384 16 MPTS 900 900 AC

V8 8 8 3 128 384 16 MPTS 900 900 AC or DC

V12 12 0 2 192 384 16 MPTS 960 848 AC or DC

NE10004 0 0 2 192 (full) 384 384 SPTS 960 848 AC or DC


384 (CTE)

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1Each physical RF connection can be configured for two adjacent QAM channels. Both 64 and 256
QAM modulation modes are supported.

2For devices with ASI ports, up to 8 ASI ports can be configured as inputs and/or up to 4 ASI ports
could be configured as outputs.

3 Prior to firmware v7.x, services received on a GigE port could only be sent out on one transport stream
(i.e. RF). As of firmware v7.x, services received on a GigE port can be sent out on multiple transport
streams simultaneously (i.e. GigE and RF)

4 The Network Encryptor (NE) supports centralized encryption (MediaCipher) and Single Program
Transport Stream (SPTS) distribution of services in Switched Digital Video (SDV) systems. The NE is
also extensible in a future version of downloadable software to supporting centralized encryption in VOD
systems. When encrypting services, the NE supports both full encryption (unique tier per service) and
CTE (Common Tier Encryption). At the output, all services are transmitted via GigE in the form of
MPEG-2 SPTSs.

The SEM and NE also have 2 10/100 Base T Ethernet connections. Primarily, Enet1 is used for
connection to the OAM&P/headend network.

Page 6
Encryption

Encryption of broadcast services


SEM is in Cable Encryptor mode
DAC 6000 controls SEM by sending routes plus encryption information (called queues)
The Network Encryptor (NE1000) can also perform broadcast encryption

Internal Control with Encryption (ICE)


Can be used for Common Tier Encryption (CTE) when the SEM is in any of the internal control modes
(Manual Routing, UDP Port Mapping)
Allows a SEM to encrypt VOD programs at the edge, eliminating the need for pre-encryption
Also used by the Network Encryptor to perform CTE
Requires Entitlement Management Messages (EMMs) from an EMM Server (EMMS) such as the
DAC6000

Maximum number of encrypted services


SEM v0, v4, v8 (Broadcast or CTE): 128
SEM v12 (Broadcast or CTE) and NE1000 (Broadcast or CTE/DTCP): 192
NE1000 (CTE encryption): 384

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


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Access Control Types:


Broadcast Encryption: each individual service is assigned its own unique set of access requirements
(called tiers.) Thus, STBs can be individually authorized so that they can decrypt any arbitrary set of
broadcast services.
Common Tier Encryption (CTE): all services are associated with the same fixed tier. Authorization for
any CTE service equates to an authorization for all CTE services. The SEMs ICE configuration
performs CTE.

Internal Control with Encryption (ICE) is also referred to as Real-Time Encryption (RTE) and is
commonly referred to as Common Tier Encryption (CTE) as well.

No configuration is required on the DAC for SEMs (using ICE) nor NEs. When the SEM/NE is
configured for full encryption and is internally controlled, it requests queuing information from the DAC
rather than the DAC being configured to actively send information to the SEM/NE as it does in Cable
Encryptor mode.

At a minimum, DAC v3.1.1-7 with the NE patch is required to support the Network Encryptor.

DTCP = Digital Transmission Content Protection

Page 7
Front Panel Indicators and Connectors

v8

v12

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1. RS-232 Test Port


2. Status Indicator
3. ASI Indicators (v8), RF Indicators (v12)
4. GigE Indicators
5. 10/100 Base-T Indicators
6. ASI Monitor Port

Page 8
Rear Panel Connections
v8

v12

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


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SEM v8
1. ASI Interfaces (dedicated inputs)
2. ASI Interfaces (input or output)
3. QAM RF Output (optional)
4. GigE Interfaces
5. Enet1 10/100 Base-T Interface (connect to headend network)
6. Enet2 10/100 Base-T Interface (used for IP data insertion)
7. AC Power Input Connector
8. DC Power Input Connector
9. Alarm Contact Connector
10. Cooling Fan
11. Ground Stud

SEM v12
1. QAM RF Output
2. QAM RF Output
3. GigE1 Interface
4. GigE2 Interface
5. Enet1 10/100 Base-T Interface (connect to headend network)
6. Enet2 10/100 Base-T Interface (used for IP data insertion)
7. Cooling Fans
8. AC Power Input Connector
9. DC Power Input Connector
10. Ground Stud

Page 9
GigE Transceivers
- Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP)
Type Wavelength Medium Reach Approved
Vendor/Part #
1000base SX 850nm MMF 2 - 550m Finisar
Technologies /
A2U00063423
1000base LX 1310nm MMF/SMF 2 - 550m Finisar
Technologies /
A2U00064037
1000base ZX 1550nm SMF 40/70km Optical
Communications
Products /
TRP-G1H7BCC550
1000base T N/A high quality 100m Methode
shielded CAT5e Electronics /
or CAT6 DM7041
Note: These are typical values see manufacturer specifications
Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2008

GigE transceivers are modules that are plugged into the GigE slots on the rear of the SEM chassis.
These devices take the electrical signal from the SEM and convert it to an electrical or optical GigE
signal. Each optical SFP contains a laser transmitter and receiver.

Page 10
Learning Exercise

1. List four functions of the SEM


________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________

2. List all available input and output interfaces available on a SEM v8.

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
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Page 11
Module 2 Configuration Options

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2008

Page 12
Module 2 Objectives

Given the training material, the student will perform the


following tasks:
List the SEMs operating modes
Choose the correct SEM operating modes for given
implementation scenarios

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


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Page 13
Operating Modes

Operating modes supported:


Manual Routing
UDP Port Mapping (3 types)
ASI Demultiplexing
Cable Encryptor
ISA Switched Digital Video

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


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ISA Switched Digital Video is available in SEM firmware v7.x and higher.

Page 14
Manual Routing Mode

Used to manually remultiplex/route services


Services routed individually or by transport stream
DSR 4400MDs
ASI
GigE Distribution
Network

TS Pass Input Input MPEG Output Output MPEG Pre-


Thru Port Program # Stream* Program # Encrypt
No ASI1 2 GigE1 2 No
No ASI1 3 GigE1 3 No
No ASI2 2 GigE1 4 No
Yes ASI2 GigE2 No
Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
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In this example the DSR 4400MDs are receiving multiplexes of services from satellite providers,
decrypting the services and outputting them through their ASI ports. The SEM is configured - through
the SDM or SEM-EM - to route these services from its ASI input ports to its GigE ports.

*Note: The Output Transport Streams have to be separately configured. In this case, the destination IP
address and port number have to be configured.

Page 15
UDP Port Mapping Modes

Used for VOD applications


VOD Server
GigE (1 SPTS
per UDP port) QAM/RF

Three modes*
Eight Channel UDP Mapping
UDP Mapping
Standardized UDP Mapping

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The VOD server sends Single Program Transport Streams (SPTSs) to the IP address of the destination
SEMs GigE port.
Each SPTS has a unique UDP port number.
There is no separate control channel. The SEM routes the input SPTS to the appropriate Output
Transport Stream based on the SPTSs UDP port number.

*Note: Your VOD vendor will specify which UDP Port Mapping Mode is required.

Page 16
ASI Demultiplexing Mode*

Used to demultiplex ASI inputs


Services can be demultiplexed and routed by specifying a
range of MPEG service numbers

ASI QAM/RF

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
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*Note: ASI Demultiplexing Mode is typically not used. It was used with VOD servers that had ASI
outputs. The SEM would receive a 155 Mbps ASI input containing up to 40 MPEG services in the high-
speed MPTS. This allowed a mapping of services from the high-speed ASI input, such that QAM 1
would get 1-10, QAM 2 would get 11-20, etc. Modern VOD servers use GigE transports and UDP Port
Mapping is the desired SEM mode for VOD applications.

Page 17
Cable Encryptor Mode

Used in a broadcast cable environment


SEM can encrypt up to 128/192* services
Service routing controlled by the DAC 6000
SDM/SEM-EM is not used to configure/route services in
this mode
ASI QAM/RF

DSR 4400MD Routing/Encryption


Information (queues)
(Ethernet)

Channel Map
(Out of Band)
DAC 6000

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2008

In this example the DSR 4400MD is receiving a multiplex of services from a satellite provider, decrypting
the services and outputting them through the ASI port. The SEM is configured, through the DAC 6000,
to encrypt and route these services to the RF outputs.

* SEM v8 up to 128 encrypted services; SEM v12 up to 192 encrypted services

Page 18
ISA Switched Digital Video Mode

The SEM can be used as the edge QAM in a Switched Digital


Video system.

QAM/RF

When instructed by ERM, the SEM joins the appropriate


multicast and adds the input SPTS to the appropriate output
MPTS

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


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Edge Resource Manager (ERM): manages edge QAM resources


Switched Video Manager (SVM): manages set top box interactions and ERMs
Rate clamp: fixes maximum bitrate for Single Program Transport Streams (SPTSs) and multicasts them
over GigE
Network Encryptor (NE): encrypts SPTSs and multicasts them over GigE
GigE Switch: receives encrypted STPSs from the NE
SEM: when instructed by ERM, the SEM joins the appropriate multicast and adds the SPTS to
an output MPTS

Page 19
Applications

The SEM can be used in numerous applications and


configurations. In this section, we will discuss:
A multiple headend broadcast example
Standard GigE configuration
Loop-through GigE configuration
GigE redundancy

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Page 20
Multiple Headend Broadcast Example
Primary Headend
DSR 4400MD

Digital ASI
Satellite
SEM 1

SE1000
Locally
Encoded

GigE Distribution

Secondary Headend(s)

Ad Insertion DM 6400
and
Digital Off Air SEM 2 QAM/RF

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SEM 1:
Either Manual Routing mode or Cable Encryptor mode
Receives input from national sources
Remultiplexes TSs
[Optional, using central encryptor model] Encrypts
Provides MPTS outputs
GigE and/or ASI, QAM/RF
SEM 2 through SEM x
Either Manual Routing mode or Cable Encryptor mode (set top boxes must receive channel
map information from the DAC 6000)
Receive national input from SEM 1 via GigE
Receive local ad inserts
Receive local off-air and PEG channels
Remultiplex TSs
[Optional, using edge encryptor model] Encrypts
QAM modulate/upconvert signal
Distribute to consumers

Page 21
GigE Configuration: Standard

Each GigE port on a SEM can be connected directly to a


GigE switch port.
In this example, both SEMs GigE ports must be set to I/O
mode.
GigE1

I/O

I/O

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When using optical GigE cabling, each connection consists of an upstream and downstream piece of
fiber.

Page 22
GigE Configuration: Loop-Through

GigE switch ports can be conserved by enabling Loop-


Through on the SEMs GigE ports.
GigE1

LT

LT

LTT

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In this example, the GigE1 ports on both SEM 1 and SEM 2 must be set to Loop Through (LT). The
GigE1 port on SEM 3 must be set to Loop Through Terminator (LTT).
Supports transmission of ARP replies, ICMP echo replies, IGMP join messages and other upstream
traffic.
A GigE port enabled in LT mode can not be configured as an output.
One GigE connection can carry approximately 3 SEM v8s worth of data with respect to QAM output
capacity.

Page 23
GigE Configuration: Redundancy

SEMs can be sourced using redundant transports.


When the number of packets received on the active path falls below a
configurable percentage (ex: 90%) of the number of packets received
on the backup path, the SEM will fail over to the backup path.

As of SEM firmware v7.x, redundancy can be configured at the


interface level or at the input Transport Stream level.

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


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Page 24
Learning Exercise

1. List five operating modes supported by the SEM


a. _______________________________________
b. _______________________________________
c. _______________________________________
d. _______________________________________
e. _______________________________________

2. Which mode would be used for each of the following applications?


_____________________ Video On Demand
_____________________ Encrypted broadcast video
_____________________ Remultiplex unencrypted services

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
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Page 25
Module 3 - Installation

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


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Page 26
Module 3 Objectives

Given the training material, the student will perform the


following tasks:
Confirm power-up of the SEM
Configure the SEM's IP address and boot parameters via
the RS-232 interface

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


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Page 27
Installation Steps

1. Mount the SEM


The SEM does NOT require a one rack unit cooling space
above and below it.
2. Install the GigE SFP transceivers
3. Connect the interface cables
4. Apply power to the unit
5. Confirm SEM Power-on Sequencing*
When the SEMs status light remains solid, the SEM has
finished booting.
Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4
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* Additional information regarding status LEDs can be found in Section 6 of the SEM Installation and
Operation Manual.

Page 28
RS-232 Test/Console Port

Menu driven interface available using any terminal


emulation program
Main purpose is configuration of the IP address for
ENET1
Port is accessed by removing the clip-on bezel on the
front panel
Use a nine pin straight-through cable to connect to a PC

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Page 29
RS-232 Test/Console Port

Communication Parameters:

Bits per second: 9600


Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: None

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Page 30
User Console Root Menu

User Console Root Menu


[0] Exit user console
[1] Show Enet1 Parameters
[2] Enet1 IP Setup (Fixed Config) ->
[3] Enet1 IP Setup (via boot protocols) ->
[4] Destructive Purge ->
[5] Reprogram ACP FPGA
[6] Show ACP Unit Addresses
[7] Reset SEM EM Username and Password
[8] Save Changes
[9] Reboot Now
Enter a selection 0-9:

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0) Terminates the RS-232 session on the SEMs side.


1) Displays the MAC and IP address parameters assigned to Enet1.
2) Enables the user to configure Enet1 with a fixed IP address, subnet mask, and gateway.*
3) Enables the user to configure the boot method.*
4) Allows the user to purge software and/or configuration files from the SEM.
5) Enables the user to reprogram the ACP FPGA from its internally stored flash image.
6) Displays all of the ACP unit addresses of the SEM in Hexadecimal and Decimal formats.
7) Enables the user to reset the SEM-EM username and password to the factory default values (root /
password). Can be used when a user forgets the username and/or password previously defined for
a SEM.
8) Saves any changes that were made into NVRAM.
9) Reboots the SEM.

* You must Save Changes and Reboot the SEM in order for changes to take effect.

Note: When asked to type yes to confirm in the Console Menu, you must type the entire word yes
and press ENTER. Typing y and pressing ENTER will abort the change.

Page 31
[1] Show Enet1 Parameters

Displays the parameters assigned to Enet1.

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Page 32
[2] Enet1 IP Setup (Fixed Config)

Allows the user to configure Enet1 with a fixed IP address


and configuration.

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Page 33
[3] Enet1 IP Setup (via boot protocols)

Allows the user to configure the boot method.


Option 3 (BOOTP) is the default.

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Page 34
[4] Destructive Purge

Items in this menu should only be used as a last resort


preferably under the direction of Motorola technical
support. Indiscriminant use of this menu may cause the
SEM to become non-operational. In order to invoke the
selection the SEM must be rebooted following selection.

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Page 35
[5] Reprogram ACP FPGA

Enables the user to reprogram the ACP FPGA from its internally
stored flash image.
Used when FEC Sync Error appears (primarily prior to software
v5.1.2)
The process is service affecting and takes approximately 20 minutes.
Often performed automatically as part of a software upgrade causing
BOOTP to take longer than traditional headend software upgrades.
Use the RS-232 port to determine if the SEM is undergoing an ACP
FPGA reprogram.

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Page 36
[7] Reset SEM EM Username and
Password

Allows the user to reset the SEM-EM username and


password to the factory default values (root / password).
Can be used when a user forgets the username and/or
password previously defined for a SEM.

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Page 37
Lab

Complete Lab Exercise #1

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Page 38
Learning Exercise

1. How much rack space must be between SEMs?

2. What is needed before connecting fiber to the GigE port(s)?

3. How can you tell when the SEM has completed its boot cycle and is
operational?

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Page 39
Learning Exercise

4. The RS-232/Console Port Menus main purpose is to:


a. Configure the IP address of the SEMs Ethernet 1 network
interface
b. Reboot the SEM
c. Configure all the SEMs network interfaces
d. Save the SEMs operating parameters

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Page 40
Learning Exercise

5. When setting up the terminal emulation program on the


PC one is using to connect to the RS-232 connector on
the SEM, set the bits per second to:
a. 9,600
b. 14,400
c. 2,400
d. 19,200

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Page 41
Learning Exercise

6. If you power cycle a SEM and the status light is still


blinking after 10 minutes, what should you do [choose all
that apply]?
__ Power cycle the SEM again
__ Erase the SEMs NVRAM and reboot
__ Use the RS-232 port to determine if an ACP FPGA
reprogram is being executed
__ Use the RS-232 port to determine if the SEM is
downloading files
__ Use the SDM to determine if the SEM is downloading files

Motorola General Business Information, SEM, Rev 4.4


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Page 42
Module 4 Configuration & Monitoring

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Module 4 Objectives

Given the training material, the student will perform the


following tasks:
Name two interfaces used to configure and status monitor
the SEM
Configure the SEM given desired operating parameters
Monitor and troubleshoot the SEM
Measure and adjust a QAM signal using a spectrum
analyzer

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SEM Element Manager (SEM-EM)

SEM Element Manager (SEM-EM)


Downloaded from the SEM
Can be used to remotely configure and monitor the SEM if
an SDM is not available
Can function as the SEM controller in applications where
encryption is not required (ex: Manual Routing mode)
Requires the Java Runtime Environment (v1.4.1 or higher)
on the computer acting as the client.

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Page 45
SEM Configuration

The instructor will now demonstrate how to configure the SEM.


If using the SDM to configure the SEM, refer to the following slides for
guidance.
If using the SEM-EM to configure the SEM, refer to Section 4 of the
SEM Installation and Operation Manual.

Demonstration order:
1. SEM Configuration
2. Lab Exercise #2
3. GigE Configuration
4. Lab Exercise #3
5. Status Monitoring
6. Lab Exercises #4-5

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Page 46
Configuration System

1.
2.

3.

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1. Controller Interface:
Choose the Operating Mode for the SEM.
If the Operating Mode is Cable Encryptor, choose the Controller IP corresponding to the DAC. [Note:
The DAC must have already been discovered in the SDM]
2. System Time:
Choose the Input Source of system time
If using an ASI stream to extract DCII system time or a specific SNTP server, enter the appropriate
settings.
3. EAS:
If using a third party SCTE 18 Message Generator, enter the network parameters that the SEM
should use to listen for these messages.

* All configurations in this presentation are shown using the SmartStream Device Manager (SDM). This
is the recommended method of configuring Motorola headend devices. If an SDM is not available,
the same settings can be changed using the SEM-EM or by using the Headend Configuration Tool
(HCT). See the SEM Installation & Operations Manual for instructions on how to configure the SEM
using the SEM-EM.

Page 47
Configuration ASI

4.

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4. ASI Input/Output Ports:


Enable any ASI Inputs (available on ASI 1-8) and/or Outputs (available on ASI 5-8) that this SEM will
use.
Disable any ASI ports that are not being used or a loss of input error will be reported.

Page 48
Configuration QAM RF

5.

6.

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5. QAM RF Port:
Choose the physical RF Port to configure. (ex: Port 1 for QAM RF 1A and 1B)
6. QAM RF Configuration:
Configure the Tuning Mode, EIA Channel or Frequency, and Modulation Mode for these adjacent
QAM channels.*
To turn on the RF output, uncheck the Mute box for the given QAM port. To turn off the RF output,
check the Mute box for the given QAM port.
Note: You can also change the Output Level for each QAM channel in this window, though 56dBmV
is the recommended output level. If you are using both QAM outputs on the RF port, the maximum
configurable output level for each channel is 58dBmV.

* If the EIA channel for the B side of the RF Port is 0, the Output Transport Stream needs to be turned
on. This is configured in the Output TS tab.

Page 49
Configuration Host Ethernet

7.

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7. Enet2 - Data:
If the SEM will listen for data on its second 10/100 Ethernet Port, you must configure the IP Address,
Subnet Mask, and Input Transport Stream Count for the port.*

* Note: The Enet1 - OAM&P configuration should have already been set via the SEMs RS-232 port or
via the SDMs Add Device functionality.

Page 50
Configuration Gigabit Ethernet

8.

9.

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8. Gigabit Ethernet Ports 1-3:


Configure the parameters for any Gigabit Ethernet ports that will be used.
Note: The total number of Input Transport Streams the SEM can support on its GigE interfaces is
384. If using more than one GigE port for input, the number of input TSs must be distributed and
cannot sum to more than 384.
9. Gigabit Ethernet Redundancy:
If using GigE Redundancy, check Enable and configure the redundancy parameters as needed.

Page 51
Configuration Output TS

10.

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10.Output Transport Stream Configuration:


Configure each Output Transport Stream that will be used.

Notes:
Portions of this screen will differ depending on which Operating Mode is selected. You may also
have to exit and re-enter the SEMs properties window in order for the changes to be visible after
switching operating modes.
For a single GigE port, multiple Output TSs can be defined. They differ by either Destination IP
Address or Output UDP Port.
TS Index: For a SEM v8, indices 1-8 are used for GigE and ASI Output TSs and indices 9-16 are
used for QAM output TSs.
Output Port: QAM output ports are numbered 1-8, rather than 1A,1B,...,4A,4B as seen in the SEM-
EM.
Information Rate: The information rate for the QAM ports is determined by the modulation mode in
the QAM RF tab.
Destination IP Address/Output UDP Port/Multicast Port: Only applies to GigE Output TSs
Encrypted Programs: Enter in multiples of 8.

Page 52
Configuration Manual Routing

11.

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11.Manual Routing Configuration:


If the SEM is in Manual Routing mode, routes can be configured on this screen.

Notes:
TS Pass Thru: If the entire input stream is to be passed to an output stream, check this box. Note
that no other services can be added to the Output TS associated with a TS Pass Thru.
Input Port: Choose the port where the TS is entering the SEM.
Input UDP Port: Only applies to GigE inputs
Input MPEG Program #: If a single service is being routed, this is the MPEG number that is seen at
the input.
Output Stream: This is the Output TS index number associated with the desired output for the route.
This can be correlated to an output port by viewing the Output TS tab and choosing the appropriate
TS Index in that screen.
Output MPEG Program #: If a single service is being routed, this is the MPEG number that the output
should use.
Pre-Encrypt: Indicates whether or not the input service is encrypted before reaching this SEM

Page 53
Configuration GigE Multicast

12.

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12.Gigabit Ethernet Receive Multicast Table:


If the SEM will be receiving multicast packets on its GigE port(s), configure the Multicast IP
address(es) and UD Port(s) that define the multicast joins.

Page 54
Learning Exercise

1. When configuring the SEM, name 4 settings that you will


have to check and/or change.

2. Name two methods of configuring and status monitoring


the SEM.

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Page 55
Learning Exercise

3. In order to enable the SEM to output services on a QAM


channel, select all of the following that need to be
configured:
__ At least one input
__ QAM channel muting state
__ The Output TS associated with the QAM channel
__ GigE redundancy

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Page 56
Learning Exercise

4. The SEM-EMs default user name and password is:


a. user, password
b. root, password
c. user, sem
d. sem, sem

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Page 57
Learning Exercise

5. If a SEM v8 is configured to encrypt 16 services per QAM


channel on 4 QAM channels how many services could be
encrypted on GigE1?
a. 32
b. 64
c. none
d. 128

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