0 evaluări0% au considerat acest document util (0 voturi)

40 vizualizări11 paginiBENDING STRESS IN A BEAM
Abstract
Bending stresses on the beam can cause a beam to fail. These bending stresses are caused by moments in the beam that are in turn caused by loads and beam end conditions. Some loads can be point, distributed, and moments. Beam end conditions include a combination of fixed, pinned or roller, end and beam end displacement. This report compares the experimentally determined stresses in a beam with those predicted from the simple theory (Euler-Bernoulli Beam Theory). Compare the location of the neutral axis by hand calculation using the centroid equation and the experimentally determined from the strain data. Obtain strain measurements from strain gauges and to investigate the distribution of stress in a beam. In this lab we obtained the bending stresses in a beam at different locations using strain gauges. The Stresses measured were plotted against their position to obtain the experimental neutral axis and slope. The error between the experimental and theoretical neutral axis and slope was 2% and 32% respectively.

Feb 16, 2017

© © All Rights Reserved

DOCX, PDF, TXT sau citiți online pe Scribd

BENDING STRESS IN A BEAM
Abstract
Bending stresses on the beam can cause a beam to fail. These bending stresses are caused by moments in the beam that are in turn caused by loads and beam end conditions. Some loads can be point, distributed, and moments. Beam end conditions include a combination of fixed, pinned or roller, end and beam end displacement. This report compares the experimentally determined stresses in a beam with those predicted from the simple theory (Euler-Bernoulli Beam Theory). Compare the location of the neutral axis by hand calculation using the centroid equation and the experimentally determined from the strain data. Obtain strain measurements from strain gauges and to investigate the distribution of stress in a beam. In this lab we obtained the bending stresses in a beam at different locations using strain gauges. The Stresses measured were plotted against their position to obtain the experimental neutral axis and slope. The error between the experimental and theoretical neutral axis and slope was 2% and 32% respectively.

© All Rights Reserved

0 evaluări0% au considerat acest document util (0 voturi)

40 vizualizări11 paginiBENDING STRESS IN A BEAM
Abstract
Bending stresses on the beam can cause a beam to fail. These bending stresses are caused by moments in the beam that are in turn caused by loads and beam end conditions. Some loads can be point, distributed, and moments. Beam end conditions include a combination of fixed, pinned or roller, end and beam end displacement. This report compares the experimentally determined stresses in a beam with those predicted from the simple theory (Euler-Bernoulli Beam Theory). Compare the location of the neutral axis by hand calculation using the centroid equation and the experimentally determined from the strain data. Obtain strain measurements from strain gauges and to investigate the distribution of stress in a beam. In this lab we obtained the bending stresses in a beam at different locations using strain gauges. The Stresses measured were plotted against their position to obtain the experimental neutral axis and slope. The error between the experimental and theoretical neutral axis and slope was 2% and 32% respectively.

© All Rights Reserved

Sunteți pe pagina 1din 11

MECHANICS LAB

EXP 3

BENDING STRESS IN A BEAM

Report Submitted: November 4, 2016

By

Louis Larios

GROUP 4

Abstract

Bending stresses on the beam can cause a beam to fail. These bending stresses are caused

by moments in the beam that are in turn caused by loads and beam end conditions. Some

loads can be point, distributed, and moments. Beam end conditions include a combination

of fixed, pinned or roller, end and beam end displacement. This report compares the

experimentally determined stresses in a beam with those predicted from the simple theory

(Euler-Bernoulli Beam Theory). Compare the location of the neutral axis by hand

calculation using the centroid equation and the experimentally determined from the strain

data. Obtain strain measurements from strain gauges and to investigate the distribution of

stress in a beam. In this lab we obtained the bending stresses in a beam at different

locations using strain gauges. The Stresses measured were plotted against their position to

obtain the experimental neutral axis and slope. The error between the experimental and

theoretical neutral axis and slope was 2% and 32% respectively.

1 of 11

AM317

Introduction

This report compares the experimentally determined stresses in a beam with those predicted from the

simple theory (Euler-Bernoulli Beam Theory). Compare the location of the neutral axis by hand

calculation using the centroid equation and the experimentally determined from the strain data. Obtain

strain measurements from strain gauges and to investigate the distribution of stress in a beam. In this

lab we obtained the bending stresses in a beam at different locations using strain gauges. The Stresses

measured were plotted against their position to obtain the experimental neutral axis and slope. The

error between the experimental and theoretical neutral axis and slope was 2% and 32% respectively.

Theory

Test Procedure

2 of 11

AM317

1. We Measured the dimensions of the T-beam

2. We determined the safe load based on the provided allowable stress

3. We measured the positions of the gauges

4. We calculated the bending stress and strain for a load of 100N

5. We measured the strain values for 6 load cases (including a zero load case)

Results

Tables below show the experimental data collected and theoretical calculated values.

Table III Average Stress data MPa

Theoretical

Gauge Gauge

No. Position (mm) 100N

1 38.1 -108

2,3 30.1 -75

4,5 15.1 -13

6,7 6.4 22

8,9 0 49

Data

100 200 300 400 500

1 -113 -242 -371 -492 -628

2 -76 -163 -249 -332 -423

3 -76 -164 -249 -332 -421

4 -12 -25 -39 -53 -68

5 -10 -23 -35 -47 -59

6 25 53 79 104 130

7 22 48 77 101 131

8 52 112 167 221 280

9 49 107 166 219 282

3 of 11

AM317

l

MPa

Guage

Guage Position

No. (mm) 100 200 300 400 500

1 38.1 -83 -177 -271 -360 -459

2,3 30.1 -56 -120 -182 -243 -308

4,5 15.1 -8 -18 -27 -37 -46

6,7 6.4 17 37 57 75 95

8,9 0 37 80 122 161 205

Neutr Slope of

al Line

Axis (mm/MPa

(mm) )

12.04

Experimental 7 -0.3199

11.85

Theoretical 4 -0.2427

Percentage

Error 2% 32%

Fig 2 Shows the Gauge Position VS Stress for the 5 load cases.

4 of 11

AM317

Figure 2 - Guage Position (mm) Vs Stress (MPa)

f(x) = - 0.06xf(x)

+ 12.03 f(x)+=12.02

= - 0.07x - 0.1xf(x)

+ 12.07 f(x)

= - 0.15x += - 0.32x + 12.05

12.07

R = 1 R = 1 R = 1 R = 1 R = 1

35

P=100N Linear (P=100N ) P=200N Lin

30

25

20

P=300N

Guage Position (mm) Linear (P=300N) P=400N Lin

15

10

0

-500 -400 -300 -200 -100 0 100

Stress (MPa)

Fig 3 Shows the Gauge Position VS Stress for the experimental and theoretical 100N load case.

5 of 11

AM317

Figure 3 - Guage Position (mm) Vs Stress (Mpa)

Experimental and Theoretical for a 100N load

f(x)+=11.85

f(x) = - 0.24x - 0.32x + 12.05

35

P= 100N Experimental 30

Linear (P= 100N Experimental) P=

25

20

Guage Position (mm)

15

0

-120 -100 -80 -60 -40 -20 0 20

Stress (MPa)

6 of 11

AM317

Figure 4 - Load (N) Vs Stress (MPa)

R = 1

Stress (MPa)

In this lab we obtained the bending stresses in a beam at different locations using strain gauges. The

Stresses measured were plotted against their position to obtain the experimental neutral axis and slope,

see figure 2 or 3. The error between the experimental and theoretical neutral axis and slope was 2% and

32% respectively. The trend lines for all slopes on figure 2 have an R-squared value of at least greater

than 0.99 showing they are all linear. The Linearity of the load-deformation is linear as shown in figure

4.

References

AM317 Lab Manuals. (2016, September 16). Retrieved from http://www.csun.edu/engineering-

computer-science/civil-engineering-construction-management/mechanics-laboratory

7 of 11

AM317

Mechanical hysteresis, accessed 9/17/2016,

http://www.nikhef.nl/~h73/kn1c/praktikum/phywe/LEP/Experim/1_2_03.pdf

Aslam Kassimali, Structural Analysis, 5th edition, Cengage Learning, 2014

Hibbeler, R.C., Statics and Strength of Materials, 4th edition, Pearson, 2013.

Popov, E.P., Introduction to Mechanics of Solids, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall, 1998.

Stevens, Karl K., Statics and Strength of Materials, Prentice Hall, 1987.

Appendix

Hand Calculations

8 of 11

AM317

9 of 11

AM317

10 of 11

AM317

11 of 11

AM317

## Mult mai mult decât documente.

Descoperiți tot ce are Scribd de oferit, inclusiv cărți și cărți audio de la editori majori.

Anulați oricând.