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IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol.

4, Issue 03, 2016 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

Utilization of Quarry Dust in Paver Blocks

Arun Patel1 Vishnu Kumar Sharma2
Assistant Professor 2Resident Engineer
Department of Civil Engineering
UIT-RGPV, Bhopal 2Indian Technocrats Limited
Abstract Quarry dust is created as a waste amid the results and advantages. The exploration will cover
procedure of cutting and squashing. Smashing industry creates concentrating on the setting time of quarry dust mixed
extensive measure of quarry dust which causes natural issues. Portland cement and workability, compressive quality,
To decrease transfer and contamination issues the creative flexural quality and split rigidity of cement delivered by
utilization of quarry dust in cement by supplanting fine quarry dust mixed cement, and quarry dust mixed sand. All
aggregate with this material is another option of the customary through the examination.
cement. The point of this examination is to supplant fine
aggregate by quarry dust as needs be in scope of 0% to half II. METHODOLOGY
for M35 grade solid which is prescribed by IS 15658:2006. Pozzolona portland cement is used in this project with
This examination is worried with the trial examinations on specific gravity 3.13, intial setting time along with final
workability and qualities of concrete and ideal rate of halfway setting time is 90 minutes and 210 minutes respectively,
substitution of balance aggregate of quarry dust. At last it was consistency 30%, soundness 3 mm, compressive strength
watched that the quality increments on supplanting sand in 37.35 mpa after 18 days of curing and fineness modulus
cement because of filler impact of quarry dust. 7.6%. natural river sand is used as fine aggregate with
Key words: Quarry Dust, Fine Aggregate, Workability & specific gravity 2.58, water absorption 0.7%, silt cintent
Compressive Strength 0.28%, bulk density 1590 Kg/m3. Coarse aggregate of 12 mm
size is used in this project with specific gravity 2.62, water
I. INTRODUCTION absorption 0.5%,, Average 10% fine Value (TFV) 75 kN,
Presently a day, the most broadly utilized development Bulk Density 1605 Kg/m3, Crushing Value 14.50% and
material is concrete, usually made by blending cement with Impact Value 12.80%, quarry fines collected from local
sand, squashed shakes and water. A year ago just in US 63 areas having specific gravity 2.53. mix design is done as per
billion tons of Portland cement were changed over into 500 IS 10262 : 2009, with water cement ratio 0.4. on fresh
billion tons of solid, five times the utilization by weight of concrete workability test is performed and on paver blocks
steel. In numerous nations the proportion of solid utilization compressive strength test is performed.
to steel utilization surpasses ten to one. The aggregate world
utilization of cement is assessed at 11billion metric tons III. RESULT AND DISCUSSION
consistently. Man expends no material with the exception of Increment in strengths was observed when sand was replaced
water in such colossal amount. In spite of this, worldwide the by quarry dust. Maximum increment was obtained was appox
solid creation is real worry that influences nature with 40% replacement of sand with quarry dust. After that the
significant effect being an Earth-wide temperature boost reduction in strength was observed. But overall values of
because of CO2 discharge amid generation of cement. It is strength were higher than the strength of standard mix.
evaluated that cement creation is in charge of around 3% of Workability of the concrete is decrease when quarry dust
the worldwide nursery gas discharge and for 5% of the content is introduced in the mix. Results of compressive
worldwide CO2 emission. Since half of the CO2 discharged strength quarry dust mix are given in graph 1-2 and
amid cement generation is worried with the deterioration of workability result shown in result graph 3-4.
limestone amid copying, the blending of clinker with
supplementary materials is thought to be extremely viable
approach to decrease CO2 emanation. Most basic mixing
materials utilized for cement generation are industrial
squanders. This is because of the way that reusing of
industrial squanders has specialized, efficient and natural
advantages other than the lessening of CO2 discharge from
cement generation. The specialized reason of utilizing
squanders and by-items as a part of solid generation is the
change of execution of cement and this will be temperate as
well. For the most part fly cinder, impact heater slag and silica
smoke are utilized industrial squanders as a part of cement
and solid creation because of their pozzolanic conduct.
Notwithstanding pozzolanic materials, other dormant by-
items and waste materials are additionally utilized as a part of
cement and cement creation as idle filler material. Among
these, quarry sand, a by-result of stone pulverizing quarry is
recommended by numerous analysts for its utilization in solid
generation as sand supplanting or cement supplanting
material. The majority of the explores indicated positive

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Utilization of Quarry Dust in Paver Blocks
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 03/2016/371)

may be financially savvy. It will help in enhancing ecological

issues as it will keep the aimless transfer of huge amount of
waste produced from crusher plants.

[1] C.H.Chen, R.Hwang, Waste Eglass particles used in
cementious mixtures Cement and Concrete Research,
vol 36 (2006) pp 449456.
[2] P.M.Subramanian, Plastic recycling and waste
Management in the US Resources, Conservation and
Recycling vol (28) pp 253263.
Edition, S. Chand & Company Limited, Delhi, 1992.
Fig. 1: Graph 1 and 2: compressive strength of quarry dust [4] S.C. RANGWALA. ENGINEERING MATERIALS
mix [5] A. R. Santhakumar, CONTRETE TECHNOLOGY,
OXFORD University Press.
[6] A.M. Neville, CONTRETE TECHNOLOGY, Pearson
Education Asia.
[7] A.M. Neville, Properties Of Concrete, Pearson
Education Asia.
[8] P.Kumar Mehta, Paulo J. M. Monteiro CONCRETE
Microstructure, Properties, and Materials. Mc Graw
Hill Education
[9] N Krishna Raju Concrete Mix Design Dhanpat Rai &
[10] S Ramamrutham Building Materials Dhanpat Rai
Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd.
[11] IS: 15658:2006 Precast concrete blocks for paving
[12] IS: 8112-1989. Specification for 43 Grade ordinary
Portland cement. Bureau of Indian Standards, New
[13] IS: 1199-1959. Indian Standard Methods of Sampling
and analysis of concrete. Bureau of Indian Standards,
New Delhi.
[14] IS: 516-1959. Indian Standard Methods of Test for
Strength of concrete. Bureau of Indian Standards, New
[15] BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) IS 13311-1992 (part1):
Non-destructive testing of concrete Part 1 Ultrasonic
[16] IS: 10262 2009 Recommended Guidelines of
Fig. 2: Graph 3 and 4: workability of quarry dust mix Concrete Mix Design.
[17] IS: 2386(part1) 1963 " Indian Standard method of test
IV. CONCLUSION for Aggregates of Concrete
Following conclusion is drawn from the current study, The [18] Radhikesh P. Nanda, Amiya K. Das, Moharana.N.C
physical and synthetic properties of quarry dust were Stone crusher dust as a fine aggregate in Concrete for
discovered appropriate for its proposed use. None of the paving blocks
mineral constituents in waste is in undesirable focus. The [19] HARDIKKALPESHBHAI PATEL, PROF. JAYESH
workability of solid abatements when sand is supplanted with KUMAR PITRODA a study of utilization aspect of
quarry dust. Increase in the compressive, flexural and split quarry dust in indian context
elastic qualities were watched when sand was supplanted by [20] R. Ilangovana, N. Mahendranaand K. Nagamanib
quarry dust. Greatest augmentation was gotten on 40% Strength and durability properties of concrete
replacement. After that the diminishment in strength was containing quarry rock dust as fine aggregate
watched. In any case, general estimations of strength were [21] J. Karthick, T.Rama, N.Mani Bharathi An Experimental
higher than the strength of standard blend. In solid generation, Study on Usage of Quarry Rock Dust as Partial
supplanting of sand up to 50% by quarry dust gives Replacement for Sand in Concrete
comparative strength as of cement blends with 100% sand [22] Chandana Sukesh, Katakam Bala Krishna, P.Sri
both at ahead of schedule and last ages. The outcome Lakshmi Sai Teja, S.Kanakambara Rao Partial
demonstrates that the quarry dust up to 50% can supplant Replacement of Sand with Quarry Dust in Concrete.
sand with execution change of solid strength. As this waste is
accessible free of cost, the utilization of quarry dust in cement

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